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Transcendentalism

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Title: Transcendentalism Author: funderburkj Last modified by: funderburkj Created Date: 2/10/2009 4:02:18 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Transcendentalism


1
Transcendentalism
  • A movement in literature during the
  • 1830's, 40's, 50's.
  • Authors stressed the presence of God in nature
  • and the importance of the individual.
  • The movement also emphasized rejection of
    traditional authority and individual
    self-reliance.

2
Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • Wrote Nature, Self Reliance. Believed in man's
    mystical unity with nature. He also expressed
    the belief that salvation was within the
    individual.

3
Henry David Thoreau
  • wrote Walden Civil Disobedience. His writings
    on resistance to authority forever influenced
    Martin Luther King, Jr. and Gandhi.

4
Walt Whitman
  • Poet whose collection Leaves of Grass was
    initially a financial failure. He pushed the
    envelope of acceptability, having some of his
    works banned for their sexuality.

5
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
  • Poet who became very popular in Europe for things
    like Song of Hiawatha and Evangeline.

6
Louisa May Alcott
  • Little Women author who grew up alongside Emerson
    and Thoreau.

7
Emily Dickinson
  • Wrote poetry about love, nature, death, and all
    were published after her death.

8
Washington Irving
  • wrote Rip Van Winkle The Legend of Sleepy
    Hollow. Known for his stories of the New York
    area and his comic satire

9
James Fenimore Cooper
  • wrote The Last of the Mohicans The
    Leatherstocking Tales. Known for his tales of
    the frontier. Earned many enemies after he wrote
    about the abuses of democracy.

10
Edgar Allen Poe
  • wrote The Raven, The Fall of the House of Usher,
    The Murders in the Rue Morgue. Known for his
    dark tales, he was one of the most brilliant
    American writers.

11
Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Spent 6 months at Brook Farm, hated it, and left.
    Wrote The Scarlet Letter in 1850.

12
Herman Melville
  • His masterpiece Moby Dick went largely unnoticed
    until the 20th Century.

13
Hudson River Artists
  • Group of artists who painted scenes of colonial
    farms, becoming popular as Americans remembered
    simpler times.
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