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Wigs and Hair Additions

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: owner Last modified by: Barbara Mandato Created Date: 12/30/2007 8:10:55 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Wigs and Hair Additions


1
Chapter 19 Wigs and Hair Additions 2012 Edition
2
  • Important role in fashion
  • Either a simple retail effort or a highly
    specialized field
  • Opportunities for stylists to cut, color, and
    care for wigs

www.wiggoddess.com/.../thumbrunway20fashion.jpg
cdn2.ioffer.com/img/item/435/214/36/e131_1_bo.JPG
3
  • Range from clip-on hairpieces to elaborately
    applied extensions
  • Newest technique, single strands of hair are
    meticulously hand-tied onto individual strands
    of clients hair
  • Requires specialized training

www.sergiossalonandspa.com/images/wigs_before...
www.highdefinitionhair.com/images/sasha_befor.. ..
4
  • Each manufacturer has its own attachment method
  • Take the manufacturers class
  • Inventory can be a hefty investment
  • Clip-on extensions-demand is high

www.galiwigs.co.uk/images/process/DSC_0019.jpg
5
  • Income ranges from a small amount to thousands
    of dollars
  • Hair-loss clients and medical clients, (cancer
    patients) have particular needs for hair
    additions

www.internetwigs.com/.../large/shampoo_LG.jpg
www.headcovers.com/uld/mcim/wigs-cancer-patie...
6
www.creativewigs.com/yahoo_site_admin/assets/...
7
(No Transcript)
8
  • Human Hair versus Synthetic Hair
  • Pull a strand of hair from the wig or hairpiece
    and burn it with a match
  • Human hair will
  • burn slowly
  • gives off a distinctive
  • odor

cancerfairygodmother.com/.../01/vogue-wigs.jpg
9
  • Synthetic hair will
  • ball up and melt
  • extinguishing itself
  • burn out very quickly
  • will not give off an odor

hottscizzors.com/images/burning.jpg
10
  • Advantages of Human Hair Wigs
  • Realistic appearance
  • Greater durability
  • Same styling and maintenance as natural hair
  • Can be custom colored, permed
  • Tolerates heat from a blow-dryer, curling iron,
    or hot rollers

List price 995.00
www.qdhairbeauty.com/images/lace20wig209.jpg
11
  • Disadvantages of Human Hair Wigs
  • May frizz or lose its curl in humid weather
  • After shampooing, hair needs to be reset
  • Color will fade
  • Hair will break and split if mistreated

12
  • Advantages of Synthetic Wigs
  • Strong and durable-Kanekalon
  • Natural, lustrous look and feel
  • A great value, less expensive
  • Style and texture are set into the hair
  • Very easy for clients to maintain
  • Shampoo in cold water

img.en.china.cn/0/0,0,205,16063,330,349,a48e4...
www.cjsfulllacewigs.com/.../product/TeriWig.JPG
13
  • Cut according to the latest styles
  • cut, color, and texture already set
  • You may need to do some detailing or custom
    trimming
  • Colors are limitless
  • Cheaper wigs are more solid in color
  • High-end products mixed with many
    shades/highlights/lowlights for a natural effect
  • Colors will not fade

14
  • Disadvantages of Synthetic Wigs
  • Cannot be exposed to extreme heat
  • Coloring is not recommended
  • So shiny may not look natural
  • If thick, will look unnatural
  • on a fine-haired client

24.99
cchairandbeauty.com/.../bally2-1-1-01-01.jpg
15
  • Quality and Cost
  • Pros and cons, you get what you pay for
  • Your success will be determined by the quality of
    the product itself

www.beautymajor.com/images/D/lilyB-01-01.jpg
img.diytrade.com/cdimg/486456/7713651/0/12300...
cdn2.ioffer.com/img/item/103/497/312/p71H.jpg
16
  • The most expensive wigs are made with human hair
  • European hair
  • top of the line
  • Hair from India
  • lengths from 12-16
  • naturally wavy
  • Asia
  • lengths from 12-28
  • naturally straight

img.alibaba.com/img/buyoffer/102149322/Indian...
www.zarawigs.com/.../56424-lace-front-wigs.jpg
17
  • Human hair mixed with animal hair
  • angora, horse, yak, or sheep hair
  • Yak from animals belly and is purest of
    whites
  • Great for fantasy colors-attracts the teen
    market, often used in theatrical or fashion
    settings

travelblog.paintedstork.com/image/yak.jpg
www.catscostumes.net/.../catswigsfullcast03.jpg
18
  • Human hair mixed with synthetic hair (cheapest)
  • Often half and half
  • Advantages and disadvantages of both
  • Good option if best color and texture are chosen
    for client

19
  • Ask the manufacturer several important questions
    when selecting a wig for a client
  • Made from human hair, animal hair, mixture, or
    synthetic
  • Is the hair colored
  • Human hair grading-strength, elasticity, porosity

20
  • Cuticle-intact
  • Turned hair or Remi hair
  • cuticles of all hair move in the same
    direction
  • better condition
  • easier to work with
  • doesnt tangle easily
  • time consuming-increases the cost
  • Read Focus on

21
  • Fallen hair
  • gathered from a hairbrush
  • cuticles move in different directions
  • tangles
  • Remi refined hair-cuticle partially removed
  • will not lock or mat
  • Fallen hair less expensive than Remi hair

22
  • Ask manufacturer
  • Is hair tangle free?
  • if cuticle has been removed
  • cannot condition-will mat
  • Condition of the hair?
  • Will it match clients hair?
  • Can it be permed?
  • Will it last 4-6 months-continual use?

23
  • Wigs
  • Wigs are an artificial covering
  • for the head consisting of a
  • network of interwoven hair
  • The clients hair is completely
  • concealed
  • Hair piece used to cover the
  • top or crown of the head

shop.perimart.com/images/D/08040008-2.jpg
www.wigsandpieces.com/.../bailey-wigs-L.jpg
24
  • Types of wigs
  • Cap wigs-constructed with elasticized mesh-fiber
    base
  • Several sizes
  • Require special fittings
  • Are hand-knotted

www.todaystylist.com/wig_cap_custom_mine_4.jpg
25
  • Front edge resembles clients scalp
  • Wire support at the temples for a snug fit
  • Hand tied to conceal the cap edge
  • Side and back edges contain wire supports,
    elastic, and hooks for a secure fit

www.todaystylist.com/wig_cap_custom_mine_4.jpg
26
  • Capless wigs-are machine made
  • Human or artificial hair
  • Wefts-long strips of hair with a threaded
    edge-sewn
  • Ready-to-wear and less expensive
  • Open points like fish net stockings
  • Extremely light and
  • comfortable to wear

www.ladieswigs.net/.../2009/11/monocap.jpg
www.todaystylist.com/BN27L_wig_cap_open.jpg
27
  • Capless wigs are healthier-allows the scalp to
    breathe
  • Cap wig
  • best for extremely thin or no hair clients
  • FYI
  • Lace wigs
  • new
  • more comfortable

www.ladycage.com/zen/images/WAVY.jpg
i.ehow.com/images/GlobalPhoto/Articles/549375...
28
  • New innovationsmore comfortable
  • Lace front wigs
  • natural-looking hairline
  • Wigs are now well designed and fashionable
  • Bought off-the-shelf for immediate wear

29
  • Methods of Construction
  • Hand-tied or hand-knotted wigs made by
    individual strands of hair
  • knotting them with a needle
  • Done around the front hairline and the top of the
    head
  • Has a natural, realistic look
  • Combed in almost any direction

30
jazzyhairfactory.co.uk/images/hand20tied201.jpg
farm2.static.flickr.com/1167/775871787_7a25fe...
31
Hand-tied synthetic wig
249.00
Machine made-notice length difference
105.00  
Jordon - Handtied Synthetic Wig - Estetica
Designs 123
https/.../shop/files/master/d_2909.jpg
32
  • Semi-hand-tied wigs
  • Combination of synthetic hair and hand-tied
    human hair
  • Reasonably priced
  • Natural appearance
  • Good durability

www.wigs.uk.net/.../Ella_HH_1_thm.JPG
33
  • Machine-made wigs
  • Least expensive
  • Restricts other styling options
  • Even after shampooing the style returns
  • Wig construction will determine the direction in
    which you style the hair
  • Machine-made wigs offer no versatility

www.todaystylist.com/wig_cap_wefted.gif
34
  • Taking Wig Measurements
  • Use soft tape measure
  • Close to the head without pressure
  • Keep a written record of head measurements
  • forward a copy to the wig dealer of
    manufacturer
  • Include hair shade, quality of hair, length of
    hair, and type of hair part and pattern

35
  • Ready-to-wear
  • no measuring is required

Adjustable
www.zarawigs.com/.../gloss-adjustable-tabs.jpg
36
  • Blocking the Wig
  • Block is a head shaped form
  • Canvas covered or Styrofoam
  • Secured for fitting, cleaning, coloring, and
    styling

www.alanwhite-anthology.com/.../4092a526cb.jpg
www.larocks.com/clown/images/wigblockL.jpg
37
  • Pin with T-shaped pins at
  • Temples
  • Above the ear
  • Each corner of the nape

38
  • Putting on the Wig
  • Instructing the client
  • securing her hair under the cap
  • flat and even
  • Use hair wrap or PIN CURLS
  • If wig does not fit properly
  • vertical tuck and sew
  • Sewing the wig to create a customized fit is a
    highly specialized art

39
  • Cutting the Wig
  • Your goal-make the hair look more realistic
  • Taper the ends
  • The more solid, the more unnatural
  • Same sectioning and elevations as on a real head
    of hair
  • Cut free-form on dry hair

www.figure.fm/cgm/ecommerce/figure/images/lar...
40
  • Wig is placed on block for cutting
  • Comb-out and finishing touches-done on the
    clients head
  • Free-form cutting
  • Vertical sections
  • create lightness
  • Diagonal sections
  • create rounder beveled edges
  • Horizontal sections
  • build heavier weight

41
  • Cutting small sections
  • observe how the hair falls
  • Done on dry hair
  • See how the hair will fall
  • Razor, thinning shears, standard shears
  • tapering methods only

42
  • Styling the Wig
  • Handle gently
  • Human hair, set the styling tool on low heat
  • Do not pull
  • Use brushes with natural boar-bristles
  • Synthetic brushes that have smooth, rounded
    plastic teeth

www.marieclaire.com/.../remix.6_11_06-lg.jpg
hair-skin-sun.com/media/catalog/product/cache...
43
  • Be gentle
  • Use a block for all coloring, perming, setting,
    and basic cut outlining
  • Finishing touches-on the clients head
  • Making a wig look believable is very challenging
  • Truly an art form

44
  • Most convincing area
  • crown, part and the hairline
  • General rule
  • follow the direction of the knotting and
    weave

45
  • Styling Tips for the Hairline
  • Styling products-for color-treated hair
  • Backcomb gently around the hairline
  • Release the clients hair around the hairline
  • Wind test
  • gently blowdry around the clients set at cool
    and low
  • observe how the hairline looks

46
  • Styling
  • do not make it look perfect
  • use your hands
  • do not plaster the hair down

www.hair-styles-secrets-revealed.com/buy-wigs...
www.wigsforwomenonline.com/wig7.jpg
www.beautytrends.com/images/dept_ts.jpg
47
  • Cleaning the Wig
  • Always follow manufacturers instructions
  • Use gentle shampoo for color-treated hair
  • Avoid harsh/dandruff shampoos

www.cocoswigboutique.com/store/images/P/Syn2...
www.ehairexperts.com/.../2009/04/wash.jpg
48
  • Coloring Wigs and Extensions
  • Synthetic haircolors
  • standardized 70 colors
  • Color range from black to palest blonde
  • White Yak hair add fantasy colors
  • To custom-color the hair
  • check with the manufacturer

49
www.lacebeauty.co.uk/.../images/4524760958.jpg
fabulouslacewigs.net/Color-chart.jpg
50
  • The principles that guide the coloring of natural
    hair are applied to the art of coloring wigs and
    hair extensions
  • Check to see if the cuticle is intact
  • If absent
  • very porous
  • will react to color in an extreme manner
  • Strand test

51
  • Use semi-permanent, demipermanent, glaze, rinse,
    or colored mousse products
  • Use permanent haircolor on human hair wigs unless
    hair is porous, then semi-permanent is better
  • Color checks every 5-10 minutes
  • Remember hair did not come from one head
  • can be unpredictable

52
  • Perming the Wigs and Hair Additions
  • Human hair only
  • Do not perm hair if it has been colored with a
    metallic dye
  • Performed off of the clients head
  • Cover head form with plastic
  • Pin the wig securely
  • perm as you would a normal head of hair

53
  • Hairpieces
  • Hairpiece gives 20-70coverage
  • Sit on top of clients hair
  • Attached by temporary methods
  • Many different types
  • integration pieces, toupees,
  • fashion hairpieces

img.diytrade.com/cdimg/800594/6975468/0/12375...
www.elicecollection.com/category_pics/11.jpg
54
  • Fashion hairpieces include
  • falls, half wigs, wiglets, chignons, bandeaus,
    cascades, ponytails, bangs, and fillers (add
    volume to fine hair)
  • Newest fashion hairpieces simply clip on
  • pressure-sensitive clips, claw clips, or cpmbs

55
  • Clients hair prepared
  • ponytail or bun
  • French twist
  • blended with or serve as a base

www.hrweddinghair.com/Hairpieces2.jpg
www.liweddings.com/chat/p/3606748_1.jpg
56
Temporary attachments methods include
interlocking combs flexible wire combs
elastic claw clips Velcro
site.voguewigs.com/images/splash/hd-wrap-arou...
www.playwithhair.com/wigs/hairpiece_1.jpg
www.hatandhair.com/_img/hairpieces_liz.jpg
www.humanhairpieces.com/HairBTweenz20images/...
www.pea.co.il/.../696912696912_1180533574.JPG
57
  • Too much hair
  • looks out of balance
  • Ill-fitting
  • negative attention

www.tomtop.com/images/l/200911/12594738270.jpg
jay3arr.files.wordpress.com/2008/08/hoops_wei...
58
  • Integration Hairpieces
  • Opening through base
  • clients hair pulled through
  • Lightweight
  • Natural-looking
  • Add length and volume
  • Thinning hair-not total hair loss

www.humanhairpieces.com/images/product_images...
59
  • Toupees
  • Small wig used to cover the top and crown of the
    head
  • Severe hair loss
  • Two ways to attach
  • temporary-tape or clips
  • semi-permanent
  • weaving, tracks, adhesive, or sewing

www.bicolhair.com/images/MenToupee2.jpg
60
www.tradeeasy.com/.../1238055182095_Wig_tape.jpg
www.hairdirect.com/.../scalpprep/scalpprep4a.jpg
www.bargainlacewigs.co.uk/images/justrite.jpg
61
  • Wearers gain confidence
  • Authentic-looking hairpiece
  • pay a high price for it

www.bicolhair.com/images/MenToupee.jpg
437
www.hairsetup.com/Human_Hair_Toupee.jpg
62
  • Fashion Hairpieces
  • Special occasions
  • fashion accessory
  • Vary in size
  • Attached with hairpins, clips, combs, bobby
    pins, or elastic

samanthalaurakaye.com/site/wp-content/uploads...
www.farrellandchase.com/tag/fashion/
63
  • Three attachment methods
  • Wraparound ponytail
  • covers 10-20 of the head
  • Useful for the client who can just get her own
    hair into a ponytail
  • Cascade of curls is attached with combs
  • Hair wrap is mounted on an elastic loop, secured
    to clients own hair with hairpins
  • Increasingly popular service

64
  • Hair Extensions
  • Hair additions that add length, volume, texture,
    or color
  • Can be human hair, synthetic hair, or a blend
  • Wefts of hair attached one-by-one pr clip-in
    extensions

www.real-hair-extensions.com/wp-content/uploa...
65
  • Manufacturers offer training
  • General guidelines
  • Decide-length and thickness
  • Map out desired style
  • Stay 1 away from
  • hairline-front, sides, nape, and part
  • Very thin hair-be careful base does not show
    through

www.zawaj.com/.../10/clip-in-hair-extensions.jpg
66
  • Curly hair-match or add another curl pattern
  • Thin hair-may not need as many
  • Extension methods include
  • braid-and-sew
  • bonding (fusion bonding)
  • linking
  • shrinking
  • Most important approaches should be practiced in
    the following order Read 1-4

67
  • Braid-and-Sew Attachment Method
  • Secured by sewing
  • Attached to an on-the-scalp braid (cornrow)
  • track
  • Wefts can also be attached by creating a track,
    using fiber filler
  • filler and hair are braided together
  • underhand braiding technique
  • creates longer lasting braid

www.lace-front-wig.com/.../hair-weave-photo.jpg
68
  • The angle of the track will determine how the
    hair will fall
  • Tracks horizontal, vertical, or diagonal, or
    along curved lines
  • Partings are determined to the style
  • Size of sections by the amount of hair that will
    be added
  • Plan so the ends are hidden
  • 1 inch behind the hair line

69
  • When sewing, use only a blunt,
  • custom-designed needle
  • either straight or curved
  • Blunt ends help avoid damage to the hair/client

www.sarahjanespa.com/sewn20in20extensions.jpg
70
  • Extensions can be sewn to the track using a
    variety of stitches
  • Lock stitch
  • create a loop
  • loop and wrap thread
  • pull tight to form a lock stitch to secure
  • weft to the track
  • entire length/evenly spaced

http//www.hairdobang.com/hair-extensions/braid-in
-sew-in-extensions-how-totutorial
71
Double lock stitch thread is wound around the
needle twice Overcast stitch pass needle
under both track and the weft bring it
back repeat the stitch complete with a lock
stitch for security
72
Advantages if done correctly-very safe
technique requires no special
equipment with practice-fairly
quick Drawbacks too much tension-clients
hair can be damaged not appropriate
for-extremely damaged hair and baby-fine hair,
or clients that dont keep their scalps clean
73
  • Bonding Method
  • wefts or single strands with an adhesive or a
    bonding agent
  • adhesive applied with an applicator gun
  • not the kind available in craft stores!!!
  • A special tool created specifically for bonding

www.changing-styles.com/Application_Methods.html
www.bjmaka.com/Upload/Pic/200985144744593.jpg
74
www.extensionshairstudio.com/images/ba1.jpg
www.bridgat.com/.../Prebonded_hair_extension.jpg
http//www.hair-extension-specialists.co.uk/why-we
-do-hair-extensions.php
75
  • Bonding-wefts with adhesive
  • Natural hair should be at least
  • 4 inches long
  • Sits snugly on the head
  • Fast to apply
  • Lasts from 2 to 4 weeks
  • Salon visits as often as every 2 weeks
  • Can shampoo/done gently

www.hairtrade.com/.../currency/GBP/page/6
www.ehow.com/how_2160410_apply-temporary-hair...
Sticky backing-peel, stick to hair- lasts 4-7
days
www.hoobly.com/0/0/1193499.html
76
  • Bonding procedure-section off hair at the nape
  • Measure the weft against the parting ¼ to ½
    from the hairline
  • Lay weft on flat surface and carefully apply
    adhesive along the base

thehairextensionboutique.co.uk
77
  • Use a consistent amount of adhesive too much
    will ooze onto the head too little will not
    adhere
  • Lightly press the weft against the clean partings
  • Hold 20 seconds
  • Use a blow-dryer on low to medium heat to help
    seal the bond
  • Proceed to the next section, working upward on
    the head until the desired length and volume
    are achieved

78
  • Avoid working too close to the crown or the
    partings
  • Caution do not glue the scalp!!!!
  • Work 1 inch away from the hairline
  • Mrs. Mandato prefers to cut the wefts into 2
    sections and glue them in at a staggered
    (checkerboard) pattern, looks more natural and
    all of the weight of the weft is not pulling on
    the hair in the same place

aonehair.com
79
  • Removed by dissolving the adhesive with oil or
    bond remover
  • Same technique can be used
  • with loose hair or wefts cut
  • very small (called strand bonding)
  • Advantages
  • Affordable pricing
  • Complete service around average haircut
    appointment (20 minutes)
  • Shampooed gently

www.ehow.com/how_4869873_hair-extension-glue-...
80
  • Drawbacks
  • Some clients may have allergic reaction to
    bonding adhesive
  • Perform patch test
  • Not appropriate for severely damaged hair or do
    not have enough natural hair to hide the wefts
  • Cannot be exposed to oils-slide off
  • Should not attach wefts longer than 12 long

81
  • Fusion Method
  • Bonded to the clients own hair with a bonding
    material that is activated by the heat from a
    special tool
  • Expensive-time consuming
  • no uncomfortable and unattractive attachment
    sites
  • Light and comfortable to wear
  • Moves like real hair

82
loushouseofdesign.com/fusion
cambridge.gumtree.com/cambridge/59/52069859.html
price 450.00 for 18" hair extensions.
83
www.silkybeauty.com/Extension.html
84
  • Easy to maintain
  • Lasts up to 4 months
  • Removal is quick and painless
  • Requires certification training
  • Best choice for clients with fine, limp hair

www.ehow.com/how_5416022_care-fusion-hair-ext...
www.delmardemos.com/fusion-hair-extensions.html
85
  • Fusion bonding procedure involves wrapping a
    keratin-based strip around both the clients
    hair and the extension or with a special
    gun- applicator
  • Many are pre-tipped or keratin tipped
  • Natural strands along a parting are selected and
    then isolated with a hair shield
  • Extension is positioned under the natural hair
    and near the base

86
  • The heating element is applied until the bonding
    agent is softened
  • The bond is rolled between the fingers, creating
    a bead that captures both natural and the
    extension strand
  • use a fusion remover when needed
  • (breaks down the keratin in the bonding)

87
  • Advantages
  • Clients hair will dry more quickly (less bulk
    than full wefts)
  • By using slightly different colors-create an
    illusion of depth or a highlighted effect
  • Allows for style versatility
  • Drawbacks time-consuming
  • pre-tipped extension are expensive
  • Read rest of the paragraph

88
  • Linking
  • Hook is used to pick up small amount of hair
  • Link is slide on close to scalp with special tool
  • Then, an extension is inserted into the link
  • Link is pinched flat with pliers
  • Removed with a removal tool (pliers)
  • Extensions can be reused

89
ltiframe width"420" height"315"
src"http//www.youtube.com/embed/OoiVw-exWro"
frameborder"0" allowfullscreengtlt/iframegt
90
  • Natural hair- at least 5 inches long
  • Advantages
  • styling versatility
  • natural hair can be maintained
  • Drawbacks
  • expensive
  • time consuming
  • metal links can rust

91
  • Tube Shrinking
  • Clients hair and addition strand are inserted
    into a tube
  • Heated to shrink it
  • Special tools and training

92
  • Problems can arise
  • Caused by stylist or client (not material)
  • Stylist
  • Must follow logical placement pattern
  • pay attention to natural growth patterns
  • provide complete home care instructions
  • Client
  • follow home care instructions carefully
  • keep hair neat and clean
  • must return to salon regularly for
    maintenance

93
  • Hair for sale
  • Great retail product
  • sell themselves
  • Substantial income

themeanestmom.blogspot.com/2009/06/manna-at-m...
94
  • Guidelines
  • Identify clients needs
  • Explain why its worthwhile
  • features and benefits
  • performance and cost
  • Choose high-quality
  • Work with only the best
  • Believe in your recommendations
  • Price services accordingly to your time,
    materials, and expertise

95
  • Work with one or two companies that offer
    human and synthetic hair
  • high quality products
  • good customer service
  • first rate support
  • education
  • training
  • seminars
  • videos
  • Stick with companies that stand by their
    products

96
  • Practice, Practice, Practice
  • exciting, challenging, and lucrative areas of
    cosmetology
  • Become skilled-practice
  • Help people look good and feel good about
    themselves
  • Great satisfaction in
  • working with people who have suffered the
    trauma of hair loss
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