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HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL BACKGROUND

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HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL BACKGROUND There are 372 objects of federal importance and over 4000 historical and cultural monuments of local significance in Pskov region. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL BACKGROUND


1
HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL BACKGROUND
There are 372 objects of federal importance and
over 4000 historical and cultural monuments of
local significance in Pskov region.
2
Geographical location
PSKOV REGION
Pskov Region
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  • Distance from Pskov
  • to Riga 260 km
  • to Tallinn 350 km
  • to Vilnius 400 km
  • to Minsk 450 km
  • to Helsinki 700 km
  • to Warsaw 850 km
  • to Stockholm 860 km
  • to Berlin 1200 km
  • To Kaliningrad -
  • To Moscow 689 km

Pskov Region is the only one in the Russian
Federation bounded by 3 different states at the
same time Estonia, Latvia and Belarus
3

Pskov Region
Population 737,3 000 inhabitants (by
01.12.2004) Theres the highest death-rate in
Pskov region - 24,5 persons per 1 thousand
inhabitants and natural population loss - 15,7
persons per 1 thousand people Births 6 535
- Deaths 18 360
Large cities Pskov 201 000 people Velikie
Lukie104 300 people Ostrov 24 800 people
Nevel 18 100 people
Sebezh 13 800 people
Economically active population 50
24,7 engaged in economy with a higher
education 50,4 - special professional
18,4 - high school
4
Pskov Region in the year 2004
The structure of a regional gross output
   
Regional gross output in 2003 was 1 bln that
is about 103,1 to the previous year in
comparable prices.
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5
Industry and Agriculture
Industrial production volume in 2004 about
8,2 million
Industrial and agricultural products in 2001-2004
(mln. rub.)
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Dominating directions of agriculture milk and
meat cattle breeding, storing up a supply of
fodder, production of vegetables and potatoes,
flax growing.
6
PSKOV REGION
FORESTRY
  • The overall territory occupied by forests
    is approximately 2450 ths hectares (40 of the
    territory of the region)
  • evergreen- 45,
  • birch - 35.
  • Wood cutting area - 3,5 millions m3. The
    region is abundant in non-timber forest
    resources mushrooms, berries and medical raw
    materials.

Forests are inhabited with 21 speciesof
wild animals, which include especially valuable
fur species such as
7
TRANSPORT
PSKOV REGION
  • Length of motorways with a hard paving
  • 11 000 km
  • Length of railways 1 100 km
  • Motorway and railway system connects the
    region with the capitals of Baltic
    countries, harbours of St.Petersburg, Murmansk,
    Kaliningrad, Tallinn, Riga.
  • Every day more that 4 thousands motor vehicles
    and dozens of trains cross customs borders (about
    800 panel trucks).

8
PSKOV REGION
Pskov region is a competent subject of the
Russian Federation
  • The system of legislative and executive bodies
    provides
  • Efficient state and local management
  • Authority division between the Federation, region
    and local self-government
  • Empowering for efficient local self-government
    realisation

9
PSKOV REGION
Administrative structure
State Authority
Federal Authority
Regional Authority
Ministries and departments
Regional Deputy Assembly
State executive power system
Courts
Local self-government bodies
Heads of local administrations
Local administrations
Local deputy councils
10
PSKOV REGION
GREAT OPPORTUNITIES
  • Large Russian market entry
  • Cheap and qualified labour
  • Non-occupied market niche
  • Cheap resources and raw materials
  • Large supply of own resources and
    raw materials
  • Vast non-occupied territories
  • Moderate climate
  • AND FAVORABLE GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION...

11
PSKOV REGION
Territorial structure of local self-government
in Pskov region
  • Urban districts 2
  • Municipal rayons - 24 including
  • Urban settlements 26
  • Rural settlements - 192

12
PSKOV REGION
  • Density of rural population

Extreme points From 4,6 persons / km2 -
Plyussa rayon From 21,1 persons / km2 - Pechory
rayon Average density of population in the
Russian Federation - 2,3 persons / km2
Conclusion Theres no territory with a low
density of population in Pskov Region
13
PSKOV REGION
Typology of rural settlement by a population
criterion
14
PSKOV REGION
Economical situation

Subsidised municipalities 25 (out of 26) Urban
districts - 1 Municipal rayon - 24 (included) All
the rest 218 municipalities are financed from
municipal rayons budgets Level of subsidising
(share of subsidies from regional budget)
planned for the year 2006 - 48,6
including urban districts - 0,89 municipal
rayons - 47,71
15
PSKOV REGION
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