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Competency: 203.00 Draw Floor Plans

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Competency: 203.00 Draw Floor Plans Objective: 203.02 Analyze accepted principles of single-view residential space planning. Determine owner s needs Successful ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Competency: 203.00 Draw Floor Plans


1
Competency 203.00 Draw Floor Plans
  • Objective 203.02
  • Analyze accepted principles of single-view
    residential space planning.

2
Determine owners needs
  • Successful design
  • Represents owners lifestyle
  • Meets owners needs

3
Client needs
  • Considerations and requirements
  • Family structure and number
  • Family or individuals interests and activities
  • Financial considerations
  • Location of lot
  • Number of levels
  • Architectural style
  • Zoning ordinances and covenants

4
Levels
  • One-story homes
  • No stairs
  • More costly to build
  • Require large lot
  • One a half story homes
  • Steep roof allows attic living space
  • Dormers let in air and light

5
Levels
  • Two-story homes
  • Economical to build
  • Smaller roof and foundation area
  • Split-level homes
  • Ideal for sloping lot
  • Separate sleeping, living, recreation areas

6
Traffic Patterns
  • Analyze traffic flow
  • Main traffic areas
  • Halls
  • Stairs
  • Foyers
  • Entrances to rooms
  • Exterior entrances

7
Traffic Patterns
  • Halls
  • Minimum width of 3-0
  • Allow for furniture movement
  • Overly long halls waste space
  • Door locations
  • Guide traffic
  • Locations
  • Doors openings near corners

8
Entrances
  • Minimum of 2
  • Outside inside waiting area
  • Porch Foyer
  • Flooring materials
  • Sturdy cleanable
  • First impression

9
Entrances
  • Main
  • 3-0 minimum door width
  • Easily identifiable
  • Coat closet
  • Foyer
  • View to outside
  • Service
  • Leads to laundry, kitchen, utility areas, etc.
  • 2-8 minimum width

10
Room Planning
  • Living area
  • Living room
  • Dining room
  • Foyer
  • Recreation or family room
  • Great room
  • Sunroom
  • Home office
  • Den
  • Gathering spaces

11
Room Planning
  • Types of Floor Plans
  • Closed/Formal
  • Contain access through doors or openings
  • Traditional style homes
  • Open/Informal Plans
  • Partial separations
  • Combine several spaces/rooms
  • Area rugs or furniture provide visual separation
  • Floor height elevations may differentiate rooms

12
Living Room
  • Purpose determines size and layout
  • Limit traffic through room
  • Centrally located near entrance
  • Views to outside
  • Close to dining and entertaining area

13
Dining Room
  • Purpose determines size and layout
  • Adjacent to kitchen and living area
  • Accessible to outside dining
  • Space for serving and movement

14
Sleeping Area
  • Bedrooms
  • Baths
  • Dressing Rooms
  • Closets
  • Homes categorized by number of bedrooms baths
  • Three bedroom homes most common

15
Bedrooms
  • Grouped in quiet separate area
  • Master bedroom separated from others
  • Size layout related to furniture function
  • 70 sq ft minimum
  • 9-0 in any direction
  • Movement around furniture
  • Planned activities
  • Reading
  • Writing
  • Watching TV
  • Hobbies

16
Bedrooms
  • Doors
  • Accessible to a hall
  • Swing into room
  • 2-6 minimum width
  • Size allows for furniture movement
  • Windows
  • Ventilation light
  • Means of egress
  • Use wall space

17
Dressing Areas
  • Separate room or alcove
  • Sinks, make-up counters,
  • Mirrors, chairs
  • Closets
  • Adjacent to Master bath

18
Bathrooms
  • Plumbing fixtures
  • Water closet
  • Shower
  • Tub
  • Lavatory
  • Bidet

19
Bathrooms
  • Lavatories
  • Wall-hung
  • Pedestal
  • Countertop
  • Various sizes styles of fixtures
  • Water closet
  • 15 min. from CL to wall or adjacent fixture
  • 2x 6 stud construction for plumbing
  • Optionally compartmentalized

20
Bathrooms
  • Located near of adjacent to bedrooms
  • Bath sizes
  • 5-0 x 8-0 minimum full bath
  • 3-0 x 7-0 minimum half bath
  • Lavatory and water closet only
  • Furnishings
  • Hampers
  • Linen shelves
  • Counter space
  • Medicine cabinet
  • Mirrors

21
Bathrooms
  • Require natural ventilation or fan to remove
    moisture
  • Grouping increases efficiency
  • Centralized plumbing
  • Modifications for medical/disabled clients
  • Linen closets
  • Nearby location
  • Minimum 18 deep

22
Service Areas
  • Kitchen
  • Laundry
  • Garage or Carport

23
Kitchen
  • Food preparation
  • May include
  • Dining
  • Laundry
  • Storage

24
Kitchen
  • Three work centers
  • Food storage and preparation
  • Refrigerator, cabinets, pantry, countertop
  • Cooking
  • Range, oven, microwave, countertops
  • Clean-up
  • Sink, dishwasher, countertops

25
Kitchen
  • Work Triangle
  • Line from center front of each work center
  • Range
  • Refrigerator
  • Sink
  • Sum of all sides should not exceed 22
  • Traffic lanes should not impede work centers

26
Kitchen
  • Counters Cabinets
  • Sufficient for operations and storage
  • Base cabinets 24 deep
  • Wall cabinets 12 deep
  • Drawn as hidden lines

27
Kitchen Styles
  • Straight line
  • Ideal for small spaces
  • Apartments
  • Cottages
  • Limited amount of cabinets

28
Kitchen Styles
  • L-shaped
  • In small/medium size kitchens
  • Attractive

29
Kitchen Styles
  • Corridor
  • Small/medium size kitchens
  • Efficient for long narrow space
  • Not for heavy traffic areas
  • 4 minimum between cabinets

30
Kitchen Styles
  • U-shape
  • High efficiency
  • Medium size kitchens
  • 6 between legs of U

31
Kitchen Styles
  • Island
  • Stand-alone cabinets
  • 42 clearance on all sides

32
Kitchen Eating Areas
  • Family kitchen
  • Open/Informal plan
  • Table chairs or eating counter

33
Laundry
  • Size/Location varies with function
  • Washing
  • Drying
  • Ironing
  • Close to kitchen and other work areas
  • Arrange appliances/fixtures efficiently
  • Preparation
  • Hampers/bins
  • Washing
  • Sink
  • Washer
  • Detergents
  • Drying
  • Dryer
  • Drying line
  • Folding ironing

34
Garage/Carport
  • Size depends on number of cars and other purposes
  • Single car space
  • 11x 19 to 16x 25
  • Double car space
  • 20x 20 to 25x 25
  • Increase space for storage and/or work area
  • May be separate structure or attached to home
  • Style matches home
  • Breezeway

35
Carport
  • One or more walls removed
  • No door provided
  • Less expensive than garage
  • Less protection than garage
  • Better suited to mild climates

36
Garage
  • Doors vary in style, construction, size
  • Floors
  • Slope toward doors or built-in drain
  • 4 thick poured concrete with vapor barrier
  • Apron connects floor to paved driveways

37
Driveways
  • Turnaround
  • Widths
  • 10 for a single-car garage
  • 18 for a double-car garage
  • Turning radii of 15 at street
  • Layout varies

38
Outside Living Areas
  • Porches
  • Built of various materials
  • Structurally connected to the home
  • Raised above grade
  • Patios
  • Located at ground level
  • Constructed of concrete
  • Decks
  • Structurally connected to the home
  • Constructed of wood
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