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Early 15th Century Renaissance

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Early 15th Century Renaissance In the early 15th century, the spirit of the Italian Renaissance was strongest in Florence. One Italian family, the Medici, bankers to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Early 15th Century Renaissance


1
Early 15th Century Renaissance
  • In the early 15th century, the spirit of the
    Italian Renaissance was strongest in Florence.
  • One Italian family, the Medici, bankers to all
    Europe, were such generous patrons of the arts
    that it has been said they "financed" the
    Renaissance.

2
Early 15th Century Renaissance Innovation
Perspective
3
Late Middle Ages Treatment of Space It
Encompasses Viewer
  • Artists have always portrayed space in ways that
    suit their worldview.
  • In the religious painting of the late Middle
    Ages, space seems to open out from the picture
    plane. It encompasses the viewer to make him part
    of the sacred events taking place.

4
Early Renaissance Treatment of Space It Recedes
from Viewer
  • During the early Renaissance, as humanism focused
    attention on man, the viewer assumes the active
    role.
  • Space recedes from the viewer's eye into the
    picture plane.
  • The viewer himself is the point of reference.

5
Late Middle Ages
Early Renaissance
6
Early 15th Century Renaissance Architecture
Brunelleschi
  • Filippo Brunelleschi (1421 to 1440) was the
    first architect to employ mathematical
    perspective to redefine Gothic and Romanesque
    space and to establish new rules of proportion
    and symmetry.

7
Gothic
Early 15th Century
Romanesque
8
Early 15th Century Renaissance Sculpture
Donatallo
  • Donatello (1386-1466) created the first
    free-standing statues of the Renaissance,
    independent of architecture or decoration.

9
Early 15th Century Renaissance Artist Masaccio
  • Masaccio (1401-1428) took up the inheritance of
    Giotto, developing his art according to the new
    techniques and methods of perspective.
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