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Topics, Main Ideas and Topic Sentences


and Topic Sentences recognizing them as we read UNIT 4 You will need your book tonight Unit 4 Seminar Agenda Discussion Board assignment & reminders Unit 4 Project ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Topics, Main Ideas and Topic Sentences

Topics, Main Ideas and Topic Sentences
  • recognizing them as we read
  • UNIT 4
  • You will need your book tonight

Unit 4 Seminar Agenda
  • Discussion Board assignment reminders
  • Unit 4 Project description review
  • My Reading Lab reminders
  • KU 085 reminder
  • Topic, Main Idea, Topic Sentence, Details
  • Paraphrasing Summarizing
  • Review
  • Q A

Unit 4 Discussion Board
  • After the presentation on Main Ideas (located in
    your MRL Study Plan) 1. Discuss the tips and
    suggestions offered in summarizing a passage. 
    2. How will these tips and suggestions help you
    to identify the main idea and supporting details
    of passages? 3. Think of a book, article, or
    passage you have read.  This can be something you
    read for enjoyment, or to a child.  What was the
    title of the book?  What was the main idea?  What
    were some of the supporting details in the book?

Discussion Reminders - Content
  • Please respond to each questions in at least 12
    well thought out paragraphs of 57 sentences
  • For each question, you must respond to a minimum
    of two peers in at least 5-7 sentences each. For
    additional information on discussion
    requirements, please see the discussion rubric in
    the syllabus.

Discussion Reminder - Quality
  • Because professional presentation of writing is
    critical to your success, please compose all
    discussion posts and responses to peers in MS
    Word, even if you are asked to cut/copy and paste
    rather than attach.
  •  At a minimum, you must run grammar and spelling
    check before submitting all work. You should also
    proof carefully for typos and other noticeable
  •  You also must employ a formal, professional
    writing style. Do not use chat lingo. For
    example, do not use "i" for "I. Do capitalize
    the first letter of each sentence, and do not use
    abbreviations like IMHO, TY, etc.
  •  Note As part of standard netiquette, we
    discourage posting of any overly personally
    identifiable information such as your phone
    number and home address.

Discussion Samples and Hints
Using My Reading Lab
Each week there are two tabs Reading Skills and
Reading Level. Reading Skills are required that
week. For example, this week you complete the
Unit 4 Skills
Using My Reading Lab
You have exercises to complete at your own pace
under the Reading Level tab.  Please work on the
exercises under the Reading Level tab during
units 2-7.  The Reading Level exercises are
different for each student.  They are assigned
based on your initial Lexile level.  Please have
all of your exercises under the Reading Level tab
completed by the end of Unit 7. This is a sample
yours may have different topics.
Unit 4 Supporting Details Test
  • Unit 4 Supporting Details Test This week in My
    Reading Lab, you will complete the Unit 4
    Supporting Details Test.  This is located under
    the Reading Skills tab.  Note, there are two
    sections for Unit 4 under the Reading Skills tab.
  • The Supporting Details test is located under the
    second MRL section in unit 4.

KU 085
  • Found on your My CAMPUS page with KU 120 and 121.
  • Certain activities are assigned in certain units
  • You will earn points in Unit 9 for completing the
    KU 085 Activities

Identify the topic of a paragraph
  • This is the subject of the paragraph
  • Ask this question to aid in discovering the topic
    of the paragraph Who or what is most frequently
    mentioned or referred to in the paragraph?
  • Topic must be general enough to include
    everything in the paragraph but specific enough
    to exclude anything not discussed in detail.
  • PAGE 107

Practice Identifying Topic
  • Socrates was a philosopher, a person who
    searches for the truth and meaning of life. A
    well-known teacher in ancient Athens, his method
    of teaching was to pose questions that made his
    students examine and question their beliefs.
    Socrates method, however, upset many Athenian
    leaders. Socrates was eventually sentenced to
  • A. philosophy
  • B. the Athenian leaders
  • C. Socrates method of teaching

Practice Identifying Topic
  • If two people with sharply different spending
    styles commit to a relationship, problems usually
    arise. For example, the conflict of his and
    her money may come into play, and whoever earns
    the larger salary may want to tell the other how
    to spend. In disagreements over money, the
    larger earner may think or say I earned it and
    Ill spend it.
  • A. Conflicting spending styles
  • B. Money
  • C. Fights about his money

Main Idea
  • We use the topic to help us identify the main
    idea of the paragraph
  • This is the central message or point of the
  • It is the underlying thought that connects the
    individual sentences (supporting details)
  • Main Idea is the authors comment on the topic.
  • Think of Main Idea as a headline for the
  • PAGE 106

Using Topic to find Main Idea
  • Page 114 Shopaholics
  • Page 116 group 1 2
  • Page 118 psychology textbook

Topic Sentences
  • What is a topic sentence?
  • How do they set the paragraph up for us as
  • PAGE 111

Finding the topic sentence
  • A topic sentence puts the main idea into words.
  • Dont confuse the main idea which is the thought
    that unites or links all the sentences in the
  • The topic sentence is the authors words that
    explain the main idea.
  • The topic sentence includes the main idea.
  • Lets review the blue box on page 152 that
    explains what a topic sentence is.
  • PAGE 119

Where are topic sentences?
  • Topic sentences can be found anywhere in a
  • 2nd sentence after an introductory sentence
  • After a reversal transition sentence
  • After a transitional sentence
  • After an opening question
  • Even at midpoint
  • As the last sentence
  • Of course, as the first sentence in a paragraph

Practice Identifying Topic Sentences
  • Page 126

Supporting Details
  • All other sentences in a paragraph will be
    supporting details. These are the sentences an
    author uses to support/prove the main idea. They
    can be examples, descriptions, reasons,
    definitions, statistics, non-examples
  • PAGE 160
  • Major and Minor details PAGE 163

  • Transitions are phrases used to connect 2 ideas,
    sentences, paragraphs. They are words that signal
    pattern of organization. Transition phrases give
    sentences and paragraphs unity and order.

  • What is the topic?
  • Whats the difference between the topic and the
    main idea of a paragraph?
  • Whats the difference between the main idea and
    the topic sentence?

Creating A Summary from Annotations
  • A summary is a brief, clear restatement of the
    most important points of a paragraph or passage.
  • To create summary, annotate, or mark, your text
    during reading
  • PAGES 167-168 (explanation)
  • PAGES 660-661 (text example)

  • This term is used a lot in writing, but we dont
    hear it often in reading
  • After reading a paragraph, we should be able to
    paraphrase the paragraph into our own words

How to do this
  • Paraphrasing is not taking what we just read and
    rephrasing it it is writing down our
    understanding of the passage we just read.
  • Paraphrasing is explaining what you read to
    someone so he/she will better understand it.
  • An accurate paraphrase uses different language to
    say the same thing the author says.

Practice Paraphrasing
  • Page 187 paragraph 2
  • Page 190 Exercise 10

So reading involves
  • Identifying the topic
  • Identifying the main idea
  • Recognizing the topic sentences
  • Noting the transition phrases and supporting
  • Paraphrasing what we just read in our own words
    so we understand it better
  • Thinking critically about what we just read and
    deciding if we agree or disagree with the topic
    and why

  • Discussion Board assignment reminders
  • Unit 4 Project description review
  • My Reading Lab reminders
  • KU 085 reminder
  • Topic, Main Idea, Topic Sentence, Details
  • Paraphrasing Summarizing
  • Review
  • Q A
  • Email or post questions!!!!!