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Colonizing North America (Chapter 3/Section 3)

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Colonizing North America (Chapter 3/Section 3) Search for a Northwest Passage Rivalries Among European Nations New France New Netherland Search for a Northwest ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Colonizing North America (Chapter 3/Section 3)


1
Colonizing North America (Chapter 3/Section 3)
Search for a Northwest Passage
Rivalries Among European Nations
New France
New Netherland
2
Search for a Northwest Passage
Throughout the 1500s, England, France, and the
Netherlands all envied Spains new empire in the
Americas. They wanted their own American colonies.
All three countries sent explorers in search of a
Northwest Passage to Asianone were
successful. Remember Columbus was attempting to
find the same route.
1610 Henry Hudson is cast adrift on Hudson Bay
as his mutinous crew sails off into the
distancehis body was never found.
3
But they made valuable MAPS of North America.
Henry Hudson cast adrift here in 1610.
4
Rivalries Among European Nations
Religious differences heightened the rivalry
among European nationsthe Protestant Reformation
divided Europe into Catholic (Spain France) and
Protestant (England Netherlands).
1517 Martin Luther nails his 95 theses
(complaints) to the door of the Catholic
Churchsetting off a theological revolution that
splits apart Europe.
5
1517 Martin Luther nails his 95 theses
(complaints) to the door of the Catholic
Churchsetting off a theological revolution that
splits apart Europe.
6
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7
New France
Unlike Spains American empire, New France had
little gold or silverthe French profited from
fishing, trapping (furs), and trading. The
French established friendly relations with the
Indians and traded with them. New France
stretched from the St. Lawrence River (in eastern
Canada) to the Great Lakes region.
8
New France
In 1682, LaSalle sailed down the Mississippi
River to the Gulf of Mexico and named the region
Louisiana in honor of the French king, Louis
XIV. The French built forts along the Great
Lakes and Mississippi River to keep Spain and
England out of Louisiana. They also built a fort
at the mouth of the Mississippi RiverNew
Orleanswhich became a busy trading center.
9
1680 New France and Louisiana are governed by
the French king and protected by numerous forts,
yet limited freedoms yield a population of just
10,000.
10
New Netherland
Founded in 1626, the colony of New Netherland is
today known as New York. Its capital city, New
Amsterdam, is now known as New York City. Main
economic rival France, over fur trade. Both
sought alliances with rival Indian nationsthe
Dutch allied with the Iroquois, the French with
the Huron. The fur trade rivalry increased
Indian warfare against European settlers and
rival tribes.
11
1664 New Netherland Governor Peter Stuyvesant
surrenders the colony to an English naval force.
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