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WORLD WAR I

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WORLD WAR I World War I was a war without parallel ... all previous wars were eclipsed by its scale of destruction Causes of WWI 1. NATIONALISM 2. IMPERIALISM ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 25 June 2019
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Title: WORLD WAR I


1
WORLD WAR I
  • World War I was a war without parallel - all
    previous wars were eclipsed by its scale of
    destruction

2
Causes of WWI
  • 1. NATIONALISM
  • 2. IMPERIALISM RIVALRIES
  • 3. MILITARISM
  • 4. ALLIANCES- between 1879-1914

3
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4
Crisis in the Balkans
  • Europes powder keg
  • Serbian nationalism
  • 1908- Austria annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • The Shot Heard Throughout Europe

5
Chain Reaction
  • Declaration of war sets off chain reaction
  • Mobilization of troops taken as declaration of
    war
  • Nations declaring war on nations allies

6
Schlieffen Plan
  • German military plan named after General Alfred
    Graf von Schlieffen
  • In event of two front war, attack France then
    Russia
  • Speed vital to plan
  • Neutral Belgium invaded by Germany- brought
    England into war

7
SCHLIEFFEN Plan
8
Stalemate
  • Western Front- northern France
  • First Battle of the Marne
  • Eastern Front- border of Germany and Russia

9
The New Weapons of War
  • War in the Trenches
  • Miserable, sleep was impossible
  • Poison Gas
  • Machine Gun
  • Tank
  • Airplane
  • Submarine
  • New technology didnt speed up war, killed
    millions

10
TRENCH WARFARE
Took many forms, varied from sector to sector and
from front to front.
11
POISON GAS
  • Considered uncivilized prior to WWI
  • Necessitated to overcome stalemate
  • First Use by the French
  • Fired tear-gas grenades (xylyl bromide) against
    the Germans

12
MACHINE GUNS
  • Dominated battlefields of WWI
  • Fairly primitive device
  • Machine guns varied not portable 
  • Each weighed between 30kg-60kg range - without
    mountings, carriages and supplies.

13
TANKS
  • Design can be drawn back to the eighteenth
    century.

14
TRENCH MORTAR
  • Old weapon- new life during WWI
  • The Mortar A Definition
  • A short, stumpy tube designed to fire a
    projectile at a steep angle so that it falls
    straight down on the enemy.
  • Ideally suited for trench warfare

15
GRENADES
  • Name probably dates from the French word for
    pomegranate
  • Dated back to the fifteenth century

16
DEATH TOLL
17
War Affects the World
  • Began shortly after conflict started
  • Searched for a way to end stalemate
  • Various parts of Asia and Africa under attack
    (German possessions mostly)
  • US enters the War

18
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19
War Affects the Home Front
  • Total War
  • Rationing
  • Propaganda
  • Impact of Women on the War

20
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21
The Allies Win the War
  • Russia withdraws in 1917
  • Second Battle of the Marne
  • Armistice signed in November 1918

22
A Flawed Peace
  • Allies Meet at Versailles
  • The Big Four Wilson (US), Georges Clemenceau
    (France), David Lloyd George (UK) and Vittorio
    Orlando (Italy)
  • Wilsons 14 Points
  • Treaty of Versailles
  • Short-lived peace

23
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24
Legacy of the War
  • New kind of war
  • Dynasties fall in Germany, Austria-Hungary and
    Russia
  • New countries created
  • League of Nations established
  • Leads to another war??
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