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Old Testament Survey: Book of 2 Samuel


David s history begins in 1 Samueland ends in1 Kings. Four parts of his history: His. testings. His. triumphs. His. troubles. His. testimonies. Background – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Old Testament Survey: Book of 2 Samuel

Old Testament Survey Book of 2 Samuel
King Davids Kindness to Mephibosheth
  • Before the Lord

  • The author and date of writing are unknown.
  • Tradition attributes to Nathan and Gad
  • Bears Samuels name because of his place and
    influence during this period
  • Covers time of Davids reign 10551015 BC
  • Parallels history in 1 Chronicles 11-29
  • 1 and 2 Samuel one book, 1 and 2 Kings, the story
    of the rise and fall of the monarchy

  • Davids history begins in 1 Samuel and ends in 1
  • Four parts of his history
  • His testings
  • His triumphs
  • His troubles
  • His testimonies

  • Main events
  • David drives out the Jebusites and builds a
    strong capital at Salem
  • Ushering in Jerusalems long and eventful history
  • Center of the Hebrew nation, the city around
    which the remainder of the Bible revolves
  • Subduing the Philistines
  • The ark of the covenant returns
  • Kindness to Mephibosheth

Keys of the Book of 2 Samuel
  • Key words Before the Lord
  • Key phraseThou are the man. (127)
  • Key Verses
  • 712,13
  • 2221

When your days are fulfilled and you rest with
your fathers, I will set up your seed after you,
who will come from your body, and I will
establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for
My name, and I will establish the throne of his
kingdom forever.
Keys of the Book of 2 Samuel
  • Key words Before the Lord 65,21 718 219
  • Key Phrase sin very great before the Lord.

Then David and all the house of Israel played
music before the LORD on all kinds of instruments
of fir wood, on harps, on stringed instruments,
on tambourines, on sistrums, and on cymbals.
Keys of the Book of 2 Samuel
  • Key words David inquired of the Lord 21
    519,23 211
  • Frequent references to Davids praying show his
    dependence on God and desire to please Him.

It happened after this that David inquired of
the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to any of the
cities of Judah? And the LORD said to him, Go
up. David said, Where shall I go up? And He
said, To Hebron.
Keys of the Book of 2 Samuel
  • Gods presence in Davids life was very real as
    he lived as a
  • Shepherd
  • Ruler
  • Warrior
  • Fugitive
  • Sinner
  • Penitent sinner
  • Musician
  • Poet

Then the men of Judah came, and there they
anointed David king over the house of Judah. And
they told David, saying, The men of Jabesh
Gilead were the ones who buried Saul.
Keys of the Book of 2 Samuel
  • Key Chapter
  • Chapter 11
  • Turning point in Davids life
  • Sinned grievously
  • Displeased the Lord
  • Nathan sent to reprove
  • David despised the commandment of God.

And when her mourning was over, David sent and
brought her to his house, and she became his wife
and bore him a son. But the thing that David had
done displeased the LORD.
Keys of the Book of 2 Samuel
  • Key Chapter
  • Chapter 11
  • Punishment was administered quickly
  • Consequences would follow David
  • Immediately
  • Later in life
  • 1210-12

Now therefore, the sword shall never depart from
your house, because you have despised Me, and
have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be
your wife.
Keys of the Book of 2 Samuel
  • Key Chapter
  • Chapter 11
  • Davids repentant heart
  • He made no excuse
  • Two statements
  • 1213
  • 1223
  • Psalm 51

But now he is dead why should I fast? Can I
bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he
shall not return to me.
The Books Message
  • King David is the principal subject of 2 Samuel.
  • First reigned in Hebron then in Jerusalem
  • 7 years - Hebron
  • 33 years - Jerusalem
  • The book records the highlights of his reign.
  • Halfway between Abraham and Christ

Now there was a long war between the house of
Saul and the house of David. But David grew
stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul grew
weaker and weaker.
The Books Appeal
  • Davids sin had far- reaching consequences.
  • Sin does find us out.
  • Very few happy moments after that
  • Deaths of infant son and Absalom
  • Hosea 87
  • Numbers 3223
  • Galatians 67

But if you do not do so, then take note, you
have sinned against the LORD and be sure your
sin will find you out.
Notable Points
  • First to describe the king as the Lords
  • 114
  • 246
  • Same term is used to designate the Messiah or

So David said to him, How was it you were not
afraid to put forth your hand to destroy the
LORD'S anointed?
Notable Points
  • Ruler likened to a shepherd
  • 52
  • Uzzahs death showed the necessity of obeying
  • 61ff
  • Two parables
  • 121-7
  • 141-20

Also, in time past, when Saul was king over us,
you were the one who led Israel out and brought
them in and the LORD said to you, 'You shall
shepherd My people Israel, and be ruler over
Notable Points
  • David claimed his words came from God
  • 232
  • Davids godliness
  • 621,22
  • His desire to build a temple
  • Chapters 7,8

The Spirit of the LORD spoke by me, and His word
was on my tongue.
Notable Points
  • God forbade Davida man of warto build the
  • 1 Chronicles 283
  • Davids conduct resulted in the murder of his
    servant, Uriah.
  • 1116-18
  • Death of infant son
  • 1218-22

But God said to me, 'You shall not build a house
for My name, because you have been a man of war
and have shed blood.
Notable Points
  • David reproved by God
  • 121-7
  • Retribution came when Absalom died.
  • Chapters 15-18
  • David sinned in numbering the people.
  • 241ff

Nevertheless the king's word prevailed against
Joab and against the captains of the army.
Therefore Joab and the captains of the army went
out from the presence of the king to count the
people of Israel.
Notable Points
  • God is not a respecter of persons.
  • 1414
  • Davids victories came from God.
  • 520
  • Remorse and lament for Absalom
  • 1832,33
  • Followed God with his heart
  • 1 Kings 148

Then the king was deeply moved, and went up to
the chamber over the gate, and wept. And as he
went, he said thus O my son Absalom-my son, my
son Absalom-if only I had died in your place! O
Absalom my son, my son!
More Information about David in the Special
Studies under Reign of King David.
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