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US History SOL Review


Title: US History SOL Review Author: Student Last modified by: Jennifer DeAngelis Created Date: 5/3/2010 12:51:57 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: US History SOL Review

Lesson Tips I go through about 2 pages per day
with my students copying the notes before our
state test. However, you can also print this
powerpoint for them. If you print slides 2-35 in
handout mode with 2 slides per page, it will come
out like the blank notes packet but filled in.
(This is why there are maps on slides 2-3). All
text in this powerpoint can be edited as well. If
you would like an editable word document rather
than the PDF, please just contact me through the
Thank you!
Thank you for purchasing this product! It has
helped my classes improve so much in preparation
for our state tests. I am confident that you will
see a similar increase in comprehension!
American History Review
(No Transcript)
Puritans seeking religious freedom Write the
Mayflower Compact 1st written
government Intolerant of others
Powhatan in Virginia Many die from European
diseases Different views on land ownership Get
along better with French in Canada
Settled by Dutch Germans Quakers in PA
Huguenots Jews in NY Religious toleration
middle class Good relations with Indians
Jamestown 1st permanent English
colony Established by the Virginia
Company Settled by English cavaliers looking to
make money Strong ties to England
Athenian direct democracy with Town hall
meetings Democratic principals House of
Burgesses elected assembly
Middle Passage to America Tobacco/cotton are
labor intensive crops on
plantations Replace
Indentured Servants as
labor force
Evangelical Revival across the colonies in
1700s Jonathan Edwards famous
preacher Methodists and Baptists and challenge
order. Lays social foundations for the American
Natural rights of Life, liberty, and property
can not be taken away. Power comes from the
consent of the governed a social contract.
English philosopher who most influenced
Thomas Paine author of Common Sense
pamphlet Encourages Revolution
John Locke
Written by Thomas Jefferson Uses ideas of Locke
Paine List of grievances against the king We
hold these truths to be selfevident, that all men
are created equal
Equal voting rights to women African-Americans
Liberty eventually abolishing slavery, civil
rights Regulating free enterprise, economics
Proclamation of 1763 bans settlement west of
Appalachian Mnts. Stamp Act tax on paper used
to pay costs of French Indian War Boston Tea
Party Boston Massacre 1st Continental Congress
all colonies except Georgia act together for
1st time
Sam Adams Leads the minutemen who fight Brits
at Lexington Concord
Ben Franklin secures alliance with France
Want independence Provide troops Tories loyal
England, economic cultural ties Many stay
uninvolved as possible
George Washington
leadership keeps the army
Patrick Henry Give me liberty or give death
Alliance with France War was unpopular in England
Washington avoids major defeats French navys
help at Yorktown ends the war in victory
Weak national government no power to
tax Common currency Executive or judicial
branch 1 vote regardless of size
George Washington chairman
James Madison Father of the Constitution,
wrote The Virginia Plan Big states vs. smalls
states Slaves counting toward population 3
Branches of Government 2 House Legislature
(Senate House) 3/5 Compromise on slavery
George Masons human rights for Virginia Thomas
Jefferson outlaws established church
Strong National government Promote economic
development See governments role in solving
national problems Madison Washington
3 Branches of Government 2 House
Legislature (Senate House) 3/5 Compromise on
Fear an overly powerful government Want states
to have more power Wanted a Bill of Rights to
protect people Leads to todays conservatives of
free market no interference Patrick Henry
George Mason
1st Ten Amendments to the Constitution Written
by James Madison Freedom of speech, religion,
right to bear arms
Democratic -Republicans Jefferson, farmers
Federalists Alexander Hamilton John Adams
John Adams Supported by Northeast
Business Supports Bank of US Undeclared war on
Marbury v Madison Creates judicial
review McCulloch v. Maryland Establishes implied
powers of Constitution Gibbons v. Ogden Gov can
regulates commerce
Thomas Jefferson Wins election of 1800 1st time
power transferred peacefully Buys Louisiana
Purchase from France Has Lewis Clark (and
Sacajawea) explore it
Andrew Jackson Personifies new democratic
spirit Spoils System gives offices to members
of party Nullification Crisis South Carolina
says it can nullify Tariff of 1832 Jackson
threatens to send troops to collect tariff
in SC Expands democracy
more people
m can vote
James Madison War of 1812 victory over England US
gets Oregon Territory US gets Florida from
Spain War opposed by Federalists
James Monroe Issues Monroe Doctrine in
1823 Western Hemisphere is closed to Europe
Europe interfering in West is a threat to
America US would stay out of Europe
Manifest Destiny - Settlers move west for land
North industrial Favor high protective tariffs
to protect from foreign competition
Homestead Act gives free land out west in 1862
Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 Repeals
Missouri Comp. Kans. and Neb. vote on slavery
(popular sovereignty) Results in fighting in
Compromise of 1850 Admits California a free
The Missouri Compromise (1820) line through
Louisiana Purchase, slavery banned above (except
Missouri) allowed below
Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
repeals Missouri Compromise Kansas and
Nebraska can vote to allow slavery (popular
sovereignty) Results in bloody fighting in Kansas
The Missouri Compromise (1820) line through the
Louisiana Purchase, slavery banned above (except
Missouri) and allowed below
Compromise of 1850 Admits California a free State
Plessy v. Ferguson- allows segregation of whites
blacks Fugitive Slave Act requires escaped
slaves to be returned
Mexican War in 1840s adds California, Nevada,
Utah, Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico.
The Alamo Americans in Texas have revolt
against Mexican Texas joins the Union with
Eli Whitneys cotton gin creates cotton kingdom
in the Deep South
Opposed high tariffs b/c it depended on imports
Women Seneca Falls Convention 1848 meeting for
womens rights in NY Elizabeth Cady Stanton
organized convention Susan B. Anthony fought
for womens suffrage Not successful until 19th
Amendment in 1920
Abolitionists Slave revolts in Virginia, led by
Nat Turner and Gabriel Prosser Harriet Beecher
Stowe- writes Uncle Toms Cabin, anti-slavery
novel William Lloyd Garrison publishes The
Liberator, anti-slavery newspaper Lincoln-Douglas
debates in Illinois over slavery popular
sovereignty W.E.B. DuBois writes Souls of Black
Folk about struggle for rights
John Brown Fought in Bleeding Kansas after
Kansas-Nebraska Act Led slave rebellion in
Harpers Ferry
1860 South secedes, fears Lincoln will abolish
slavery Opening confrontation in South Carolina,
Jefferson Davis elected Confederate
president First major land battle in Manassas,
VA Deadliest day Lincoln issues Emancipation
Proclamation afterwards Victory for the North
turning point of the War Robert E. Lee
surrenders Army of N. Virginia to Grant
Emancipation Proclamation Frees slaves in
rebelling states Makes other countries unlikely
to help South
Gettysburg Address War is dedicated to all men
are created equal and government of the people,
by the people, and for the people
Robert E. Lee Confederate general Urged
Southerners to reconcile Served as president of
Washington College (WL University)
Frederick Douglass Encouraged using freed slaves
in Union Army Got US to protect blacks in the
South after war Served as ambassador to Haiti
Ulysses S. Grant Union general Later advocated
rights for free blacks Opposed punishing the
defeated South
Punish the South Occupy with military Guarantee
civil rights to former slaves
Lincolns Plan With malice toward none, charity
for all --Welcome back the South quickly
Andrew Johnson Impeached over rights for freed
Slavery abolished Guarantees
Civil Rights to All Voting rights guaranteed
regardless of race
Poll Tax Blacks forced to pay to vote Literacy
tests must pass to vote Klan takes power
  1. Extremely close!
  2. Compromise of 1877
  3. South agrees to support Hayes as President
  4. Military removed from South
  5. Confederate Democrats take power in South
  6. Begins Jim Crow era

Freedom and economic opportunity Gives free
land in West Built by Chinese immigrants
Pre-1871 Northwest Europe Germany England Ireland
After 1870s South East Europe Italy Asia
Assimilate into the Melting Pot Face hostility
1882 limits immigration from Asia Immigration
Restriction Act of 1921 cuts it further
Laissez-faire gov. creates millionaires Railroads
Steel Finance/Banking Oil
Thomas Edison Alexander Graham Bell Wright
Brothers Henry Ford Henry Bessemer
Knights of Labor early union Samuel Gompers
leader of American Federation of Labor Eugene
Debs leader of Railway Union Teddy Roosevelt
Square Deal Muckrakers - reporters
Sherman Anti-Trust Act breaks up
monopolies Haymarket Homestead strikes 17th
Amendment direct election of senators Scopes
Trial over teaching of evolution in schools
Eliminate social injustices End Child
labor Better working conditions Womens suffrage
US overthrows monarchy Added as a US territory
John Hays plan to give all nations equal trading
rights to China
Teddy Roosevelt encourages Panamas
indep. Builds canal
President Tafts plan for banks to invest in
Latin America
US annexes Puerto Rico and Philippines US
asserts the right to intervene in Cuba
Fights America for its independence after
Spanish-American War
German submarine warfare sinking Lusitania Ties
to England Make world safe for democracy
Wilsons peace plan - Self-determination
Freedom of the sea League of Nations Mandate
France England want to punish
Germany Boundaries redrawn creating new nations
World alliance for peace
Senate does not approve Treaty USA never joins
Overspeculation on stocks with borrowed money
1929 stock market crash Federal Reserve doesnt
protect bank failures Hawley Smoot Tariff - high
protective tariff
Roosevelts Plan We have nothing to fear, but
fear itself. Relief direct help for people
(WPA) Recovery programs to get out of
depression over time (AAA) Reform - correct
unsound banking and investment (FDIC) Social
Security Act safety net
Unemployment Homelessness Bank closings Political
unrest Farm foreclosures Migration
Legacy Government is responsible for providing
services to promote public welfare intervening
in economy
Hitler invades Poland in 1939, starts war Germany
conquers France, then invades Soviet
Union Lend-Lease Act neutral US helps
England Roosevelt lending a garden hose to a
neighbor whose house is on fire. Battles Battle
of Britain England defeats Germans in
air Stalingrad crushing German defeat in Soviet
Union El Alamein - Germans defeated by British at
Suez Canal D-Day US allied troops under
Eisenhower land at Normandy, France on June 6,
1944, invasion begins
Japan invades China Pearl Harbor surprise
attack Dec. 7, 1941 US island hops to
Japan Midway US defeats larger Japanese
force Iwo Jima Okinawa difficult invasions
close to Japan Hiroshima Nagasaki Truman
orders a-bombs dropped
African Americans segregated units (Tuskegee
Airmen) Nisei Regiments of Asian-Americans Navajo
Indians provide code in Pacific Rosie the
Riveter women in the workforce
World body to prevent future wars Nazis
convicted of war crimes no just following
orders Ensures humane treatment of POWs (after
Bataan Death March)
Rationing limits goods War bonds sold to
raise Selective Service drafted men African
Americans migrate to cities for jobs Japanese
placed in internment camps Hollywood propaganda
for war
Soviets occupy Eastern Europe Germany split into
East West Korean War ends in stalemate China
Cuba - communist Fidel Castro Bay of Pigs
failed invasion of Cuba Cuban Missile Crisis
Kennedy orders Soviet missiles removed
US Marshall Plan helps rebuild Europe Truman
Doctrine containment, stop spread of
communism NATO democratic military
alliance Warsaw Pact communist alliance
President John Kennedy Pay any
price for success of
liberty Ask what you can do for
your country. Assassinated in Dallas in 1963
Spies Alger Hiss Julius Ethel Rosenberg
executed for spying
Fears McCarthyism Senator Joe McCarthy
recklessly accuses many of being communist
Vietnam War Pres. Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon all
intensify war Divides country pro or anti
war protests
Space Race Neil Armstrong first man on moon
1969 Sally Ride first woman in space
Virginia benefits from military spending
Vietnamization plan to end war by replacing US
troops with South Vietnamese Watergate scandal
forces Nixon to resign
End of the Cold War Soviet economy
collapsing Glasnost openness Arms
reduction treaties Perestroika economic
reforms Ronald Reagan challenges morals of
Soviets tear down this wall!
Supreme Court ends segregated schools Thurgood
Marshall NAACP lawyer Oliver Hill lawyer in
Virginia Massive Resistance white flight
Martin Luther King, Jr. I have a dream
speech at 1963 March on Washington
Outlaws literacy tests Workers sent South to
register voters Increases African American voters
Bans discrimination of race, religion,
nationality, gender Desegregates President
Johnson helps get it passed
Gets public to support civil rights
legislation Demonstrates power of non-violent
Fill low-paying jobs Border issues with
Mexico Bilingual education New pathways to
citizenship More scientists Doctors from abroad
More minorities - Sandra Day OConnor, Ruth Bader
Ginsburg, Clarence Thomas Protects individual
rights in Constitution Establishes right to
privacy from government (Roe v. Wade) Keeps
powers of Congress and President in check
Ronald Reagan Tax cuts reducing
government Appointment of judicial restraint
judges Federal Reserve controls money supply to
expand/contract economic growth
George H. W. Bush Continues Reagan
Revolution Persian Gulf War in Iraq (1st with
females in combat) Fall of Communism
Bill Clinton NAFTA Trade agreement Full relations
with Vietnam NATO action in Yugoslavia Lifts
sanctions on South Africa
George W. Bush 9/11 Terrorist Attacks Wars in
Iraq Afghanistan Patriot Act heightens
security at home Jobs outsourced to foreign
Barack Obama President Congress work on fiscal
policy decisions (taxing spending)