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Innovation: The Key to technology leadership

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Why R in Industry? Technology growth key to social development. Technology growth drives economic growth. Technology inventions central to quality of life – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Innovation: The Key to technology leadership


1
Innovation The Key to technology leadership
  • P. AnandanManaging DirectorMicrosoft Research
    India

2
Long run growth in GDP is not so much due to
capital investment as due to Technological
progress
  • Robert Solow, Nobel Prize Winner Economics

Innovation leading to increased productivity is
the fundamental source of increasing wealth in an
economy.
Source Wikepedia
3
Technological Progress and Innovation
  • Goal of innovation is make something new or do
    something better
  • Innovation is the process of enabling effective
    and efficient solutions to meet peoples needs
  • Innovation begins in the lab and ends at the
    hands of the customer
  • Innovation involves both R and D

4
Why R in Industry?
  • Technology growth key to social development
  • Technology growth drives economic growth
  • Technology inventions central to quality of life
  • No technology was invented accidentally
  • No technology was developed overnight
  • Perfecting the technology requires decades of
    investment
  • Only industry can take ideas to completion

5
Microsofts Approach to Innovation
  • Innovation in and through our products
  • Microsoft Research
  • Ecosystem support of partner innovation

6
R in support of D in Microsoft
  • Every product group innovates during the course
    of the product development
  • Innovations include
  • New designs, architectures, frameworks
  • Platform for software development
  • Features in specific products
  • Business innovations

7
The MSR Experience
8
MSR Mission Statement
  • Expand the state of the art in each of the areas
    in which we do research
  • Rapidly transfer innovative technologies into
    Microsoft products
  • Ensure that Microsoft products have a future

9
Microsoft Research
  • Established 1991
  • 1000 full-time staff
  • Over 60 computer-science research areas
    represented
  • Contributions to products at Microsoft
  • Inventing the future

10
  • Microsoft Research locations
  • Redmond, Washington, USA
  • (Sep, 1991)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • (July, 1997)
  • Beijing, China
  • (Nov, 1998)
  • Silicon Valley, California
  • (July, 2001)
  • Bangalore, India
  • (Jan, 2005)
  • Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
  • (July, 2008)

11
Technology Transfer Impact
  • Critical support technologies.
  • Opt. Technology enabled sim-ship of
    Win95/Office95.
  • Automated bug detection in Windows 2000.
  • Almost every aspect of Windows 7
  • Key technologies that drive products.
  • E.G., MS audio 4.0, ClearType, collaborative
    filtering, intelligent search, etc.
  • Bing is continually evolving through research
    collaboration
  • Incubated major products.
  • Windows streaming media.
  • Windows CE, eBook.
  • Ecommerce, Datamining.
  • TabletPC
  • Surface
  • Speech processing

12
Why did we come to India
  • Strong engineering education, talent pool
  • Growing economy and aspirations for RD and
    innovation
  • Interesting research topics stimulated by the
    socio-economic-cultural environment

13
Microsoft Research India The First Five Years
  • P. Anandan
  • Distinguished Scientist
  • Managing Director
  • MSR India

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15
People Place
  • Full-time staff total 56
  • Technical staff 48
  • 34 with PhD (69)
  • Total interns (5 years) 430
  • Indian universities 60
  • Foreign universities 40
  • PhD candidates 43
  • Bachelors/Masters 57
  • Universities include
  • IISc, IITs, BITS, DAIICT, IIITs, MIT, CMU, UC
    Berkeley, UW, Yale, Cambridge, Chicago, Bristol,
    National University of Singapore, Institute of
    Mathematical Sciences, Oxford, Georgia Institute
    of Technology, Princeton, New York University,
    University of Maryland, McGill University, U.
    Cape Town, UC Santa Barbara, U Michigan

16
Research Groups
  • Algorithms and Search
  • Cryptography, Security, and Applied Mathematics
  • Mobility, Networks, and Systems
  • Multilingual Systems
  • Rigorous Software Engineering
  • Technology for Emerging Markets
  • Vision, Graphics, and Visualization

17
Publications
  • Award winning research
  • ACM Eugene Lawler Award (Digital Study Hall)
  • Best-paper awards in
  • FSE
  • ICTD
  • COMSNETS
  • TED Award
  • First place in FIRE (Forum for Information
    Retrieval Evaluation) 2009
  • Joint winner in PASCAL VOC Object Detection
    Challenge 2009

Papers per year!
18
Technology Transfers from MSRI in 2009
  • System Security
  • tools for diagnosing vulnerability to attacks
  • Developer support
  • tools to improve programmer productivity
  • Program verification, debugging
  • Networking and cloud
  • efficient compression while protecting privacy
    for data transfers from data centers to clients
  • Search
  • Robust location of addresses in BING Maps
  • Machine translation
  • Community creation of multilingual content

19
INNOVATIONS FROM INDIA AT MSR
20
Multi-Mouse for Education
  • Problem PCs in emerging-market schools are used
    in a one-to-many fashion.
  • Solution Multiply the value of PCs by allowing
    multiple USB mice to be plugged into a PC, with
    each mouse having a cursor on-screen with a
    different color.
  • Children grasp the concept immediately and show
    greater engagement.
  • Deployed and distributed by Microsoft product
    teams

Before
After
21
Digital Green
  • Problem Agriculture extension (transfer of
    expert knowledge to farmers) is slow and
    difficult
  • Solution Locally recorded videos of good farming
    practices and ad hoc screenings in villages
  • Stockholm Challenge Award 2008
  • Spun off as an independent non-profit
    organization
  • Aiming to impact 400,000 households in 3 years

Digital Green video screening in rural Karnataka
Work by Rikin Gandhi, Rajesh Veeraraghavan,
Vanaja Ramprasad, Randy Wang, Kentaro Toyama
22
Robust Location Search
  • Goal
  • Find regions on Earth that best match freeform
    textual input
  • Examples
  • 2nd main, 10th cross, Indira Nagar 1st stage,
    near RTO office Bangalore 560038
  • ... in Madrid, somewhere near calle de
    arroyofresno and avenida de la llustracion
  • 67, ?????? ????????????, ???-3, ????
    ????????????
  • Now Deployed in BING MAPS in several countries,
    including parts of India

23
Debug Advisor
  • Allow user to search diverse repositories using a
    fat query
  • Fat query allows user to simply concatenate all
    the context for the current bug
  • Match fat query with all historical data from
    repositories
  • Deployed and actively used by various MS product
    development teams

Has this bug or a similar bug already been fixed
or studied somewhere else? What is already known
about this kind of bug? Where should I start? Who
would be able to help?
24
External Research
Partner with Academia, Industry and Government
  • Strengthen CS Research Ecosystem
  • Capacity Building
  • Communitywide Research Initiatives
  • Address Societal Challenges
  • Community Engagement
  • Social Responsibility
  • Empower with Technologies
  • Help advance research process
  • Innovation

25
Innovation and RD in the world
26
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  • Microsoft is the second highest RD investor in
    the world Euro 6.48B(Toyota is number 1)
  • Microsoft has been in the top 3 for several
    years, was number 1 last year (Euro 5.58B)
  • No Indian company in Top 50(surprised?)

30
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Other Indian companies include Polaris, Prithvi,
Mindtree, Reliance, Ranbaxy, Infosys, BHEL, HCL,
etc.
34
India and Innovation (in IT)
35
The Developed World
  • Over 15,000 corporate labs in the US
  • Employ over 750,000 scientists and engineers
  • 70 of the total number of such professionals
  • Total RD investment USD 150B
  • Industry funds over 65 RD conducted in US
  • Ctsy Engines of Tomorrow Bob Buderi

36
Many models for success
  • Bell Labs / ATT
  • GE
  • IBM
  • HP
  • Xerox
  • Siemens
  • NEC
  • Intel
  • Microsoft
  • Google

37
India Today
  • Booming economy
  • Growing consumer sector
  • Large skilled labor population
  • Rich investors
  • Many Indian companies in Fortune 500
  • The place to be!

38
Challenges
  • Not enough RD, mostly service sector work
  • Very little basic research
  • Changing values, easy job opportunities, easy
    money, changing lifestyles
  • Corruption still endemic

39
Indian Economy at a Glance
Changing Composition of Indias GDP
Real GDP growth Percentage, 1991-2007
India
100
80
63
60
Developing World Average
40
19
20
18
0
FY80
FY90
FY02
FY08
Developed World Average
Agriculture
Industry
Services
Source Usda.gov
Source RBI
The Indian economy has experienced rapid growth
buoyed by a shift from an agriculture to a
services-led economy Source - NASSCOM
40
NASSCOM DATA
41
OCTOBER, 2008
Next few slides from
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STATISTICS AT A GLANCE 2007-08 MAJOR HIGHLIGHTS
DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
MINISTRY OF SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY, Govt.of India, Technology Bhawan, New Mehrauli Road, New Delhi-110016, (INDIA)
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4.5 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0
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Priorities
  • Rapid upgrading of the college education system
  • Increase number of qualified college professors
  • Make academic careers rewarding
  • Make research a requirement
  • Get the industry into the RD game
  • Convince parents to encourage children to go into
    research

47
THANK YOU!
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