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Overnight Trips

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Title: Overnight Trips


1
Overnight Trips
  • Day Field Trips to Trips of 1 or 2 nights
  • Learning Objectives
  • This course will prepare troops/groups to hold
    activities
  • beyond the regular troop meeting to two
    overnight.
  • At the completing of this course, participants
    will be able to
  • understand and apply the concept of
    progression in the context of
  • planning overnight trips
  • evaluate and improve the readiness of the
    troop/group for activities
  • beyond the regular troop meeting
  • demonstrate familiarity with Safety Activity
    Checkpoints, Volunteer
  • Essentials (Chapter Four and Appendix For
    Travel Volunteers) and
  • emergency procedures
  • identify planning steps for a troop activity
    beyond the regular troop
  • meeting
  • locate and complete paperwork required for a
    troop/group trip
  • list at least three ways to involve everyone
    in planning activities
  • describe three trips that are appropriate to
    the grade level of the
  • troop/group.

2
Table of Contents
  • First Aid and Traveling
  • Safety Planning
  • Emergency
  • Food
  • Packing Lists and Equipment
  • Kaper Charts
  • Leave No Trace
  • Activities
  • Plan B and the Rescue Box
  • Plan B Activities

3
First Aid and TravelingReview Chapter 4 in
Volunteer Essentials
Page 1 of 2
Safety is a major concern when taking the
troop/group traveling. Each troop/group should
have a first aid kit that follow the guidelines
in Safety Activity Checkpoints by activity. Each
troop/group MUST have a certified first
aider/wilderness first aider/wilderness first
responder, (depending on remoteness and high-risk
of activity) present when physically demanding
activities, as defined in SAC, involving
potential injury is involved. It is recommended
that two be present in case one must leave with a
sick or injured girl. ALL medication, including
over the counter, must be in the original
containers and kept by the first aider.
Parents/guardians have to give the first aider
permission to apply sunscreen, bug spray and band
aids so please have them check this off if you
think this may be necessary on the trip. Some
girls may need to carry and administer their own
medications including epipens, bronchial inhalers
and diabetic medication (VE p. 73). This
includes the medication of all adults traveling
with the group and is for the safety of the
girls. When planning a trip with the
troop/group, find out where the closest emergency
facility is located. The leader MUST have a
permission slip signed by a parent or guardian
and a completed health history form for each girl
for each trip.
4
First Aid and Traveling Review Chapter 4 in
Volunteer Essentials
Page 2 of 2
Each adult that goes on the trip must also turn
in an Adult Health History. PLEASE remember that
it is just as possible for an adult on a trip to
be injured or suffer from a medical condition.
Do NOT forget to take along Adult Health
Histories, including yourself. Have the
emergency contact person at home handle any
necessary phone calls to parents. Within each
car must be copies of the permission slip and
health history for each person in that
vehicle. Each vehicle must have a first aid kit
in the vehicle when transporting Girl Scouts (p.
72). Check Safety Activity Checkpoints for
additional requirements for a particular travel
trip. (For example, do you need a
lifeguard?) Think about the trip the troop/group
is getting ready to take what do you think
should be added to the first aid kit for the
troop/group that is traveling?
5
What is Safety Planning?
Page 1 of 8
  • Accidents happen, generally speaking, when safety
    precautions are overlooked. Accidents dont
    usually happen when time is taken to plan ahead
    when safe thinking lies at the base of all
    activities. Use this checklist to help promote
    the safety of your troop/group.
  • General Supervision
  • Two-thirds of accidents are related to quality of
    supervision and instruction.
  • Do the girls and the adults
  • Review health and safety considerations in
    preparation for activities?
  • Discuss appropriate clothing for each type of
    activity?
  • Consider your impact on the natural environment
    and avoid actions that damage the area?
  • Choose activities that are appropriate to the
    age and experience of girls, site, and equipment?
  • Keep together on trails or sidewalks, with a
    leader at both ends?
  • Do you, as a trip leader
  • Take responsibility for upgrading your skills
    and your instruction techniques?
  • Make frequent head counts?
  • Have a good system for knowing where everyone
    is, what they are doing, and who is responsible
    at all times?
  • Make sure the ratio of adults to girls is
    appropriate to the kind of activity and the
    accident potential involved??
  • Have sensitivity to a girls limitation in group
    situations?
  • Assist girls in changing plans if they are tired
    or unprepared?
  • Make use of small groups for activities with
    higher potential hazards equipment, tools, and
    for strenuous activities?

6
What is Safety Planning?
Page 2 of 8
  • Emergency, Evacuation, Security
  • Knowing what to do in an emergency situation is
    vital. Your trip first aider can help with
    knowing what to do in many of these situations.
  • Do you and your girls
  • Know and practice how to evacuate buildings and
    living areas, including what to take with you?
  • Prepare your sites for weather when leaving for
    an extended period?
  • Know what to do in an electric storm, hailstorm,
    or winter storm in and out of the living area?
  • Know what to do if there is an emergency on the
    trail or during an activity?
  • Know what to do if you become lost or separated
    from your group?
  • Report unusual occurrences, including
    unidentified persons on the site?
  • Know how to summon help?
  • Know what emergency signals are and how to
    respond?
  • Always wear your whistle and know when to use
    it?
  • Show courtesy and caution to others around the
    site?
  • Know and practice the buddy system?

7
What is Safety Planning?
Page 3 of 8
  • First Aid
  • If an accident occurs, are the girls and the
    first aider trained and prepared to handle it
    effectively? Follow-up is also important!
    Involve the first aider in this discussion as
    soon as possible.
  • Do all leaders
  • Know how to secure emergency first aid
    assistance?
  • Know how to treat a splinter, cut, burn, insect
    bite, sprain or strain, heat stress, hypothermia?
  • Know what to do in case of a fall?
  • Have a first aid kit available for all
    activities, which includes non-latex gloves and
    face masks?
  • Know the contents of first aid kits and how to
    use everything in each?
  • Take precautions to prevent heat stress,
    sunburn, and hypothermia?
  • Use sun block to prevent future health problems?
  • Do you, as a trip leader
  • Have appropriate First Aid/CPR level training or
    have a person available with certification as per
    guidelines for activities in Safety Activity
    Checkpoints?
  • Check back with girls who have a cut, burn, or
    blister?
  • Know how to recognize symptoms of physical or
    emotional problems in individual girls?
  • Make sure first aid kits are kept stocked and
    accessible?
  • Collect all medications from girls and get
    written instructions from parents for
    administering them?
  • Note epipens, inhalers, and diabetic
    medications are exempt.

8
What is Safety Planning?
Page 4 of 8
  • Lodging Area
  • The way you live has an impact on attitudes about
    yourselves, as well as about safety. Most
    accidents occur in living areas.
  • Do the girls and the adults
  • Keep the lodging quarters clean and attractive?
  • Identify hazardous situations within the area
    and take steps to mark or correct them?
  • Put equipment and personal items away as soon as
    you finish using them so they dont become a
    hazard to others and dont get lost?
  • Wear shoes and socks at all times outside and
    hard-soled slippers inside to avoid stubbing
    toes, athletes foot, and slivers?
  • Discourage running except in supervised
    activities in specific areas?
  • Prepare for weather and time of day any time you
    leave your area?
  • Recycle whenever possible?
  • Bathrooms and Showers
  • Do the girls and the adults
  • Keep bathrooms and showers clean and picked up?
  • Keep bathrooms lighted (dimly) at night?
  • Keep hand washing facilities stocked with soap
    and towels?
  • Check the shower water temperature before girls
    use it?
  • Know when girls get up to use the bathroom at
    night?

9
What is Safety Planning?
Page 5 of 8
  • Fire
  • Fire is a friend. Out of control, it is an
    enemy.
  • In case of fire, do the girls and the adults
  • Know where fire-fighting equipment is kept?
  • Know how to use it?
  • Know how to report a fire?
  • Know what to do, where to go, and what to take
    if a fire breaks out?
  • Know what to do if your clothing catches fire?
  • Stoves
  • When using stoves, do the girls and the adults
    make sure
  • Fire-fighting equipment is always close at hand?
  • Pots or cooking equipment are used safely
    (handles in, etc.)?
  • Have baking soda handy?
  • Have sleeves rolled up?
  • Tie back hair and avoid loose clothing?
  • Avoid horseplay?
  • Avoid overcrowding, disorganization?

10
What is Safety Planning?
Page 6 of 8
  • Sanitary Food and Water
  • Accidents and illnesses occur if people do not
    follow safe and sanitary practices.
  • Do the girls and the adults
  • Wash hands with soap and water before handling
    food, dishes, and utensils?
  • Follow dish washing, sanitation, and cleanup
    procedures carefully and promptly?
  • Make sure food preparation surfaces are clean?
  • Know how to handle dishes when setting table s
    and passing food?
  • Keep and store foods at appropriate
    temperatures?
  • Always use food and water containers only for
    food and water, and never use containers that
    have been used for disinfectants or poisons?
  • Always know that drinking water is potable
    because it has been tested or treated?
  • Avoid wasting water?
  • Use individual eating and drinking utensils
    (never share drinking cups, or silverware)?
  • Do not handle food if ill with a communicable
    disease or skin infection?

11
What is Safety Planning?
Page 7 of 8
  • Using Equipment
  • Do the girls and the adults
  • Use protective equipment such as safety helmets
    or eye protection for sports or activities that
    warrant it?
  • Read and follow manufacturers instructions for
    safe use of equipment?
  • Mark and report equipment that is unsafe?
  • Do you, as a trip leader
  • Consult Safety Activity Checkpoints for use of
    experts and equipment by activity?
  • Make sure equipment, whether owned, borrowed, or
    rented, meets requirements?
  • Give instruction in safe use of equipment?
  • Check equipment for safety before use?
  • Adjust equipment to the individual?
  • Make sure equipment is stored (locked, if
    necessary) when not in use to prevent misuse or
    abuse?
  • Avoid use of pressurized containers?

12
What is Safety Planning?
Page 8 of 8
  • Animals Animals, small and large, are
    appealing, but can do harm if fed or caught.
  • Use SAC for necessary equipment when working with
    horses or other large animals.
  • Do the girls and the adults
  • Do not feed and/or play with wile animals?
  • Make sure garbage is carefully stored, sealed,
    and away from living areas?
  • Depending on where you are, report any small
    animal or bird you find dead without touching
    it?
  • Report the presence of any unidentified dog
    without feeding it or encouraging it to stay?
  • Leave your domestic animals at home. If
    sleeping at a troop members house, keep the
    animal under control at all times and take
    responsibility for its behavior with children?
  • Conduct regular tick checks, especially during
    tick season?
  • Safety Consciousness Depends on Everyone
  • Does everyone
  • Follow Girl Scout safety guidelines?
  • Use judgment in taking any additional
    precautions necessary to avert accidents?
  • Involve girls in safety planning and
    implementation?
  • Evaluate situations where an extra safety risk
    is involved?
  • Seek to instill a sense of safe living?
  • Listen to and follow instructions and
    suggestions?
  • Plan for accident prevention?

13
What to do in case of emergency?
Page 1 of 1
When an incident occurs, it is of vital
importance that the person in charge at the scene
follows all procedures on the Girl Scouts of
Colorado Emergency Plan. All volunteers will
receive a wallet card to keep these instructions
with them. The person at the scene should follow
these steps in order 1. Determine extent of
injury and give appropriate first aid, as
qualified. 2. Call for emergency help
police, fire department or hospital as
appropriate. 3. Call police in the event of a
motor vehicle accident. 4. Move non-injured
people away from the scene as appropriate. 5.
In the event of a fatality or serious accident,
always notify police. Retain a responsible adult
at the scene of the accident or emergency. See
that no disturbance of the victim or surroundings
is permitted until police have assumed
authority. 6. Speak only to the police or
proper authorities. 7. Notify Girl Scouts of
Colorado of the incident. During business hours,
call your service center. After hours, call the
emergency answering service at 1.877.425.4886 and
provide the information they request. 8. Do
not call the media and do not make statements to
them. Refer all media inquiries to the Girl
Scouts of Colorado communications office staff at
303.778.8774 or 303.825.9386. Do not make any
statements or release any names. Do not place
any blame or accept liability. 9. Do not sign
any statements or reports, except for the police
and your insurance company. Please, share
insurance information with the other party. 10.
Complete a written report of the events,
treatments, calls, etc. and submit to the Girl
Scouts of Colorado corporate office within 5 days.
14
Food
Page 1 of 6
The right kind of nourishment is important as you
may be burning extra calories during your
activities away from the regular troop meeting.
Gourmet dinners are fun, but you dont need to
spend lots of time cooking to be eating right.
You may want to kick back and enjoy the scenery
or watch the wildlife. The important thing to
remember is to have enough food for everyone and
the right kind of food for the trip planned.
  • When planning a menu, consider
  • Where the troop is going and what they will be
    doing (this affects the number of calories
    burned!)
  • What cooking facilities and equipment are
    available (microwave refrigerator only? Full
    kitchen? Etc.)
  • The weather expected (more calories needed in
    cold weather)
  • Where food will be purchased
  • What everybody likes and doesnt like to eat
  • Special dietary needs, if applicable (consider
    allergies, requirements for gluten-free menus,
    religious concerns, menus to accommodate
    diabetics, vegetarians, etc.)
  • Planning balanced meals
  • The amount of money that can be spent per person
  • how food is going to be packed and carried
  • How much preparation can be done beforehand
  • The cooking time allowed (limits by daylight or
    altitude?)

15
Food
Page 2 of 6
  • Other hints for eating right
  • Water is more essential than food, especially at
    high altitude. Be sure to drink lots of it
    during the day and with each meal. Avoid drinks
    with caffeine, as they dehydrate.
  • Pack high-energy snacks like dried fruits, nuts,
    cheese, and hard candy.
  • Keep in mind any food allergies.
  • Snacking to Satisfy
  • Fight fatigue. Increase iron intake by eating
    lean meats, tuna, prunes, raisins, beans, and
    broccoli.
  • Eat more fiber! Whole grains are great at
    fighting fatigue as are beans.
  • Raise attention and alertness with protein
    (meat, eggs) and yogurt.
  • Remember Anti-oxidants help with energy
    memory beans, berries.
  • Sugar and Caffeine provide temporary Ups and
    then drop your energy hard and fast.
  • When planning meals consider the activities you
    have planned and aim for healthy foods that will
    sustain energy but wont keep them up all night!

16
Food
Page 3 of 6
  • Examples of Kid-friendly Healthy Snack
    Combinations
  • Sandwiches made with meats or peanut/almond/soynu
    t butter (check allergies)
  • Crunchy vegetable sticks with low-fat ranch dip
  • hummus and pita wedges
  • Yogurt parfait with low-fat yogurt and fruit
  • Berry cones with yogurt ice cream cone filled
    with yogurt and topped with berries
  • Sliced tomato with mozzarella cheese
  • Melon cubes with a slice of turkey
  • Hard-boiled egg with a slice of whole-wheat
    bread or crackers
  • Low-fat yogurt with berries and almonds (check
    allergies)
  • Light microwave popcorn with grated parmesan
    cheese
  • Bowl of cereal with milk
  • Banana slices with peanut/almond/soynut butter
    (check allergies)
  • Fruit smoothie made in a blender with fresh
    fruit, yogurt, and juice
  • Stay hydrated
  • It is very important to stay hydrated while
    traveling. On a normal day, it is recommended
    that a person drink 64 ounces of water. If you
    are doing any strenuous activity, high altitude
    or it is very hot you should drink as least twice
    as much. Stay hydrated!

17
Food
Page 4 of 6
Handling food safely on the road A full cooler
will maintain its cold temperatures longer than
one that is partially filled. If a cooler is
only partially filled, pack the remaining space
with more ice or with fruit and some
nonperishable foods such as peanut butter and
jelly and perhaps some hard Cheddar
cheeses. Consider packing drinks in a separate
cooler so the food cooler is not opened
frequently. For longer trips, take along two
coolers one for the days immediate food needs,
such as lunch, and the other for perishable foods
to be used later in the day. Pack Safely Keep
the cooler in the air conditioned passenger
compartment of your car, rather than in a hot
trunk. Limit the times the cooler is opened
open and close the lid quickly. For Additional
Information For additional food safety
information, call the toll-free USDA Meat and
Poultry Hotline at 1.800.535.4555 or visit the
USDA Food Safety Inspection Service home page at
www.usda.gov/fsis. You can also download a Food
Safety Activity book for kids http//www.fsis.usd
a.gov/PDF/BFS_Activity_Book_Color.pdf
18
Food
Page 5 of 6
  • Nosebag (brown bag) lunches
  • Girl Scouts call lunches they carry in a bag
    nosebag lunches. The term comes from the bag
    of food hung under a horses nose when she is
    away from home. When packing a nosebag lunch,
    choose foods that travel well. Put the heaviest
    items on the bottom and the lightest, most
    fragile items on the top. Try to stand up
    sandwiches to keep them from getting soggy.
  • Include something juicy, munchy, crunchy, and
    sweet!
  • SOMETHING JUICY (fruits and vegetables)
  • Try apples, oranges, celery, cucumbers, carrots,
    and pickles.
  • Be careful with those that bruise easily
    bananas, grapes, peaches, pears, plums, and
    tomatoes. If taken, these should be packed on
    top.
  • Beverages This might be a time to demonstrate
    the delights of a good drink of water to satisfy
    thirst. In hot weather, try drinks that are not
    too sweet such as lemonade or grapefruit juice.
    In cold weather, try warm drinks such as cocoa,
    hot lemonade or tea, and cider.
  • SOMETHING MUNCHY (sandwiches)
  • Bread try different kinds (brown, date, nut,
    oatmeal, raisin, rye, or whole wheat). Dont
    forget that this doesnt have to be your everyday
    loaf bread. Try tortilla wraps or pitas.
  • Spread butter or margarine on bread to act as a
    shield to keep bread from getting soggy.
  • Use fillings that are NOT perishable such as
    peanut butter, jelly, marmalade, etc.

19
Food
Page 6 of 6
  • SOMETHING CRIMCHY
  • Potato chips are going to get mashed into little
    crumbs!
  • Try cheese curls, dry cereal, peanuts (watch
    allergies), sunflower seeds, veggie sticks, and
    rice or popcorn cakes.
  • Explore the possibilities . . . How many
    crunches can you find?
  • SOMETHING SWEET
  • Many cookies have become crumbs on a hike. Look
    for ones that travel well such as brownies,
    gingerbread cookies, muffins, Fig Newtons, etc.
  • Dried fruits provide a lot of sweetness,
    nutrition, and energy and dont add much weight
    or bulk.
  • Chocolate melts in hot weather . . . take along
    peppermint sticks, lemon drops, or other hard
    candy.
  • Always carry out everything you take everyone
    must be responsible for their own trash.

20
Packing lists and equipment
Page 1 of 6
  • Plan what clothing and equipment are needed based
    upon your activities and location.
  • Always be prepared for changes in weather and
    temperature.
  • Follow the Onion Theory wear many layers of
    clothing. As the bodys heat warms the trapped
    air between the layers, you will be warmer than
    with one heavy garment.
  • A warm hat is really important when its cold.
    Between 25 and 50 of total body heat loss
    radiates from the head. Head protection is good
    when its sunny.
  • Wear knitted gloves or mittens inside a
    waterproof outer layer to keep hands warm and
    dry.
  • Wool and fleece clothing are warmer than cotton,
    especially when it is wet. When the weather is
    cold and wet, take care not to wear cotton
    without additional layers.
  • A wet bandanna around your neck can keep your
    cool.
  • A plastic garbage bag can become emergency
    raingear.
  • Always wear shoes and socks that are comfortable
    and appropriate for the activities you will be
    completing.
  • Wool socks should be worn if at all possible to
    assist in keeping the feet dry.

21
Packing lists and equipment
Page 2 of 6
  • Plan what clothing and equipment are needed based
    upon your activities and location.
  • Packing pro tips
  • PACK LIGHT- remember that you will have to carry
    whatever you bring and you should bring only what
    is necessary.
  • Remember to leave valuables at home.
  • Label your luggage inside and out with your name
    and address.
  • Label EVERY article of clothing and anything
    else you expect to take back home.
  • Bring the appropriate type of luggage for the
    type of trip.
  • Practice packing before the trip. For younger
    girls, make sure that they also help pack their
    bags since it is they, and not their parents, who
    must find things as well as repack while on the
    trip. Label clothes if necessary. Do a walk
    around the block with their luggage fully packed.
  • Sample personal packing lists
  • On the following slides, you will find a
    comprehensive list of what a girls might need for
    an overnight troop/group trip. A good rule of
    thumb is to take one more set of clothing,
    complete with underwear, than the number of
    nights the trip lasts. This provides extra in
    case of rain, mud or accidents. All items except
    sleeping bag and pillow should be packed in a
    duffel bag, suitcase, or backpack that each girl
    can carry. You might also want to check out
    www.neighborhood13-1.com/what_to_bring-gen.htm
    for an interactive list maker! Its totally
    customizable for your troop/outing!

22
Packing lists and equipmentovernight trip
Page 3 of 6
CLOTHING CLOTHING CLOTHING CLOTHING CLOTHING CLOTHING CLOTHING CLOTHING

  underwear ( bras)   long underwear   long pants

  shorts   long-sleeved shirts   T-shirts

  sweaters/sweatshirts   socks   PJs/sleepwear

  cap (for sun rain)   hat (for warmth)   jacket or coat

  snow pants   gloves or mittens   swimsuit towel

  sturdy/hiking shoes   athletic shoes   wet swimsuit bag

  fleece jacket   bandanna   waterproof boots

  rain gear (poncho, jacket, rainpants, etc.) rain gear (poncho, jacket, rainpants, etc.) rain gear (poncho, jacket, rainpants, etc.) rain gear (poncho, jacket, rainpants, etc.)    

           

PERSONAL PERSONAL PERSONAL PERSONAL PERSONAL PERSONAL PERSONAL PERSONAL

  hairbrush/comb   toothbrush   toothpaste

  towel 7 washcloth   deodorant   sanitary items

  shampoo/conditioner   biodegradable soap   toilet paper/tissue

  sunscreen   lip balm   sunglasses

  snow pants   gloves or mittens   Medications

  insect repellent (non-aerosol, unscented) insect repellent (non-aerosol, unscented) insect repellent (non-aerosol, unscented) insect repellent (non-aerosol, unscented)   water bottle

           

23
Packing lists and equipmentovernight trip
cont.
Page 4 of 6
SLEEPING GEAR OTHER ITEMS DO NOT BRING

  sleeping bag/bedroll   uniform   electronic devices

  extra blankets   plastic garbage bag    

  pillow   camera    

  sleeping pad   notebook pencil/pen    

  comfort item (small stuffed animal, etc.)   mess kit    
comfort item (small stuffed animal, etc.)
  comfort item (small stuffed animal, etc.)   dunk bag    

      Journeys Girls Guide    

      flashlight/extra batteries    

           
24
Packing lists and equipment2-night overnighter
Page 5 of 6
Home Camp
    1 warm sleeping bag or bedrool (NO slumber bags!)
    1-2 extra blankets (if needed)
    1 pillow
    2 pillow cases
    1 pair warm pajamas (or sweat suit)
    2-3 sets underwear (panties, undershirts, socks, bras)
    1 pair long underwear or knit tights
    1 pair heavy socks (wool, thermal, etc.)
    2 long-sleeved shirts
    1 warm shirt, sweater, or fleece
    2-3 pairs jeans or long pants
    2 pairs shoes (one indoor, one outdoor)
    1 pair boots for snow or rain
    1 warm coat
    2 pairs warm gloves or mittens (1 waterproof)
    1 warm hat
    1 pair snow pants
    rain gear
    toiletries (in plastic baggie soap, brush/comb, tissues, toothbrush paste)
    sunscreen, lip balm, medications
    washcloth, towel (in waterproof bag)
    mess kit in dunk bag 9unbreakable cup, plate, bowl, knife, fork, spoon)
    flashlight, extra batteries, extra bulb
    cup (another one)
    notepaper
    2 pencils/pens
    1 bandana
    whistle on lanyard

25
Sample Troop Equipment List cont.Adapt for
your trips
Page 6 of 6
Food and Kitchen Equipment (as needed) Food and Kitchen Equipment (as needed) Food and Kitchen Equipment (as needed)
Check to see what is already available on site. Check to see what is already available on site. Check to see what is already available on site.
  Paper products tissues, paper towels, toilet paper, napkins
  Salt, pepper, spices, condiments
  Knives/cooking utensils
  Sponges, dishcloths, scouring pads, dish detergent
  Cleanser/bleach (in marked container)
  Coolers/chill bags
Ziploc bags, food storage containers
Trash bags
Copies of recipes
Special Equipment/Supplies for Planned Program Activities Special Equipment/Supplies for Planned Program Activities Special Equipment/Supplies for Planned Program Activities
   
   
   

26
Kaper Charts
Page 1 of 4
  • Kaper charts may appear confusing, but really are
    simple to make.
  • Consider the following steps
  • Make a list of all the tasks that need to be
    done. Put each job on a small piece of paper and
    the next steps will be easier to do.
  • Plan how many people should be in each work group
    to equalize the responsibility individuals,
    buddies, patrols, other small groups.
  • Then decide which specific tasks listed will be
    combined to fit the work group. Take the small
    pieces of paper and sort them into piles
    according to tasks that will be done by each
    group.
  • If desired, give the work group names and/or
    symbols for the chart.
  • Make the chart a graphic representation of
    delegated responsibilities.
  • Eye-catching charts create interest. Girls form
    the habit of checking their job at the beginning
    of a meeting or trip.
  • Provide rotation of jobs, if appropriate.
  • Include a list of tasks for each
    individual/group.
  • Things to consider when making kaper charts
  • Rotate and shuffle the people who work together
    then everyone can work with everyone else over a
    period of time. This is especially helpful when
    individuals do not know each other.
  • Kaper charts can help groups avoid cliques.

27
Kaper Charts cont.
Page 2 of 4
  • Arrival and Departure Kapers
  • Upon arrival at your site, certain tasks, or
    kapers, may need to be completed to make the site
    comfortable. Depending on the facilities, the
    time of year, and the guidelines for the
    particular site.
  • Some ARRIVAL kapers might be
  • Sweep the floor
  • Set up tables and benches or chairs
  • Organize and store any food and equipment
  • Clean the bathroom or latrine
  • Set up a hand-washing station
  • When leaving your site, DEPARTURE kapers are
    usually very similar to the arrival kapers.
  • Sweep the floor
  • Stack the tables and benches or chairs
  • Pack any food and equipment
  • Clean the bathroom or latrine
  • Handle the trash as required
  • Samples of kaper charts are on the next 2 slides.

28
Kaper Charts cont.
Page 3 of 4
Friday Night Friday Night Friday Night Friday Night Friday Night Friday Night
Give out snacks Give out drinks Pick up all trash Wash table Sweep floor
Group 1          
Group 2          
Saturday Morning Saturday Morning Saturday Morning Saturday Morning Saturday Morning
Set table in Dining Hall Return dishes to dishwashing area Wash table Sweep Floor
Group 1        
Group 2        
Building Cleanup Building Cleanup Building Cleanup Building Cleanup Building Cleanup Building Cleanup
Sweep Floor Clean toilets, sinks Stack tables, chairs, benches Wash Floors Litter
Group 1          
Group 2          
29
Kaper Charts cont.
Page 4 of 4
KAPER CHART FOR MEALS KAPER CHART FOR MEALS KAPER CHART FOR MEALS KAPER CHART FOR MEALS KAPER CHART FOR MEALS KAPER CHART FOR MEALS KAPER CHART FOR MEALS
Job Breakfast Saturday Lunch Saturday Dinner Saturday Snack Saturday Breakfast Sunday
SLOP COOKS          
HOP - HOSTESS          
MOP CLEAN UP
  • A kaper chart is not just for fun. It lets
    everyone help decide how the jobs are divided,
    and is a record of what has been decided. On our
    trip, anyone can look at the chart knows when
    they will be the cook, hostess, or clean-up
    person.
  • Two special reminders
  • Exciting activities for everyone should not be
    scheduled too soon after a meal. You want to be
    sure the clean-up people will not miss them.
  • Be sure to make a final clean-up chart.

Slop Cooks Wash hands Tie Back Hair Post
Menu Pick Up Food Prepare Food for
Cooking Dispose of Trash recycle Cook Food Pack
up Leftovers Clean up food prep area Set cookware
to soak
Hop Hostess Clean and set table Make a
centerpiece Lead grace Invite adults to meal Put
away condiments Dispose of food not eaten Wash
leaders dishes
Mop Clean-up Heat Dishwater Set up
dishpans Fill dishpans Clean Table Check trash
can Clean Cookware after everyone is done with
their own dishes Dispose of dishwater Clean dry
dishpan
30
Leave No Trace(more information at this website
usscouts.org/advance)
Page 1 of 3
  • Leave No Trace is a set of principles for
    participation in outdoor recreation that seeks to
    minimize the impact on the natural environment.
    Proponents of Leave No Trace believe that
    individual impacts caused by recreation can
    accumulate to degrade the land. It encourages
    people who spend time in the outdoors to behave
    in such a way that they can minimize unavoidable
    impacts and prevent avoidable impacts. It is
    often summarized Take only photos, leave only
    foot prints. (from Wikipedia)
  • Leave No Trace consists of 7 principles
  • Plan Ahead and Prepare
  • Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces
  • Dispose of Waste Properly
  • Leave What You Find
  • Minimize Campfire Impact
  • Respect Wildlife
  • Be Considerate of Other Visitors

31
Leave No Trace cont.(more information at
this website usscouts.org/advance)
Page 2 of 3
  • Front Country Leave No Trace
  • Limit group size to 10, less is better. A large
    group cant help but make a bigger noise, visual,
    and physical impact as they travel.
  • Hike on durable surfaces. Step on snow, rock,
    sand, or dirt rather than grass and other living
    things.
  • Hike single file rather than two or three
    abreast. Be aware of hikers sharing the trail.
  • Stay on the marked, official trail. Even if it
    is muddy, hike on through. Walking around muddy
    areas broadens the trail and makes a bigger
    mud-hole. Creating a secondary trail makes it
    worse.
  • Dont cut switchbacks. This causes erosion and
    another trail scar.
  • Pack out your garbage and any other garbage you
    find along the way.
  • Do not feed any animals. Chipmunks, squirrels,
    geese . . . can become dependent on humans and
    then starve when they are not ready for harsh
    weather.

32
Leave No Trace cont.(more information at
this website usscouts.org/advance)
Page 3 of 3
  • On the trail Leave No Trace
  • Stay on marked/established trails.
  • Walk single file when possible, dont shortcut
    switch backs.
  • If walking off the trail spread out to minimize
    impact, stay off of mosses, lichens, flowers,
    etc. Especially at high altitude as the growing
    season is very short and the alpine tundra
    environment, above the timberline, is very
    fragile.
  • If a trail is muddy, walk through it to avoid
    creating another trail next to the original. If
    this is not an option, spread out and go a good
    way around the muddy part.
  • When you stop for breaks/lunches go off the trail
    a ways so youre not blocking its use for others.
    Spread out your group and dont leave any trash
    or food waste (including orange peels, potato
    chip pieces . . .) behind.
  • Want style points Fluff up the grass thats been
    matted down by you before you leave.
  • Pick up other trash you see . . . If you dont,
    who will?

33
Activities
Page 1 of 1
  • Girl Scouting builds girls of courage,
    confidence, and character who make the world a
    better place.
  • Use the three keys Discover, Connect and Take
    Action
  • and three processes girl led, learning by doing
    and cooperative learning.
  • Girls plan activities based on the interests of
    all involved.
  • They consult Safety Activity Checkpoints and
    Volunteer Essentials Chapter 4 and Appendix For
    Travel Volunteers to determine what
    considerations should be observed.
  • Girls use the Journeys three at each grade
    level to explore and develop leadership skills.
  • They make sure to include me time, where
    everyone can relax.
  • They make a kaper chart.
  • They decide what special equipment you may need
    and from where it will come.
  • They revisit the Planning trips and outings
    checklist on slides 20 22.

34
Plan B and the Rescue BoxIts raining. What
can we do?"
Page 1 of 1
Its more than just about rain. The troop may
have free or unscheduled time a program
consultant may not have shown up or an even
cancelled. Girls need to be part of the process
of planning what to do in case . . . Dont get
stuck always prepare with Plan B the things
youll do if Plan A goes astray! Bring your
rescue box of games and equipment. Be
prepared, and the girls wont have reason to mope
and whine. An indoor picnic with special games
would be fun. Do you need some active games,
such as agility test or balloon soccer? Or are
you in need of quiet games? Why not try crafts
or sketching? Are you tired out? If in cabin
groups, quiet games may be the answer such as
Quiz, I Spy or storytelling. Has the inclement
weather spoiled plans for an outdoor game day?
Then, try an indoor track meet with balloon
races, ring toss, etc. See the next slide for a
checklist of Plan B activities.
35
Activities A checklist of some tested Plan B
activities
Page 1 of 3
  • Charades, skits, tell about pets, make
    centerpieces.
  • Story time no ghost stories permitted.
  • Square dance, folk dancing, creative dance.
  • Plan future trips, overnights, nature hikes.
  • Crafts and sketching anyone?
  • Who can make the funniest newspaper costume?
  • Write poetry.
  • Draw.
  • Make up indoor games, and then play them.
  • Scavenger hunts.
  • Puzzle or riddle games, how about a shadow play?
  • Sing songs, singing games, or a rhythm band.
  • Make puppets and have a puppet show.
  • Make paper plate pictures, sand pictures, or
    gravel mosaics.
  • Simon Says I Spy.
  • Blindfold games, identify sounds, objects.
  • Checkers, chess, dominoes.
  • Write a play.
  • Mock trail of storybook characters (Goldilocks,
    Big Bad Wolf)

36
Activities Go on an Aqua Hike. (Make sure
you have a change of clothes and it is not an
electrical storm!)
Page 2 of 3
  • Walk in the rain. Hold your face up and catch
    the drops. Feel them tingle.
  • Splash in all the puddles. Its fun!
  • Drop a pebble in a puddle and watch the circles
    grow. Where will they end?
  • Notice how clean everything becomes.
  • Smell the air. Its delightful!
  • Catch rain in a pan and measure it.
  • Put up a tarp and get under it. Here the drops?
  • Explore your surroundings.
  • Examine soil erosion.
  • Examine things growing.
  • Look for insects, animals, etc., they really like
    the rain.
  • Study the clouds and weather.

37
Activities Rescue Box (What you put in your
own rescue box depends on what your girls like to
do and how old they are. Here are some ideas.
Page 3 of 3
  • Crayons Inflatable beach balls
  • Pens Traveling board games
  • Pencils Deck of cards
  • Paper Song books
  • Jacks Releasable plastic bags of various sizes
  • String Floss and safety pins for making
    friendship bracelets
  • Frisbees Scotch tape/masking tape
  • Scissors Game books
  • Glue Card games
  • Balloons Popsicle sticks
  • Yarn Newspapers
  • Straws Straight pins
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