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Emergencies

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Title: Emergencies


1
Emergencies
Module 8
2
Objectives
  • After this module you should be able to
  • identify the most common emergency situations
  • discuss the elements of a companys emergency
    plans

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4
Emergency Action Plan Elements
  • Procedures for reporting a fire or other
    emergency
  • Procedures for emergency evacuation, including
    type of evacuation and exit route assignments
  • Procedures to be followed by workers who remain
    to operate critical rig operations before they
    evacuate

5
Emergency Action Plan Elements
  • Procedures to account for all workers after
    evacuation
  • Procedures to be followed by workers performing
    rescue or medical duties
  • The name or job title of every employee who may
    be contacted by workers who need more information
    about the plan or an explanation of their duties
    under the plan

6
911
  • 911 will be used on all sites unless the service
    does not exist in that area
  • Your company will determine availability
  • Satellite phones or 2-way radios may be used when
    cell phone reception cannot be achieved

911
7
Geronimo Line
  • Setting up the geronimo line
  • periodically checked, adjusted if necessary
  • 6-12 feet of sag in the middle
  • anchor point on ground should be at least 2 times
    the distance from the derrick as its starting
    point is high
  • anchor point should be able withstand a 3000
    pound force
  • You should be trained on its use
  • Never ride unless in an emergency

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Medical Emergencies
  • Oil and gas operations are often in remote areas
    far from emergency medical care
  • establish a site-wide communication system and a
    reliable way of contacting EMS on the work site
    identify areas of cell phone reception or the
    phone(s) to be used in the event of an emergency
  • review the emergency plan and procedures for
    emergency contact with the employees at all work
    sites
  • discuss what to do if a serious injury occurs

10
First Aid Kits
  • First aid kits should be
  • kept clean
  • well stocked
  • inspected often
  • available when needed
  • kept in a visible location
  • located throughout the site
  • marked clearly with signage

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Eye Wash Stations and Showers
  • Many corrosive materials are used in the oil and
    gas industry
  • The eyes and body may be harmfully exposed to
    these materials
  • Suitable facilities for quick drenching or
    flushing of the eyes and body shall be provided
    on the site for emergency use

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18
Fire
19
Fire Protection Elements
  • Portable fire extinguishers
  • Fire and employee alarm systems
  • Controlling sources of ignition
  • Storage of flammable materials
  • Disposal of flammable materials

20
Preventing Fires
  • Never store flammables in open or unapproved
    containers
  • Store flammables in a special storage cabinet
    that is well marked with warning signs for
    everyone to see
  • Control all ignition sources around flammable
    liquids
  • Smoke in designated areas only

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Keep Away Sources of Ignition
  • Open flames
  • Smoking
  • Cutting or welding
  • Static electricity
  • Hot surfaces
  • Electrical and mechanical sparks
  • Sparking tools or devices
  • Lightning

24
Disposing of Oil-Soaked Rags
  • Dispose of oil-soaked rags in a metal container
    with a tight-fitting lid
  • keeps oxygen away and reduces chance of fire
  • when exposed to air, some rags can produce enough
    heat to spontaneously ignite
  • Mark these special containers as Oil-Soaked Rags
    ONLY

25
Extinguisher Maintenance
  • Must maintain in a fully charged and operable
    condition
  • Must keep in their designated places at all times
    except during use
  • Visually inspect portable extinguishers and hoses
    monthly
  • Must conduct an annual maintenance check

26
Employee Training
  • Your company must familiarize workers with the
    general principles of fire extinguisher use
  • This training must be given at the beginning of
    employment and annually thereafter

27
PASS
PULL
AIM
SQEEZE
SWEEP
28
Extinguisher Classification
  • Class A
  • ordinary combustibles (wood, cloth, paper)
  • Class B
  • flammable liquids, gases, greases
  • Class C
  • energized electrical equipment
  • Class D
  • combustible metals
  • Class K
  • kitchen grease

29
Pressure Release
  • A pressure release occurs when a high-pressure
    line or hose fails at either one of the
    connection points or at some point along its
    length
  • This can cause injury to a worker in several ways
    including
  • the actual fluid or gas in the line or hose
  • the line or hose whipping uncontrollably

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36
Applicable Standards
  • 1910.38 Emergency Action Plans
  • 1910 Subpart L Fire Protection
  • 1926.35 Employee Emergency Action Plans
  • 1926 Subpart F Fire Protection and Prevention

37
Your Employer Is Responsible For
  • Informing workers of the fire and pressure
    release hazards to which they are exposed
  • Preparing, implementing, and training on
    emergency action plans for all types of
    foreseeable emergencies
  • Responding to and correcting hazards pointed out
    by you, the worker

38
You Are Responsible For
  • Being familiar with and following your companys
    emergency action plan
  • Knowing what to do in the event of a medical
    emergency
  • Doing your part to prevent fires and pressure
    release
  • Correcting the hazards you are able to correct
  • Reporting to your supervisor the hazards you are
    unable to correct

39
Case Study
  • A rig hand discovered a co-worker lying
    motionless. He responded by checking for vital
    signs and found none. He went to the nearest
    first aid kit to obtain a clear mouth barrier to
    begin CPR. The barrier was missing. The county
    coroner stated that the additional time needed to
    find a barrier may contributed to loss of life.

40
Always Remember
  • Review the emergency action plans and the fire
    prevention plans
  • You can prevent fires and pressure releases by
    taking appropriate actions
  • Before beginning a job in a new area, locate the
    nearest
  • fire extinguisher
  • eyewash station
  • emergency shower
  • emergency exit route

41
Memory Check
  • How much should a properly tensioned geronimo
    escape line sag in the middle?
  • 1-2 feet
  • 3-5 feet
  • 6-12 feet
  • it should not sag at all

42
Memory Check
  • First aid kits should be
  • located in a visible location
  • fully stocked
  • available for use
  • all of the above

43
Memory Check
  • According to OSHA, how often must portable fire
    extinguishers be visually inspected?
  • daily
  • weekly
  • monthly
  • annually
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