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Conference on Agriculture : Strategies, Policies & Practices for North-East On 30th September & 1st October, 2010 Assam s Perspective Presentation by – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Conference on


1
Conference on Agriculture Strategies, Policies
Practices for North-East On 30th September
1st October, 2010 Assams Perspective
Presentation by R. T. Jindal Agriculture
Production Commissioner, Assam
2
AGRICULTURE Some facts of Assam vis a vis all
India
Fact India Assam
Net cropped area 1403.0 lakh hectare 27.53 lakh hectare
Cropping Intensity 138 142
Irrigated area 72 18
Farm power 1.20 HP per hectare 0.69 HP per hectare
Fertiliser Consumption 129 Kg. per hectare 63.20 Kg. per hectare
Small Marginal Farmer 81.3 85.3
Average land holding 1.33 hectare 1.11 hectare
Productivity of Rice (2008-09) 2178 Kg. per hectare 1638 Kg. per hectare
3
TREND OF PRODUCTION OF FIELD CROPS IN ASSAM
DURING THE PERIOD FROM 2000-01 TO 2008-09. (in
lakh MT, Jute in lakh bales)
Crop 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09
Rice 39.98 38.54 37.38 38.81 34.70 35.52 29.16 33.19 40.70
Pulses 0.68 0.72 0.67 0.69 0.66 0.57 0.62 0.64 0.73
Foodgrains 41.72 40.29 39.00 40.41 36.18 36.77 30.59 34.67 42.24
Oilseeds 1.86 1.89 1.90 1.61 1.52 1.17 1.37 1.45 1.53
Sugarcane 9.88 10.11 9.16 9.81 8.44 8.71 10.55 9.80 10.97
Jute 6.68 6.75 6.91 6.65 4.10 5.79 5.59 6.57 6.36
4
TREND OF PRODUCTION OF FIELD CROPS IN ASSAM
DURING THE PERIOD FROM 2000-01 TO 2008-09.
5
IMPACT OF FUND UTILISED ON FOODGRAINS PRODUCTION
Year Fund utilized (Rs. in lakh) Production (lakh MT) increase over previous year
2000-01 8116.47 41.72 -
2001-02 10466.23 40.29 -3.4
2002-03 4406.96 39.00 -3.2
2003-04 7423.75 40.41 3.6
2004-05 5240.32 36.18 -10.5
2005-06 7644.37 36.77 1.6
2006-07 10220.22 30.59 -16.8
2007-08 11894.31 34.67 13.3
2008-09 33813.29 42.24 21.8
6
TREND OF PRODUCTIVITY OF FIELD CROPS IN ASSAM
DURING THE PERIOD FROM 2000-01 TO 2008-09. (in
Kg. per hectare)
Crop 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09
Rice 1531 1540 1491 1555 1475 1487 1349 1428 1638
Pulses 556 556 539 546 568 533 542 544 617
Foodgrains 1454 1457 1410 1467 1402 1416 1284 1379 1581
Oilseeds 554 558 562 531 536 472 497 524 574
Sugarcane 36898 37230 36422 38589 36919 37190 39634 38075 38387
Jute 1730 1781 1830 1870 1274 1836 1744 1976 1939
7
TREND OF PRODUCTIVITY OF FIELD CROPS IN ASSAM
DURING THE PERIOD FROM 2000-01 TO 2008-09.
8
COMPARISON OF PRODUCTIVITY OF ASSAM WITH
NATIONAL AVERAGE AND HIGHEST IN INDIA AND WORLD
(in Kg/hectare)
Crop Assam (08-09) National Average (08-09) Highest in India (07-08) Highest in World (07-08)
Rice 1638 2178 4019 (Punjab) 6360 (Egypt)
Wheat  1300 2907 4507 (Punjab) 8039 (U.K.)
Sugarcane 38387 64553 107484 (Tamil Nadu)  120887(Egypt)
Oilseeds 574 1006 1739 (Tamil Nadu) 4388(Malaysia)
Pulses 617 659 843 (Gujarat) 4920 (Ireland)
Jute 1939 2264 2419 (West Bengal) 2264 (India) (2008-09)
9
TREND OF PRODUCTION OF HORTICULTURAL CROPS IN
ASSAM DURING THE PERIOD FROM 2000-01 TO
2008-09. (in lakh MT)
Crop 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09
Fruits 12.98 13.16 12.84 13.51 13.25 13.52 13.72 14.08 14.95
Vegetables 24.71 28.37 28.45 32.82 36.61 38.18 38.87 39.18 40.52
Spices 1.87 1.90 1.95 1.95 2.06 2.12 2.14 2.18 2.24
Tubers 7.21 6.64 6.32 5.85 6.30 3.93 5.46 5.57 6.71
10
TREND OF PRODUCTION OF HORTICULTURAL CROPS IN
ASSAM DURING THE PERIOD FROM 2000-01 TO 2008-09.
11
PERCENTAGE INCREASE IN PRODUCTION OF
HORTICULTURAL CROPS IN 2008-09 OVER 2000-01.
Fruits 15
Vegetables 64
Spices 20
Tubers -7
12
HORTICULTURE SURPLUS (2008-09)
Crop Production (lakh MT) Surplus of Assam (lakh MT)
Fruits 14.95 4.47 lakh MT
Vegetables 40.52 16.27 lakh MT
Spices 2.24 0.94 lakh MT
13
TREND OF PRODUCTIVITY OF HORTICULTURAL CROPS IN
ASSAM DURING THE PERIOD FROM 2000-01 TO
2008-09. (in Kg. per hectare)
Crop 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09
Fruits 11908 11750 11673 12043 12045 12005 12139 12142 12256
Vegetables 12672 13510 13548 15627 16417 16485 16469 16462 16744
Spices 2309 2262 2294 2323 2482 2475 2476 2478 2490
Tubers 7753 7297 7349 6569 7500 4930 6166 6553 6690
14
TREND OF PRODUCTIVITY OF HORTICULTURAL CROPS IN
ASSAM DURING THE PERIOD FROM 2000-01 TO 2008-09.
15
COMPARISON OF PRODUCTIVITY OF ASSAM WITH
NATIONAL AVERAGE AND HIGHEST IN INDIA WORLD
(in Kg/hectare)
Crop Assam (2008-09) National Average (2008-09) Highest in India (2007-08) Highest in World (2007-08)
Fruits 12256 10825 31100 (Pondicherry) 21000 (Brazil, USA)
Vegetables 16744 15820 31700 (Lakshadweep) 19000 (China)
Spices 2490 1617 6300 (Haryana)
16
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING IN ASSAM AT A GLANCE
  • 25 out of 27 districts covered under AAPM Act
    1972.
  • Total no. of markets 1140 (405 Wholesale
    Markets and 735 Rural Primary Markets)
  • No of Market Committees 24.
  • Principal Market Yards set-up 20 nos.
  • Sub Market Yards set-up 206 nos.

17
WHAT COMES TO THE MARKET ?
a. a. Total arrival of Rice 9 lakh MT. (Rice produced locally imported Rice through Private Traders) Total arrival of Rice 9 lakh MT. (Rice produced locally imported Rice through Private Traders)
b. b. Other major commodities Other major commodities
i. i. Vegetables Marketable Surplus 16.0 lakh MT imported Vegetables
ii. ii. Fruits Marketable surplus 4.5 lakh MT imported fruits
iii. iii. Spices Marketable Surplus 1.0 lakh MT imported Spices
iv. iv. Arecanut 0.57 lakh MT
v. v. Coconut 15.00 million nuts.
vi. vi. Jute 6.50 lakh bales.
vii. vii. Sugarcane 11.00 lakh MT
vii. vii. And other minor fresh and value added produces.
18
PERIODICITY OF MARKETS IN ASSAM
Daily - 19
Weekly - 42
Bi-Weekly - 39
19
PERCENTAGE SHARE OF MARKETS OWNED BY DIFFERENT
AUTHORITIES
20
ACCESS TO MARKETS
Distance from markets Percentage
Up to 5 Km. 71
5 10 Km. 22
10 15 Km. 3
15 20 Km. 1
Above 20 Km. 2
  • Farmers have access to market but road conditions
    are bad.
  • 60 of farmers have unpaved roads to travel to
    market.
  • Common mode of transport used by farmers is
    bicycle.
  • Depending upon volume, cycle thela, truck,
    minivan wooden cart, etc. are hired for
    transport.
  • Poor condition roads and high transportation
    costs are key constraints in physical access to
    markets

21
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING - REFORMS
The Assam Agricultural Produce Market Act, 1972
has been amended in 2006 to promote market
reforms and has permitted Private Market Yards,
Farmer-Consumer Markets, Direct Marketing and
Contract Farming.
22
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING NEW INITIATIVES
  1. A modern Organic Market, first of its kind in the
    North-East, is in advanced stage of completion.
  2. The Government is encouraging contract farming
    amongst producers of Sugarcane, Ginger, Potato
    and Flowers. A few cases of contract farming on
    the initiative of certain local young
    entrepreneurs have already come to the notice.
  3. 224 nos. of Auto vans have been provided at
    subsidised rates for transportation of various
    products grown in the interior to agricultural
    markets.
  4. 30 transport subsidy along with revolving fund
    of Rs. 5000.00 is provided to each of 680 Grower
    Societies.
  5. The State is going to set-up cool chain
    facilities in 11 markets in the current financial
    year at a cost of Rs. 5.0 crores.

23
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ISSUES
  1. Formation of Growers Societies to give them
    bargaining power for their produce.
  2. Improvement of rural roads for better
    connectivity to the markets. Presently only 35
    of rural roads are metalled.
  3. Involvement of private sector in the light of
    amended AAPM Act.
  4. Improvement in market intelligence.

24
AGRICULTURE ASSAM MAJOR CONCERN
1. Low productivity Rice is the major foodgrain crop. Highest Rice productivity (2008-09) i.e. 1638 Kg. per hectare as compared to national average of 2178 Kg. per hectare. 2. Very small fragmented land holding More than 85 farmers are Small Marginal. Average land holding 1.11 hectare. Average land holding of Small Marginal farmers 0.63 hectare.
25
AGRICULTURE ASSAM ISSUES, STRATEGIES
POLICIES
1. Issue Low Irrigation 18 of net cropped area is under assured irrigation. Due to poverty, farmers cant afford to share the 50 of cost of pump sets and LLPs.
1. Strategy Focus on minor irrigation i.e. STWs, LLPs Flow Irrigation.
1. Policy Provisions for about 1.5 lakh STWs / LLPs made for this year. Similar provision will be made in near future for about 4 lakh Tube Wells. Focus on Electric Pump Sets. In case of Small Marginal farmers, group of farmers will get one pump set.
26
AGRICULTURE ASSAM ISSUES, STRATEGIES
POLICIES
2. Issue Low capacity of Seed Certification Seed Certification Agency does not have technical manpower (only 4 officers against 46 posts)
2. Strategy Strengthening of Assam State Seed Certification Agency (ASSCA).
2. Policy Provision of corpus fund for ASSCA is being made under RKVY. Technical staff will be engaged on contract.
27
AGRICULTURE ASSAM ISSUES, STRATEGIES
POLICIES
3. Issue Low use of Hybrid / HYV Seeds Area under HYV seeds 65 Area under Hybrid Rice is only 2.
3. Strategy Creation of awareness. To cover 80 area under Hybrid / HYV seeds.
3. Policy To provide subsidised Hybrid / HYV seeds.
28
AGRICULTURE ASSAM ISSUES, STRATEGIES
POLICIES
4. Issue Low consumption of fertilisers Consumption of 63 Kg. per hectare is much less than the national average of 129 Kg. per hectare. Low consumption is due to Shortage of fertilisers during peak period. No pre-positioning of fertilisers due to non-existence of State Nodal Agency. Lack of enthusiasm amongst dealers because of low margin.
4. Strategy Strengthening Assam Seeds Corporation as Nodal Agency for pre positioning of fertilisers.
4. Policy Provision of working capital for Assam Seeds Corporation is being made.
29
AGRICULTURE ASSAM ISSUES, STRATEGIES
POLICIES
5. Issue Very low use of Micronutrients Soil is deficient in Zn, B, Cu, Fe Mn. Micronutrients are applied in only 1 of Net Cropped Area.
5. Strategy Creation of awareness. Soil Testing facilities to be strengthened.
5. Policy Provision for subsidised Micronutrients is made under various schemes. Provision for Soil Health cards in 3 years under RKVY/NFSM etc.
30
AGRICULTURE ASSAM ISSUES, STRATEGIES
POLICIES
6. Issue Low Credit Support Total no. of valid KCCs is only 3.80 lakh (14 of total farm families). 86 farm families are deprived of agricultural credit through KCCs.
6. Strategy Extensive and intensive campaign through Agri. Extension Workers. To persuade the banks.
6. Policy Simplification of procedure for KCCs already done. Regular monitoring of priority sector lending. Subsidisation of interest on Agricultural Credit.
31
AGRICULTURE ASSAM ISSUES, STRATEGIES
POLICIES
7. Issue Vacancies in the Department Agriculture sector is facing huge shortage of manpower. About 700 key posts are lying vacant.
7. Strategy To expedite disposal of various court cases. To fill-up the posts wherever disputes are resolved.
7. Policy Constant follow up of court cases. To pursue recruiting agency (APSC / others) to fill-up the vacancies.
32
HORTICULTURE ASSAM ISSUES INTERVENTIONS
PROPOSED
8. Issue Genuine planting material Low on availability of genuine planting materials within easy reach of farmers with support from ICAR system
8. Intervention Proposed Sourcing elite, disease free prolific bearing true t0 type mother plants having quality standard of fruits is still a problem. It will be very helpful if the ICAR / SAU / KVK / RARS network come out for producing mother plants of desired traits for public and private sector nurseries.
33
HORTICULTURE ASSAM ISSUES INTERVENTIONS
PROPOSED
9. Issue Packaging Industry Lack of modern packaging industry in Assam is contributing towards escalation in cost of production of value added products as they are to be imported from outside state.
9. Intervention Proposed NERAMAC should set up such an industry. Alternatively, the proposed Mega Food Park should have such a facility for our local budding entrepreneurs in particular.
34
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