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A Lesson Before Dying

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The Death Penalty Debate The Death Penalty Debate Brief overview of A Lesson Before Dying The novel is about the lives of two black men living in a small Louisiana town. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A Lesson Before Dying


1
A Lesson Before Dying
  • By Ernest Gaines

2
Biography of Ernest Gaines
  • Gaines was born in 1933 on River Lake Plantation
    in Pointe Coupee Parish near the town of New
    Roads, Louisiana.
  • Gaines is the oldest of 12 children and lived in
    Louisiana for most of his childhood.
  • He left Louisiana at age 15 to continue his
    schooling in San Francisco, California.

3
Ernest Gaines
  • Gaines grew up during a period of segregation
    between white and black people.
  • In 1958, after publishing a few short stories, he
    won a Wallace Stegner creative writing fellowship
    to Stanford University, which enabled him to
    devote himself to his writing.

4
Ernest Gaines
  • Though Gaines moved to California at age 15, many
    of his novels deal with racial issues of the
    rural South.
  • Gaines had a very strong connection to the South
    throughout his lifetime.
  • Aside from being an author, he currently teaches
    a creative writing seminar at the University of
    Southwestern Louisiana.

5
A Lesson Before Dying
  • The novel takes place in a rural Louisiana town
    during the 1940s.
  • During this time, segregation was a very
    prevalent part of society.
  • The novel deals with many racial issues of the
    time period.

6
Segregation in the 1940s
7
Segregation of the 1940s
8
Moral Issues Within the Novel
  • Not only does the text deal with issues of race,
    but it also deals with the issue of justice.
  • The novel confronts moral questions surrounding
    the death penalty, which has been a controversial
    topic in our society for many decades.

9
The Death Penalty Debate
10
The Death Penalty Debate
11
Brief overview of A Lesson Before Dying
  • The novel is about the lives of two black men
    living in a small Louisiana town.
  • One, Jefferson, is awaiting execution for a
    murder he didn't commit the other, Grant
    Wiggins, is a teacher whose sense of duty won't
    let him leave the home he has come to hate.
  • Both men learn a valuable lesson from spending
    time with one another.
  • The characters are realistic and represent
    recurrent themes in American literature.
  • A somber mood is maintained through self-pitying
    central characters, continually pulling down
    those around them.

12
MAJOR THEMES EXPLORED
  • Racism
  • Obligation
  • Redemption
  • Heroes
  • Freedom as a State of Mind

13
Chapter One Summary
  • Jefferson is on trial for a crime he did not
    commit.
  • The crime involved the robbery and murder of a
    white store owner.
  • Jeffersons defense attorney calls him a hog.
  • Jefferson is convicted and receives the death
    penalty.

14
Chapter Two Summary
  • Miss Emma is distraught about Jeffersons
    sentence and very bothered about the attorney
    calling Jefferson a hog.
  • Miss Emma would like to have the right for
    someone to visit Jefferson and talk to him while
    he awaits his execution.
  • Tante Lou insists that Grant help Jefferson and
    make him realize that he is a man and not a hog.

15
Assignment 1/31
  • Read chapters 3-5
  • Choose ONE quote on your worksheet to complete
    quote analysis on
  • Be prepared to discuss chapters/quotes
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