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Every Drop Counts: Conserve WATER

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Title: Water Conservation Author: Family and Consumer Sciences Last modified by: Pamela R. Turner Created Date: 1/8/2008 7:41:05 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Every Drop Counts: Conserve WATER


1
Every Drop Counts Conserve WATER
  • Pamela R. Turner, Ph.D.
  • Laurie Cantrell, MHS
  • Winter School - January 22, 2008

2
Fun Facts about Water
  • Human body is 66 water
  • A living tree is about 75 water
  • Almost 80 of the earths surface is covered with
    water

3
Water is everywhere, so why do we need to
conserve it?
4
Water Jeopardy
  • This much of the earths water is suitable for
    drinking.
  • What is ____________?

5
Average Rainfall
  • 7 ½ inches in Phoenix, AZ
  • 15 inches in Denver, CO
  • 22 inches in Honolulu, HI
  • 36 inches in Seattle, WA
  • 40 inches in New York City
  • 50 inches in Atlanta, GA
  • 67 inches in Mobile, AL
  • 153 inches Ketchikan, AK

6
  • UGA encourages faculty, staff, students and
    citizens to conserve water as seriously low water
    levels in North Georgia and drought conditions
    throughout the state continue to threaten the
    water supply. http//www.uga.edu/aboutUGA/water_ti
    ps.html

7
Water Jeopardy
  • Category Indoor Water Use
  • Answer 60 gallons
  • What is _________________?

8
Water Jeopardy
  • Category Indoor Water Use
  • Answer 9.5 gallons
  • What is ________________?

9
Water Jeopardy
  • Category Indoor Water Use
  • Answer Toilet
  • What is ______________?

10
Residential Indoor Uses of Water
Other 2.3
Leaks 13.7
Toilet 26.8
Dishwasher 1.4
Bath 1.7
Faucet 15.7
Clothes Washer 21.7
Shower 16.7
Source Awwa Research Foundation (1999)
11
Water Jeopardy
  • Households use less water during this time of
    day.
  • What is ____________?

12
How Much Water Do Georgians Use?
Gallons Per Person Per Day Gallons Per Person Per Day Gallons Per Person Per Day Gallons Per Person Per Day
Winter Summer Ranking Comment
50 to 65 65 to 80 Efficient GOOD Water Saver
70 91 Average OK Average
Exceeds 70 Exceeds 100 Inefficient POOR Water Waster
Source Metropolitan North Georgia Water Planning
District Water Supply Water Conservation Plan,
Georgia Department of Natural Resources Water
Conservation Plan Guidelines (Draft)
13
How much water do you use?
  • Estimate the number of times you do the following
    on a day you are at home.
  • Shower
  • Flush the toilet
  • Brush your teeth
  • Shave
  • Do a load of laundry
  • Run the dishwasher

14
Estimated daily water use
  • 1 x Shower
  • 25 gallons 2.5 gpm x 10 minutes
  • 4 x Flush
  • 32 gallons 8 gallons x 4 flushes
  • 2 x Brush teeth 1 x Shave
  • 15 gallons 3 gpm x 5 minutes
  • 1 x laundry
  • 41 gallons
  • 1 x dishwasher
  • 15 gallons
  • TOTAL 128 Gallons
  • Water Saver or Water Waster?

15
5 Easy Water Saving Tips
  • Wash laundry dishes with full loads
  • Always turn off running water
  • Take shorter showers
  • Eliminate any and all leaks
  • Reduce the flow of toilets showerheads

16
Wash a full load of laundry
  • Average water use
  • Older washing machine 41 gallons
  • New washing machine lt 28 gallons
  • For small loads of laundry, adjust the water
    setting to a lower level.

17
Wash a full load of dishes
  • Average water use
  • Older machine 8 to 15 gallons
  • Newer machine 4 to 7 gallons
  • Dont pre-rinse, just scrape the dishes
  • Just a few dishes?
  • Wash in the sink or a dish pan
  • Rinse with sprayer or in a pan

18
Always turn off running water
  • Average faucet water flow
  • Older 2 to 3 gallons per minute
  • New 1.5 gallons per minute
  • Turn the water on and off when
  • Brushing your teeth
  • Shaving
  • Keep drinking water in refrigerator
  • Defrost food in the refrigerator
  • Compost instead of using the garbage disposal

19
Always save clean running water
  • Collect water in buckets while waiting for shower
    water to warm
  • Use it for
  • Watering indoor plants
  • Mopping the floor
  • Household chores

20
Gray water
  • Before reusing water or using gray water from
    bathtubs, showers, sinks and washing machines,
    contact your local health department.
    Several communities do not allow
    the use of gray water.

21
Take shorter showers
  • Reduce your 10 minute shower to 5 minutes
  • Save up to 80 gallons of water
  • Take a navy shower
  • Turn the water off while you lather up and
    shampoo
  • Install a toggle switch to maintain a consistent
    temperature
  • Lower your bath water
  • Follow the 5-inch rule

22
Eliminate any and all leaks
  • LEAKY FAUCET
  • One drop per second 9.5 gallons a day
  • LEAKY TOILET
  • 15 gallons of water a day lost
  • FINDING TOILET LEAKS
  • Remove the toilet tank cover and put in 5 to 10
    drops of food coloring.
  • Wait 30 minutes.
  • If any color leaks into toilet bowl then you have
    a leak and you should fix it immediately.

23
Reduce the flow of toilets
  • Almost half of the water used in a home is for
    toilets showers.
  • Replace old toilets with new models using 1.5
    gallons per flush (gpf) or less
  • Toilets made before 1978 use 4 to 8 gpf
  • 1978 to 1993 toilets use 3.5 gpf
  • Savings 2 to 6.5 gpf
  • Reduce the water used per flush
  • Place a 2 liter bottle filled with pebbles or
    sand in the toilet tank. Saves about ½ gpf

24
Reduce the flow of showerheads
  • Measure water flow
  • Hold a bucket under the showerhead.
  • Turn the water on full blast for thirty seconds.
  • Measure the number of cups of water in the bucket
    and multiply by two to get the number of gallons
    per minute.
  • Replace showerhead if over 2.5 gallons per minute
  • Older showerheads use 3 to 10 gallons per minute

25
Low-Cost Ways to Save Water
  • Toilet
  • Flush less often
  • Dont use it for a trash can
  • Shower
  • Cut your shower time in half
  • Bathing (tub)
  • Reduce water level to 1/3 full or 5 inches

26
Low-Cost Ways to Save Water
  • Install aerators on faucets
  • Reduce the flow from 2 to 3 gpm to 1.5 gpm
  • Wash full loads of laundry dishes
  • Stop washing one dish at a time
  • Save up to 15 gallons by washing rinsing in the
    sink or a dish pan

27
Low-Cost Ways to Save Water
  • Change your teeth brushing and shaving behaviors
  • Wet your toothbrush and then turn the tap off
    (save about 5 gallons)
  • Turn the tap on and off while shaving
  • Brush your teeth and shave in the shower

28
Long-Term Water Conservation
  • Toilet
  • Install a low-flow or high efficiency model that
    uses 1.5 to 1.3 gallons per flush
  • When shopping, look for the WaterSense label
    (www.epa.gov/watersense)
  • Shower
  • Install a 1.5 gallons per minute showerhead

29
Long-Term Water Conservation
  • Clothes Washer
  • Replace your old washer with a high efficiency
    machine that uses less than 28 gallons per load
  • Dishwasher
  • Replace your old machine with a high efficiency
    model that uses 4 to 7 gallons per load
  • Look for the Energy Star label (www.energystar.gov
    )

30
Long-Term Water Conservation
  • Hot Water
  • Insulate water pipes to get hot water faster and
    avoid wasting water while it reaches the correct
    temperature
  • Install an on-demand or tankless hot water heater

31
Summary
  • Water Conservation is about more than buying new
    gadgets..
  • Its about changing your habits.

32
5 Easy Water Saving Tips
  • Wash laundry dishes with full loads
  • Always turn off running water
  • Take shorter showers
  • Eliminate any and all leaks
  • Reduce the flow of toilets showerheads
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