Death And Dying The Final Journey An Islamic Perspective - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Death And Dying The Final Journey An Islamic Perspective

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Death And Dying The Final Journey An Islamic Perspective Imam Ashfaq Patel Imam Of Central Mosque Blackpool Muslim Chaplain at Blackpool, fylde and Wyre Hospitals – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Death And Dying The Final Journey An Islamic Perspective


1
Death And Dying The Final Journey An Islamic
Perspective
  • Imam Ashfaq Patel
  • Imam Of Central Mosque Blackpool
  • Muslim Chaplain at Blackpool, fylde and Wyre
    Hospitals

2
  • EVERY SOUL SHALL HAVE THE TASTE OF DEATH!
  • (Quraan 2957).
  • Death is the most certain aspect of life.
    According to the statistics, 6178 people die in
    the world every hour. These are people of all
    ages, dying of all causes. Some of these deaths
    will make headlines. The great majority will die
    quietly. Yet everyone will enter his grave the
    same way. Alone. At the time appointed by God.
    Science and technology can neither prevent nor
    predict death. It is solely in the hands of the
    Creator

3
When Death Is Inevitable
  • Allow Family to be besides Muhatadar(Dying)
  • Family will request privacy
  • They may request praying facilities
  • If no Family Available
  • Inform local Muslim Community ASAP
  • Good to have contact details
  • Preferably contact the Imam
  • Assist as much as possible

4
Signs Of Death
  • The Signs of Death are
  • The legs become slack and limp
  • Breathing becomes heavy, quick and erratic
  • The nose bends slightly
  • The temples sag
  • The Muhtadhar
  • This is the person on whom the signs of Maut are
    clearly seen
  • It is desirable to recite Surah Yaseen or any
    part of the Quraan.
  • It is makrooh (undesirable) to recite the Quraan
    near the deceased persons body during the period
    between death and ghusl. However it is permitted
    to recite by sitting away from the deceased or
    after putting a clean cloth over the deceased.
    (Shami 800/1).

5
Maut (Death)
  • The Talqeen
  • The Talqeen is to remind the dying person of the
    two shahadahs
  • Ash hadu Alla ilaha ilal-lahu wa ashhadu anna
    Muhammadan Abduhu wa rasuluh
  • I testify there is non worthy of worship but
    Allah I testify that Muhammed (pbuh) is the
    messenger of Allah
  • The Muhtadhar must not be asked or ordered to
    read the Kalimah, but must be helped to recall it

6
Just after death has been determined
  • Close the eyes of the deceased.
  • Umme Salma reported that "When her husband died
    The Prophet (P.B.U.H) closed his eyes" (Muslim).

7
Just after death has been determined (continued)
  • The lower jaw should be bound to the head so that
    it does not sag.
  • The legs should be straightened and the two large
    toes tied together.
  • The body should be covered with a clean sheet.
  • Aisha reported that "Muslims covered the body
    of The Prophet (P.B.U.H.) when he died" (Bukhari
    Muslim).
  • Dua (Supplication) should be made to Allah for
    his forgiveness.

8
Just after death has been determined (continued)
  • Hasten to prepare the body for washing, shrouding
    and burial.
  • The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said " You should hasten
    with his burial" (Bukhari Muslim).
  • This can be done by
  • Informing the local Muslim Burial Committee
    (Local Mosque)
  • Informing the Coroner if a suspected death.
  • Preparing the Death certificate ASAP
  • Aiding towards an early release of the deceased

9
Performing Ghusl
  • Once Body is released for Burial
  • Take the deceased to the appropriate place for
    the final Ritual wash (Ghusl)
  • Male to Male-Female to Female
  • After the bath the deceased is purified.
  • The Quran can now be recited by the side of the
    deceased.

10
Ghusl
  • Who should give Ghusl ?
  • Young children are not allowed to give Ghusl.
  • Very young children may be given Ghusl by either
    male or female.
  • It is acceptable for someone to charge for giving
    Ghusl, although they will not get any thawaab for
    it.

11
Shrouding the Deceased
  • Male
  • Qamees Small sheet, from head to feet
  • Izaar (undergarment) from head to feet
  • Lifafafa Main sheet approximately one arm longer
    than the height of the deceased in which he can
    be wrapped

12
Female shroud
  • Female
  • One large sheet (Lifafa), approximately one arm
    longer than the height of the deceased in which
    she can be wrapped.
  • (Sinaband) sheet, from chest to below the knees
    and can be tied.
  • Trouser (Izaar), small sheet, from head to feet.
  • Dress (Qamees) sheet, from neck to feet.
  • Head scarf (Orni) sheet, three arms length.

13
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14
Takfeen (Shrouding)
  • Shroud is of simple cloth
  • 3 sheets for male, 5 for females
  • Fragrance applied to the 7 points of prostration
  • Body is now ready for Prayer Burial

15
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16
Janaza (Funeral prayer Service)
  • The Funeral prayer is a means of seeking
    forgiveness for the deceased.
  • It is incumbent on the community to perform the
    funeral prayer for the deceased.
  • If a group from the community performs the
    service the obligation is uplifted from the whole
    community
  • If not, the whole community is sinful

17
Janazah and burial Funeral Prayer ( Service)
18
Disposing of the Dead How?
19
Types Of Graves
  • Islam has a unique style of building graves and
    cemeteries that is characterized by humility,
    simplicity and economy in costs and that avoids
    glorifying the dead with elaborate monuments.
  • It is of great importance that a special cemetery
    be devoted exclusively for the use of Muslims.
    The deceased should be buried in the locality in
    which he lived. It is undesirable to take the
    body to the persons own country or to another
    city.
  • In Muslim cemeteries, there are two types of
    graves
  • Al-Shaqq is to make a deep vertical hole in the
    ground.
  • Al-Lahed is to make a deep vertical hole in the
    ground, then in the bottom make a side horizontal
    hole big enough to cover the whole body.

20
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21
Tadfeen - Burial
  • Haste in Burial
  • Attendance of Females
  • Coffins

It is better to ask before hand if your
attendance is welcome
Types of Graves
The Graveyard
Laid to Rest
Prayer
22
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23
Layton Cemetery(Muslim Section)
24
Layton Cemetery (continued)
25
Mourning Period
  • The Mourning period for a Muslim deceased is
  • 3 days for families, friends and community
  • A woman whose Husband has died will mourn for 4
    months and 10 days
  • After these periods the bereaved Family should be
    allowed to carry on as usual.

26
Questions
27
More Information
  • http//www.gardens-of-peace.org.uk/what_to_do_p1.h
    tm
  • http//www.gardens-of-peace.org.uk/index.htm
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