MALNUTRITION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 18
About This Presentation
Title:

MALNUTRITION

Description:

Title: Kwashiorkor Author: HRSB Last modified by: User Created Date: 12/5/2007 7:50:57 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company: HRSB – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:863
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 19
Provided by: HRSB4
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: MALNUTRITION


1
MALNUTRITION
2
Malnutrition
  • When the body does not get the right amount of
    nutrients.
  • The physical function of an individual is
    impaired to the point where they can no longer
    maintain natural body capacities
  • Includes
  • being dangerously thin for one's age
  • Undernourished
  • being overweight (obese)
  • Overnourished

3
Undernourishment
  • Describes the status of people whose food intake
    does not include enough calories (energy) or the
    proper nutrients to meet minimum physiological
    needs.
  • By 2002, the total number of undernourished
    people worldwide had increased to 852 million.
  • Today, one in nearly seven people do not get
    enough food to be healthy and lead an active
    life.
  • Source United Nations World Food Programme

4
Diseases Associated with Undernourishment
5
Kwashiorkor
  • A protein deficiency disorder of children.
  • Occurs as a result of a diet that is adequate in
    calories, but deficient in certain amino acids.
  • The child may have a swollen and severely bloated
    abdomen and various skin changes - including a
    reddish discoloration.

6
Kwashiorkor
7
Rickets
  • A nutritional disorder caused by severe and
    prolonged vitamin D deficiency that leads to
    softening and weakening of the bones in children.
  • The child may have bowed legs, bone pain, slowed
    growth, muscle loss and an increased risk of
    broken bones.

8
Rickets
9
Marasmus
  • A nutritional disorder caused by calorie
    deficiency and energy deficiency.
  • The child will be extremely thin, have dry skin
    and poor muscle development
  • Body weight may be less than 80 of normal weight.

10
Marasmus
11
Scurvy
  • A nutritional disorder caused by vitamin C
    deficiency.
  • Characterized by bleeding gums and red rash,
    tiredness, joint and muscle aches.

12
Scurvy
13
OBESITY
14
Obesity
  • A chronic medical condition where a person is
    severely overweight, with a very high body fat
    percentage.
  • Obesity is fostered by our environment lack of
    physical activity high calorie and high fat
    content diets and also has a strong familial
    component.

15
Obesity
  • Diagnosed using a combination of a persons
  • Body Mass Index (BMI)
  • over 30 kg/m2
  • Waist Circumference
  • Percentage Fat Content

16
Obesity
  • Obesity has reached epidemic proportions
    globally, with more than 1 billion adults
    overweight - at least 300 million of them
    clinically obese.
  • 22 million children under five are estimated to
    be overweight worldwide.
  • Most prevalent in more developed countries, such
    as the USA, Canada, United Kingdom and many of
    the Islands in the Pacific (Micronesia, Cook
    Islands).
  • However, it often coexists with undernourishment
    in less and least developed countries.
  • Source World Health Organization

17
Diseases Associated with Obesity
  • Heart Disease Stroke
  • Type II Diabetes
  • Cancer (Colon, Prostate, Kidney Gallbladder)
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Respiratory Problems (Sleep Apnea Asthma)

18
Works Cited
  • Kwashiorkor. Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia.
    2006. Online. Nov. 2008. www.nlm.nih.gov/medlinepl
    us/ency/
  • article/001604.htm
  • NutritionWhat is Malnutrition?. Worldbank.
    2008. Online. Nov. 2008. httpyouthink.worldbank.o
    rg/issues/health/ nutrition/malnutrition/php
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com