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Chapter 3: The Ancient Israelites

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Chapter 3: The Ancient Israelites Section 1: The First Israelites (pages 80-85) The peak of Mount Sinai, where according to the Bible Moses received the Ten ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 3: The Ancient Israelites


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Chapter 3 The Ancient Israelites
  • Section 1 The First Israelites (pages 80-85)

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  • The peak of Mount Sinai, whereaccording to the
    BibleMoses received the Ten Commandments, can be
    reached by climbing 3,750 stone steps. The steps
    were created by the monks of St. Catherines
    Monastery.

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I. The Early Israelites (pages 81-83)
  1. The Israelites built a kingdom in Canaan, along
    the Mediterranean Sea is southwest Asia, in 1000
    B.C. Today, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan occupy
    the land that was once Canaan.
  2. Israelites believed in one God. The belief in
    one god is called monotheism.

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  1. The Israelite faith became the religion of
    Judaism. Judaism influenced Christianity and
    Islam and helped shape the beliefs of European
    and American societies.
  2. Israelites spoke Hebrew and wrote their history
    and beliefs in what later became the Hebrew Bible.

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  1. The Israelites believed they were descended from
    a man named Abraham. The Israelites believed God
    told Abraham to settle in Canaan and worship the
    one true God.
  2. Abrahams grandson, named Jacob, raised 12 sons
    in Canaan. Their families became the 12 tribes
    of Israel.

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  1. After 100 years in Canaan, the Israelites
    suffered a long drought. To survive, the
    Israelites went to Egypt.
  2. The Egyptian pharaoh enslaved the Israelites. To
    prevent the Israelites from rebelling, the
    pharaoh ordered all baby boys to be thrown into
    the Nile River. The pharaoh's daughter found a
    baby boy in a basket on the riverbank. She named
    the baby Moses.

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  • When Moses grew up, he herded sheep in the hills
    outside Egypt. In those hills he saw a burning
    bush and heard a voice. He believed it was God
    telling him to lead the Israelites out of Egypt.
  • J. The Bible says the God sent 10 plagues
    to trouble Egypt. The last plague killed all the
    first-born children, except those Israelites who
    marked their doors with lambs blood. The plague
    convinced the pharaoh to let the Israelites leave
    Egypt.

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The Ten Plagues (and logical explanations as to
what may have happened)
  • Water to blood The Bible says the Nile turned
    to blood at the touch of Moses's staff. A red-
    blooming algae called Pfisteria, which makes fish
    bleed, could have been the cause.
  • Frogs Pfisteria would have killed all the fish
    no fish means more frog spawn, which means more
    frogs. And a polluted river would drive them on
    to the land in their millions.
  • Lice Without moisture the frogs died, removing
    the only obstacle to an insect explosion - and
    the biblical story is long before "lice" were
    distinguished from other insects.
  • Flies The Bible says there came a grievous
    swarm of flies into the house of Pharaoh. Fly
    swarms are not uncommon, and this plague was
    probably of stable flies, which bite.
  • Sick animals Possibly, two diseases may have
    decimated Egypt's livestock African Horse
    Sickness and Blue Tongue, transmitted by tiny
    midges (the "lice" of the third plague.)

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The Ten Plagues (and logical explanations as to
what may have happened)
  • Boils A disease causing boils and blisters
    struck next - perhaps the ancient disease
    "Glanders", which is spread by stable flies. As a
    result, the crops went unharvested.
  • Hail Only last year hailstorms hit Israel and
    Jordan. They're not rare, but to the weakened
    Egyptians, whose crops were their whole
    livelihood, a hailstorm at this time would be a
    cruel blow.
  • Locusts Again, locusts have been known to swarm
    since ancient times, stripping crops. But to the
    Egyptians, like the hail, a locust plague now
    couldn't come at a worse time.
  • Darkness The Bible says a three-day darkness
    fell next .A sandstorm is the likely culprit one
    in Cairo in 1997 blacked out the sky for three
    days. The sand would cover any food supplies
    remaining.
  • First-born die Micro-toxins found in locust
    droppings contaminating the food were lethal and
    in famine conditions the custom was to give the
    eldest double portions.

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  • After the Israelites left, the pharaoh changed
    his mind. He sent soldiers after the Israelites.
    The Bible says that God parted the Red Sea, so
    the Israelites could pass. The water flowed back
    when the soldiers tried to cross, and they
    drowned.

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  1. On the way back to Canaan, Moses went to the top
    of Mount Sinai and received the laws from God.
    These laws were known as the Torah, which became
    the first part of the Hebrew Bible.
  2. The Ten Commandmentswhat God believes to be
    right and wrongare the most important part of
    the Torah. The Ten Commandments helped form the
    basic moral laws of many nations.

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The Promised Land (pages 84-85)
  1. It took the Israelites about 40 years to reach
    Canaan. Along the way, Moses died and Joshua took
    over.
  2. When the Israelites reached Canaan, they found a
    group of people, the Canaanites, living there.
    The Israelites believed it was Gods will to
    conquer the Canaanites. Joshua led the
    Israelites into battle. They marched around the
    walls of the city of Jericho for six days. On
    the seventh day, the Israelites let out a great
    shout, and the walls of Jericho crumbled. Joshua
    led the Israelites in three more wars. The land
    they seized was divided among the 12 tribes.

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  1. After Joshuas death, the Israelites looked to
    judges for leadership. Judges were usually
    military leaders who lead one or two tribes.
  2. Eventually, the Israelites won the hilly region
    of Canaan, and the Canaanites kept the coastal
    areas. The Israelites built walled towns to
    protect themselves.
  3. The Phoenicians were a group of Canaanites who
    developed an alphabet. An alphabet is a group of
    letters that stands for sounds.
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