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Science

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World Science Forum - Budapest 11 November 2005: Hungarian Academy of Sciences Science & Technology in Society forum - Lights and Shadows - Hiroyuki Yoshikawa – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Science


1
Science Technology in Society forum - Lights
and Shadows -
World Science Forum - Budapest 11 November 2005
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
  • Hiroyuki Yoshikawa
  • President
  • National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science
    and Technology (AIST)

2
STS forum Fundamental Concept (1)
  • This forum aims to provide a new mechanism for
    open discussions on an informal basis, and to
    build a community that would, in time, resolve
    new types of problems stemming from the
    application of science and technology.

3
STS forum Fundamental Concept (2)
  • ? 20th centurys progress of Science Technology
  • ? Brought prosperity and enriched the
    quality of life for much mankind.
  • ? However, benefits are not reaching a
    major part of the worlds
  • people.
  • ? Advance of science and technology
    raises important issues
  • - increasingly complex in context
    of the globalized world,
  • - beyond the control of any single
    country,
  • - beyond the reach of the
    scientific community alone,
  • - benefit sometimes turns into
    evils
  • (e.g.)
  • - harmonizing economic development
    with global warming,
  • - preventing terrorism,
  • - controlling infectious diseases,
  • - assessing the potential health
    benefits and ethical factors related
  • to human cloning technology, etc

4
STS forum Fundamental Concept (3)
  • ? 21st centurys progress of Science Technology
  • ? expected to accelerate and be required
    to provide for
  • sustainable human development !
  • Science and Technology in Society Forum (STS
    forum)
  • Multi-national, multi-stakeholder approach
    is indispensable.
  • The leaders of scientist, politician,
    businessman in the world meet and discuss
  • crucial matters for the future of humankind.

The Time has come for not only academicians and
researchers but also legislators, business people
and journalists from all over the world to meet
and discuss science and technology issues.
5
STS forum Organization
  • World Leaders agree the concept of the STS forum
    and considering topics what we should discuss to
    solve current global issues.
  • ? Initial Founders
  • ? Mr. Koji Omi, Member, House of
    Representative, Former Minister of State for
  • Science and Technology
    Policy (JPN)
  • ? Prof. Bruce Alberts, Former President,
    National Academy of Science (USA)
  • ? Lord Sainsbury of Turville, Parliamentary
    Under Secretary of State
    for Science and
    Innovation (UK)
  • ? Prof. Hiroyuki Yoshikawa, President, National
    Institute of Advanced Industrial
    Science and Technology (JPN), Former
    President of ICSU
  • ? Council Members
  • ? 48 Council Members from 19 countries and
    region, 1 intl organization
  • (as of October 2005)
  • ? Secretariat (Tokyo, JPN)

6
STS forum Summary 2005 (1)
  • The Second Annual Meeting Sept. 11-13 in Kyoto,
    Japan
  • ? Approx. 500 World Leaders from 56 countries and
    regions participated in total
  • Scientists and researchers including 10 Nobel
    Laureates and 22 university presidents,
    policymakers including 17 ministers, business
    executives and opinion leaders
  • ? Overall Theme of the Second Annual Meeting
  • Sustainable Future

His Imperial Highness the Crown Prince of Japan
addressed Science and technology should be used
appropriately for the future of our planet earth,
including all the living species and the
environment, in addition to human beings.. Mr.
Koizumi, Prime Minister of Japan
addressed Environmental protection and economic
development are mutually achievable and
sustainable. It is science and technology that
hold the key to achieving the dual goals.
7
STS forum Summary 2005 (2)
6 Plenary Session, 24 Concurrent Session,
Official Dinner, Working Lunch, and other various
events
Themes of Plenary Sessions - Science and
Technology in Society - Women in Science
(Luncheon Session) - Summaries from
Concurrent Sessions - Innovation as a Source
of Growth - Act Now for the Future
Themes of Concurrent Sessions
F
E
D
C
B
A
Sustainability Energy and Environment
ITs Impact on Human Society
Life Sciences
Capacity Building
Human Security
New Frontiers
8
STS forum Summary 2005 (3)
  • Concurrent Sessions (A and B series)
  • A) Sustainability Energy and Environment
  • - Global Warming and CO2 Emission Control
  • - Longterm Energy Paths
  • - Strategies for Efficient and Renewable
    Energy Use
  • B) Life Sciences
  • - Ethical Aspects of Stem Cells and
    Regenerative Medicine
  • - New Applications of Genomics to Agriculture
  • - Translation of Science to the Marketplace
    The Development of Medicine for Global
    Health

9
STS forum Summary 2005 (4)
  • Concurrent Sessions (C and D series)
  • C) ITs Impact on Human Society
  • - Interoperatibility
  • - Digital Archiving
  • - Security / Privacy
  • D) Capacity Building
  • - Science Education and Communication
  • - University Reform
  • - Intellectual Property Rights

10
STS forum Summary 2005 (5)
  • Concurrent Sessions (E and F series)
  • E) Science and Technology for Human Security
  • - Infectious Diseases
  • - Science and Technology to Reduce the
    Vulnerability of Critical
  • Infrastructures
  • - Science and Technology against Natural
    Disasters
  • F) New Frontiers Opened by Science and
    Technology
  • - New Frontiers Opened by IT (Information and
    Communication Technology)
  • - New Frontiers Opened by NT
    (Nano-Technology)
  • - New Frontiers Opened by Manufacturing

11
STS forum 2005 STATEMENT (1)
It is important for all people, regardless of
their background, to consider Science and
Technology issues as their own. Recognizing that
both the Lights and Shadows of Science and
Technology will have a great impact on the human
race, we agreed that Science and Technology
should not control Humankind Humankind should
control Science and Technology.
12
STS forum 2005 STATEMENT (2)
Framework for Sustainable Future A practical
and effective framework that all countries will
participate in, to deal with CO2 emissions and
other climate-forcing emissions. Renewable
Energy Sources Further Development of
renewable energy sources Solar, Biomass,
Hydrogen, and, Nuclear Fission Power under
strict conditions of safety and
non-proliferation Bioethics Issues To try to
establish common international standards
concerning bioethics that will enable
researchers in all countries to collaborate and
have the opportunity to be equally productive in
their research activities
13
STS forum 2005 STATEMENT (3)
  • ICTs impact on Human Society
  • Further development of ICT will build a thriving
    future for humankind.
  • Interoperability, Security and Privacy Protection
    are imperative for information society.
  • Digital Archiving for equal access to science and
    technology knowledge is important.
  • Resolving the digital divide issue will be of
    common benefit to humankind.
  • Education for All
  • Universal access to education, regardless of
    gender, race or national origin, is vital for
    our future.
  • Intellectural Property Rights (IPR)
  • A global, integrated system of IPR was proposed
    and supported by many participants.

14
STS forum 2005 STATEMENT (4)
Science and Technology for Human
Security Against Terrorism To prevent the
use of science and technology by terrorists
To use science and technology to defend against
terrorism Against Infectious Diseases
Developing vaccines and medical therapies against
infectious diseases like AIDS is crucial for
mankinds future and is one of the most important
fields where science and technology can make
a contribution. Against Natural Disasters
International cooperation to establish early
warning, human safety and rescue systems is
strongly needed. STS forum, the scene of the
latest Science and Technology STS forum serves
as an important venue for exchanging views on the
latest discoveries and innovations in Science
and Technology and their impact on humankind.
15
STS forum Format of the Sessions
Participants
Speaker
Participants
Rapporteur
PLENARY SESSIONS and 1st Series of CONCURRENT
SESSIONS
CONCURRENT SESSIONS
16
STS forum 2005 Scenes from the Sessions
17
STS forum 2005 Participants(1)
Others (Media, NPOs, NGOs, etc.) 20
Academia 38
Policy Makers 15
Business 27
Participated Principals in Constituency
18
STS forum 2005 Participants(2)
No. Nationality Princi- pals No. Nationality Princi- pals No. Nationality Princi- pals
1 AUSTRALIA 4 21 INDONESIA 1 41 PAKISTAN 1
2 AUSTRIA 5 22 IRAN 1 42 PHILIPPINES 1
3 BANGLADESH 1 23 IRELAND 2 43 PORTUGAL 1
4 BELGIUM 2 24 ISRAEL 1 44 ROMANIA 1
5 BRAZIL 8 25 ITALY 3 45 RWANDA 1
6 BULGARIA 1 26 JAMAICA 1 46 SINGAPORE 3
7 CANADA 12 27 JAPAN 114 47 SOUTH AFRICA 2
8 CHINA 5 28 KAZAKHSTAN 1 48 SUDAN 2
9 CHINESE TAIPEI 1 29 KENYA 2 49 SWEDEN 5
10 CZECH REPUBLIC 3 30 KOREA 6 50 SWITZERLAND 4
11 DENMARK 2 31 LITHUANIA 3 51 TAJIKISTAN 1
12 EGYPT 9 32 LUXEMBOURG 1 52 THAILAND 19
13 FINLAND 7 33 MALAWI 1 53 TUNISIA 1
14 FRANCE 11 34 MALAYSIA 3 54 U.K. 16
15 GERMANY 20 35 MOZAMBIQUE 1 55 U.S.A. 79
16 GREECE 2 36 MYANMAR 1 56 VIETNAM 3
17 HONG KONG 1 37 NETHERLANDS 6
18 HUNGARY 2 38 NEW ZEALAND 2 Principals Total 396
19 ICELAND 1 39 NORWAY 1 Accompanying Persons 88
20 INDIA 7 40 OMAN 1 Spouses 29
Reporting Press 52
Grand Total 565
19
STS forum 2005 Participants(3)
HUNGARY, 2
Participated Principals in number Nationalities
20
STS forum Participation
  • ? Modalities for Participation
  • ? Participation upon invitation only.
  • ? Participants are requested to make their own
    travel arrangements to the venue.
  • ? Participation fee US1,000 (business),
    US500 (other)
  • This covers all sessions (including
    simultaneous interpretation into English whenever
    necessary, documents and all meals mentioned in
    the program). In order to facilitate networking
    amongst participants, a Japanese cell phone will
    be rented fee of charge to all principal
    participants, together with a telephone list.
  • ? Accompanying spouse programs and other
    post-conference tours (science and technology
    focused) in the region will be organized.
  • ?Registration will be made online.

21
History of Society-Scientists Communication (In
the case of Global Warming)
1860 Tyndall Indication of possibility of
climate change due to constituent
change of air
1896 Svante Arrhenius Calculation of air
temperature increase when doubled
the CO2 content in the air
1958 Charles Keeling Beginning of CO2
observation
1967 Shukuro Manabe Calculation of
temperature increase by CO2 ( CO2
doubled 2.4 C)
1979 US National Academy of Sciences (CO2
doubled 3 C 1.5C)
  • SCOPE(ICSU) WMO UNEP Science
    Society collaboration
  • International Conference on the
    Assessment of the Role of Carbon Oxide
  • and of Other Green House Gases in
    Climate Variation and Associated
  • Impacts, Villach-Austria

1986 ICSU Inauguration of IGBP
22
  • Vireggio Conf. Representatives of National
    Governments
  • 1987 (Sustainable Development by Brundtland)
  • Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change
    (IPCC) 1st Meeting
  • Huston Summit, Framework Convention for
    Climate Change (FCCC)
  • proposal
  • 1st Meeting of FCCC
  • 1991 ASCEND by ICSU
  • 1992 Adoption of FCCC
  • UNCED ( Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro ) by UN
  • 1992 Conferences of the Parties (COP)
  • 1997 COP-3 Kyoto Protocol
  • 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development
    (Johannesburg) by UN

23
A Process Observation Warning Action
1800
J. Fourier (1827) Greenhouse Effect
1850
J.Tyndall (1860) Effect of air constituent to
climate
Observation
1900
S.Arrhenius (1896) Calculation of CO2/Temperature
1950
C. Keeling (1958) Measurement of CO2
S. Manabe, R. Wetherald (1967) Calculation of
CO2/Temperature
Warning
J. Bruce (Villach Conf. ,1985) Consensus among
Scientists
G. Brundtland (UN Commission, 1987) Earth
Summit (1992) Acceptance by
Society
2000
Action
24
Information Cycle for Better Use of Scientific
Knowledge
Society, Environment
Actors in Society engineers business
humans statesmen policymakers administrators
educators writers artists journalists etc
Facts
Actions
Observing Scientists
Actors
Advices and knowledge for actions
Data and theory
Designing Scientists
(Scientists in Society)
25
Conditions of STS Forum
Better Communication Between Society and
Scientists
1.Equal Footing Statesmen, Businessmen and
Scientists have equal responsibility for
organizing and running the forum.
2.Individual Participation Any participants
are not representing institutions they belong
to, but personal.
3.Wide view Participants are not requested
deep specific expertise but wisdom backed by
wide knowledge.
4.New perspective This forum aims at creating
new perspective for science and society.
26
STS forum Plan 2006
  • ? Date Sunday 10 Tuesday 12, September, 2006
  • ? Venue Kyoto International Conference Hall,
    Japan
  • (http//www.kich.or.jp/en/index.html)

27
STS forum Contact
  • For more information for STS forum, Please
    contact to
  • STS forum Secretariat (in Tokyo, Japan)
  • Tel 81-3-3519-3351 Fax 81-3-3519-3352
  • E-Mail information_at_stsforum.org URL
    http//www.stsforum.org
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