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Hinduism

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Hinduism The Roots of Hinduism One of the world s oldest religions Grew out of the beliefs of the Aryans Today, nearly 800 million followers The Vedas Sacred songs ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hinduism


1
Hinduism
2
The Roots of Hinduism
  • One of the worlds oldest religions
  • Grew out of the beliefs of the Aryans
  • Today, nearly 800 million followers

3
The Vedas
  • Sacred songs passed down by the Aryans to
    Harappans
  • Books of Knowledge
  • Songs were considered holy and contained hymns
    and prayers praising deities, or gods and
    goddesses
  • Written in Sanskrit
  • 1st building blocks of Hinduism
  • Told Hindus how they should live and explained
    life

4
Hinduism and Culture
  • Vedas explained how Hindus believe people were
    created and what is the proper way to live
  • The Priest was his mouth The princes became
    his arms His legs produced the Professionals and
    Merchants His feet gave birth to the servant.
  • 1. Brahmins- priest and scholars
  • 2. Kshatriyas- warriors and rulers
  • 3. Vaisyas- workers (average Joe)
  • 4. Sudras- servants

5
The Caste System
  • A way of organizing people into hundreds of
    different levels
  • A persons place in society is determined by the
    rank of the family he or she is born into.
  • E.g. People born in priestly caste of India have
    the highest rank and respect.

6
Do people have any control over their caste?
  • YES!!!
  • The Vedas state that people move in a constant
    cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.
  • REINCARNATION
  • Bad deeds done in ones lifetime must be paid for
    in the next life.

7
What does that mean?
  • People born as servants are paying for wrongs
    done in a past life.
  • Priests have done many good things in past lives.
  • This is KARMA!
  • Karma is a force created by each persons good
    and bad acts.

8
EQ What are the main beliefs and practices of
the Hindu religion?
9
How did Hindus know what was right and wrong?
  • They followed the dharma of their caste.
  • Laws and Duties
  • 100s of rules that instructed the Hindus how to
    live
  • Vedas told each caste what jobs they could and
    could not do

10
What happens if I break a law?
  • Following dharma helped keep society orderly.
  • The Vedas warned that not following dharma would
    result in disorder.
  • E.g.- people who married against the rules of the
    caste or who did a job outside their caste were
    forced to live outside of all castes
  • outcastes untouchables

11
Outcastes
  • Looked down upon by others
  • Said to be impure
  • Hindu priests performed a cleansing ceremony if
    they were touched by even the shadow of an
    outcaste
  • Had few rights
  • Because the children of outcastes were born
    outside of all castes, they were outcastes

12
Hinduism Today
  • 800 million followers
  • Still worship many gods and goddesses.
  • Favorite gods are Vishnu, The One That is The
    All, Shiva, The God of Time and Destruction,
    and Devi, The Mother of All Creation.
  • Most Hindus worship at home, temples, or special
    festivals
  • Vedas are still important, as well as other epics

13
MAJOR CHANGE TODAY
  • In 1950, the Indian government made it illegal to
    mistreat or to show disrespect for Hindu
    outcastes.
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