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Literary Term Notes

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Literary Term Notes 9.10.2010 Setting Where and when the story takes place: Time of day, place, season, time period, etc. Characters The people or animals who take ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Literary Term Notes


1
Literary Term Notes
  • 9.10.2010

2
Setting
  • Where and when the story takes place Time of
    day, place, season, time period, etc.

3
Characters
  • The people or animals who take part in the action
    of a story novel or drama.

4
Foil
  • A character who provides a striking contrast to
    another character. By using a foil, a writer can
    call attention to certain traits possessed by a
    main character or simply enhance a character by
    contrast.

5
Theme
  • The message about life that the writer wishes to
    convey to the reader
  • Examples Love, friendship, change, human
    relationships, etc.

6
Dialogue
  • The written conversation between two or more
    characters in either fiction or nonfiction.

7
Conflict
  • A struggle between opposing forces

8
Genre
  • Categories in literature (fiction, nonfiction,
    science fiction, fantasy, mystery, poetry, etc.)

9
Hyperbole
  • An extreme exaggeration (Im so hungry I could
    eat a horse).

10
Irony
  • A special kind of contrast between appearance and
    reality.
  • Usually one in which reality is the opposite from
    what it seems or what one may expect.
  • Example A police station getting robbed.

11
Simile
  • A figure of speech that makes a direct comparison
    between two unlikely objects using like or as.
  • Example My love is like a rose.

12
Metaphor
  • A figure of speech that makes a direct comparison
    between two unlike objects.
  • Example My love is a rose.

13
Flashback
  • Part of a story that interrupts the sequence of
    events to relate to an earlier conversation,
    scene, or event.

14
Foreshadowing
  • The technique of hinting about something that has
    not yet happened

15
Personification
  • The giving of human qualities to an object,
    animal, or idea.

16
Sensory Images
  • Words and phrases that appeal to the five senses
    sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell.

17
Sequence
  • The order of events in a literary work.
  • The most common sequence is the order in which
    events occur in time.

18
Mood
  • The overall feeling created by the authors
    choice of words such as style, language, symbols,
    and imagery.
  • Example light and happy or dark and brooding.

19
Symbol
  • A person, place, or object that stands for
    something beyond itself.

20
Imagery
  • Imagery consists of words and phrases that appeal
    to the readers five senses.
  • Writers use sensory details to help readers
    imagine how things look, feel, smell, sound, and
    taste.

21
Style
  • Any of the ways an author uses language, such as
    word choice.
  • Consider if the author uses slang, everyday
    language, punctuation, and the use of imagery and
    symbols.

22
Plot structure
  • Plot is the chain or related events that happen
    in a story.
  • A plot is built around a conflict, or struggle
    between opposing forces.
  • Most plots include these stages of development

23
Plot structure cont.
  • The exposition, which gives background
    information about characters, conflict, and
    setting.
  • The rising action, in which suspense builds
    because complications arise that make the
    conflict more difficult for the main characters
    to resolve.
  • The climax, or turning point of the action, when
    the readers interest peaks.
  • The falling action, or resolution, in which the
    conflict ends and loose ends are tied up.

24
Elements of Character
  • Characterization- consists of all the techniques
    writers use to create characters (what they look
    like, act like, their conflict, how they resolve
    it, etc.).
  • Character development- characters that grow or
    change during a story are said to undergo
    character development.

25
Elements of Character cont.
  • Dynamic Character- A character that changes
    significantly throughout a story is called a
    dynamic character.
  • Static Character- A character that changes very
    little or not at all during the story is said to
    be a static character.

26
Elements of Character cont.
  • Protagonist- The central character or hero in a
    narrative or a drama, usually the one whom the
    audience tends to side with or identify.
  • Antagonist- A force working against the
    protagonist, or main character. An antagonist can
    be another character, society, a force of nature,
    or even a force within the main character. Think
    of the antagonist as the villain of the story.

27
Conflicts in Plot
  • Person vs. Person- Conflict between two or more
    people.
  • Person vs. Self- An internal conflict, a problem
    she or he must deal with.
  • Person vs. Nature- Conflict between a person and
    his or her environment, (animals, weather, etc.).
  • Person vs. Society- Conflict between man and
    culture, society, others, etc.

28
Points of View Review
  • 1st person- The narrator is a character in the
    story and uses pronouns such as I, me, us, we,
    etc.
  • 3rd person- The narrator is NOT a character in
    the story and uses pronouns such as he, she,
    they, etc.
  • Omniscient- All knowing. The narrator knows what
    is going on in the minds of all the other
    characters.

29
Lets see what you know!
  • If someone went hungry in a grocery store what
    would that be an example of?

30
  • IRONY

31
  • It was a dark and stormy winter night... is an
    example of?

32
  • MOOD
  • Imagery
  • Setting

33
  • When the author gives human qualities to the
    Three Little Pigs, such as shopping, talking, and
    building, he is using what?

34
  • PERSONIFICATION

35
  • What are some types of conflict?

36
  • MAN VS. NATURE
  • MAN VS. SELF
  • MAN VS. MAN
  • MAN VS. SOCIETY

37
  • When the narrator knows everything in the story,
    including what is going on in the minds of other
    characters, he or she is an example of which
    point of view?

38
  • OMNISCIENT

39
Nice work!
  • STUDY! STUDY! STUDY!
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