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Library of Congress Classification

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Title: Library of Congress Classification


1
??????????????????????????????????????
  • Library of Congress Classification

??????? ???????? 14 ?.?. 56
2
??????????????
  • ?????????????? ???? ???????????????????
    ?????????? Book Classification ???
    ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ??????????????? ? ????????????????????????????????
    ????????????????? ???????????????????????????????
    ? ??????????????????????????????????????????????
    ??????????????????

3
?????????????????????????
  • ???????????????????????????????????????
  • ?????????????????????????????????????
  • ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
  • ?????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ?

4
????????????????????????
  • ?????????????? Expansive Classification (EC)
  • ?????????????? Universal Decimal Classification
    (UDC)
  • ?????????? Subject Classification (SC)
  • ???????????????? Dewey Decimal Classification
    (DDC)
  • ???????????????????????? Library of Congress
    Classification (LC)
  • ????????? Colon Classification (CC)
  • ?????????????? Bibliographic Classification (BC)

5
Library of Congress
6
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7
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8
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9
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11
?????????????????????????????????????????
  • ?.?.1800 ???????????????????????????
    ?????????????????????????????? ???????????????????
    ???
  • ?.?.1812 ??????????????????????????????????????
    ??? ????????? ???????????????????????????
    ??????????? ???????? ??????????? 3 ????????? ??
    18 ????

12
  • ?.?.1814 ??????????????????????
    ??????????????????????????????????????
  • ?.?.1815 ???????????? ????? ???????????
    ??????????????????????????????? 6000
    ??????????????????????????????
    ??????????????????? ???????????????????????????
    ??? ??????????????????????? 19
  • ?.?.1846 ?????????????????????????????????????????
    ??????? ? ?????????????????????
    ????????????????????????????????????????

13
  • ?.?.1897 ??????????????????????????????????
    ????? ????????? ????? ????????????????????????????
    ????????? ????????????????????????????????????????
    ??????????????????
  • ?.?.1899 ??????????? ?????? ??????????????????????
    ??? Expansive Classification ?????????????????????
    ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ?????

14
????????????????????
  • ????????????????????????????????????
  • ???????????? 3 ????? ??????????????? 2,614,000
    ???.
  • ????????????????????????????????????????? 460
    ????
  • ???????????????? 140 ??????????
  • ?????????????????????????? 4085 ??
  • ???????????????????????????????????
    ????????????????? 22,000 ??????

15
??????????????????????????????????????
  • ??????????????????????????????????????????
    (Practical system) ???????????????????????????????
    ?????????????????????????????????
  • ?????????????????? ???????????????????????????????
    ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ????????????????????????
  • ?????????????????????????????????????
    ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ????????????????????????

16
????????????????????????? LC
  • ???????????????? (mixed notation)
  • ?? 21 ???? ??????????????? A-Z
  • ?????? I O W X Y
  • ???????????????????????? 1 - 9999
  • ?????????????????????????????????????
    ?????????????????? ?????????????????

17
???????????????????????????? LC
1. ???????? (Main Classes) ?? 21 ???? ???
  • A ????????????
  • B ?????? ?????
  • C ???????????????????????????????????
  • D ??????????????????? / ???????
  • E-F ???????????????????????????
  • G ?????????? ??????????? ?????????
  • H ???????????
  • J ?????????
  • K ??????
  • L ????????
  • M ?????
  • N ?????
  • P ??????????????
  • Q ???????????
  • R ????????
  • S ????????
  • T ?????????
  • U ??????????????????
  • V ???????????
  • Z ???????????????

18
???????????????????????????? LC
  • 2. ???????? (Sub Classes)
  • ?????????????????????????? (main
    classes)?????????????????? 2-3 ???
    ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ???????????? ???? ???? H ???????????
  • HC ?????
  • HB ???????????
  • HC ???????????????????????
  • HE ????????????????????

19
???????????????????????????? LC
  • 3. ????????????????????????? (subdivision /
    subject)
  • ???????????????????????????? (sub classes)
    ?????????????????????????????? 1-9999
    ???????????????? ??????????????????
    ??????????????? ??????????????????? ?
    ???????????????????????????????????????
  • ????????
  • Q Sciences (general)
  • 300-385 Cybernetics. Information theory
  • QA Mathematics
  • 9-10 Mathematical Logic
  • 76 Computer sciences. Electronics data
    processing
  • 101-141 Elementary mathematics. Arithmetic
  • 150-274 Algebra

20
??????????????????? LC
  • QA ??????????????????????????? Q
  • 76 ??????????????????????? ????????????
  • .7 ???????????????????????????????????????????
    ???????

QA 76.7 AAA 2000
21
???? LC ???????????
???????????????????????????? ?.??????????
??????????? ?.?????? ?????? LC ???????????????????
? ?
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