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Democracy and Andrew Jackson

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Democracy and Andrew Jackson From the War of 1812 to Pre-Civil War America Theme of Today: What does it mean to be Democratic? 3 Aspects of Democracy: The War of 1812 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Democracy and Andrew Jackson


1
Democracy and Andrew Jackson
  • From the War of 1812 to Pre-Civil War America

2
Theme of Today What does it mean to be
Democratic?
  • 3 Aspects of Democracy

1. Acting in the best interest of all people.
2. Promoting equality of all people
3. Respecting the Constitution
3
The War of 1812
  • Combatants United States and Great Britain
  • -Why are they fighting?
  • -GB and France at war US helps both
  • -GB wants to board American ships
  • -When US refuses, GB blows up USS Chesapeake
  • -US declares war on GB even though we were
    completely unprepared
  • -US gets stomped loses many battles, White
    House burned down
  • -War ends for no real reason zero territory
    exchanges hands

4
So where does Jackson fit in?
  • The Battle of New Orleans
  • -Jackson leads American troops in the greatest
    American victory of the war, January 8, 1815
  • -Problem The war had been over for two weeks
  • -Jackson seen as war hero

"Gentlemen, the British are below the city! We
must fight them tonight." -- Gen. Andrew Jackson
5
Jacksons rise to Power
  • Jacksons victory makes him extremely popular,
    but he loses the election of 1824
  • -Actually, Jackson won the popular vote, but
    didnt get enough electoral college votes. When
    the vote went to the House of Representatives,
    the Western, unsophisticated Jackson stood no
    chance. He lost to John Q. Adams.
  • -Jackson begins campaigning immediately after
    the vote. He campaigns for 4 years and wins the
    election of 1828 in a landslide

6
Jackson the Common Mans President
Three Areas of Contention
  • 1 The Spoils System. After election, Jackson
    immediately removes 10 percent of all
    officeholders under his power and appoints his
    friends and supporters...known as The Spoils
    System.

2 Native American Policies. Congress then passes
Jacksons Indian Removal Act, allowing Jackson to
move Native Americans off their land and to
reservations west of the Mississippi River.
3 The Bank War. Jackson then attempts to
eliminate the National Bank because he felt it
was a corrupt institution that kept the common
man down.
7
So was Jackson Democratic?
  • The Spoils System
  • -Jackson removed 690 people from office and
    replaced them with friends and supporters (to
    the victor goes the spoils).
  • -Allowed people who hadnt previously been
    allowed in government to participate
  • -Made decisions according to personal gain.

8
So was Jackson Democratic?
  • Indian Removal
  • -Jackson took people from their homes, laced
    their blankets with smallpox, and forced them to
    walk hundreds of miles.
  • -He claimed he was freeing up land for the
    American citizen (voters).

9
So was Jackson Democratic?
  • The Bank War
  • -The National bank maintained US currency and
    maintained much of the economic wealth of the
    United States.
  • -Jackson felt the Bank was a privileged
    institution that served only the interests of
    the wealthy and did nothing for the common
    mantoo much power, too few hands.
  • -Jackson defies vetoes the banks charter in
    1836, and asked the Secretary of the Treasury to
    stop putting government money in the bank. When
    he refused, Jackson fired him and selected
    someone who would put money in state Banks (Pet
    banks)
  • -Results New political party (Whigs)
    created to oppose Jackson Nation goes into a
    depression Jackson ignores Checks and Balances
    Constitutional problems.

10
Jacksonian Democracy
  • Democratic or not?
  • -Jacksons goal was to help the common man and
    take the government away from the rich elite. In
    many ways, he did that. However, in doing so he
    contradicted many of the basic ideas of the
    Constitution and challenged long-held beliefs
    about the makeup of American democracy. So the
    question remains, Was Andrew Jackson
    democratic? You must decide that for yourself.
  • Quote describing Andrew Jackson
  • No one likes him, except the people."
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