Ancient Theatre History - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: Ancient Theatre History


1
Ancient Theatre History
  • Theatre 1-2
  • Brittany M. Sutton
  • Revised November 06

2
Ancient Drama Time Frame
  • 5000 BCE to 300 CE

3
Pre-Greek Period (5000 BCE to 600 BCE)
  • History of drama dates back to start of mankind
  • Hunters pantomimed adventures
  • First storytellers told tales in chants
  • First organized groups pantomimed the hunt, war,
    and love dances
  • Mask appeared- first actors became god or animal
  • Mans attempt to imitate nature developed into
    formal, religious song and dance ceremonies
  • Worship specific gods and rulers
  • Celebrate the hunt and war

4
  • Man begins acting out his wishes for
  • Nature
  • Rain
  • Good harvests
  • Sunshine
  • Earliest record of theatrical performance dates
    back about 4000 years to Egypt
  • Three-day event that included actual battles and
    elaborate ceremonies about the murder,
    dismemberment, and resurrection of Osiris (god of
    the lower world).

5
Prehistoric Theatre War Dance
Osiris- Egyptian God of the Underworld
6
Early Greek Period(600 BCE-500 BCE)
  • Drama as we know it developed during this period
    when religious hymns developed to sing praises to
    gods
  • Dithyrambs (hymns) sung to Dionysus (god of wine
    and fertility)
  • In honor of his death, a group of chanters,
    called the chorus, would dance around an alter
    which a goat was sacrificed on.
  • Chant was called tragos (goat-song) tragedy
  • Komoscomedy
  • Ceremonies in honor of Dionysus evolved into
    large contests
  • First contest was won by Thespis First to step
    away from chorus and engage in dialogue between
    chorus and himself- first actor (Thespian). Also
    credited with introducing mask in Greek plays.

7
  • Dramatic contests part of festival lasting five
    to six days
  • Most famous festival was City Dionysia
  • First day games (similar to carnival).
  • Second and Third poetry contests.
  • Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth different playwright
    would present four plays each day first three
    were part of a trilogy (related in theme and
    characters) and fourth was a satyr play (comedy).

8
City Dionysia
Performance of the dithyramb (550-500 BCE)
Dionysus
9
Continued
  • Theatre existed only for men both as performers
    and audience women not permitted to attend
    until about 400 BCE.
  • Audiences large some theatres could hold over
    17,000.

10
  • Chorus
  • Main part of early Greek theatre
  • Purpose to narrate, explain, comment on action,
    and also engage in dialogue with actors.
  • Originally about fifty performers in chorus.
  • Number and responsibilities decreased as actors
    took over larger roles.

11
The Chorus
12
Greek Period (500 BCE-100 BCE)
  • Tragedies clash between Gods and ambitions of
    man showed mans efforts to change fate were
    useless.

13
(No Transcript)
14
(No Transcript)
15
Continued
  • Important People Concepts
  • Aeschylus
  • Father of tragedy
  • Added second actor
  • Reduced chorus to twelve.
  • Wrote only existing trilogy- man (Agamemnon)
    returns from war and is killed by his wife and
    her lover children take revenge by killing
    mother trial of one of the children.

16
  • Sophocles
  • Considered greatest Greek tragedy writer
  • Added third actor
  • Oedipus Rex kills father, marries mother,
    gouges out eyes.
  • Adds scenery and action.
  • Antigone

17
Aeschylus
18
Painting of Agamemnon
19
Sophocles
20
Oedipus Rex
21
Antigone
22
Continued
  • Euripides
  • Separates action from chorus
  • More concerned with human relationships.
  • Medea womans husband cheats on her to get
    revenge, she sacrifices her two sons.
  • Aristophanes
  • Main author of Greek comedy.
  • Masks used to show emotions
  • (where masks of comedy and tragedy come from)

23
Euripides
24
Medea
25
Aristophanes
26
(No Transcript)
27
Masks
28
Roman Period (100 BCE to 300 CE)
  • Theatre becomes hedonistic (vulgar)
  • Gladiator contests
  • Slaughter of humans (Christians and lions)
  • Audiences only wanted to see vulgar performances
  • Moral decay of Romerise of Christian churchfall
    of Rome during Dark Ages.
  • Slaves used as actors until first Century
  • Plays presented along with circuses
  • Playwrights paid by acting companies
  • Plautus, Terence, Seneca Major playwrights
  • Plautus
  • Comedy
  • Terence
  • Known more for the way he presented characters
  • Seneca
  • Senecan tragedy gory tragedy. Violence takes
    place off stage. Too traumatic to show on stage.
    Deaths are described in detail.
  • After the fall of Rome, only wandering minstrels
    (dancing and juggling) kept drama alive.

29
Roman
Hedonism
30
Roman Amphitheatre
31
(No Transcript)
32
Plautus
Terrence
Seneca
33
The Fall of Rome
34
Wandering Minstrels
35
Questions to Ponder
  • Because of the moral decay which led to the fall
    of the Roman Empire, where do you expect theatre
    to go in the future?
  • How has ancient theatre impacted the theatrical
    traditions of today?
View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Ancient Theatre History

Description:

Ancient Theatre History ... religious song and dance ceremonies: Worship specific gods and rulers Celebrate the hunt and war Man begins acting out his wishes for: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:110
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 36
Provided by: bsut7
Learn more at: http://www.wsfcs.k12.nc.us
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Ancient Theatre History


1
Ancient Theatre History
  • Theatre 1-2
  • Brittany M. Sutton
  • Revised November 06

2
Ancient Drama Time Frame
  • 5000 BCE to 300 CE

3
Pre-Greek Period (5000 BCE to 600 BCE)
  • History of drama dates back to start of mankind
  • Hunters pantomimed adventures
  • First storytellers told tales in chants
  • First organized groups pantomimed the hunt, war,
    and love dances
  • Mask appeared- first actors became god or animal
  • Mans attempt to imitate nature developed into
    formal, religious song and dance ceremonies
  • Worship specific gods and rulers
  • Celebrate the hunt and war

4
  • Man begins acting out his wishes for
  • Nature
  • Rain
  • Good harvests
  • Sunshine
  • Earliest record of theatrical performance dates
    back about 4000 years to Egypt
  • Three-day event that included actual battles and
    elaborate ceremonies about the murder,
    dismemberment, and resurrection of Osiris (god of
    the lower world).

5
Prehistoric Theatre War Dance
Osiris- Egyptian God of the Underworld
6
Early Greek Period(600 BCE-500 BCE)
  • Drama as we know it developed during this period
    when religious hymns developed to sing praises to
    gods
  • Dithyrambs (hymns) sung to Dionysus (god of wine
    and fertility)
  • In honor of his death, a group of chanters,
    called the chorus, would dance around an alter
    which a goat was sacrificed on.
  • Chant was called tragos (goat-song) tragedy
  • Komoscomedy
  • Ceremonies in honor of Dionysus evolved into
    large contests
  • First contest was won by Thespis First to step
    away from chorus and engage in dialogue between
    chorus and himself- first actor (Thespian). Also
    credited with introducing mask in Greek plays.

7
  • Dramatic contests part of festival lasting five
    to six days
  • Most famous festival was City Dionysia
  • First day games (similar to carnival).
  • Second and Third poetry contests.
  • Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth different playwright
    would present four plays each day first three
    were part of a trilogy (related in theme and
    characters) and fourth was a satyr play (comedy).

8
City Dionysia
Performance of the dithyramb (550-500 BCE)
Dionysus
9
Continued
  • Theatre existed only for men both as performers
    and audience women not permitted to attend
    until about 400 BCE.
  • Audiences large some theatres could hold over
    17,000.

10
  • Chorus
  • Main part of early Greek theatre
  • Purpose to narrate, explain, comment on action,
    and also engage in dialogue with actors.
  • Originally about fifty performers in chorus.
  • Number and responsibilities decreased as actors
    took over larger roles.

11
The Chorus
12
Greek Period (500 BCE-100 BCE)
  • Tragedies clash between Gods and ambitions of
    man showed mans efforts to change fate were
    useless.

13
(No Transcript)
14
(No Transcript)
15
Continued
  • Important People Concepts
  • Aeschylus
  • Father of tragedy
  • Added second actor
  • Reduced chorus to twelve.
  • Wrote only existing trilogy- man (Agamemnon)
    returns from war and is killed by his wife and
    her lover children take revenge by killing
    mother trial of one of the children.

16
  • Sophocles
  • Considered greatest Greek tragedy writer
  • Added third actor
  • Oedipus Rex kills father, marries mother,
    gouges out eyes.
  • Adds scenery and action.
  • Antigone

17
Aeschylus
18
Painting of Agamemnon
19
Sophocles
20
Oedipus Rex
21
Antigone
22
Continued
  • Euripides
  • Separates action from chorus
  • More concerned with human relationships.
  • Medea womans husband cheats on her to get
    revenge, she sacrifices her two sons.
  • Aristophanes
  • Main author of Greek comedy.
  • Masks used to show emotions
  • (where masks of comedy and tragedy come from)

23
Euripides
24
Medea
25
Aristophanes
26
(No Transcript)
27
Masks
28
Roman Period (100 BCE to 300 CE)
  • Theatre becomes hedonistic (vulgar)
  • Gladiator contests
  • Slaughter of humans (Christians and lions)
  • Audiences only wanted to see vulgar performances
  • Moral decay of Romerise of Christian churchfall
    of Rome during Dark Ages.
  • Slaves used as actors until first Century
  • Plays presented along with circuses
  • Playwrights paid by acting companies
  • Plautus, Terence, Seneca Major playwrights
  • Plautus
  • Comedy
  • Terence
  • Known more for the way he presented characters
  • Seneca
  • Senecan tragedy gory tragedy. Violence takes
    place off stage. Too traumatic to show on stage.
    Deaths are described in detail.
  • After the fall of Rome, only wandering minstrels
    (dancing and juggling) kept drama alive.

29
Roman
Hedonism
30
Roman Amphitheatre
31
(No Transcript)
32
Plautus
Terrence
Seneca
33
The Fall of Rome
34
Wandering Minstrels
35
Questions to Ponder
  • Because of the moral decay which led to the fall
    of the Roman Empire, where do you expect theatre
    to go in the future?
  • How has ancient theatre impacted the theatrical
    traditions of today?
About PowerShow.com