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Ch-01 Introduction: The Meaning of Governance

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Suyono Last modified by: SUJAN Created Date: 4/18/2004 12:07:22 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ch-01 Introduction: The Meaning of Governance


1
Ch-01 Introduction The Meaning of Governance
  • Presented By
  • Md. Mizanur Rahman
  • Roll-03, GPP
  • CSCD

1
2
Topic to be Covered
  • Different definitions of Governance
  • Governance and Institutions
  • Governance and Core Issues
  • Outline of the Book

2
3
Etymological Meaning of Governance
  • Greek verb kubernan means to Pilot or steer
  • Latin gubernare means Piloting, rule making
    or steering
  • Concise Oxford Dictionary defines governance as
    the act or manner of governing the office or
    function of governing. To govern is to rule or
    control with authority

3
4
Definition of governance (Rhodes)
  • Governance refers to self-organize,
    inter-organizational networks characterized by
    interdependence, resource-exchange, rules of the
    game, and significant autonomy from the state.
    (Rhodes, 1997a15)

4
5
Definition of governance (contd..) (Rosenau)
  • Global governance is conceived to include system
    of rule at all levels of human activity - from
    the family to the international organization in
    which pursuit (search) of goals through the
    exercise of control has transnational
    repercussions. (Rosenau, 199513)

5
6
Definition of governance (contd..) (Hyden)
  • Governance is the stewardship of formal and
    informal political rules of the game. Governance
    refers to those measures that involve setting the
    rules for the exercise of power and setting
    conflict over such rules. (Hyden, 1999185)

6
7
What is governance
  • New use of Governance include-
  • -state actors and institution
  • -Role of networks in pursuit of common goals
  • -Networks could be inter-governmental or
    inter-organizational

7
8
What is governance (contd..)
  • Could cover three broad fields-
  • 1. Public administration and public Policy
  • 2. International relation
  • 3.Comparative politics

8
9
Governance as a topic of Public administration
and public Policy
  • Rod Rhodess definition can be placed
  • Study the task, organization
  • management and accountability structure of the
    public sector.
  • Structured as a hierarchy, merit based
    requirement and promotion etc.

9
10
Governance as a topic of International relation
  • Rosenaus definition can be placed
  • Internationalization, or globalization of the
    world economy raise the extent of control of
    states in her territory.
  • WTO, World Bank raised the need for global
    governance.
  • Trade regulation, environment and conflict
    resolution are the main issue.

10
11
Governance as a topic of Comparative politics
  • Hydens definition can be placed
  • It refers to systematic comparison of political
    system
  • Political culture
  • Parties and interest groups
  • Electoral behabior

11
12
Governance and institutionalism
  • Institutionalism boils to two assumptions of
    human behavior
  • 1. Rational behavioral Model preference are
    exogenous the individual lists his or her
    alternatives for action, decides which
    alternative would best maximize utility and then
    acts accordingly.
  • March and Oslen have called this the logic of
    consequentiality.

12
13
Governance and institutionalism (Contd.)
  • 1. Sociological behavioral Model preference are
    endogenous the individual has been socialized
    into having certain values and norms that
    determine behavior. For instance, if an
    individual grown up in working class family, he
    may choose the party represents working calss
  • March and Oslen have called this the logic of
    appropriateness.

13
14
Governance and institutionalism (Contd.)
  • In governance theory, both sociological
    (cultural) and rational (calculus) approach can
    be found.
  • From an institutional perspective, governance is
    about affecting the framework within which
    citizens and officials act and politics occurs,
    and which shape the identities and institution of
    civil society.
  • Governance is the capacity of government to make
    and implement policy, to steer society.

14
15
Governance and Core concepts
  • The rational model of behavior would fit with an
    aggregate notion of
  • Democracy
  • Political actors converts individual wants
  • Resource to collective action through bargaining,
    pay-offs and coalition formation.

15
16
Governance and Core concepts (contd..)
  • The sociological (cultural) model of behavior
    continuously evaluated and
  • Individual adapt to surrounded norms an
    expectation
  • Citizen perform for their common good
  • Support and create civic institution and
    participatory process.

16
17
Governance and Core concepts (contd..)
  • In short, governance is about
  • Managing rules of the game to enhance legitimacy
  • This legitimacy may be derived from democracy as
    well as efficiency.
  • Democratic accountability to be ensured.

17
18
Outline of the Book
  • Ch 2 Public administration and public policy
  • how policy networks come into existence
  • How they function and how they change
  • Ch 3 international relation
  • how to establish rules and procedures that can
    solve intensified globalization problem
  • Combating poverty, drug-trafficking, environment
    threat.

18
19
Outline of the Book
  • Ch 4 Studies of European governance
  • policy-making process in a supra-national level
    i,e, EU commission
  • Efficiency in regulation of single market
  • Ch 5 and 6 Comparative politics
  • Role of state regulation in economy and social
    development.
  • Rules governing access to power, how they change
    and who implement the change.

19
20
Outline of the Book
  • Ch 7 Governance and the World Bank
  • WB is engaged in development programs in poor
    countries promoting good governance
  • Democratization through responsiveness and
    accountable governance
  • Ch 8 Summary
  • Sums up the debates and give some recommendation
    to common concern and common problem in
    governance theory.

20
21
  • Any Questions???

21
22
Thank You
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