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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xRt6CTb6riY Places West Africa, Benin, Haiti ... Bondy as well as other lesser gods, known as the Loa Because Bondy is ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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  • Melisa
  • Vicki
  • Amy
  • Adrienne
  • Anthony

Vodun History
  • Vodun (a.k.a. Voodoo, Voudou, Voodoo, Sevi Lwa)
    is commonly called Voodoo by the public
  • It is traceable to be an African word meaning
  • The religion can be traced back to the West
    African Yoruba people who lived in the 18th and
    19th century in Dahomey (Togo, Benin, and Nigeria
    on a present day map)
  • The roots may go back to as long as 6000 years in
  • The religion was carried by slaves when they were
    forcibly shipped to Haiti and other islands in
    the West Indies
  • Vodun actively was suppressed during Colonial
    times and the Marxist regime
  • Vodun was formally recognized as Benins official
    religion in February of 1996
  • It is also followed by most of the adults in
  • It can be found in many of the large cities in
    North America, particularly the American south

History Continued
  • Today over 60 million people practice Vodun
  • Religions similar to Vodun can be found in South
  • They are known as Umbanda, Quimbanda or
  • Today there are two unrelated forms of the
  • the actual religion, Vodun practiced in Benin,
    Dominican Republic, Ghana, Haiti, Togo and
    various centers in the US - largely where Haitian
    refuges have settled.
  • an evil, imaginary religion, which we will call
    Voodoo. It has been created for Hollywood movies,
    complete with "voodoo dolls", violence, bizarre
    rituals, etc. It does not exist in reality,
    except in the minds of most non-Voduns

History Continued
  • When the slaves were taken from Africa to Haiti
    they were baptized into the Roman Catholic Church
    but since there was little Christian
    infrastructure present the slaves followed their
    native faith
  • They even continued to follow their faith while
    attending mass regularly
  • An inaccurate and sensational book (S. St. John,
    "Haiti or the Black Republic") was written in
    1884. It described Vodun as a profoundly evil
    religion, and included lurid descriptions of
    human sacrifice, cannibalism, etc., some of which
    had been extracted from Vodun priests by torture.
    This book caught the imagination of people
    outside the West Indies, and was responsible for
    much of the misunderstanding and fear that is
    present today. Hollywood found this a rich source
    for Voodoo screen plays. Horror movies began in
    the 1930's and continue today to misrepresent
    Vodun. It is only since the late 1950's that
    accurate studies by anthropologists have been
    published. (Taken from www.templex.org)

History Continued
  • Each group follows a different spiritual path and
    worships a slightly different pantheon of
    spirits, called Loa. The word means "mystery" in
    the Yoruba language.
  • Yoruba traditional belief included a chief God
    Olorun, who is remote and unknowable. He
    authorized a lesser God Obatala to create the
    earth and all life forms. A battle between the
    two Gods led to Obatala's temporary banishment.
  • There are hundreds of minor spirits. Those which
    originated from Dahomey are called Rada those
    who were added later are often deceased leaders
    in the new world and are called Petro. Some of
    these are
  • Agwe spirit of the sea
  • Aida Wedo rainbow spirit
  • Ayza protector
  • Baka an evil spirit who takes the form of an
  • Baron Samedi guardian of the grave
  • Dambala (or Damballah-wedo) serpent spirit
  • Erinle spirit of the forests
  • Ezili (or Erzulie) female spirit of love
  • Mawu Lisa spirit of creation
  • Ogou Balanjo spirit of healing
  • Ogun (or Ogu Bodagris) spirit of war
  • Osun spirit of healing streams
  • Sango (or Shango) spirit of storms
  • Yemanja female spirit of waters
  • Zaka (or Oko) spirit of agriculture

History Continued
  • The purpose of rituals is to make contact with a
    spirit, to gain their favor by offering them
    animal sacrifices and gifts, to obtain help in
    the form of more abundant food, higher standard
    of living, and improved health.
  • Vodun priests can be male (houngan or hungan), or
    female (mambo). A Vodun temple is called a
    hounfour (or humfort). At its center is a
    poteau-mitan a pole where the God and spirits
    communicate with the people. An altar will be
    elaborately decorated with candles, pictures of
    Christian saints, symbolic items related to the
    Loa, etc.
  • Rituals are held to celebrate lucky events, to
    attempt to escape a run of bad fortune, to
    celebrate a seasonal day of celebration
    associated with a Loa, for healing, at birth,
    marriage and death
  • Vodun rituals
  • a feast before the main ceremony
  • creation of a veve, a pattern of flour or
    cornmeal on the floor which is unique to the Loa
    for whom the ritual is to be conducted
  • shaking a rattle and beating drums which have
    been cleansed and purified
  • chanting
  • dancing by the houngan and/or mambo and the
    hounsis (students studying Vodun). The dancing
    will typically build in intensity until one of
    the dancers (usually a hounsis) becomes possessed
    by a Loa and falls. His or her ti bon ange has
    left their body and the spirit has taken control.
    The possessed dancer will behave as the Loa and
    is treated with respect and ceremony by the
    others present.
  • animal sacrifice this may be a goat, sheep,
    chicken, or dog. They are usually humanely killed
    by slitting their throat blood is collected in a
    vessel. The possessed dancer may drink some of
    the blood. The hunger of the Loa is then believed
    to be satisfied. The animal is usually cooked and
    eaten. Animal sacrifice is a method of
    consecrating food for consumption by followers of
    Vodun, their gods and ancestors.

Voodoo People
  • Basics
  • Voodoo is an African Based religion that started
    out in the kingdoms of Fon and Kongo about 6000
    years ago.
  • There are people who lead the religion called
    Priests and Priestesses.
  • Voodoo Priests
  • The people who practiced this were known as
    Voodoo Priests.
  • Voodoo Priestess are often called Mambo or Manbo
    which is a mix of the Fon word for Mother/Magical
    Charm and the Kongo word for Healer.
  • People turn to the Priests and Priestesses not
    only for guidance, but for healing and advice.

People Continued
  • Becoming a Spiritual Leader
  • If one wants to become a Priest, then they must
    go into a religious center (much like a convent
    of monastery) where they proceed to die or
    spend 3 days in complete seclusion before
    returning to the outside world.
  • Dark Sorcerers
  • There are some people that practice black magic
    that are called bokor.
  • These people act like policemen of the religion
    because they curse bad people
  • These are where the ideas of Zombies come from.
  • It is said that when one becomes a Zombie, they
    lose their soul. This is the worst curse they can
    put on somebody.

People Continued
  • Marie LaVeau
  • She was an American Voodoo priestess during the
    19th century.
  • She was known for healing people.
  • There was a Catholic church that would let her
    help people which would usually not be allowed.
  • This convinced many people in Louisiana that
    Voodoo was real and powerful.
  • Queen Bianca
  • She was known throughout Louisiana for her
    skills, she was appointed a priestess by marriage
    through her aunt.
  • Mambo Sallie Ann
  • She was a High Priestess of Voodoo and one of the
    few white American women who got initiated
    through the traditional way. She was an American
    woman of Jewish-Ukrainian heritage which made it
    even more unusual.

Places and Time
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vxRt6CTb6riY

  • West Africa, Benin, Haiti, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria,
    the Dominican Republic, Candomble, Brazil,
    Santeria, Cuba, Congo, Angola, the Caribbean
    Islands, New Orleans, Louisiana

  • Ghanas number one sports voodoo priest, known as

  • Synchronized religion in Benin
  • 60 practices Vodun
  • 15 population are practicing Christians as well
  • 2.5 million followers in Togo and Ghana
  • 14 million followers in Nigeria
  • International Vodun Conference held in Benin
    since 1991

Saut dEau Festival
  • 1847 legend behind pilgrimage
  • Our Lady of Mont Carmel appeared, healed sick
  • Catholics/Protestants felt threatened
  • Religions merged

Saut deau Festival Cont.
  • Festival in July celebrated for the past 150
  • Pilgrimage
  • Bathing in water or mud
  • Worshipers appear possessed
  • Sacrifices

Spread the Voodoo
  • Slave Trade The U.S., Cuba, and Brazil
  • Slaves created cults to continue worship
  • Contributed to fear and misunderstanding
  • Adaptation
  • New Orleans. French and Creole speaking quarters
  • Spiritoculture market, Voodoo dolls,
    Americanized, glamorized

The Voodoo Factor
  • Christian and Muslim dominions forced start of
    underground worship
  • Voodoo played a major role in revolution against
    the French in Haiti
  • Suppressed by Marxism but Benins official
    religion by 1989
  • The Slave Trade New Orleans, Brazil,
  • Cuba
  • Haiti or The Black Republic 1884
  • 1950s

The Four Forms Of Reading
  • Voodoo bone reading 
  • Casting the bones and ask them to answer your
    questions or see into the future.
  • Spirit reading
  • The so called dead are around this moment. They
    know and can see things that you cant see or
  • Crystal ball reading
  • Insight as to the special pictures, images and
    events that you see in the Crystal Ball about
    your life and questions.
  • Voodoo tarot cards readings
  • Reading the cards for you and tell you what you
    need to know.

  • Make your relationship stronger, closer, more
    secure. Enhance compatibility.
  • Return a lost love. Awaken them to your
    irresistible charms that will make it impossible
    to stay away.
  • Enrich your life with money, plentiful gifts,
    fabulous material possessions.
  • Wreck vengeance on the person who has wronged
    you, allowing them little sleep, implanting fear
    of you in their mind, bringing peace and respect
    back into your life.
  • Provide instant luck in love, companionship,
  • Change other people's opinion of you.
  • Knock out barriers, smoothing the path to your

The Doll
  • The use of voodoo dolls is unheard of where the
    religion is practiced. (Haiti)
  • The only recorded serious use of the dolls, among
    voodoo worshippers, was in the New Orleans area
    in the early 1900's.
  • Hexes were cast to bring either good or bad luck
    to another person.
  • The doll was used to symbolize that person.
  • The sticking of pins into the doll was to
    reinforce and direct the spells that were cast.

Types Of Spells
  • Lusting for one another
  • Prevent people blocking your way
  • Controlling demons
  • Dream appearances
  • Intimacy
  • (All need a symbol. money, candle, anything at
    your expense.)
  • http//www.voodoodeprince.com/FamousVoodooPecockLo

religious beliefs and practices
Three Types.
  • Louisiana Voodoo
  • Haitian Voodoo
  • West African Vodun

General Overview of Beliefs
  • Polytheistic
  • Belief in one supreme god, Bondyé as well as
    other lesser gods, known as the Loa
  • Because Bondyé is considered unreachable, prayers
    are focused on the loa
  • Moral code concentrates on the vices of greed and
  • While voodoo draws its roots from African
    religions, there is no right or wrong
    distinguished, only what is right for a
    household or church.

Assortment of Voodoo paraphanalia
A tapestry of the symbol of a Loa
  • Spirits are hot and cold.
  • It is better be cool!
  • General goodwill is promonted
  • Take what you need from the community, but be
    willing to give back as well
  • Good voduns will always have a mentor
    relationship with a religious elder

Everyday Voodoo
  • Much time is needed to set up the altars and
    cooking food such as fowl for a Voodoo service,
    which begins in the evening and ends when the sun
  • The services begin with an African prayer
    followed by songs, generally in Creole
  • During the singing, it is believed that ancestors
    come, visit, and sometimes inhabit the people in
    the service and speak and act through them
  • Such spirits will give advice, warnings, and
    cures to the congregation
  • Some people fake spirits, some people are drunk!

Voodoo ceremony in Haiti
A Mystical Blend!
  • The African-American Spiritualist Churches
    prominent in Louisiana and the deep south
    incorporate a mix of African Vodun as well as
    Catholic undertones and symbols, such as the
    Virgin Mary.
  • The distinction between Louisiana Voodoo and the
    other types is the reverence and importance
    stressed on Black Hawk, a Native American spirit.
  • Furthermore, the African-American Spiritualist
    Church is a blend of Spiritualism, Voodoo,
    Catholicism, and Pentecostalism.

Priestess Miriam of the VST in Mississippi
West African Vodun
  • Vodun is Gbe for spirit
  • Vodun Divine Spirit
  • Includes the sun and the moon

Vodun lesser spirits Streams, trees,
rocks Heavy emphasis on ancestral spirits
Voodoo Dolls?
Voodoo dolls was never a central focus on either
the Haitian Voodoo or West African Vodun.
Sources state that a theory of how they came
about was half myth, half slaves trying to
scare/intimidate their owners in the South. The
sects of the Voodoo religion which do incorporate
dolls continually fight the bad press though!
Uses for Voodoo Dolls
  • Voodoo dolls are commonly used to enrich ones
    life with good health, love, and prosperity.
  • They are mainly used as focusing tools
  • Often are placed in a home for this very purpose,
    usually not used directly to harm people.

  • http//www.calastrology.com/voodoospells.html
  • http//www.vudutuu.com/spells.html
  • http//www.voodoodeprince.com/FamousVoodooPecockLo
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vxRt6CTb6riY
  • www.templex.org
  • http//www.voodooshop.com/index.html
  • www.calastrology.com/voodoo.html

  • http//www.voodooshop.com/index.html
  • www.calastrology.com/voodoo.html
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