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2.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the lymphatic system

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Title: 2.04 Understand the functions and disorders of the lymphatic system


1
2.04 Understand the functions and disorders of
the lymphatic system
2
2.04 Understand the functions and disorders of
the lymphatic system
  • What are the functions of the lymphatic system?
  • What is the importance of the lymphatic system as
    it relates to immunity?
  • How do you relate the bodys use of nutrients to
    the lymphatic system?
  • What are some disorders of the lymphatic system
    and how are they treated?

3
The Lymphatic System
  • What are the functions of the lymphatic system?
  • 1 filtration
  • (intermediary between capillaries and tissue)
  • 2 fluid balance
  • (lymph vessels transport excess
  • fluid into circulatory system)
  • 3 lymphocyte production
  • (in lymph nodes)

4
The Lymphatic System
  • Fluid balance
  • Why is this important?
  • What happens during this process?
  • What is the relevance to health?

____Fluid IN
____Fluid OUT
5
The Lymphatic System
  • Lymphocyte production
  • What are lymphocytes?
  • What do they do?
  • What is their relevance to health?

6
The Lymphatic System
  • Filtration
  • What does a filter do?
  • How do filters relate to the lymphatic system?

7
The Lymphatic System
Immunity Notes Handout
8
The Lymphatic System
  • Immunity
  • What is immunity?
  • Think about how
  • sneezing relates to
  • immunity.

9
The Lymphatic System
  • Natural immunity
  • Discuss natural immunity

10
The Lymphatic System
  • Natural immunity
  • Discuss the bodys natural immune
    processes seen in this picture.

11
The Lymphatic System
  • Acquired immunity Passive
  • Discuss passive
    acquired immunity

12
The Lymphatic System
  • Acquired immunity Active
  • Natural
  • Discuss Acquired immunity
    Active Natural

13
The Lymphatic System
Acquired immunity Active Natural
What is the relevance to health?
14
The Lymphatic System
  • Acquired immunity Active
  • Artificial
  • Discuss
  • Acquired immunity
    Active Artificial

15
The Lymphatic System
Acquired immunity
Active
Artificial Should immunizations be required?
Why or why not?
16
The Lymphatic SystemREVIEW
  • What are the functions of the lymphatic system?
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • How are these functions relevant to health?

17
The Lymphatic System
  • Anaphylactic shock
  • What is it? antigen-antibody reaction that
    results in massive release of histamine
  • What happens to these body systems?
  • Nervous system light headed, dizzy,
  • Digestive system N/V
  • Respiratory system swelling closes off throat
  • Integumentary system hives, itching
  • What is the treatment? Epinephrine, steroids,
    benadryl

18
The Lymphatic System
  • AIDS
  • How is it diagnosed? ELISA (antibodies only),
    Western blot (f/u to a ELISA), Rapid test
  • What do these terms mean?
  • HIV
  • ARC
  • AIDS

19
The Lymphatic System
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • How is it transmitted? Sexual contact, blood,
    sharing dirty needles, in utero during birth
  • What is the incubation period? Months to years
  • What are the symptoms? Initial symptoms are
    flu-like

20
The Lymphatic System
  • Cancer
  • What is cancer?
  • Who gets cancer?
  • Why is it included in the lymphatic system?

21
The Lymphatic System
  • Hodgkins disease
  • What is Hodgkins disease? Cancer in the lymph
    nodes lymph tissue
  • What are the symptoms? Painless swelling of lymph
    nodes, fatigue, fever, night sweats
  • How is it treated? Chemo and radiation
  • Who is most likely to develop Hodgkins disease?
  • 15-30, 50-70

22
The Lymphatic System
  • Infectious mononucleosis
  • What is mononucleosis most often called?
  • Kissing disease
  • What causes it?
  • EBV
  • How is it treated? None just symptoms

23
The Lymphatic System
  • Lupus erythematosus
  • What is the classic symptom of lupus? fatigue,
    rashes, joint pains
  • What other symptoms might present? Damages major
    organs
  • How is lupus managed? Anti-inflammatory and
    system management
  • What is the prognosis? Poor, chronic complications

24
The Lymphatic System
  • Lymphadenitis
  • What is it?
  • Lymph aden itis
  • What are the symptoms?
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • How is it treated?
  • Anti-biotics

25
The Lymphatic System
  • Lymphedema
  • What is it? Blockage in lymphatic system
  • What causes it?
  • Usually removal of lymph nodes b/c of infection
    of cancer treatment
  • How is it treated? Exercises and compression
    stockings

Photo used with written permission by the Mayo
Clinic.
26
The Lymphatic System
  • Scleroderma
  • What is it? thickening of skin and blood vessels
  • What causes it? Raynauds disease (spasm of blood
    vessels in fingers and toes)
  • What are some complications of scleroderma? Loss
    of movement and difficulty breathing
  • How is it treated? Dilate vessels and immune
    suppressive therapy

27
The Lymphatic System
  • Tonsillitis
  • What are the symptoms?
  • Sore throat, fever, chills difficulty
    swallowing
  • What are the usual treatments?
  • Antibiotics surgery
  • Why would you have your tonsils removed?
  • Tonsils enlarged causing sleep apnea infection
    that will not resolve on antibiotics

28
2.04 Understand the functions and disorders of
the lymphatic system
  • What are the functions of the lymphatic system?
  • What is the importance of the lymphatic system as
    it relates to immunity?
  • How do you relate the bodys use of nutrients to
    the lymphatic system?
  • What are some disorders of the lymphatic system
    and how are they treated?
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