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Elements of Fiction

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Elements of Fiction Theme Plot Setting Characterization Click for Guidelines Narration Click on the link above each finger to discover one of the five aspects of the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Elements of Fiction


1
Elements of Fiction
Theme
Plot
Setting
Characterization
Click for Guidelines
Narration
Click on the link above each finger to discover
one of the five aspects of the elements of
fiction. Then, in the Literary Terms section of
your notebook, draw a hand and copy the
definition at each digit of the hand. Click on
the home icon on each page to return here.
2
Plot
  • Simply put, plot is what happens in the story.
    Some call it the storyline.
  • When doing an Elements of fiction hand, describe
    the plot in ten words or less without revealing
    the plots climax or resolution.

3
Theme
  • Its the moral or main idea of the story. Themes
    do not provide any plot developments and apply to
    many types of stories in almost any genre.
  • When doing an elements of fiction hand, state the
    theme in five words or less. Often it can be
    stated in one word.

4
Characterization
  • The main character in a story is called the
    protagonist. She or he is always involved in the
    main conflict and its resolution.
  • The person opposing the protagonist is called the
    antagonist.
  • When doing an Elements of Fiction hand, use the
    methods of characterization (flat, round,
    dynamic, or static) to describe the protagonists
    and antagonists in the story.

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5
Narration
  • First Person Point of View The narrator tells
    the story and is a character in the story.
    (Pronouns I, me, us, we, our, etc.)
  • Third Person Omniscient The narrator is not a
    character in the story but can tell you the
    thoughts and actions of all characters at all
    times. (Pronouns he, she, him, her, they, them,
    etc.)
  • Third Person Limited The narrator is not a
    character in the story but can tell you the
    thoughts and actions of a few key characters at
    all times. (Pronouns he, she, him, her, they,
    them, etc.)

6
Setting
  • The setting provides us with the when and where
    the story took place. In addition, the context
    or historical background in which the story is
    set provides us with additional plot information.
  • When doing an Elements of Fiction Hand, use the
    three Ws of setting When the timeframe, Where
    place or location, and Why the context in
    which the story is set

7
Guidelines
  • When creating an Elements of Fiction Hand, please
    follow these guidelines
  • Trace your hand or use a graphic on a blank piece
    of paper
  • Be sure to label each digit with one of the
    elements of fiction
  • Where needed, provide names of characters,
    places, dates, times, locations, etc.
  • No lined paper must be in color
  • As always, be creative and try to do something
    original and unusual

8
Methods of Characterization
  • On a new page in the Literary Terms section of
    your notebook, title it Methods of
    Characterization and copy the information from
    the following slides.

9
Flat Characterization
  • A character who has one or two sides,
    representing one or two traitsoften a
    stereotype. Flat
    characters help move the
    plot along more quickly because the audience
    immediately understands
    what the character is about.
  • Example Like a geeky science
    professor

10
Round Characterization
  • A character who is complex and has many sides or
    traits with unpredictable
    behavior and a fully developed
    personality. Antagonists are usually
    a round characterization.
  • Example Like The
    Green Goblin (Norman Osborn)

11
Dynamic Characterization
  • A character who experiences an essential change
    in personality or attitude. Protagonists are
    almost always dynamic.
  • Example Stitch, from Lilo and Stitch

12
Static Characterization
  • A character who does not change or develop beyond
    the way in which she or he is first presented.
  • Example Atticus
    Finch from To Kill a
    Mockingbird.

13
Types of Conflict
  • In the Literary Terms section of your notebook,
    please copy the following information about the
    types of conflict that form the basis of plot.

14
External Conflict
  • There are three types of external conflict
    character vs. character character vs. society
    and character vs. nature.

15
Character vs. Character
  • The protagonist in the story experiences conflict
    with others, especially the antagonist.

16
Character vs. Society
  • The protagonist in the story experiences conflict
    with society as a whole.

17
Character vs. Nature
  • The protagonist in the story experiences conflict
    with the elements of nature.

18
Internal Conflict
  • The protagonist in the story experiences conflict
    with her or his conscience.

19
How to Grade Elements of Fiction
20
  • Plot If less than 10 words, 20 points.
    If more than 10 words, 10 points.
  • Theme If less than 5 words, 20 points. If
    more than 5 words, 10 points.
  • Setting When 7 points. Where 7 points.
    Why (context) 6 points.
  • Characterization Protagonist (3), Name (3),
    Method (3). Antagonist (3), Name (3),
    Method (3). Type of Conflict (2)
  • Narration Point of View (20)
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