Psychotherapies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Psychotherapies PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 659d05-MGMwM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Psychotherapies

Description:

Psychotherapies Treatment of mental illness by psychological rather than medical means. Types of Psychotherapies Psychoanalytic Humanistic Behavioral Cognitive Types ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:10
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 26
Provided by: WSFCSWor7
Learn more at: http://wsfcs.k12.nc.us
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Psychotherapies


1
Psychotherapies
  • Treatment of mental illness by psychological
    rather than medical means.

2
Types of Psychotherapies
  • Psychoanalytic
  • Humanistic
  • Behavioral
  • Cognitive

3
Types of Therapists
  • Psychiatrists
  • Medical doctor PhD / prescribe medication
  • Clinical psychologists
  • PH.D.
  • Counseling psychologist
  • Graduate degree

4
Psychotherapy
  • Points to Consider
  • Patient Biomedical / psychoanalytical
  • Client Other therapists
  • Insight Therapy Psychoanalytic and Humanistic
  • Stress importance of patient / client
    understanding their problems

5
Psychoanalytic Therapy
  • Psychoanalysis Freud
  • Psychodynamic Uncovering the unconscious

6
Psychoanalysis
  • Review of Key Principles
  • Unconscious conflict manifests in outward
    behavior, thoughts
  • Find underlying (unconscious) problem
  • Methods
  • Hypnosis, free association, dream analysis
  • Dream Analysis Manifest and Latent Content
  • only true solution- symptom substitution
  • other therapies mask it- thus conflict expresses
    itself in new form
  • Subjective based on interpretation

7
Psychoanalysis
  • Therapy Principles
  • Resistance
  • Patient objections, natural as uncovering
    disturbing conflicts (resistance as sign of
    nearing the conflict)
  • Transference
  • Patients develop strong feelings for therapist
    (love, parental feelings, or hatred / transferred
    from feelings toward others to therapist)

8
Psychoanalysis
  • Points of interest
  • Patient attends treatment 4-5 x a week
  • Analysts looks for records repetitions of
    behavior (unconscious)
  • Therapist says little (then interprets at the end
    of session)
  • Dream Analysis (often uses free association to
    analyze parts of a dream)
  • Weaknesses
  • Not sanctioned by state or federal government
  • Expensive / not covered by insurance
  • Only 20 psychoanalytic schools in U.S.

9
Humanistic Therapies
  • Review of Key Principles
  • Maslow, Rogers
  • Focus on self-concept (understanding self)
  • Self-Actualization help support, recognize
    goals self-fulfillment
  • Free will (as opposed to determinism)
  • Mans nature as good

10
Carl Rogers (Humanistic)
  • Client-centered therapy (aka person-centered
    (genuineness, acceptance, empathy)
  • Unconditional Positive Regard
  • Essential for healthy development
  • Non-directive
  • Dont tell clients what to do, but encourage them
    to choose course of action for themselves
  • Therapist says little
  • Active listening So what Im hearing you say
    is.

11
Gestalt (Humanistic)
  • Fritz Perls
  • Whole is greater than sum of its parts
  • Get in touch with whole self
  • Integrate thoughts, actions, feelings, talents,
    goals, body into harmonious whole
  • Body as extension of self
  • Healing a fragmented patient

12
Behavioral Therapy
  • Review of Key Principles
  • Pavlov, Watson, Skinner
  • Classical / Operant
  • All behavior is learned
  • Behavioral Modification, (or changing maladaptive
    actions)

13
Behavioral Therapy
  • Counterconditioning / Mary Cover Jones
  • Classical conditioning
  • Negative CR (Conditioned response) is replaced by
    positive CR
  • Example Joey cries hysterically every time he
    goes to the dentist.
  • Candy / toy upon entering dentists positive CR

14
Behavioral Therapy
  • Counterconditioning
  • Joseph Wolpe / Systematic Desensitization
  • Replace anxiety with relaxation
  • Step one relaxation techniques (breathing /
    meditation)
  • Step two anxiety hierarchy rank ordered list of
    fear (least to most)
  • Start with least- incremental move up the ladder-
    learning to relax at each step
  • Classical / counterconditioning more x
    relaxation paired with fear, stronger relaxation
    response becomes
  • Feared stimulus is imagined
  • Implosive Therapy Imagine biggest fear first

15
Behavioral Therapy
  • In vivo desensitization
  • Confronting actual fear (not just imagining it)
  • Flooding experiencing ones peak fear
  • Idea is to realize irrationality of fear (huge
    anxiety factor)
  • Aversive conditioning
  • Pairing undesired behavior with unpleasant
    stimulus (Baby Albert)
  • Instrumental Conditioning Token economies
  • Modeling observation and imitation (Role play)

16
Cognitive Therapy (aka cognitive-behavior therapy)
  • Most widely practiced therapy
  • Core assumption Conscious thoughts are most
    influential to our psychological well-being
  • Changing unhealthy thought patterns
  • Combative nature challenge irrational thinking
    (negative attributional styles)

17
Cognitive Therapy
  • Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
  • (REBT or RET)
  • Albert Ellis
  • Expose and confront irrational thoughts
  • Example social phobia
  • Question likelihood of occurrence, likely result

18
Cognitive Therapy
  • Aaron Beck Cognitive Triad
  • Negative thoughts about self, environment and
    future result in depression
  • Develop positive thoughts for each factor

19
Somatic Therapies
  • Soma body (bodily changes)
  • Biomedical organic causes of disorders
  • Neurotransmitters / hormones
  • Structural brain abnormalities
  • Genetic predispositions

20
Somatic Therapies
  • Drug Therapy (psychopharmacology)
  • Schizophrenia
  • Antipsychotic drugs
  • Thorazine to control positive symptoms such as
    hallucinations, voices, or paranoia
  • Clozapine counteracts negative symptoms
    (Catatonic)
  • Block receptor sites for dopamine
  • Tardive dyskinesia trembling side-effect
  • Mood Disorders
  • Anti-Depressants
  • Unipolar Prozac, Zoloft (Clinical depression)
  • Bipolar Lithium (Manic phase stabilizes
    Norepinephrine production)

21
Somatic Therapy
  • Drug Therapy
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Librium, Valium
  • Relaxers, slows Central Nervous System

22
An eclectic approach
  • Therapists often use
  • Multiple perspectives- based on condition / needs
    of patient
  • IOW Different tools for different problems

23
Somatic Therapy
  • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
  • Bilateral both hemispheres of brain
  • Unilateral one hemisphere
  • Theory changes brains blood flow pattern
  • Side effects
  • Memory loss, brief seizure, brief loss of
    consciousness
  • Severe depression (last resort)

24
Somatic Therapy
  • Psychosurgery
  • Prefrontal lobotomy
  • Cutting main neurons to the frontal lobe
  • mental vegetable

25
Therapy Sessions
  • Individual
  • Group therapy sessions
  • Advantages? Examples?
  • Family therapy
  • Marital therapy
  • Play therapy (for children)
  • Multisystemic therapy (coordinating specific
    environments)
About PowerShow.com