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Welcome to Your 5th Grade Reading

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Title: Welcome to Your 5th Grade Reading


1
Welcome to Your 5th Grade Reading
C - Notes
The C stands for Cornell, as in Cornell
University, where this note taking system was
developed
Created by T. Mynyk, 2005
2
Lets begin our Reading Strategies
In this first 6-weeks, we will discuss,
understand, and apply the following reading
strategies BDAReader ResponseStop
JotSumming It UpBut first...
3
This is what good notes should look like
4
Name _______________ Date________________ Class___
_____________
C-Notes
The Reading Process helps you think critically
about a subject by separating the reading
assignment into three different areas things you
do before you read, things you do during your
reading, and things you do after you read.
1. The Reading Process
BEFORE DURING AFTER
List everything you know about a book or subject BEFORE you begin to read. Briefly note the new information you are learning as you read. Write a brief summary of all the things you have learned once you have finished reading.
Summary
Explain how the BDA strategy can help you
understand the newspaper article?
5
Great stories have a conflict
Character Conflict A struggle between two or more
characters
Character vs. Character
Character vs. Self
Character vs. Nature
Character vs. Society
6
11 Conflict Analysis Chart
Type of conflict Side 1 Side 2
Man vs. Man Mark Chelmsley Detail The boy didnt pay attention, didnt even pretend to. This one had a bad attitude. Mr. Maxwell Detail When Mrs. Stearns told Mr. Maxwell the news, his attitude toward this new boy changed instantly. But it didnt change for the better. (P.25)
Detail Detail
Detail Detail

7
Name _______________ Date________________ Class___
_____________
C-Notes
When you stop during or after reading, take a few
minutes to write your ideas as they relate to
what you have just read. The following prompts
may help you get started. Choose one to write
about I was surprised I think I hope I
wonder I would I didnt realize This reminds
me of I think it is important to remember I can
see Im not sure about In the next part, I
predict
2. Stop and Jot
Summary
Choose one prompt to expand your thoughts about
the newspaper article
8
Name _______________ Date________________ Class___
_____________
C-Notes
As you read, you will write your personal
response in your reading log. State your
feelings, thoughts, reactions, and questions
about situations, ideas, actions, characters,
settings, symbols, plots, themes, and any other
elements in the story. You can't be wrong in your
responses, so take risks and be honest. Write
about what you like and dislike, what seems
confusing or unusual to you. Tell what you think
something means. Make predictions about what
might happen later. Relate your personal
experiences which connect with the plot,
characters, or setting. Don't just summarize the
plot. Additional Prompts for a reader Response
Journal What you liked or disliked and whyWhat
you wish had happenedWhat you wish the author
had includedYour opinion of the charactersYour
opinion of the illustrations, table and
figuresWhat you felt as you readWhat you
noticed when you readQuestions you have after
reading
3. Reader Response Journal
Summary
Choose two Reader Response prompts to expand your
thoughts about the newspaper article
9
Name _______________ Date________________ Class___
_____________
C-Notes
Summing It Up is done after you read, but you
must complete a few BDA activities to make it
work. Summing It Up can help you capture and
remember what you have learned. Before Select a
purpose for reading by asking what big
questions will be answered in the text. During
As you read the text, ask yourself questions.
These questions help you set a purpose for
reading (to find answers to your
questions). After reading Fill in the chart
below.
4. Summing It Up
Topic Topic Topic
Detail Detail Detail


Summary
10
5 An Idea Web is a graphic organizer that
helps you develop thoughts about a particular
subject.
11
We are going to start our own Idea Web to help
expand our idea of culture
Pierogies
good food
I am Russian-American
Kielbasa
12
6 Anticipation Guides are used before and
after you read a story Anticipation guides help
you determine whether or not your opinions or
predictions change after you have read a story.
Topic The Children of the River The Children of the River The Children of the River The Children of the River The Children of the River
Before Reading Before Reading Before Reading Statements about the topic After Reading After Reading
Agree Agree Disagree Statements about the topic Agree Disagree
America has a duty to keep its doors open to the world.
The only reason people immigrate to America is to earn more money for their family.
It is fair for parents of immigrant children to make their sons or daughters keep their own national customs, culture and language rather than attempt to follow American customs, culture and language.
Continued economic growth in America depends upon a liberal immigration policy.
Immigrants broaden and enrich our sense of what it means to be an American.
It is easier for children to adapt to a new culture than it is for adults.
It is our responsibility to be aware of the cultural differences found in the diverse American population.
13
7 Get the Picture

Theres this one scraggly tree behind the little
freaks house, right? Like a stick in the ground
with a few whimped-out branches. And there he
is, hardly any bigger now than he was in day
care, and hes standing there waving his crutch
up at the tree.
Excerpt from Freak the Mighty.
14
Name _______________ Date________________ Class___
_____________
C-Notes
Strategy Get the Picture When to use During
and After reading The Get the Picture strategy
helps the reader visualize what he or she is
reading. Visualization means to create a
mental image or to picture something in your head
as you read. The ability to create pictures in
your mind will help lead you to a better
understanding (comprehension) of a novel.
7. Get the Picture
8. Word Wall
Strategy Word Wall When to use Before, During
and After reading The Word Wall strategy helps
the reader understand unfamiliar vocabulary words
as they are encountered within a novel. By
understanding the various vocabulary words
encountered within a novel, comprehension of the
novel as a whole will increase.
15
C-Notes
Strategy The T-Chart When to use Before,
During, or After reading The T-Chart strategy
helps the reader organize original thoughts about
what he or she is reading. To create a
T-Chart, you simply draw a big T on a sheet of
paper. Your big idea should go at the top of
the page.
9. T-Chart
Big idea
Wearing uniforms in school
Your thoughts about the big idea
Pros
Cons
16
Literary elements
C-Notes
10. Conflict
Conflict is the fight or struggle that takes
place during a novel. It creates plot. The
conflicts we encounter can usually be identified
as one of four kinds. Man versus ManConflict
that pits one person against another. Man versus
NatureA run-in with the forces of nature. Man
versus SocietyThe values and customs by which
everyone else lives are being challenged. Man
versus SelfInternal conflict. Not all conflict
involves other people. Sometimes people are their
own worst enemies. Often, more than one kind of
conflict is taking place at the same time. In
every case, however, the existence of conflict
enhances the readers understanding of a
character and creates the suspense and interest
that make you want to continue reading.
17
11 Conflict Analysis Chart

Called me Kicker for a time this was day care,
the year Gram and Grim took me over and I had a
thing about booting anyone who dared to touch me.
Because they were always trying to throw a hug
on me, like it was a medicine I needed.
Excerpt from Freak the Mighty.
18
Literary elements
C-Notes
ELEMENTS OF PLOT All fiction is based on conflict
and this conflict is presented in a structured
format called PLOT. ExpositionThe introductory
material which gives the setting, creates the
tone, presents the characters, and presents other
facts necessary to understanding the
story. ForeshadowingThe use of hints or clues to
suggest what will happen later in the
story. Inciting ForceThe event or character that
triggers the conflict. ConflictThe essence of
fiction. It creates plot. The conflicts we
encounter can usually be identified as one of
four kinds. (Man versusMan, Nature, Society, or
Self) Rising ActionA series of events that
builds from the conflict. It begins with the
inciting force and ends with the
climax. CrisisThe conflict reaches a turning
point. At this point the opposing forces in the
story meet and the conflict becomes most intense.
The crisis occurs before or at the same time as
the climax. ClimaxThe climax is the result of
the crisis. It is the high point of the story for
the reader. Frequently, it is the moment of the
highest interest and greatest emotion. The point
at which the outcome of the conflict can be
predicted. Falling ActionThe events after the
climax which close the story. Resolution
(Denouement)Rounds out and concludes the action.
12. Plot
19
13 This is the Witchs Hat plot
diagram (because it looks like a witch's hat,
thats why)
Climax
Rising Action
Falling Action
Conclusion
Exposition
  • Beginning is where everything in the story starts
    (on a dark stormy night).
  • Rising Action is when things start to get
    interesting (the car runs out of gas on the side
    of the road).
  • The Climax is the most interesting part of the
    story (everyone in the car has to run for their
    life from an evil scarecrow).
  • Falling Action is when the story starts to wind
    down and we all know who-did-what-to-whoever
    (everyone escapes and ends-up on a bus ride
    home).
  • Conclusion is when everything is wrapped-up and
    we know it was old man Johnson in the scarecrow
    mask all along

20
C Notes
A Plot Relationship Chart looks like this
14. Plot Relationship Chart
Who Wanted But So Then
The plot relationship chart helps you figure out
the storys plot. The plot relationship chart
helps you keep track of important characters and
events.
Create a Plot Relationship Chart to help analyze
the relationship between Max and the daycare
critters from the early chapters of Freak the
Mighty
Who Day care kids Wanted To hug Maxwell But Because of Maxwells family history, he shunned contact with others. He called the hugs phony or not real So Maxwell began to hit and kick all the children and all the workers at his daycare. Then Maxwell becomes even more of an outcast. He earns the name Kicker because of the way he acts around other people who are trying to be nice to him.
21
Literary elements
C-Notes
  • Similarities are traits or characteristics we
    share with someone else.
  • Differences are traits or characteristics that
    we do not share with someone else
  • Consider some of the following character traits
    and compare and contrast amongst your classmates
  • Hair color
  • Sense of humor
  • Likes and dislikes
  • Gender
  • Ethnicity
  • Note
  • In an upcoming exercise, we will begin to compare
    and contrast our character traits with those of
    our Novels main and supporting characters.
  • We will also compare our individual descriptions
    of setting against setting as it is described in
    the novel.

15. Similarities and Differnces
22
Literary elements
C-Notes
  • Setting is when and where a story takes place.
  • If the time or place setting of the story
    changes, we should consider how those changes
    alter the outcome of the story.
  • Setting can influence the entire novel and the
    readers' response to that novel . If the author
    describes the setting brilliantly , we can
    picture it without ever having been there . Magic
    occurs. Once we are in the midst of the setting ,
    we are in the midst of the story.
  • The setting may suggest
  • - The atmosphere or mood of the novel
  • - Internal and external conflicts
  • - Potential contrasts between characters or ideas

16. Setting
23
Literary elements
C-Notes
Theme is the writers main idea or message that
he or she is trying to convey to the reader. When
you understand the storys theme, you understand
the underlying idea or message in the
work. Finding the Theme Here are some ways to
uncover the theme in a story Check out the
title. Sometimes it tells you a lot about the
theme. Notice repeating patterns and symbols.
Sometimes these lead you to the theme. What
allusions are made throughout the story? What are
the details and particulars in the story? What
greater meaning may they have? Remember that
theme, plot, and structure are inseparable, all
helping to inform and reflect back on each other.
Also, be aware that a theme we determine from a
story never completely explains the story. It is
simply one of the elements that make up the
whole. In Freak the mighty, we are looking for
examples Courage, Acceptance, and Individualism,
all of which are themes within the novel.
Theme
24

Children of the River by Linda Crew
Jonathan
Ravy
Ravy and Jonathan are similar because they are
both boys and they both like football.
Jonathan was born in America Jonathan knows
Sundara from school
Ravy was born in Cambodia. Ravy is related to
Sundara
25

???
Fort Worth, TX
(remember that setting includes both when and
where a story takes place)
26
Literary elements
C-Notes
Cause and Effect An event which happens first
(known as the cause) produces a result
(effect). Basically, we are talking about what
happens and why. Michael, Phillip, Tina, Juan,
Cynthia, and James all decided to squeeze into
the rollercoaster seat designed to fit just three
people. what was the big deal? though Juan. A
few more friends would just make the ride that
much more fun, right? The six friends cheered as
the rollercoaster roared down the first large
hill and into the sharp right-hand turn.
Excitement quickly turned to terror as the
rollercoaster began to sway and groan under the
heavy burden of its thrill-seeking passengers.
As the ride screamed through the turn, Cynthia
found herself being crushed against the door.
How much more could she take? The noise from
the runaway coaster grew and grew until the
sounds of splintering wood and twisting metal
filled the air. Then, silence. For an instant,
Cynthia and her five friends hung weightless in
mid air. Perhaps they thought of their families.
Maybe they thought of their friends. Or maybe,
just maybe, they thought of the sign that read 3
Passengers Per Car. Whichever thought went
through their minds, it was their last.
17. Cause and Effect
Cause
Effect
27
Literary elements
C-Notes
Once we have studied conflict, character traits,
and plot development, we are ready to analyze the
changes that take place within our main and
supporting characters.
18. Character Changes
A character that undergoes some kind of important
change is called a dynamic character. In
Children of the River, Sundara Sovann is a
dynamic character.
Change
New character
Old character
13 year old Sundara is a happy child living with
her family in Cambodia. She has a boyfriend and
loves to spend time playing by the river and
listening to music on the radio.
17 year old Sundara now lives in America. Her
family has been torn apart by war and she worries
about their safety. She works constantly to save
money for her family.
28
C-Notes
Literary elements
On the page below, we will analyze the changes
that take place within Jonathan McKinnons
Character from Children of the River
Change
Old character
New character
29
Literary elements
C-Notes
  • Characterization is the act of creating and
    developing a character.
  • A writer uses "direct characterization" when
    stating or describing a character's traits.
  • A writer uses "indirect characterization" when
    showing a character's personality through his or
    her actions, thoughts, feelings, words, and
    appearance, or through another character's
    observations and reactions.

19. Characterization
Example A The man in the doorway was about 7
feet tall with broad shoulders and dark, curly
hair. There was a tattoo of a dagger on his left
forearm. I decided to walk the other way.
Example B As the cars pulled up to a stoplight,
Charlie watched the woman frantically digging
through her purse. She began throwing various
items in the backseat of her car without so much
as hesitating in her search. He could tell she
was yelling and cursing the invisible passenger
sitting next to her.
Now, describe each character
30
C-Notes
Literary elements
Inference The act of combining information you
already know with new information you have read.
Once you have combined this information you
develop an educated guess that will help you
answer a question correctly.
20. Inference (Drawing Conclusions)
Can you infer what the author of this cartoon is
trying to tell us?
31
Drawing Conclusions and Making Inferences
After reading the following cartoon, can you
infer what opinions the artist is attempting to
express. Remember to include your reasoning
(proof).
Comic 1
Comic5
Comic 3
Comic 4
Comic 2
32
C-Notes
Literary elements
Symbol. Something that on the surface is its
literal self but which also has another meaning
or even several meanings. For example, a sword
may be a sword and also symbolize justice. A
symbol may be said to embody an idea. There are
two general types of symbols universal symbols
that embody universally recognizable meanings
wherever used, such as light to symbolize
knowledge, a skull to symbolize death, etc., and
constructed symbols that are given symbolic
meaning by the way an author uses them in a
literary work, as the white whale becomes a
symbol of evil in Moby Dick.
21. Symbolism
  • Read the following excerpt from Chapter 19 and
    determine what symbolism is taking place.
  • What does the author use as a symbol?
  • What does it symbolize?
  • With each shirt she folded, with each sweater,
    with every pair of jeans, she found herself
    saying goodbye. Over and over, the silent
    goodbyes echoed in her heart, a goodbye to each
    and every thing, because she had never gotten the
    chance to say it on that fateful morning in July.
  • (Swallowing Stones, Pg. 193)
  • Please respond in complete sentences
  • In chapter 19, the author uses _____________ to
    symbolize __________ etc

33
Name _______________ Date________________ Class___
_____________
C-Notes
The Writing Process helps you create interesting,
well thought, and convincing papers. The process
includes the following steps
1. The Writing Process
34
C-Notes
How do I get ideas in the first place?
Prewriting
  • magazines/newspapers/periodicals/CD-ROM
  • conduct an interview based on your topic
  • media - radio, tv, internet
  • experiences
  • film - movies and documentaries
  • music
  • visual art - observing or creating
  • dreams
  • memories
  • discussion and brainstorming
  • responding to literature
  • role playing
  • research
  • imagination
  • personal interest inventories
  • class interest inventory
  • other

What ways can I prewrite?
  • free writing
  • journaling
  • image streaming (transplant yourselfto another
    place or time and describe from a first person
    point of view)
  • lists
  • visualization
  • brainstorming - individually or as a group
  • webbing/mapping/clustering
  • graphic organizers
  • topic or word chart

35
C-Notes
WRITING. . . ROUGH DRAFT . . . ROUGH COPY
Writing
Whatever you call it, it is still the same thing.
 Get a working copy of your paragraph or paper so
that you have something to work with.
WHEN GOING FROM PREWRITING TO WRITING
  1. Be selective in the ideas that you include.
     You don't have to includeeverything that was in
    your prewriting!  Pick your best ideas.  Make
    sure they relate to each other and your topic.
  2. WRITE!  WRITE!  WRITE! Don't stop once you start
    writing.  Revising and editing come later.  Just
    let the ideas flow.  
  3. Don't count words, ask your teacher how long it
    should be or when it is done.  When YOU feel
    that you have completed your ideas, you are then
    ready to go to the next stage.
  4. HOLD IT!  Before going to the next stage, make
    sure you have enough content to work with.  If
    you feel that you are lacking content, go back
    to your prewriting for more ideas and details.  
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