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End-of-Course Test Review

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End-of-Course Test Review Day 1 It was written by Thomas Paine in early 1776, it said that continued American loyalty to Britain would be absurd, and independence was ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: End-of-Course Test Review


1
End-of-Course Test Review
  • Day 1

2
  • It was written by Thomas Paine in early 1776,
    it said that continued American loyalty to
    Britain would be absurd, and independence was the
    only rational thing for colonists to do.
  • Common Sense
  • This Scottish-born American industrialist made
    his fortune in the steel industry.
  • Andrew Carnegie
  • These are the nations united against the Axis
    during World War II.
  • Allied Powers

3
  • This was a U.S. Supreme Court decision that
    established the legality of racial segregation so
    long as facilities were separate but equal.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson
  • This is a person who is not a citizen of the
    state in which they reside.
  • Alien
  • This is a method by which the Constitution may be
    changed or added to.
  • Amendment Process

4
  • Before she became the second first lady of the
    United States, she urged her husband ( a major
    player in writing the Declaration of Independence
    at the Second continental Congress) to remember
    the ladies and consider the needs and rights of
    women as well as of men in forming the new
    country.
  • Abigail Adams
  • People who fought for emancipation of the slaves
    and to end the slave trade.
  • Abolitionists

5
  • This politician from Tennessee became President
    following the assassination of Abraham Lincoln,
    later becoming the first President to be
    impeached (he was found not guilty).
  • Andrew Johnson
  • He was a founding father, and author of the
    Federalist Papers, the first Sec. of the
    Treasury, and the architect of the firs fiscal
    plan for the U.S. after the ratification of the
    Constitution. However, he is most popular for
    losing a duel with Aaron Burr.
  • Alexander Hamilton

6
  • Day 2

7
  • This is the first ten amendments to the
    constitution, generally directed at protecting
    the individual from abuse of power by the
    national government.
  • Bill of Rights
  • They were a Mesoamerican Indian culture that was
    devastated by Cortez and the Spanish in the
    1520s.
  • Aztecs
  • This was the alliance of nations that opposed the
    Allies in World War II.
  • Axis Powers

8
  • These are laws and regulations designed to
    protect trade and commerce from unfair business
    practices.
  • Antitrust
  • Special laws passed by southern state governments
    immediately after the Civil War. They were
    designed to control former slaves, and to subvert
    the intent of the 13th Amendment.
  • Black Codes

9
  • This was a delivery of supplies in a German city
    to circumvent the Soviet blockade.
  • Berlin Airlift
  • The first government of the United States was
    based on this, which was created in 1777.
  • Articles of Confederation
  • He was a printer, scientist and inventor who
    helped write both the Declaration of Independence
    and the Constitution.
  • Benjamin Franklin

10
  • This was the classic statement on race relations
    by Booker T. Washington, made in a speech at the
    Atlanta Exposition (1895). He asserted that
    vocational education, which gave blacks a chance
    for economic security, was more valuable than
    social equality or political office.
  • Atlanta Compromise
  • Sultan of Swat, This baseball great played for
    the New York Yankees, Home Run King until 1974.
    Credited with saving the game of baseball after
    the disgrace of the 1919 World Series.
  • Babe Ruth

11
  • Day 3

12
  • He was the first man to pilot the first solo
    non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927
    aboard his airplane, the Spirit of St. Louis.
  • Charles Lindbergh
  • This is the nickname given to black soldiers with
    the U.S. Cavalry who helped to spread the U.S.
    westward in the decades following the Civil War.
  • Buffalo Soldiers

13
  • This law, passed in 1882, forbade any laborers
    from China to enter the U.S. for 10 years.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act
  • This was the solution to the contested
    Presidential election of 1876 and furthermore
    brought an end to the period of Reconstruction
    following the Civil War.
  • Compromise of 1877

14
  • Signed into law by President Johnson, this bill
    protected African Americans and women from job
    discrimination and any discrimination in public
    places.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • This is the system of overlapping powers among
    judicial, executive, and legislative branches to
    allow each branch to oversee the actions of the
    others.
  • Checks and Balances

15
  • People who moved to the South during or following
    the Civil War and became active in politics, they
    helped to bring Republican control of southern
    state governments during Reconstruction and were
    bitterly resented by most white Southerners.
  • Carpetbaggers
  • This was a name given to the relations between
    the U.S. the Soviet Union in the second half of
    the 20th century which saw the buildup of nuclear
    arms.
  • Cold War

16
  • During the Great Depression (specifically 1932),
    this group of veterans protested in Washington,
    D.C., to receive their bonus for fighting in
    World War I, though payment was not required
    until the next decade.
  • Bonus Army
  • This was an agreement that California would be
    admitted to the Union, the slave trade in the
    District of Columbia would be restricted, and the
    Fugitive Slave Law would be enforced.
  • Compromise of 1850

17
  • Day4

18
  • This was a U.S. social reformer on behalf of the
    mentally ill.
  • Dorthea Dix
  • This amendment prohibited the sale and use of
    alcoholic beverages.
  • Eighteenth
  • This is a system of government in which the
    people participate directly in making all public
    policy.
  • Direct Democracy

19
  • These are Spanish explorers who conquered native
    American cultures.
  • Conquistadores
  • These are international relations influenced by
    economic considerations.
  • Dollar Diplomacy
  • This is an advocacy for or work toward protecting
    nature from destruction or pollution.
  • Environmentalism

20
  • Powers specifically given to the government by
    the Constitution.
  • Delegated Powers
  • Powers that are held by both the federal and
    state governments.
  • Concurrent Powers
  • This was the system by which the Spanish
    government rewarded its governors in the Americas
    with title to land and permission to enslave any
    natives living on that land.
  • Encomienda

21
  • This is the name given to the general reduction
    in the tension between the Soviet Union and the
    United States that occurred from the late 1960s
    until the start of the 1980s.
  • Detente

22
  • Day 5

23
  • This is a tax on production, transportation, sale
    or consumption of a certain good or service.
  • Excise Tax
  • The nickname given to women of the 1920s who wore
    their dresses short, their hair shorter, and
    lived a very active social life.
  • Flappers
  • These are the powers that can only be executed by
    the federal government.
  • Executive Powers

24
  • This is the time during which the nation was free
    from the influence of European political and
    military events.
  • Era of Good Feelings
  • This is the branch of government that is
    responsible for carrying out the laws.
  • Executive
  • This is the movement aimed at equal rights for
    women.
  • Feminist Movement

25
  • This was a series of Articles written to persuade
    New York to ratify the Constitution.
  • Federalist Papers
  • This system of government has powers divided
    between the central government and regional
    governments, with central government being
    supreme.
  • Federalism

26
  • This was a federally sponsored corporation which
    insures deposits in national banks and certain
    other qualifying financial institutions up to a
    stated amount.
  • FDIC
  • This is the central banking authority in the
    United States, which supervises commercial banks
    by monitoring accounts and controlling interest
    rates.
  • Federal Reserve

27
  • Day 6

28
  • This was the period during 1920s of outstanding
    creativity centered in New Yorks black ghetto.
  • Harlem Renaissance
  • This was a religious revival that promised the
    grace of God to all who could experience a desire
    for it.
  • Great Awakening
  • This was the hypothesis that wealth was the great
    end of man, the one thing needful.
  • Gospel of Wealth

29
  • Battles between France and England in the new
    world resulting in the loss of all French
    possessions.
  • French and Indian War
  • This was a group of American farmers who united
    in the late 19th century to lobby Congress to
    pass laws protecting them from unfair business
    practices of large industry.
  • Grangers

30
  • This is an election in which the people choose
    from among the candidates nominated by the
    various political parties.
  • General Election
  • This is the name given to President L.B.
    Johnsons domestic programs, among them VISTA,
    Job Corps, Head Start, the War on Poverty, and
    the Medicare and Medicaid programs.
  • Great Society

31
  • U.S. Cavalry General whose unwise and reckless
    conduct got him and over 200 soldiers of the
    Seventh Cavalry killed at the Battle of Little
    Bighorn.
  • George Custer
  • This was a political party that formed after the
    civil war, and opposed reduction in the amount of
    paper money in circulation.
  • Greenback Party

32
  • A Native American movement in the 1890s that
    believed a ritualistic ceremony would result in
    the reanimation of Indian dead and the defeat of
    the white invaders into the West.
  • Ghost Dance

33
  • Day 7

34
  • This is a tax levied on net personal or business
    income.
  • Income tax
  • This is a policy of advocating participation in
    foreign countries affairs.
  • Interventionism
  • They were a South American Indian culture that
    was devastated by Pizarro and the Spanish in the
    1530s.
  • Incas

35
  • This granted tribes unsettled western prairie
    land in exchange for their territories within
    state borders, mainly in the southeast.
  • Indian Removal Act
  • This was the act of genocide carried out by
    Germany on the Jewish population of Europe.
  • Holocaust
  • This was the practice of the British Navy to stop
    U.S. ships on the open ocean and force crewmen
    into British naval service.
  • Impressments

36
  • Powers that are not expressed but that the
    government may be inferred to have from another
    power.
  • Implied Powers
  • Legislation passed in 1862 allowing any citizen
    or applicant for citizenship over 21 years old
    and head of a family to acquire 160 acres of
    public land by living on it and cultivating it
    for 5 years.
  • Homestead Act

37
  • This was the system sponsored by English colonies
    grant land to the person who purchases passage to
    the colony from Europe.
  • Headright System

38
Day 8
39
  • Laws requiring that facilities and
    accommodations, public and private, be segregated
    by race.
  • Jim Crow Laws
  • This is a policy of nonparticipation in
    international affairs.
  • Isolationism
  • This was the first permanent English colony in
    the New World.
  • Jamestown

40
  • This is the branch of government that is
    responsible for interpreting what the law means.
  • Judicial
  • This is the power of a court to review a law or
    an official act of a government employee or agent
    for constitutionality or for the violation of
    basic principles of justice.
  • Judicial Review

41
  • This was the Great Chief Justice, he presided
    over the case of Marbury v. Madison and was
    remembered as the principal founder of the U.S.
    system of constitutional law.
  • John Marshall
  • He was an English soldier and sailor, who is now
    remembered helping to establish Jamestown, the
    first permanent English colony in North America.
  • John Smith

42
  • This politician from Mississippi was once
    Secretary of War for President Franklin Pierce,
    though he is more known for being the first and
    only President of the confederate States of
    America.
  • Jefferson Davis
  • The New York industrialist who made hundreds of
    millions of dollars in the 19th century with this
    Standard Oil company and pioneered the corporate
    strategy of vertical integration.
  • John D. Rockefeller

43
  • The 35th President of the United States, he was
    known for authorizing the failed Bay of Pigs
    invasion, successfully leading the country during
    the Cuban Missile Crisis, and for being
    assassinated while in Dallas, Texas, in November
    of 1963.
  • John F. Kennedy

44
  • Day 9

45
  • This was a national conflict in an Asian country
    aided by Russia in the North and the U.S. in the
    South (1950-1953).
  • Korean War
  • This is the branch of government that creates and
    makes laws.
  • Legislative
  • These are actions of an interest group or agents
    to influence the policy of the governments.
  • Lobbying

46
  • This was written in 1963 to defend the authors
    peaceful civil rights campaign.
  • Kings Letter from a Birmingham Jail
  • This was a secret society organized in the South
    after the Civil War to reassert white supremacy
    by means of terrorism.
  • Ku Klux Klan
  • French term which means allow to do, the
    philosophy that government should stay out of the
    market
  • Laissez-Faire

47
  • In 1854 Stephen A. Douglas introduced this to the
    Senate, to allow states to enter the Union with
    or without slavery.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act
  • These explorers ventured into the Louisiana
    Territory in 1803 and became the first U.S.
    citizens to navigate their way westward to the
    Pacific Ocean.
  • Lewis and Clark

48
  • This is a ruling body that is not all powerful,
    but is restricted in what it may do by certain
    rights guaranteed to the people which may not be
    abolished or taken away from the people.
  • Limited Government
  • Often associated with confrontational Civil
    Rights protest, he was a leader in the Nation of
    Islam in the U.Sgt, an early advocate of Black
    Power, but became a more moderate voice in the
    Civil Rights Movement before his assassination in
    1965.
  • Malcolm X

49
  • Day 10

50
  • This was the concept of U.S. territorial
    expansion westward to the Pacific Ocean seen as a
    diving right.
  • Manifest Destiny
  • This was a 1200 mile route from Illinois to Salt
    Lake City, Utah.
  • Mormon Trail
  • This was the first governing document of Plymouth
    Colony, signed by the Pilgrims in November of
    1620.
  • Mayflower Compact

51
  • This is an organization of a nations armed
    forces for active military service in time of war
    or other national emergency.
  • Mobilization
  • This was an announcement that the American
    continents were not subjects for future
    colonization by any European country.
  • Monroe Doctrine
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