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The Renaissance Begins

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The Renaissance Begins Chapter 7.1 The Italian Renaissance The wealthy urban society of the Italian City-States brought a rebirth of learning and art to Europe. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Renaissance Begins


1
The Renaissance Begins
  • Chapter 7, Section 1
  • Medieval and Early Modern Times

2
The Italian Renaissance
  • The wealthy urban society of the Italian
    City-States brought a rebirth of learning and art
    to Europe.

3
Renaissance
  • Means rebirth or revival
  • 1350 1550
  • A rebirth of learning and art
  • Inspired by Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman
    culture

4
Individualism
  • The individual is important
  • People can make this world a better place

5
secular
  • Secular non-religious or worldly things
  • People were still religious
  • There is more to life than getting to heaven

6
Why Start in Italy?
  • History was the center of the Roman Empire.
    They had ruins remind them of the past and serve
    as examples
  • Money Italian City-States were RICH, they could
    afford to support artists.
  • Competition City-States wanted to show off to
    the others.

7
Florence Venice
  • Two of the most important cities of the
    Renaissance
  • Huge rivals

8
urban
  • More people living in cities
  • More people more money and customers for art
  • More discussions of ideas about art and other
    things

9
The Rise of the City-States
  • Italys location helped its City-States grow
    wealthy from trade and banking, but many of the
    cities fell under the control of strong rulers.

10
Italy Divided
  • Church leaders didnt want a powerful, secular
    ruler to control the Pope or the Church
  • No one state ever got strong enough to dominate
    the others
  • Rulers in city-states hired people to fight for
    them

11
mercenary
  • A soldier for hire
  • Often fought for a country they were not a
    citizen of

12
Trade Goods
  • Italians bought silk and spices from Arabs and
    Byzantines and sold those goods in Western Europe
  • Italians bought wool, wine, and glass in Western
    Europe and sold those goods in Middle East
  • Artisans made fine products from raw materials
    and exported those goods

13
Supply Demand
  • More goods moved from the East and made prices in
    Western Europe drop
  • Lower prices meant more people could afford
    luxuries
  • Merchants sold more and made more money

14
Marco Polo
  • Marco Polo was a Venetian merchant
  • Went to China in the 1270s
  • Met with Kublai Khan
  • Wrote a book when he got back
  • Sparked peoples interest in China and Chinese
    goods

15
Florence
  • Most famous city during Renaissance
  • 1st to grow wealthy
  • Many famous artists
  • People of Florence loved elegant clothes

16
Florence and Cloth Trade
  • Got rich 1st from trading cloth
  • Bought wool from as far away as England
  • Artisans made fine cloth

17
Florence and Banking
  • Made even more money from banking
  • Determined the value of coins from everywhere in
    terms of the Florin (Florences coin)
  • Bankers loaned money and charged interest.

18
Medici
  • Florences wealthy banking family
  • They had banks as far away as London

19
Venice
  • Richest City-State
  • Great sailors and ship builders
  • The city was built on swampy islands just off the
    coast
  • Buildings were constructed on long wooden posts
    (piles) driven into the mud.

20
Venice (continued)
  • Canals instead of streets
  • Gondolas move people even today

21
The Arsenal
  • Venetian shipyard
  • Built ships quickly
  • Once built 100 ships in 2 months to fight off the
    Turks

22
Niccolo Machiavelli
  • Advice for rulers
  • Arm your citizens.
  • Build fortresses only if you are afraid of your
    own people (the best fortress to be found is in
    the love of the people).
  • Always undertake enterprises under the pretext
    of religion.
  • Keep the minds of subjects uncertain and
    astonished.
  • Keep the people occupied with festivals and
    shows. (Bread and Circuses)
  • Mingle with different guilds and classes from
    time to time to display your humanity, but always
    do so with dignity.
  • Select ministers with brains and utter loyalty
    who do not flatter.
  • From The Prince
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