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Theme: Verbs. Perfective and Imperfective Verbs

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LECTURE 5 Theme: Verbs. Perfective and Imperfective Verbs Plan 1. Verb. 2. Perfective and Imperfective Verbs. VERB Verb is a part of speech which indicates an action ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Theme: Verbs. Perfective and Imperfective Verbs


1
LECTURE 5
  • Theme Verbs. Perfective and Imperfective Verbs

2
Plan
  • 1. Verb.
  • 2. Perfective and Imperfective Verbs.

3
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4
VERB
  • Verb is a part of speech which indicates an
    action of the subject.
  • ????????? ??????? ???? ?????.

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The infinitive form of the verb
  • Endings of Ukrainian verbs also change, depending
    on whether you're taking about present, past or
    future and what the subject of the sentence is
    (I, you, he/she/it, we, they or respective
    nouns). Verbs in the infinitive form end in -??
    they can be found in the dictionary.

7
Imperfective and perfective verbs
  • The verbs are divided into two groups for a
    reason the first group includes imperfective
    verbs, and the second one -- perfective.

8
  • Imperfective verbs denote incomplete, continuous,
    or repetitive action perfective verbs, on the
    contrary, indicate that the action has been/will
    be completed.
  • Perfective verbs can never be in the present
    tense.
  • For each imperfective verb, there's usually a
    perfective counterpart.

9
Imperfective
  • ????????? ????? ??????.(I'm buying a ticket)?
    ?'???? ? ?????????? ??????.(I'll be buying a
    ticket at five o'clock.)? ?'???? ? ???????
    ??????.(I was buying a ticket at five o'clock.)

10
Imperfective
  • ?????? ? ???? ?????.(I'm writing a
    letter.)??????? ? ???????? ?????.(I'll be
    writing a letter in the evening.)????? ? ?????
    ?????.(Yesterday I wrote a letter.)

11
Perfective
  • ?????? ? ????? ??????.(I bought a ticket.)?
    ????? ??????.(I'll buy a ticket)

12
Perfective
  • ???????? ???????? ? ?????? ?????, ? ??????
    ?????????.(I'll write a letter today and mail it
    tomorrow.)? ??? ??????? ?????.(I've written a
    letter already.)

13
IMPERFECTIVE
  • focus on the process the action is incomplete,
    continuous, or repetitive.

14
PERFECTIVE
  • focus on the action as something that produces
    certain results

15
  • Imperfective Perfective Translation
  • ??????????? ??????????? to wake up
  • ???????? (???) ???????? (???) to take
  • (a shower)
  • ??????? ????????? to breakfast

16
  • ????? ??????? to go (by a vehicle)
  • ????????? ???????????? to work
  • ??????? ????????? to have lunch
  • ??????????? ??????????? to return
  • ???????? ?????????? to have dinner

17
  • ???????? (?????????) ?????????? (?????????)
    to watch (TV)
  • ?????? ????????? to read
  • ?????? ????? ????? ????? to go to bed
  • ??????? ?????? to get up

18
  • You may have noticed that perfective verbs either
    differ from their imperfective counterparts in a
    couple of letters in the stem or add prefixes.
  • Some verbs end with-??. These are so called
    reflexive verbs.

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To run - ?????
22
To study - ?????
23
To sit- ??????
24
To read- ??????
25
To shout - ???????
26
To speak - ????????
27
To buy - ????????
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  • ????? ?? ?????!
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