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Title: Maharashtra

  • by Harshdeep Singh

  • About Maharashtra
  • Map of Maharashtra
  • Monuments of Maharashtra
  • Main Crop of Maharashtra
  • Main Minerals in Maharashtra

About Maharashtra
  • The name Maharashtra means the 'The Great
    State' or 'Great Nation'. The name is said to
    have been originated probably from 'rathi' which
    means 'Chariot driver', referring to drivers and
    builders of chariots who were known as
    'maharathis' or 'Fighting Force'. Maharashtra
    gets its name aptly, because it is the largest
    states in India, both in terms of area as well as
    population.   Maharashtra spans 308000 km² with a
    population over 78,937,000 and the state language
    being Marathi.

Map of Maharashtra
Monuments of Maharashtra
  • Gateway of IndiaVictoria Terminus Agakhan
  • Khuldabad
  • Mumbai Fort Flora Fountain Vijaydurg
    Sindhudurg Fort
  • Sinhagad FortRaigad Fort Daulatabad Fort

Gateway of India
  • Mumbai's most famous monument, this is the
    starting point for most tourists who want to
    explore the city. It was built as a triumphal
    arch to commemorate the visit of King George V
    and Queen Mary, complete with four turrets and
    intricate latticework carved into the yellow
    basalt stone. Ironically, when the Raj ended in
    1947, this colonial symbol also became a sort of
    epitaph the last of the British ships that set
    sail for England left from the Gateway. Today
    this symbol of colonialism has got Indianised,
    drawing droves of local tourists and citizens.
    Behind the arch, there are steps leading down to
    the water. Here, you can get onto one of the
    bobbing little motor launches, for a short cruise
    through Mumbai's splendid natural harbour.

Victoria Terminus
  • A major landmark of Mumbai city is the
    Victoria Terminus, designed in Italian Gothic
    style by Architect F. W. Stevens. Recently
    renamed as Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus, it is one
    of Mumbai's most prominent buildings and
    architecturally one of the finest stations in the
    world. The building construction commenced in
    1878 and was completed in 1885. With a frontage
    of over 15,00 feet, The administrative offices
    form three sides of a rectangle enclosing an
    ornamental garden and the entrance gate is
    guarded by a massive stone Lion and Tiger. The
    most prominent feature of this building is the
    high 160 feet dome crowning the centre. On top of
    the giant dome is a statue of a women with a
    torch held aloft to symbolise progress.

Agakhan Palace
  • On Nagar Road, this Palace is also known as
    Kasturba Gandhi Memorial or Kasturba Samadhi.
    This palace was built in 1892 by Imam Sultan
    Muhammad Shah Agakhan III and was donated to
    India in 1969 by Aga Khan IV. It was here
    itself where Kasturba Gandhi and Mahatma Gandhi's
    long time aide Mahadeobhai Desai passed away.
    This palace that once belonged to the Agha Khan,
    served as quarters for imprisonment of Gandhi and
    his wife Kasturba towards the tail end of the
    British rule in India. Situated near the River
    Mula the palace is a simple memorial to Gandhi
    and his life and times. A special cenotaph
    honours Kasturba who died here. A shop attached
    sells khadi or cotton handloomed garments and

  • 22 Kms. From Aurangabad. Khuldabad is called the
    "Valley of the Saints" because of a large-scale
    Sufi migration to this spot several hundred years
    ago. It is a holy shrine for the Muslims and
    contains the tomb of the last Mughal emperor,
    Aurangzeb. The Urs celebrated here for five days
    is a very famous fair and gathers a large number
    of Muslims.

Mumbai Fort
  • The old British fort was located in the area
    north of Colaba, which is known as Mumbai Fort.
    There are a lot of monumental buildings from
    Mumbai's golden period here. St. John's church,
    dedicated to the soldiers who laid down their
    lives in the Sind campaign of 1838, and the first
    Afghan war of 1843, is also located in this area.

Flora Fountain
  • This fountain, situated in the heart of the city,
    was built in 1869 in honour of Sir Bartle Frere,
    who was governor of Mumbai from 1862-67. Flora
    Fountain marks a junction of five streets and is
    referred as the 'Piccadilly Circus' of Mumbai.
    Decorated with mythological figures, the fountain
    is a stone structure with a sculpture of the
    Roman Goddess of abundance, at the top. Many of
    the major banks and offices are located in Flora
    Fountain. Close to the fountain is the Cathedral
    of St. Thomas. The construction of the chapel
    began in 1672 and completed in 1718.

Vijaydurg Sindhudurg Fort
  • Once naval bases, Vijaydurg and Sindhudurg bear
    testimony to Maharashtra's martial supremacy
    during Shivaji's reign. Vijaydurg or Victory Fort
    was strengthened around the seventeenth century
    by Shivaji, to whom it owes its finest features
    -- the triple line of walls, the numerous towers
    and the massive interior buildings. Once seized
    by the British and renamed Fort Augustus,
    Sindhudurg or the Ocean Fort at Malvan port has
    history etched all over. Constructed by Shivaji
    in 1664, at a site personally selected by him.
    The construction of a sea fort is a stupendous
    task, and at Sindhudurg no efforts were spared.
    Over 2000 khandis (4000 mounds) of iron were used
    for casting and the foundation stones were laid
    down firmly in lead. Even today, as one
    approaches the fort past a rocky reef, navigable
    through a narrow channel, one marvels at the
    transportation of such heavy material through
    such choppy waters. Within its precincts are
    temples holding the shrines of Maruti, Bhavani,
    Mahadeo, Jarimai, Mahapurush and also of Shivaji
    -- the only such shrine in the country. As for
    Vijaydurg and Sindhudurg beaches, they offer the
    visitor one of the most serene and beautiful
    coastal views in India.

Sinhagad Fort
  • Sinhagad -- where valour is etched on every
    stone and the soil has turned red seeped by the
    blood of martyrs! From the time when a Koli
    chieftain, Nag Naik stoutly defended this fort
    (AD 1328) against the might of the
    Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq for nine months to Jaswant
    Singh, Aurangzeb's commander, who dragged his
    guns up the fort's steep shoulders to avenge the
    insult to Shaista Khan, who was rebuffed by
    Shivaji, this fort has been infused by tales of
    bravery. It was here that Shivaji's general,
    Tanaji Malusare launched an attack to recapture
    the fort. In the ensuing battle, Tanaji valiantly
    laid down his life, but captured the fort. A
    grieving Shivaji is known to have said,"Gad ala
    pan sinh gela" (The fort is won but the lion has
    gone). And this is how the fort got its name
    sinh (lion's) gad (fort

Raigad Fort
  • This is the very heart of Maratha country --
    Raigad, the capital of Shivaji's kingdom.
    Strategically perched atop a wedge-shaped block
    of hill, split off from the Western Ghats and
    inaccessible from three sides. Stories of
    incredible valour and heroic deeds are etched on
    every pebble at Raigad. It was here that Shivaji
    built his capital city in the 14th century, and
    here that he crowned himself Chhatrapati. For six
    years upto his death, Raigad remained the capital
    of the Marathas with its broad gates and
    magnificent monuments. There was only one pathway
    leading to the top, and prizes were offered to
    those who scaled the fort through unconventional
    methods. Though parts of Raigad are in ruins, yet
    they inspire an aura of grandeur.

Daulatabad Fort
  • Rising dramatically over 600 ft above the Deccan
    plain is the arresting sight of Daulatabad. Once
    known as Devgiri, this fort served as the head
    quarters of the powerful Yadava rulers. In the
    13th century, Mohammed bin Tughlak, the Sultan of
    Delhi, made it his capital and renamed it
    Daulatabad, or City of Fortune. One of the
    world's best preserved forts of medieval times,
    surviving virtually unaltered, Daulatabad still
    displays many of the internal contrivances that
    made it invincible. A series of secret, quizzical
    subterranean passages lie amidst the fort. Its
    defense systems comprised fortifications of
    double and even triple rows of massive walls. A
    fortress conquered only by treachery! The most
    notable structures at Daulatabad are the Chand
    Minar, Jami Masjid and royal palaces. The
    tapering 30-metre high tower of the Chand Minar
    is divided into four storeys, and was faced with
    glazed tiles and carved motifs. The Minar
    probably served as a prayer hall or a victory
    monument in its time. The Jami Masjid was a
    mosque built by the Khilji ruler of Delhi,
    Qutubuddin Mubarak. The palaces consist of
    spacious halls, pavilions and courtyards. The
    fort is open till 6 pm

Main Crops in Maharashtra
  • Food Crops
  • Cash Crops

Food Crops
  • Rice
  • Gram
  • Tu
  • Bajra
  • Jowar

Cash crops
  • Cotton
  • Sugar Cane

Minerals in Maharashtra
  • Iron
  • Mangnese
  • Bauxite
  • Chromite