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The Industrial Revolution 1700-1900

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Chapter 28 Section 1: Changed the Western World Pages 513-517 What items revolve? Think, Pair, Share and put on board. Ridge Racer Revolution (PS3 game ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Industrial Revolution 1700-1900


1
The Industrial Revolution1700-1900
  • Chapter 28
  • Section 1 Changed the Western World
  • Pages 513-517

2
Key Terms
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Cottage industry
  • Mass production
  • James Watt
  • Liverpool
  • Henry Bessemer
  • Orville and Wilbur Wright
  • Louis Pasteur
  • Charles Darwin
  • Social Darwinism
  • Laissez-faire Capitalism
  • Romanticism
  • Socialism
  • Cooperative Movement
  • Karl Marx
  • Class Struggle
  • Suffrage
  • Susan B. Anthony
  • Reform Bill of 1832
  • Trade Unions

3
Revolutions?
  • Quick,
  • Jot down all of the things that you can think of
    in one minute that revolves.

4
6 Major Reasons England started Industrial
Revolution
Pg. 514
  • What basic resources fueled the I.R.?
  • Which societal groups are included in labor?
  • Is capital only money?
  • What markets did Britain have?
  • What is a market?
  • How did government boost the I.R.?
  • What is the relationship between mobility and the
    incentive to work hard?

5
6 Major Reasons England started Industrial
Revolution
  • Plentiful natural resources
  • Large educated labor force
  • Increase in capital
  • 2 large markets
  • GovernmentRoads and canals, patents and lowered
    taxes on profit
  • Mobile society

6
Cottage Industry
  • What is it?
  • Why did it not last?
  • What took its place?

7
Discuss inventions in the two bedrock industries
Textiles
Iron-making
8
What role did power and steam play in the
Industrial Revolution?
  • Transportation becomes cheaper and faster

James Watt (left) and his steam engine (above)
9
List some of the new inventions for
transportation.
10
Chapter 28
  • Section 2
  • Page 518

11
The Second Industrial Revolution
  • What items have you used within the last three
    days that you need electricity to use?

12
List new technologies in each of the following
fields.
  • Steel
  • Electricity
  • Chemicals
  • Transportation

13
Medical Research Advances
  • Vaccination for smallpox
  • Pasteurization
  • Vaccine for rabies
  • Tuberculosis
  • Antiseptic that destroyed bacteria
  • Joseph Lister

14
Biological Advances
  • Charles Darwin
  • Animals multiply faster than their food supply
    creating a constant struggle to live.
  • Natural Selection
  • The Origin of Species By Means of Natural
    Selection

15
Darwins Theories
  • The Descent of Man
  • Contradicted the story of creation
  • Social Darwinism
  • Rich vs. the poor
  • Darwin did not agree

16
Chapter 28Section 3 Urbanization and
Industrialization Created Many Social Problems
  • Pages 521-525

17
Problems With Urbanization
  • Lack of housing
  • One room apartments
  • Little light
  • No running water
  • No bathrooms
  • Sewage and garbage in
  • the streets
  • Air and water polluting factories

18
Results of Overcrowding
  • Disease
  • Tuberculosis
  • Cholera
  • Typhus

19
Working Conditions
  • No Safety Devices
  • No compensation for injuries
  • No Child Labor Laws
  • Caused deformities and malnutrition
  • No Work Day Laws
  • 12-15 hours a day

20
Social Classes Develop
  • Upper Class
  • Elitists
  • Aristocrats, capitalists, factory owners
  • Middle Class
  • Professionals
  • Doctors, lawyers, teachers
  • Low Class
  • Urban Workers
  • 75 of the population were in this category

21
Compile a collection of romantic period art.
Include the following
  • A romantic writer
  • A romantic musician
  • A romantic painter
  • Find information on how each made an impact and
    why each is important. Include examples of each
    artists works.

22
  • What is capitalism?
  • Advantages
  • Rags to Riches
  • Disadvantages
  • Not provided for by the government

23
Economic Thought Develops
  • Adam Smith
  • Thomas Malthus
  • David Ricardo
  • John Stuart Mill

24
Men Gained New Rights That Women Also Wanted
  • Male SuffrageUniversal (1912)
  • France1871
  • Political parties change into massive
    organizations
  • Big Money, Big Campaigns! Sound familiar!

25
Men Gained New Rights That Women Also Wanted
  • Womens rights
  • Two sides
  • Inferior
  • Heart and strength of the family
  • Increase demand due to work
  • Nursing, factory workers, teachers, and
    secretaries
  • Australia (1867) UK (1918) US (1920)

26
Suffrage
  • Right to vote
  • Men
  • Impact
  • Women
  • Australia
  • Britain and US
  • Susan B. Anthony

27
Seven Deadly Sins of the Industrial Revolution
  • Dangerous factories
  • Impossibly long working hours
  • Child labor
  • Unjust use of women
  • Low wages
  • Slums
  • Repeated loss of jobs

28
Trade Unions Form
  • Bargaining
  • Work hours
  • Working conditions
  • Benefits
  • Labor political parties form
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