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New College English Book One


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Title: New College English Book One

New College English Book One
Unit EightSocial Problems
Unit 8 Social Problems
  • Part I Preparation
  • Brainstorming
  • Describing the Pictures
  • Part II Listening Centered Activities
  • Part III In- Class Reading
  • Passage Study
  • Exercises
  • Part IV Further Development
  • C lass Activities1 Preventing Shoplifting
  • A Documentary Sweet Sue

Part One
  • Preparation
  • Brainstorming
  • Describing the Pictures
  • Possible ways to stop littering

1. Brainstorming (1)
  • Activity 1 Directions Work in groups quickly
    to collect as many words as possible and list
    them on paper related to social problems
  • robbery, rape, theft, bicycle-stealing,
    shoplifting, murder, smuggling, drug taking and
    trafficking, corruption, bribing, juvenile
    delinquency (????), drunken driving, fake
    products, trafficking (??)of children and women,
    prostitution, gambling, domestic violence etc.

Brainstorming (2)
  • overpopulation, bad working condition,
    illiteracy, racial discrimination, high divorce
    rate, teen-pregnancy, gambling, inflation, food
    shortage, child abuse, pollution, traffic jams,
    extinction of animal species, unemployment,
    homelessness, clean water supply, transportation,
    poverty, generation gap, beggars (children and
    adults), widening gap between rich and the poor,

Brainstorming (3)
  •   Activity 2 Group Discussion
  • a. What sort of social problems exist in China?
  • b. What sort of social problems do you
    associate with foreign countries?
  • c. What are the causes of social problems?

Brainstorming (4)
  • Social problems in China and possible causes
  • Student A The problem of old age.
  • Student B Overpopulation.
  • Student C Impact on traditional moral standards.
  • Student D Public security.
  • 10 of the population are over the age of 60.
    That may lead to serious consequences.
  • With the ever-increasing burden of the
    population, the country may suffer from shortages
    of food, energy and deterioration of the
  • Material wealth is value by many as the bottom
    line. Hence a degradation in ethics. People are
    more self-centered. Even college students have
    bad manners. For example, in dining halls
    students do not wait in lines. On buses the youth
    don't give their seats to the old.
  • With the development of economy, there has been a
    flow of population from less wealthy regions to
    the more prosperous areas. As a result, high
    crime rate is a problem that we are all concerned

Brainstorming (5)
  • Social problems associated with foreign countries
    (esp. in the West) and their possible causes
  • Student A Drug abuse.
  • Student B Racial discrimination.
  • Student C Unemployment.
  • Student D Single-parent families.
  • With it are other problems such as crime,
    prostitution and the spread of AIDS. The fast
    pace of life and the stress for it may be one of
    the causes.
  • Due to racial discrimination and deeply rooted
    prejudice against minority groups, there is still
    inequality among races. This may also lead to the
    instability of a nation, racial conflicts, and
    even wars.
  • High technology does create new jobs. But on the
    other hand, it has made many manual workers
    obsolete. In times of economic recession, the
    problem of unemployment gets even worse.
  • It has been reported that in the U.S., about one
    marriage in two ends in divorce. And many teenage
    girls give birth to babies before they get
    married. Children from single-parent families are
    more likely to be ill-treated, to take drugs, and
    commit crimes.

Crimes ??
  • 1. killing murder?? manslaughter ??
    massacre ?? homicide ??? assassination ??
  • 2. theft ?? robbery?? looting?? pickpocket ??
    burglary???? fraud ?? cutpurse ??? ????
    stealing?? swindle?? shop lifting?? ?????
  • 3. misdeed???? offense?? misconduct?? ??
    misdemeanor ??,violation ?? wrong ???

Words Related to Law Crime
Causes of Crime ????
  • 1. economic unemployment??, poverty??, greed ??
    jobless??, lack ??, desire??, lay-off????,
    failure??, hunger??, idleness????, scarcity??,
    lust??, irrational social distribution ??????
  • 2. psychological envy??,resentfulness??,mistrust?
  • 3. others overcome a political / business
    obstacle ?? ??/????, competition??, opposition
    ??, rivalry??, ??, low quality of education?????,
    low moral standard ????

Words Related to Law Crime
Legal Actions ????
  • 1. sue ??,??? prosecute ?? take to court
    ??,??? file suit ??,??? claim damages ????
    charge ?? accuse ??,??
  • 2. try ??,?? judge ??,?? examine??, hear??,??
    find guilty (innocent) of ????(??)sentenc
    e ??, ??, ?? convict ??
  • 3. imprison ?? put in prison ?? lockup
    ?? deprive of liberty ???? jail ?? home
    arrest ? ? reform ??

Words Related to Law Crime
Measures Taken ?????
  • legal education ????
  • police patrol ????
  • watching-eye-neighborhood ????
  • reinforcement of police ????
  • emergency system ????
  • security devices ????

Words Related to Law Crime
  • Many social problems exist both in China and
    foreign countries. There are various causes of
    different social problems. The following are just
    a few of the possible examples
  • Poverty, unemployment, etc? theft, robbery,
    murder, beggars, etc.
  • High divorce rate, etc. ?juvenile delinquency,
  • Lack of communication ?mental problems of various
    kinds, generation gap, etc.
  • Pollution, littering? worsening environment

2. Describing the pictures
Picture A
  • Last night Mr Lester/
  • middle-aged widower/
  • Birmingham street.
  • He/brief case/umbrella.
  • There/nobody else/twomen.
  • They/side-street.
  • One/big/black,curly hair
  • The other/thin/bald head

Sample Picture ALast night, Mr. Lester, a
middle-aged widower, was walking along a dark
Birmingham street. He was carrying a briefcase in
one hand and an umbrella in the other. There was
nobody else in the street except two men. They
were standing in the dark side-street. One of
them was very big with curly hair, and the other
was thin with a bald head.
A Mugging
They/few seconds/and/walk/slowly/silently/Mr
Lester.The big man/holdbehind.The thin
one/try/steal/Mr Lester/briefcase.
Picture B
They waited for a few seconds and then walked
slowly and silently towards Mr. Lester. The big
man held Mr. Lester from behind and the thin one
tried to snatch Mr. Lesters briefcase.
A Mugging
Suddenly Mr Lester/big one/shoulder.He/collide
with/thin one.They/land/pavement.Mr
Lester/strike/umbrella/and/walk /quickly away.
Picture C
  • Suddenly, Mr. Lester threw the big one over his
    shoulder. He collided with the thin one and they
    both landed on the pavement. Without speaking,
    Mr. Lester stuck both of them on the head with
    his umbrella, and walked calmly away.

A Mugging
The two astonishedmen/sit/ground.Mr
Lester/cross/road/towards/door /painted
sign.Mr Lester/stop/turn/laugh/walkinto/Central
Birmingham KarateClub.
Picture D
The two astonished men were still sitting on the
ground when Mr. Lester crossed the road towards a
door with a painted sigh above it. Mr. Lester
stopped, turned round, laughed at the two men and
walked into the Central Birmingham Karate Club.
A Mugging
3. Possible ways to stop littering--Raising
peoples awareness of public health---putting
more garbage cans along the streets, in parks,
and in other public places---calling on the
people to bring plastic bags with them for
Part Two
  • Listening Centered Activities
  • Listening 1
  • Listening 2
  • Listening 3

  • The Least Successful Bank Robber
  • Not wishing to attract attention to himself,
    a bank robber in 1969 in Portland, Oregon, wrote
    all his instructions on a piece of paper rather
    than shout.This is a hold up and Ive got a
    gun. he wrote and then held the paper up for the
    cashier to read.This puzzled bank official
    waited while he wrote out, Put all the money in
    a bag.The message was pushed through the
    grille. The cashier read it and then wrote on the
    bottom, I dont have a paper bag, and passed it
    back. The robber fled.

  • 1.  He didnt want to attract attention to
    himself./He didt want the others to notice him.
  • 2.  He wroteThis is a hold up and Ive got a
  • 3.  He wantwd the cashier to put all the money in
    a paper bag.
  • 4.  Because he didnt want the others to see the
    money inside.
  • 5. The cashier wroteI dont have a paper bag.
  • 6.  He fled. 

Listening II
  • The Least Alert Burglar
  • A Parisian criminal broke into a house the
    village of Lachelle in 1964.Once inside he began
    to feel decidedly hungry and so went in search of
    the refrigerator. There he found his favorite
    cheese which would have been a shame not to try.
    He then found some Bath Oliver biscuits and
    three bottles of champagne. After a while he
    began to feel sleepy and decided that he would
    lie down and digest his meal in comfort. He was
    arrested the next morning fast asleep upstairs in
    the spare bedroom.  

  • 1.  He broke into a house.
  • 2.  He felt hungry.
  • 3.  His favorite cheese.
  • 4.  He ate cheese, biscuits and drank
  • 5.  He was fast asleep. 

Listening III
  • The Worst Bank Robbers
  • In August 1975 three men were on their way to
    rob the Royal Bank of Scotland at Rothesay, when
    they got stuck in the revolving doors. They had
    to be helped free by the staff and , after
    thanking everyone, sheepishly left the building.
    A few minutes later they returned and announced
    their intention of robbing the bank, but none of
    the staff believed them. When, at first, they
    demanded 5,000,the head cashier laughed at them,
    convinced that it was a practical joke.
    Considerably disheartened by this, the gang
    leader reduced his demand first to 500 then to 50
    and ultimately to 50 pence. By this stage the
    cashier could barely control herself for
    laughter. Then one of the men jumped over the
    counter and fell awkwardly on the floor,
    clutching at his ankle. The other two made their
    getaway, but got trapped in the revolving doors
    for a second time, desperately pushing the wrong

  • 1.  Three.2. They got stuck in the revolving
    doors.3. The bank staff.4. They wanted to rob
    the bank.5.  5,000.6. They didn'tt believe it.
    They thought it was a practical joke.7. 50
    pence.8.  He jumped over the counter.9. They
    got trapped in the revolving doors for a second
    time.10. They were foolish, inexperienced. 

Exercise 2
  • 1) Sample Some effective ways to prevent bank
    robberies --having strong guards/doorkeepers
    --having alarm systems installed --having
    bullet-proof doors and windows --having video
    cameras installed --having the police phone
    number on hand.

  • Measures taken to prevent ones houses from
    being burgled or robbed
  • --having the police phone number on hand
  • --not planting trees or hedges near/round the
  • --making the doors secure by installing
    double-safety locks which require a key on both
  • --having a large dog at home
  • --installing an alarm system
  • --leaving a radio or TV on even when you are
    not at home.

  • Possible solutions--installing some video
    cameras in the department store
  • --hiring some store detective(s)
  • --setting up a counter for small stuff
  • --imposing heavy fines for shoplifters
  • --not allowing shoppers to bring their bags

Part Three
  • In-Class Reading A Passage Study
  • Language Points
  • Sentences
  • Translations

Words and phrases
  • 1.  expense (L.2) n. ??,??travelling expenses??
    /selling expenses????/living expenses???/public
    expense??/household expense????
  • ???,????,??????????????????,????,???????at
    the expense of???/??????at sb.s
    expense???/????????????spare no
    expense?????? go to the expense of

Words and phrases
  • They spared no expense to make the party a
  • ??????????????
  • It is reported that the city government completed
    the program _______.
  • A. costly B. at great expense
  • C. expensively D. very dearly
  • ??B. ????????????????????

Words and phrases
  • 2. in the long run (L.10) ?????
  • eg. In the long run, he is the only hope we have.
  • ?????,?????????? (??)in the short run?????
  • 3. enable (L.11) v.???,?????enable sb. to do
    sth.?????enable sth.???????
  • ??Electronic computers would _____ people who do
    not share a common language to talk to each other
    without any difficulty. A. make B. let C. have D.
  • ???????????????????????????

D. enable
4.  after all (L.14) ??,??
  • Dont be so disappointed, after all, we have made
    some progress.
  • ????,????????????
  • after all????,????,????After all his efforts,
    he failed again this time.
  • ??????,??????????
  • ??I wont invite him. ___, I dont really know
    him. A. At all B. After all C. For
    all D. In all
  • ??B. In all ???

5.  assistance (L.15) ??,??
  • ??as(??)sist(stand/sit) ant(???)anc
    ????????? ??
  • eg. give assistance to sb.
  • He came to my assistance.
  • ?? assistance help aidassistance
    ????????????????????? ?,??????help
    ????,???assistance, aid aid ????,????,???
  • ??The nurse ______ the doctor in the operation
    room. A. insisted B. assisted C. resisted D.
  • ????A.?? C. ?? D. ????

B. assisted
6. range fromto(L.19)
  • ???? ????????????in?
  • ?The bags range in price from 5 to20 yuan.
  • ??? The prices of the bag range from 5
    to 20.
  • ???????5??20????

7.  interview (L.25)
  • n.v. ??,??,??,??e.g. job interview???? give an
    interview to sb. ???? have an interview with
  • Many universities interview their applicants.
  • ??????????????????
  • (??)interviewee n.????,???? interviewer
  • ???? interview
  • view? preview ?? ??
  • review ?? ??

8.  on ones own ( L.26)??,???(???/??)
  • eg. Can you finish on your own?????????He likes
    to be on his own.?????????
  • 9.   confident (L.28)
  • adj. certain, assured???,???confident of /that
  • self-confident adj. ???
    He feels confident of victory.???????Confide
    nt in????/??
  • ??Jimmy was very popular with those who could
    vote, and he was __________ that he could win the

Cope with(L.28)??,??,?????????
  • Hell cope with (doing) all the
  • 11.Look (upon) on ??,??,???think
    sb. as/regard sb. as?We look upon /on him as
    a leader.?????????
  • ?????look onlook on????,????Two men were
    fighting while people just looked on.
  • ??????,??????????

12.Work out (L.48)
  • 1)  ??,??,??Ill work out our schedule.?????????
  • 2)  ?? He worked out a good method.??????????
  • 3)  ??,???,?(?)????????????
  • See if you can work this puzzle out.
  • 4)  ??,??,??,??,??I cant work out the meaning
    of this poem.???????????
  • 5)(???)????????????????
  • Everything has worked out according to plan.

13.   advisable (L.50)
  • adj. wise, sensible???,???,???
  • eg. Do you think it advisable to ask her for
  • ???????????
  • ?????????????
  • The teacher thinks it advisable that John should
    join the army.
  • advisable(???)???that???,?????????(should????)

14.   concern (L.50)
  • 1. n.v. care,worry anxiety ??,??,??
  • This is a nurses concern for a sick man.
  • ?????????????
  • There is no cause for concern, he is very
  • ??????,?????
  • ?????????
  • I feel no concern about/for the matter.
  • 2.n. v. matter,interest(??)??
  • I have no concern with/in the matter.
  • ?????????
  • ???????????
  • Dont trouble about things that dont concern
    you. ?

  • (??)concerned adj.???????, ???, ???
    ???????,???concernedly adv.???concerning
    prep. (about) ??,??be concerned with
  • I wont be concerned with the matter any more.
  • ?????????.as/so far asbe concerned???
  • ??As far as your family is ______, you wont
    have to worry about them.
  • A. regarded B. related C. concerned D.
  • ???????,?????????

C. concerned
15.   in case of (L.53)
  • ?????,(?????),????In case of emergency, you can
    ask him for help.
  • ?????,??????????
  • in case conjadv.??,??????I keep an umbrella
    here in case of rain.
  • ????????????
  • ??????,??119???
  • In case of fire, call 119 for help.  

  • 1.   Mothers have been leaving the traditional
    role of full time homemaker.(L.4-5)
  • ?????????????????????
  • have been leaving ????????,???? have/has
    beendoing ??,?????????????
  • ??????have been leaving???????? have

  • 2.   The emotional impact, on the other hand, can
    be more subtle.(L7-8)
  • ????, (?????)????,???????
  • on the other hand????,????,??? on (the)one hand
  • e.g.He is an able man, but on the other hand he
    demands too much of other people.
  • ???????? ,?????,???????????
  • (??)????,On the other hand ???????????????

  • 3. (Para.5) Some latchkey children said that
    being on their own for a few hours each day
    fostered, or stimulated, a sense d independence
    and responsibility.
  • ???????????????????????????????????????
  • ??(1) ???????that??????????????
    (2)????????,????being on their own for few
    hours???,?????????each day,???fostered or
    stimulated,???a sense of indepen-dence and

  • 4. (Para.5) Latchkey girls, by observing how
    their mothers coped with the demands of a family
    and a job, learned the role model of a working
  • ?? ???????????????????????????????,????????????
  • ????????????????latchkey girls ?????learned

  • 1.  Because of an emergency, the doctor will not
    be available for several hours.
  • 2.  How will taxes affect people with low
  • 3.  My mother always told me that in the long run
    I would be glad I didnt give up practicing the
  • 4. The books range in price from 10 to 20.

Translation (2)
  • 5.  It seems to me that you dont have much
  • 6.  Given their inexperience, they have done
    quite a good job.
  • 7.  For such a big house the price is fairly
    cheap, but youve got to take into consideration
    the money you will spend on repairs.
  • 8. Can we begin by discussing questions arising
    from the last meeting?

Part Four
  • Further Development
  • Class Activities
  • Prevent Shoplifting

Preventing Shoplifting
  • Introduction
  • Various types of social problems like
    unemployment and poverty lead to many types of
    thefts and robberies. Shoplifting is one example.
    Many stores and supermarkets have been
    strengthening their security force. Shop
    detectives in plain clothes are working hard
    while mixing up with customers. But shoplifting
    still occurs now and then.       

Preventing Shoplifting
  • One day a manager of a small but busy department
    store comes to you for help. He is losing a lot
    of money because of shoplifting. He suspects that
    some students from a nearby middle school are
    stealing merchandise from his store..
  • Now suppose I were the miserable shop manager.
    Would you work together for about 3 minutes and
    offer me some inexpensive and creative solutions.

  • There is a middle school at the other side of
    the street and many of our customers are students
    from that school. Everyday from 4 to 5 p.m., the
    store is filled with students buying snacks and
    drinks. But we are losing a lot of money because
    of shoplifting. And we suspect that some students
    are among them.

Suggested Solutions
  • Student A I think you should install more
    surveillance cameras in the store.
  • Student B May I ask what are the things that
    you lose most.
  • Student C If you impose severe punishment,
    there will be fewer cases of shoplifting.
  • Student D Maybe you can employ more security

More Suggested Solutions
  • Student E You've mentioned that the students
    usually come to your shop after school. Why don't
    you have more security guards during this time of
    the day?
  • Student F Maybe you can ask some of the students
    to watch other students. You don't need to pay
    too much for that.
  • Student G You may tell the school teachers about
    your situation. They should teach their students
    to be honest.