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Israel-Palestine

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Title: Israel-Palestine


1
Israel-Palestine
http//www.mideastweb.org/nutshell.htm
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3
Who is ARAB
ARAB is an ETHNIC FAMILY living in the Middle
East. Most are followers of ISLAM Palestinians
are ARABS TURKS AND PERSIANS(IRANIANS ARE
NOTARAB
4
Who are the Palestinians
  • The Palestinians are mostly Muslim (some are
    Christian) ARABs
  • They are the descendents of the ancient
    Philistines

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Palestine in Ancient times
  • Judea, home of the Jews in ancient times, was
    conquered by the Romans and renamed Palestine.
    Palestine was later conquered  and inhabited by
    Arab MUSLIMS for over a thousand years.

7
In Ancient times
The Zionist movement arose to restore Jews to
Palestine And create a homeland
The ottoman (Turkish Muslim empire controls The
middle east from 1400 Till WWI. Then the
British take over and ARABS are angry over
WESTERN COLONIZATION
8
  • Following the Holocaust the British allowed
    Jewish immigration  to Palestine.   In 1947, the
    UN partitioned the land into Arab and Jewish
    states.
  • The Arabs did not accept the partition-
  • because they did not want to share the land with
    a Jewish state and
  • There was no ARAB Palestinian leadership or
    movement to create a state.
  • The Israelis declared independence and war broke
    out.

9
6 Day War 1967
  • A defining war for Israel. Israels military
    destroys ARAB neighbors and humiliates them.
  • Israel takes territory and millions of
    Palestinians flee or come under Israeli military
    rule
  • ENDS with UN RESOLUTION 242 negotiations would
    be land for peace.

10
What Are the Issues
  • Land-what will be the borders and who will
    control Jerusalem
  • Israeli security and Palestinian terror-Cycle of
    Violence- Terrorist attacks and Israeli military
    response
  • Jewish Settlements in Palestinian territory-West
    Bank
  • Israeli repression- of Palestinians and poor
    living conditions
  • Palestinian refugees living in other ARAB
    neighboring countries will they be able to return
    and who will fund their redevelopment

11
What are the issues of Conflict
  • Divisive History The Arab states refused to
    recognize Israel or make peace with it. Wars
    broke out in 1956, 1967, 1973 and 1982, and there
    were many terror raids and Israeli reprisals.
  • LAND FOR PEACE has been the exchange

12
What are the issues of Conflict
  • Occupation, Land Settlements
  • Israel has occupied the West bank and Gaza Strip
    since the 1967 6-day war, and has built
    settlements with a population of about 220,000,
    mostly in the West Bank.
  • In 2000 peace meeting Israel offered to turn over
    97 of the land in the West Bank and all of Gaza,
    as well as Arab sections of Jerusalem. This offer
    was turned down by the Palestinians.

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Refugees Palestinians were expelled or fled
their homes as a result of warfare
  • that followed the creation of Israel. There are
    now about 4 million Palestinian refugees. Many of
    them live in crowded refugee camps in poor
    conditions in the West Bank and Gaza, in Jordan,
    Syria, Lebanon and Iraq. 
  • Palestinians demand that these refugees should
    have the right to return to their homes in Israel
  • Israelis oppose return of the refugees because
    that would create an Arab Palestinian majority

15
Cycle of Violence
  • Israel and Palestinians have been caught up in a
    cycle of violence and failed attempts at peace
    for almosst all of the 60 years of existence.
  • Palestinian groups are accused or teaching and
    preaching extremist ideology and breeding
    suicide bombers as well as now having capability
    to launch missles into Isrealil towns.

16
Israel responds with




Palestinians stand in front of a destroyed building of Hamas's Interior Ministry after it was targeted by an Israeli missile in Gaza Jan. 18, 2008. Israel closed border crossings with the Gaza Strip and destroyed the Hamas-run Interior Ministry on Friday in what witnesses said was an air strike, stepping up what it says is a campaign to halt Palestinian rocket attacks.
17
What are the issues of Conflict
  • Israeli Security- Peace with SECURITY has always
    been an Israeli position
  • Israeli Repression -Palestinians live under harsh
    military rule an POVERTY which has been a cause
    for attacks and INTIFADAS have led to harsh
    military responses

Israelis have built security walls around
settlements in West Bank
18
Israel has built security walls to Protect them
from attacks
19
Many Palestinians have been Cut off from towns
and work as A result of the walls and check
points In and out of towns.
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The map illustrates Hezbollah's missile ranges
under the assumption that they're armed with
Iranian-made artillery rockets.
22
Palestinian Terror
  • Almost all Palestinian groups were founded with
    the declared aim of destroying Israel by violence
  • PLO-First Palestinain representative group led by
    Yassir Arafat since 1970s.. criticized for his
    lack of sincerity to settle for peace and
    progress.
  • HAMAS-controls Gaza since 2006-ARAB neighbors
    have refused to work with HAMAS
  • HEZBALLAH- attacks Israel from Southern Lebanon
    has led to Israeli invasions and military
    response summer 2006
  • FATAH- has become moderate and runs the
    Palestinian Authority. Palestinian govt of the
    West Bank- run by Mahmoud ABBAS- only Pal
    Leadership West recognizes

23
Hezbollah (???? ?????)
  • Hezbollah or Hezb-Allah (Arabic ???? ?????,
    meaning Party of God  is a Lebanese Islamist
    group founded in 1982 to fight the Israeli
    occupation in southern Lebanon.
  • Hezbollah is the main political party
    representing the Shia community, Lebanon's
    largest religious bloc.
  • Founded with the aid of Iran, it follows the
    distinctly Shiite Islamist ideology developed by
    Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, leader of the
    Islamic Revolution in Iran.
  • It calls for the establishment of an Islamic
    state in Lebanon,.In addition to its military
    wing, Hezbollah runs hospitals, news services,
    and educational facilities and participates in
    the Lebanese Parliament.
  • It is responsible for numerous economic and
    infrastructural development projects in
    Shia-populated areas of Lebanon.Hezbollah is
    regarded by many in the Arab and Muslim worlds as
    a legitimate resistance movement and is a
    recognized political party in Lebanon, where it
    has participated in government. However, a number
    of Western governments, including that of the
    United States, have designated it a terrorist
    organization,

24
Hamas ????
  • Palestinian Islamist fundamental organization the
    US classifies a terrorist organization.
  • Hamas was founded as an offshoot of the Muslim
    Brotherhood in 1987,
  • The Hamas military wing has been responsible
    violence/killings against Israeli civilians and
    soldiers. Tactics rocket attacks suicide
    bombings.
  • In 2006 after Israel turned control of Gaza over
    to the Palestinians Hamas won a decisive majority
    in the Palestinian Parliament
  • The US and the EU halted financial assistance to
    the Hamas-led administration.
  • Israel and Egypt then imposed an economic
    blockade on Gaza. The blockade is still in
    effect.
  • Hamas calls for replacing the State of Israel
    with a Palestinian Islamic state in the area that
    is now Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip.
  • The charter identifies the conflict as a
    "struggle against the Jews Hamas leaders said it
    is political not religious.

25
H A M A S
26
                                        
  • Jerusalem was to have been internationalized
    under the UN Partition plan. Both sides have
    claims on the eastern part of Jerusalem.
    Jerusalem was the ancient capital of Judea and
    site of the Jewish holy temple, of which only the
    Western Wall remains. It is also the site of the
    Al-Aqsa mosque - regarded by many as the third
    holiest site in Islam. neighborhoods are closely
    interwoven and difficult to separate.

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Jerusalem
29
JERUSALEM
WESTERN WALL
30
Water
  • The land has always had a scarcity of water. The
    Israel National Water Carrier has made possible a
    high population density and standard of living.
  • The carrier pumps water from the Sea of Galilee
    and carries it to areas in the center and south
    of Israel as well as for Palestinian areas.
  • The aquifers that supply Israel's central area
    lie in the West Bank. The Jordan river flows
    through territory that would be part of
    Palestine.
  • Both sides need water for survival and
    development and want to ensure an adequate water
    supply from the limited resources available.

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32
Peace Processes
1993
2000
  • 1993 Oslo HISTORIC PEACE TALKS.OSLO NORWAY-RABIN
    (IPM) and ARAFAT (PLO) sign peace negotiation and
    begin withdrawl of GAZA. ISR. Extremist
    assassinates him. 95
  • Netanyahu PM slows the peace process and mistrust
    and violence breaks out INTIFADA shaking off
    Israeli rule
  • 2000 Camp David- BARAK (ISR PM) and ARAFAT
    negotiate. mutual mistrust. ISRAELIS willing to
    negotiate and give back land in West Bank even
    deal on Jerusalemin end ARAFAT rejects offer
    PALES still no state..
  • BARAK COMES READY TO NEGOTIATE!!! Did ARAFAT???
  • The PA said they are not ready yet the
    Palestinian people are protesting the lack of
    peace and worsening conditions of their lives.
    ARAFAT AND PA says the offer and deal is not
    enough to create a state. ISRAELIS want security

33
2000 Intafada
  • After failed 2000 peace talks
  • 2000 INTIFADA uprising due to anger, poverty,
    despair, frustration. of suicide bombers and
    escalation of violence leads Ariel Sharon to
    pursue hardline. AND FULL SCALE ISRAELI MILITARY
    RESPONSE No negot while violence occurs. Tells
    ARAFAT to control extremists.
  • 2002- most significant--SAUDIS on behalf of all
    22 ARABS offer full recognition of ARABS for
    return for land..

34
Cycle of Violence again
  • Passover Bombing 2002 Worst attack. 22 lb bomb in
    Jewish hotel during Passover celebration
  • SHARON RESPONDS WITH STRONG MILITARY FORCE into
    Palestinian territory.

35
RECENTLY
  • In the summer of 2005 Ariel Sharon-using the
    Israeli military withdrew Israelis and
    settlements from the Gaza Strip.
  • In the fall of 2005 Yassir Arafat died and is
    seen to many as a failed leader for not
    negotiating a nation for the Palestinian people
    and for not being able to control or unite the
    radical Islamic factions.
  • Winter of 2006 Ariel Sharon was incapacitated by
    a massive stroke. WAITING FOR NEW LEADERSHIP

36
What to Know IPC
  • 1. History of land and people Judea, Palestine,
    controlled by Rome, Muslims, ottomans, British.
  • 2. FORMATION OF STATE ZIONISM, British/UN
    partition plan 1947. No palestinian leadership or
    government
  • 3. MAPS- 1947, current, occupied terr, arab
    neighbors.
  • 4. ISSUES LAND-territories, Jerusalem,
    TERRORISM/Security, Recognition, Water, Refugees,
    break the cycle of terrorism and retaliation
  • 5. SIGNIFICANCE OF 6 DAY war, land, superiority
    military, recognition, defeat of arabs, UN RES
    242 land for peace
  • 6. PEACE PROCESS- 1993, 2000.Name two things
    that have derailed the peace process. INTIFADA-
    Shaking off
  • 7. LEADERS- Ariel Sharon, Yassir Arafat, Yitzak
    Rabin, Ehud Barak, Anwar Sadat
  • 8. TERRORIST GROUPS- PLO,, HIZBALLAH(in S.
    Lebanon attacks Israel, Hamas(controls Gaza)and
    Islamic Jihad oppose any peace
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