Chapter 19 Safety - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Chapter 19 Safety PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 646e28-NGVmZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Chapter 19 Safety

Description:

Chapter 19 Safety * * * * * * * * * * * * * Major nursing responsibility Hospital errors: ranked as sixth leading cause of death by Centers for Disease Control and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:36
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 21
Provided by: tosh123
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Chapter 19 Safety


1
  • Chapter 19 Safety

2
Safety
  • Major nursing responsibility
  • Hospital errors ranked as sixth leading cause of
    death by Centers for Disease Control and
    Prevention

3
Age-Related Safety Factors
  • Infants
  • Falling off changing tables
  • Unrestrained in automobiles
  • Toddlers
  • Climbing accidental poisoning falling
    downstairs or from high chairs burns electrical
    shock drowning

4
Age-Related Safety Factors(contd)
  • School-aged children and adolescents
  • School-aged children play-related injuries
  • Adolescents sports-related injuries
  • Adults
  • Ignoring safety issues, fatigue, sensory
    changes, effects of disease

5
Environmental Hazards
  • Latex sensitization
  • Thermal burns
  • Asphyxiation
  • Electrical shock
  • Poisoning
  • Falls

6
Environmental Hazards (contd)
  • Latex sensitization is an allergic response to
    the proteins in latex
  • Latex is natural rubber
  • Component of many household items
  • Predisposition to latex sensitivity
  • Types of latex reactions
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Immediate hypersensitivity

7
Environmental Hazards (contd)
  • Safeguarding clients and personnel
  • Prevent latex sensitization
  • If using latex gloves, avoid oil-based hand
    creams
  • Wash hands thoroughly after removing gloves

8
Environmental Hazards (contd)
  • Burns
  • Thermal burns or chemical burns
  • Burn prevention exits identified, lighted,
    unlocked ensure safety measures
  • Fire plans
  • Fire management RACE
  • Rescue
  • Alarm
  • Contain (??????)
  • Extinguish

9
Environmental Hazards (contd)
  • Burns (contd)
  • Roles and responsibilities at and away from
    fires origin
  • Use of fire alarm system
  • Agency fire plan concepts
  • Rescue and evacuation proper use of equipment
  • Building compartmentalization for containing
    smoke and fire
  • Fire extinguishers

10
Evacuation of Clients
11
Environmental Hazards (contd)
  • Asphyxiation
  • Airway obstruction
  • Carbon monoxide (CO)
  • CO binds with hemoglobin
  • CO poisoning symptoms similar to flu, except for
    cherry-red skin color

12
Environmental Hazards (contd)
  • Drowning
  • Fluid occupies airway, interferes with
    ventilation
  • Accidental drownings
  • Resuscitation
  • Immediate CPR
  • CPR certification in nurses

13
Environmental Hazards (contd)
  • Electrical shock
  • Body prone to electric shock
  • Macro shock micro shock
  • Grounded equipment reduces electrical shock
    potential
  • Measures to prevent electrical shock

14
Environmental Hazards (contd)
  • Poisoning
  • Caused by ingestion, inhalation, or absorption of
    toxic substance
  • More common in homes than in health care
    institutions
  • Accidental poisonings medication errors

15
Environmental Hazards (contd)
  • Poisoning prevention
  • Educate children teach parents
  • Cognitive-impaired adults use prefilled
    medication containers

16
Environmental Hazards (contd)
  • Falls
  • Most common accident with the most serious
    consequences in older adults
  • Contributing factors visual impairments
    disorders affecting gait, balance, and
    coordination medications to lower blood pressure
  • Contributing factors (contd)
  • Urinary urgency
  • Environmental factors
  • Hospitalization
  • Confusion, impaired judgment

17
Environmental Hazards (contd)
  • Assessment
  • Determine risk factors
  • Fall prevention measures

18
Restraints
  • Restraints methods of restricting a persons
    freedom of movement, physical activity, or normal
    access to his or her body
  • Use of restraints is closely regulated
  • Last intervention used after all others exhausted

19
Restraints(contd)
  • Risks of use
  • Increase client confusion
  • Cause chronic constipation, incontinence,
    infections (pneumonia)
  • May cause pressure ulcers
  • Experience decline in ability to perform ADLs
    independently

20
Nursing Implications
  • Recognize safety hazards
  • Identify clients at greatest risk for injury
  • Identify several nursing diagnoses
  • Client safety allegations of malpractice
  • Best wishes
About PowerShow.com