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The Feasts of the Lord

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The Feasts of the Lord God commanded His people the Jews to keep the Sabbath, the Sabbatical and Jubilee times of rest and restoration. Tabernacles or Booths ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Feasts of the Lord


1
The Feasts of the Lord
  • God commanded His people the Jews to keep the
    Sabbath, the Sabbatical and Jubilee times of rest
    and restoration.

2
The weekly Sabbath - Shabbat or day of
restThe 4th commandment to rest one day a week
, keep it holy and honour God. It was a sign
of the covenant between God and His people.
(Exodus 3113,17)
  • It was intended as a gift from God, a day of joy,
    freedom from work and worldly concerns and a time
    of spiritual enrichment.
  • There are similarities with communion sharing
    wine and bread together with the lighting of
    candles.
  • ( to be a light in the world)

3
The Sabbatical and Jubilee restoration, social
justice and good environmental practice.
  • Sabbatical every seventh year the land was to
    rest or lie fallow, debts were to be cancelled
    and slaves freed.
  • The Book of the Law was read to all Israel.
  • Jubilee every fiftieth year slaves were to be
    freed, debts cancelled and land and property
    returned. (Leviticus 25)

4
Feasts of the Lord plan of redemption
  • God has revealed His plan of redemption through
    7 annual feasts.
  • The Hebrew moadim means Gods appointed
    seasons, special times when He acts.

5
The Biblical feasts are closely related to
the farming seasons.
  • The crushing the grain into fine is a type of
  • Yeshua HaMashiach, who was smitten, crushed,
  • bled and died for the atonement for our sins.

6
(No Transcript)
7
Feasts - given to Moses on Mount Sinai
  • Spring Feasts Month
  • Passover Pesach Nisan 14
  • Un-leaven Bread Chag Hamotzi Nisan 15 -22
  • First Fruits Yom HaBikkurim Nisan 16
  • Pentecost Shavuot Sivan 6
  • Have already been fulfilled through the death
  • and resurrection of Jesus
  • Autumn Feasts Month
  • Trumpets Yom Teruah Tishri 1
  • Day of Atonement Yom Yippur Tishri 10
  • Tabernacles Succot Tishri 15 22 Still to
    be fulfilled

8
Gods Appointed Seasons - Feasts of Israel
SPRING adapted into table form from David
Hargis Feasts of Israel 1999
Feast Scripture Memorial Traditional Prophetic Messianic Command Gifts of the Spirit Fruit of the Spirit
Passover Feast of Freedom Pesach Lev234-5 Deliverance from the angel of death Deliverance from slavery Deliverance from the wages of sin Death of Yeshua Eat bitter herbs and un-leaven bread. Tell your children of Gods deliverance wisdom love
Unleaven Bread Chag Matzah Lev236-6 Exod13 6-8 Delivery from slavery in Egypt Removal of all leaven Cleansing from sin Burial of Yeshua Eat no leaven for 7 days Do no work on first and last day knowledge joy
First Fruits (barley harvest) __________Pentecost Shavuot Lev 23 9-14 __________ Lev 23 15-21 Thanksgiving for the first fruits of the land ___________Establishment of the people of Yahweh ____________Moses announces the Covenant in the Torah Assurance of salvation ___________Israel to be a witness of Yahweh Resurrection of Yeshua ____________Out pouring of the Holy Spirit Ruach HaKodesh Wave barley loaf/sheaf before the Lord _____________Rejoice Do no paid work Bring an offering of first fruits trust/faith ________healing peace _________ patience
9
Passover- Pesach The Passover celebration
commemorates the time when the Jewish people were
delivered from slavery in Egypt.
  • They put blood on the lintels of their doors and
    as the angel of death passed over, their first
    born escaped the fate of the Egyptians.

10
Passover (Leviticus 235) Points to the
Messiah as our Passover lamb, whose blood would
be shed for our sins. (1 Corinthians 57)
  • Jesus was crucified on the day of preparation for
    the Passover, at the same time that the lambs
    were being slaughtered for the Passover meal that
    evening.

11
The Passover LambThe paschal lamb had the
name of the owner hung on a sign around its neck.
Pilate had a sign put on the cross. The writing
was Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews.
  • The Hebrew letters for this were the
    Tetragrammaton, YHWH, showing Jesus was God
    Himself! This is why the priests asked Pilate to
    change it, but Pilate refused. (John 1919-22)

12
The traditional Passover meal
  • The story is told (Haggadah) with questions from
    the children.
  • 4 cups of wine are taken during the family meal,
    symbolising
  • deliverance from slavery in Egypt
  • redemption by the blood (of Jesus)
  • being a chosen people
  • having a land of their own.

13
The Passover Meal the Sedar Plate
14
The Sedar Meal symbolism
  • Salt water tears of sorrow and pain during
    slavery
  • Green vegetables life in the wilderness
  • e.g. parsley or lettuce
  • Bitter herbs - suffering as slaves
  • e.g. horse radish
  • Charoset (sweet) freedom from bondage
  • e.g. fruit, nuts spices
  • Shank bone of lamb reminder of the paschal lamb
    slain. (Jesus)
  • Roast egg new life

15
The Passover- Matzah symbolism
  • The matzah is broken into 3 pieces which are
    placed in a
  • Matzah tash - a special cloth holder with three
    sections, one for each piece of matza . This
    symbolises the unity of God God the Father, God
    the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.
  • The leader takes the middle sheet of matzah and
    lifts it for everyone to see and breaks it in
    two. This symbolizes Christs body broken on the
    cross.
  • Afikoman - a piece of matza wrapped in a linen
    cloth and hidden somewhere in the house for the
    children to find. This symbolises Christ body
    laid in the tomb. (Matt. 2759-60).

16
Unleaven BreadBread without yeast was eaten as
the Israelites were in a hurry to leave Egypt.
They were told to remove yeast (leaven), a sign
of sin from their houses.
  • The lines and holes in the Matzah remind us of
    the stripes on Jesus back and his pierced hands
    and feet, through which we are healed.

17
First Fruits (Leviticus 2310)
  • - points to the Messiah's resurrection as the
    first fruits of the righteous.
  • Jesus was resurrected on this very day,
  • which is one of the reasons that Paul refers to
    him in as the
  • "first fruits from the dead.
  • (I Corinthians 1520)

18
Jesus and the Sign of JonahOn the third day He
rose again!
  • Jesus was crucified and buried on the day of
    Preparation for the Feast of Un-leaven Bread.
  • He arose before dawn on the Sunday, as the
    Firstfruit, the first day of the week and
    appeared to the women.

19
The Unique Events of Good Friday
  • There was an earthquake and sun was darkened for
    3 hours from 12 noon to 3 pm as Jesus died on the
    cross.
  • A blood red moon appeared after sunset to fulfil
    the prophecy of Joel 228-32, foreshadowing end
    time events.
  • From historical and astronomical evidence it is
    likely that this was Friday 1st April 33 AD when
    there was lunar eclipse visible from Jerusalem.
  • Ref Walker D. (2009) Daniels Seventy Weeks
  • www.oxfordbiblechurch.co.uk

20
Jesus the Passover Lamb possible sequence of
events
Feast Month Day Events
6th day before Passover Nisan 8 Sat Sabbath at Bethany. Supper Anointing by Mary (John 12 1-7)
5th day before Passover Nisan 9 Sun Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem. next day (John 12 12-19) Jesus weeps over city. Returns to Bethany.
4th day before Passover Nisan 10 Mon Jesus cleanses the Temple and curses fig tree. (Matthew 2112-22)
3rd day before Passover Nisan 11 Tues Supper with Simon.(Matthew 266-13) Second anointing on head by sinful woman.
2nd day before Passover Nisan 12 Wednesday
1st day before Passover Nisan 13 Thurs Last Supper, Foot washing (John 131-17), Betrayal Prayer in Garden of Gethsemane (John 17) Trials ( John 1819-40)
Passover Nisan 14 Passover lambs slaughtered. Friday Crucifixion 9 am (Mark 1525) Darkness night noon- 3 pm death (Mark 1533) Burial 6pm night in the tomb
Feast of Un-leaven Bread weekly Sabbath Nisan 15 Saturday night in the tomb
First Fruits Sun Resurrection before sunrise. (Matthew281) Jesus appears to the women in the garden on the first day of the week and disciples in the evening. (John 20)
21
Weeks ShavuotAn ox with horns overlaid
with gold was led before with singing and music
of flutes. ( Psalm 122 1-2 ) ( Deuteronomy
26 )
  • A wave offering of 7 species wheat, barley,
    grapes, figs, pomegranates, olives and dates is
    made with twin loaves of wheat, fruit in a
    basket, 2 sheep and a wine libation.

22
Weeks Shavuot Pentecost
  • 2 loaves of fine flour represent the refined
    life.
  • Leaven shows we are still imperfect.
  • 2 tablets are a reminder of the 2 houses Israel
    and Judah divided by sin but united through the
  • Holy Spirit or of the Jews and Gentiles.

The paschal lamb had the name of the owner hung
on a sign around its neck.
23
Weeks Shavuot Pentecost
  • After the temple was destroyed it was difficult
    for the Jews to keep the Torah, so the Rabbis
    brought a change of focus to the feast from an
    agricultural one to Moses receiving the Law. (Ten
    Commandments)

24
Weeks or Pentecost ( Leviticus 2316, Acts
2). Occurred fifty days after the beginning of
the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The Church was
established on this day when the Holy Spirit was
poured out and 3,000 Jews responded to Peter's
great sermon and the first proclamation of the
Gospel .
  • Points to the great harvest of souls and the
    gift of the Holy Spirit for both Jew and Gentile,
    who would be brought into the kingdom of God
    during the Church Age

25
First Fruits to WeeksChag Ha Bikkurim to Chag
Hashavout
  • Celebrates the barley harvest and then the wheat
    harvest by bringing a wave offering to the
    Temple.
  • Barley is a course grain fed to animals and
    represents the flesh.
  • Wheat is fine and represents a refined spiritual
    nature.

26
First Fruits toChag HaBikkurim to Chag
Hashavout
  • The new covenant and new heart of flesh instead
    of stone. (Jeremiah 3131-33 and Ezekiel
    3626-27)
  • The Holy Spirit being poured out on all flesh.
  • (Joel 228-29)

27
Gods Appointed Seasons - Feasts of Israel-
AUTUMN adapted into table form from David
Hargis Feasts of Israel 1999
Feast Scripture Memorial Traditional Prophetic Messianic Command Gifts of the Spirit Fruit of the Spirit
Trumpets Yom Teruah Lev 23 24-25 Entrance to the Promised Land Day Adam was created Day of the Lord Coming Judgement Resurrection Rapture Rejoice Blow shofar miracles Excellence/ usefulness
Day of Atonement Yom Kippur Lev27-32 Israels sins Second Passover Day of Israel restored Day Jews accept Yeshua Afflict soul Do no work prophecy goodness
Tabernacles Succot Lev34-36 Temporary wandering Thanksgiving for prosperity Nations come to worship Messiah King Birth of Yeshua Live in temporary shelters Do no paid work Discern-ing spirits persuasion trust
Feast of Dedication/ Lights Chanukah John 1022-23 Book of Maccabees Re-dedication of the Temple under the Maccabees 8 day miracle of oil in the Temple Dedication of the Third temple Conception of Messiah/ Yeshua - patriotic tongues humility
Lots Feast of Esther Purim Book of Esther Victory of Esther for the Jews Celebrate matriarchal qualities Presentation of Jewish people Ordination of Yeshua by Yochanan (John) - patriotic Interpret- ation of tongues self-control
28
It points to the Rapture of the Church when
the Messiah Jesus will appear in the heavens as
He comes for His bride, the Church. The Rapture
is always associated in Scripture with the
blowing of a loud trumpet .(I Thessalonians
413-18 and I Corinthians 1552).
  • Feast of Trumpets (Leviticus 2324)
  • This is also Rosh Hashana, the beginning of the
    Jewish New Year.

29
Yom Kippur - Day of Atonement
  • Picture with permission of the Temple Institute,
    Jerusalem
  • The High Priest sacrifices a bullock as a
    sacrifice for his own sins and a goat for the
    iniquities of the nation of Israel.
  • Another goat, the scapegoat, carries sins into
    the wilderness.

30
Day of Atonement Yom Yippur (Leviticus
2327)- a time of deep repentance
  • Picture with permission of the
  • Temple Institute, Jerusalem
  • Prophetically points to the Second Coming of
    Jesus.
  • The Jewish remnant will "look upon Him whom they
    have pierced," repent of their sins, and receive
    Him as their Messiah.
  • (Zechariah 1210 and Romans 111-6, 25-36).
  • It also points to the Great White Throne
    Judgement.

31
Tabernacles Succot Ingathering
  • This is the celebration of Gods protection and
    provision during the wanderings in the desert,
    when the Israelites lived in booths.
  • 4 species are gathered willow, palm, citron and
    myrtle. These are shaken in 4 directions for
    protection from bad weather or symbolising the
    harvest from the 4 corners of the earth.

32
Booths or Succas are temporary shelters where
people celebrate the feast.
  • These are a reminder to look to God for your
    provision.

33
Succah The Tabernacle
Solomons Templerepresent Gods
temporary dwelling permanent dwellingwith His
people
  • Christs 1st Coming in the Flesh
    Christs 2nd Coming in Glory

  • Millennial Reign

34
Tabernacles or Booths (Leviticus 2334)
  • Many scholars believe that this feast day points
    to the Lord's promise that He will once again
    tabernacle with His people when He returns to
    reign over all the world (Micah 41-7).

35
Tabernacles Succot Water is drawn from
the spring at Siloam and poured out as a water
libation with a wine libation on the altar daily,
as With joy you will draw water from the wells
of salvation is sung. (Isaiah 123).
  • On the last day of the feast Jesus said if
    anyone is thirsty let him come to me and drink..
    He who believes in me..out of his heart will flow
    rivers of living water.
  • (John 737b - 38)
  • Prophetically this points to the latter rains of
    the Holy Spirit being poured out on all flesh.
    (Joel 228)

36
The Church Age between the Feasts of Pentecost
and Trumpets
  • The gospel is being taken to all the nations.
  • The church celebrates communion in remembrance
  • of Jesus until He comes again.

37
The Feasts of the Lord (adapted from Booker
1987)
Farming Season Feast (historical) Jesus (prophetic) The Believer (personal) Spiritual Revivals (seasonal)
Barley Harvest Passover Un-leavened Bread First fruits Crucified Buried Resurrected New Birth Put off old self Put on the new Luther 1517 Wesley 1738
Wheat Harvest Pentecost Giving of the Law (Moses) Exalted Baptism in the Holy Spirit 1901 Los Angeles 1906
Fruit Harvest - Church Period -
Final Ingathering Trumpets Day of Atonement Tabernacles Defeating Satan Purifying Bride Second Coming Full Armour Baptism in Fire Gods Rest Present Future Future
38
The Feasts and Events in the Life of Jesus The
significant events in the Life of Jesus were at
the Feasts as a sign from God.
  • birth baptism death
    resurrection coming of
    the Holy Spirit
  • 2 BC 30 AD 33 AD 33 AD 33 AD
  • Trumpets Tabernacles Passover
    First fruits Pentecost
  • www.oxfordbiblechurch.co.uk Bible Chronology

39
Events in Jesus Life at the Feasts as a Sign
  • Birth Oct 12th 2 BC
    Tabernacles
  • Baptism Oct 12th 30 AD Tabernacles
  • Death (crucifixion) April 1st 33 AD
    Passover
  • Resurrection Firstfruits
  • Outpouring of the Holy Spirit
    Shavuot (Pentecost)
  • These dates are calculated from other references
    in the Bible and astronomical data.
  • Jesus death was 3.5 years after his birth
  • www.oxfordbiblechurch.co.uk

40
Jesus Birth at Trumpets
  • Accompanied by signs in the heavens
  • at sunset 6pm, on the 27th September 2 BC
    (Gregorian), a rare astronomical alignment
    described in Revelation 12 1-5 Now a great
    SIGN appeared in heaven (the stars) a
    woman (VIRGO) clothed with the sun, with the moon
    under her feet, and on her head a garland of 12
    stars. v2 Then being with child, she cried out in
    labour and in pain about to give birth...v5 She
    bore a male Child who was to rule all nations
    with a rod of iron (the Messiah).
  • See www.stellarium.org

41
The Sign of Virgo (Revelation 121-5)
  • The sun (SON) was inside the constellation of
    Virgo
  • The moon was at her feet.
  • A crown of 12 stars surround her head.

42
Jesus Baptism on His 30th Birthday in October AD
29. 
  • It came to pass that Jesus also was baptized
    and while He prayed, the heaven was opened. And
    the Holy Spirit descended in bodily form like a
    dove upon Him, and a voice came from heaven which
    said, You are My beloved Son in You I am well
    pleased. Now literally this says Now
    Jesus began to be about 30 years old (Luke
    321-23).
  • Jesus Himself began His ministry at about 30
    years of age (the age when a priest could start
    ministering was 30).

43
The Death of Jesus on the Cross at Passover 33AD
  • Get rid of the old yeast that you may be a new
    batch without yeast--as you really are. For
    Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.
    (1 Corinthians 57)

44
The Resurrection at Firstfruits 33 AD
  • But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead,
    the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.
  • But each in his own turn Christ, the
    firstfruits then, when he comes, those who
    belong to him.
  • (1 Corinthians 1520, 23)

45
THE NATIONAL JEWISH FEASTS
  • In addition to the 7 Biblical Feasts which the
    Jewish people are commanded to keep in Leviticus
    23,
  • Jews celebrate a further 2 national holidays
    which commemorate miraculous events in Jewish
    history when God intervened to save his people
  • PURIM HANNUKAH.

46
The Jewish festival of Purim 4/15th Adar
(Feb/March)
  • Celebrates the time when the Jewish people were
    saved from annihilation in Persia by the
    intercession of Queen Esther. People dress up
    and re-enact the story, hissing, shouting and
    waving rattles at the evil Haman, who tried to
    kill the Jews.

47
Purim means lots. It refers to the lots cast
by Haman to decide on which day he should
massacre the Jews.
  • Children play a game with a dreidel or
    spinning top with a Hebrew letter on each side,
    an acronym for
  • a great miracle happened there.

48
PURIM
  • Purim is celebrated with pageantry, puppet plays
    for the children and giving of presents and
    sweets. A special cake called a Hamantaschen is
    eaten.

49
The Jewish Feast of Chanukah or Festival of
Dedication or Lights 25th Kislev-2/3 Tevet
(Nov/Dec)
  • Celebrates the cleansing of the Temple after it
    was desecrated by the Syrian Anthiochus Epiphanes
    in 170 BC. by sacrificing a pig on the altar.
  • Judas Maccabeus took back the temple in 164 BC.

50
CHANUKAK Jewish festival of Lights
  • Celebrates the miracle when the menorah light
    went on burning in the Temple for 8 days when
    their was no holy oil left hence the 8 branches
    on the candlestick.

51
The Spiritual significance of Chanukah
Reflects on the time when people saw the
light spiritually. Jesus is the Light of the
World and we are called to bring the light into
dark places.
  • The central light is called the servant. It
    shows how Yeshua (Jesus) is the righteous
    branch who shows us how to serve by His example.
  • He empowers us by His Spirit to do the miraculous.

52
Trumpets warn us to get ready for Jesus Second
Coming
  • Watchmen on the walls are praying for the peace
    of Jerusalem.

53
End Time Fulfilment
  • We look forward to the time when all the nations
    will be gathered in the End Time harvest and God
    will tabernacle with His people in and the
    Wedding Feast of the Lamb.
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