Industrial Revolution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Industrial Revolution

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Title: Industrial Revolution


1
The Industrial Revolution
2
The Industrial Revolution
  • Industrial Having to do with industry, business
    or manufacturing
  • Revolution a huge change or a change in the way
    things are done

3
Definition
  • Industrial Revolution - A period of change
    beginning in the late 18th century, during which
    goods began to be manufactured by power-driven
    machines

4
Industrial Revolution -
  • Began in ENGLAND
  • Factories, steam engines are very important
  • The first industry was the TEXTILE (CLOTH)
    INDUSTRY

5
Issues
  • Child labor was a huge problem
  • More people move to cities
  • Population increases
  • Issues with overpopulation (diseases, crime)
  • Pollution!!!!!!!!

6
Factory Production
  • Concentrates production in oneplace materials,
    labor.
  • Located near sources of power rather than labor
    or markets.
  • Requires a lot of capital investmentfactory,
    machines, etc. morethan skilled labor.

7
The Factory System
  • Rigid schedule.
  • 12-14 hour day.
  • Dangerous conditions.
  • Mind-numbing monotony.

8
Textile FactoryWorkers in England
9
Child labor in textile factory
10
Young Coal Miners
11
Child Labor in the Mines
Child hurriers
12
New Inventions of the Industrial Revolution
13
John Kays Flying Shuttle
14
The Power Loom
15
James Watts Steam Engine
16
Steam Tractor
17
Steam Ship
18
An Early Steam Locomotive
19
Later Locomotives
20
The Impact of the Railroad
21
  • The problems with the Industrial Revolution
  • Low wages
  • Pollution
  • Child labor
  • Poor working conditions

22
Factory Wages in Lancashire, 1830
Age of Worker Male Wages Female Wages
under 11 2s 3d. 2s. 4d.
11 - 16 4s. 1d. 4s. 3d.
17 - 21 10s. 2d. 7s. 3d.
22 - 26 17s. 2d. 8s. 5d.
27 - 31 20s. 4d. 8s. 7d.
32 - 36 22s. 8d. 8s. 9d.
37 - 41 21s. 7d. 9s. 8d.
42 - 46 20s. 3d. 9s. 3d.
47 - 51 16s. 7d. 8s. 10d.
52 - 56 16s. 4d. 8s. 4d.
57 - 61 13s. 6d. 6s. 4d.
23
Industrial Staffordshire
24
Problems of Pollution
The Silent Highwayman - 1858
25
The New Industrial City
26
Early-19c London
27
Worker Housing in Manchester
28
Factory Workers at Home
29
Orphanage of children injured working in textile
factories
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