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PAKISTAN

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PAKISTAN Location country located in the mountainous region adjoining Central Asia and the Middle East. Has a 1,046 kilometer (650 mile) coastline along the Arabian ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PAKISTAN


1
PAKISTAN
2
Location
  • country located in the mountainous region
    adjoining Central Asia and the Middle East.
  • Has a 1,046 kilometer (650 mile) coastline along
    the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south,
    and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the
    west, the Republic of India in the east and the
    People's Republic of China in the far northeast.
  • Pakistan has been called part of the New Middle
    East.8

3
  • Capital- Islamabad
  • Largest city- Karachi
  • Currency- Pakistani Rupee
  • The estimated population of Pakistan is
    172,800,000. making it the world's sixth
    most-populous country, behind Brazil and ahead of
    Russia.

4
Geography
  • Pakistan covers 340,403 square miles
    (881,640 km2)
  • Apart from the 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) Arabian
    Sea coastline, Pakistan's land borders total
    6,774 kilometres
  • 2,430 kilometres (1,509 mi) with Afghanistan to
    the NW
  • 523 kilometres (325 mi) with China to the NE,
    2,912 kilometres (1,809 mi) with India to the E
    and 909 kilometres (565 mi) with Iran to the SW

5
  • The northern and western highlands of Pakistan
    contain the towering Karakoram and Pamir mountain
    ranges, which include some of the world's highest
    peaks K2 (28,250 ft 8,611 m) and Nanga Parbat
    (26,660 ft 8,126 m).

6
K2-2nd highest peak in the world.
7
  • The Baluchistan Plateau lies to the west, and the
    Thar Desert and an expanse of alluvial plains,
    the Punjab and Sind, lie to the east.
  • The 1,000-mile-long (1,609-km) Indus River and
    its tributaries flow through the country from the
    Kashmir region to the Arabian

8
Tomb of Allama Iqbal
Lahore Fort
9
Languages
  • multilingual country
  • English is the official language
  • Urdu is the national language.
  • Punjabi is the most commonly spoken language of
    Pakistan. The following are major languages
    spoken in Pakistan

10
Language
  • The following are major languages spoken in
    Pakistan
  • Punjabi (Panjabi) 61 million
  • Pashto (three major varieties) 19 million
  • Sindhi 19 million
  • Seraiki (Saraiki) 14 million
  • Urdu 11 million
  • Balochi (three major varieties) 6 million

11
Religion
  • second-most populous Muslim-majority country
  • also has the second-largest Shi'a population in
    the world.
  • About 95 of the Pakistanis are Muslim. Almost
    85 of Pakistani Muslims are Sunni Muslims and
    15 are Shi'a Muslims

12
Religion
  • The Religious breakup of the country is as
    follows13
  • Islam 173,000,000 (95) (nearly 85 are Sunni
    Muslims and 15 are Shi'a Muslims).
  • Hinduism 3,200,000 (1.85)
  • Christianity 2,800,000 (1.6)
  • Sikhs Around 20,000 (0.04)

13
Politics
  • Pakistan politics has taken place in the
    framework of a federal republic
  • system of government has at times been
    parliamentary, presidential, or
    semi-presidential.
  • In the current semi-presidential system, the
    President of Pakistan is the head of state, the
    Prime Minister is head of government, and there
    is a multi-party system.
  • Executive power is exercised by the government.
    Legislative power is largely vested in the
    Parliament.

14
Economy
  • is the 26th largest economy in the world in terms
    of purchasing power, and the 47th largest in
    absolute dollar terms.
  • Pakistan's economy mainly encompasses textiles,
    chemicals, food processing, agriculture and other
    industries.

15
  • The economy has suffered in the past from decades
    of internal political disputes, a fast growing
    population, mixed levels of foreign investment,
    and a costly, ongoing confrontation with
    neighboring India.

16
Climate
  • Pakistan has four seasons
  • - a cool, dry winter from December through
    February
  • - a hot, dry spring from March through May
  • - the summer rainy season, or southwest monsoon
    period, from June through September
  • - the retreating monsoon period of October and
    November.
  • Rainfall can vary radically from year to year,
    and successive patterns of flooding and drought
    are also not uncommon.

17
Traditional dress
  • Salwar kameez (shalwar qameez) is the national
    dress of Pakistan.
  • Salwars are loose trousers designed in various
    styles.
  • The salwar kameez is important especially during
    the festivals celebrated in Pakistan, for men as
    well as women.
  • Salwar kameez is also popular due to the comfort
    factor.

18
  • The kameez is large and loose fitting tunic worn
    with the baggy salwar.
  • Although the sherwani originated in India during
    the 18th century, it is also the national dress
    for men in Pakistan.

19
  • The achkan is yet another important dress of
    Pakistan.
  • An achkan is a long jacket, which also originated
    in the 19th century in India.
  • These are long sleeved coats reaching all the way
    to the knees. At times, achkan can even go lower.

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22
HEALTH
  • Alternative therapies have been utilized by
    people in Pakistan who have faith in spiritual
    healers, clergymen, hakeems, homeopaths or even
    many quacks
  • traditional medicine sector has become an
    important source of health care, especially in
    rural and tribal areas of the country

23
  • half the population (66) lives in the rural part
    of the country
  • Poverty, compounded by illiteracy, low status of
    women, and inadequate water and sanitation
    facilities, has a deep impact on health
    indicators
  • two main divisions the public domain and the
    private domain

24
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