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Study Guide Review

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Study Guide Review Chapter 3 Who was Roger Williams? Forced to leave Puritan establishment in Massachusetts Founded Rhode Island. Believed Puritan church should split ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Study Guide Review


1
Study Guide Review
  • Chapter 3

2
Who was Roger Williams?
  • Forced to leave Puritan establishment in
    Massachusetts
  • Founded Rhode Island.
  • Believed Puritan church should split entirely
    from Church of England and natives should be paid
    for land.

3
Who was Anne Hutchinson?
  • Put on trial and forced to leave Puritan
    establishment in Massachusetts

4
Who was Thomas Hooker?
  • Puritan minister forced to leave Massachusetts
    and found Connecticut

5
Who was James Oglethorpe?
  • Found colony of Georgia because he wanted
    protection for debtors.

6
Who was Nathaniel Bacon?
  • Frontier leader in colonial America that led
    rebellion for land to farm

When did the rebellion end?
  • When Bacon got sick and died and his followers
    were hung

7
Who was Squanto?
  • Native American that helped Pilgrims get food
    their first hard winter in the colonies.

8
Who was King Phillip?
  • Metacom, the leader of the Wampanoag tribe

9
What was Englands first permanent settlement
called?
  • Jamestown

10
What was the starving time?
  • Time when John Smith left Jamestown and people
    began getting lazy again and there was not enough
    food for everyone.

11
Why did the Puritans leave England?
  • To establish their own church and escape
    persecution from King Charles I

What kind of colony did they find?
  • One with freedom to worship only Puritan
    religion. No other religion was tolerated.

12
What happened to Puritan influence in New England
after the 1670s?
  • It declined.

13
What was different about the people who founded
Massachusetts and those who founded Pennsylvania?
  • Massachusetts only allowed Puritans to worship
    there, Pennsylvania allowed all religions
    (religious toleration)

14
What was different about the people who founded
Pennsylvania and Rhode Island?
  • Pennsylvania founded by Quakers who believed they
    had direct link with God an no need for
    ministers. R.I. founded by Puritan minister.

Anything similar?
  • Both governed themselves, bought land from
    natives and allowed freedom of religion.

15
What type of religion/church did Rhode Island
support?
  • None, all religions welcome

16
What are proprietary colonies?
  • Colonies run by individual(s) or family (ies)

What are royal colonies?
  • Colonies run by kings

Which colonies were royal?
  • New York and New Jersey

17
What was the climate like in the New England
colonies?
  • Short, warm summers with long, snowy winters

What was the climate like in the Southern
colonies?
  • Long, warm and humid summers

18
What was the Mayflower Compact why did Pilgrims
write it?
  • It was the first document where American
    colonists claimed the right to govern themselves.
    They wrote it to help govern the colony fairly
    when they ended up in Virginia after their ship
    was blown off course and they landed in Mass.

What was it based on?
  • Fair and just laws

19
What were the Spanish borderlands?
  • Land between Spanish colonies and English colonies

What was their main function?
  • To protect Mexico from European powers

What did they promise escaped African Americans?
  • Land if they helped defend Florida

20
How were natives important to Spanish missions?
  • They kept them running.

Why were the missions created?
  • Convert the Natives to Christianity

21
Vocabulary
  • Pueblo
  • Plantation
  • Americas breadbasket
  • Tidewater region
  • Spanish civilian town
  • Large farm where crops like sugar, rice tobacco
    are grown
  • Pennsylvania produced a lot of wheat
  • Flat, swampy lowland along southern coast where
    plantations are found

22
  • Separatists
  • Mason-Dixon Line
  • Thanksgiving
  • Group of people that leave, or separate from
    parent group
  • Border established between Maryland and
    Pennsylvania as a result of a dispute b/w the 2
    colonies
  • Celebration of the good fortune of the Pilgrims
    landing in Plymouth

23
Who did Marylands 1649 Act of Toleration NOT
protect?
  • Non-Christians
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