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Facing The R&D Challenge: THE RISE OF ISLAMIC WORLD TO STI PROMINANCE Prof. Dr. Yunus engel Adnan Menderes University, Aydin,Turkey (University of Nevada, Reno, USA) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Facing The R


1
Facing The RD Challenge THE RISE OF ISLAMIC
WORLD TO STI PROMINANCE
  • Prof. Dr. Yunus Çengel
  • Adnan Menderes University, Aydin,Turkey
  • (University of Nevada, Reno, USA)
  • Alliance of Civilizations Institute
  • Fatih Sultan Mehmet Waqf University, Istanbul,
    Turkey
  • Workshop on Establishing an Islamic Fund for RD
  • Istanbul, 2013

2
KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY and KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY
3
KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY
  • AGRICULTURAL Society (... 1712, Invention of
    Steam Engine, Newcomen) Occupations (farming,
    crafts) passed from father to son.
  • Speed of Change Low
  • Required skills/competencies Simple
  • INDUSTRIAL Society (1712 1948, invention of
    transistor, Bell Labs)
  • Farming didnt disappear it mechanized.
    Mechanization became the measure of
    competitiveness in Ag. Working class new
    vocations
  • Speed of Change Medium
  • Required skills/competencies Mechanical
    (robotic)
  • KNOWLEDGE Society (1948 ...)
  • Industrialization continues, but is
    knowledge-based. Routine tasks are left to
    robots. Arena of competition New knowledge and
    technology developed.
  • Speed of Change High Product life Short Life
    of occupation Short
  • Required skills/competencies Complex and
    variable

4
Difference Between Poverty and Wealth KNOWLEDGE
6-fold difference in GDP
Source World Bank
5
SHARE OF TECHNOLOGY GOODS IN WORLD TRADE
Source World Bank, 1999
6
INFORMATION EXPLOSION Information doubles every
4 years
  • Accelerated increase in knowledge shortens the
    useful life of knowledge. Knowledge becomes
    outdated at increasing rate.
  • Knowledge took 1,750 years to double for the
    first time, counting from the start of the
    Christian era.
  • It then doubled in volume every 150 years and
    then every 50.
  • Every 4 years the amount of information in the
    world doubles.
  • By 2020 knowledge will double every 73 days.
  • We are only capable of giving attention to a
    small fraction of it.
  • The primary language of the new information in
    the world is English, which made English the
    non-formal language of the world. Knowing the
    World Language has now become part of being a
    World citizen.
  • Source UNESCO Forum Occasional Paper Series
    Paper No. 4 (2003).

7
An Indicator of Knowledge Economy Fraction of
Intellectual Property 80
http//www.oceantomo.com/media/newsreleases/Intang
ible-Asset-Market-Value-Study
8
Cross-border Licensing and Royalty Income
Billion USD
Source WIPO (World Intellectual Property
Organization)
http//www.wipo.int/export/sites/www/freepublicati
ons/en/intproperty/944/wipo_pub_944_2011.pdf
9
Firms with Most US Patents in 2012 (Top 25)
No. No. Patents Firm Country
1 6478 International Business Machines Corp, IBM United States
2 5081 Samsung Electronics Co Ltd KR Korea
3 3174 Canon K K JP Japan
4 3032 Sony Corp JP Japan
5 2769 Panasonic Corp JP Japan
6 2613 Microsoft Corp United States
7 2447 Toshiba Corp JP Japan
8 2013 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co Ltd TW Taiwan
9 1652 General Electric Co United States
10 1624 LG Electronics Inc KR Korea
11 1535 Fujitsu Ltd JP Japan
12 1461 Seiko Epson Corp JP Japan
13 1436 Hitachi Ltd JP Japan
14 1410 Ricoh Co Ltd JP Japan
15 1394 Hewlett-Packard Development Co L P United States
16 1377 GM Global Technology Operations LLC United States
17 1292 QUALCOMM Inc United States
18 1290 Intel Corp United States
19 1285 Toyota Jidosha K K JP Japan
20 1157 Broadcom Corp United States
21 1151 Google Inc United States
22 1136 Apple Inc United States
23 1132 Honda Motor Co Ltd JP Japan
24 1118 Sharp K K JP Japan
25 1050 Xerox Corp United States
Source http//ificlaims.com/index.php?pagemisc_t
op_50_2012
10
30 of IBM Patents are from Inventors Abroad
  • IBM collected 6,478 patents in 2012 (the 20th
    consecutive year in top spot). 8,000 inventors in
    46 states and 35 countries have contributed.
  • About 30 of IBMs patents were produced by
    inventors outside the U.S., up from 22 percent in
    2010.
  • With over 430,000 employees worldwide and over
    67,000 patents since 1993, IBM invests about 6
    billion/year (and 6 of revenues) in RD.
  • IBMs patent asset generates an estimated 1
    billion/year in license revenue. But it also is a
    shield against patent litigation by competitors
    and patent-holding firms.
  • Samsung Electronics was granted 5,081 patents.
    Google posted a 170 jump from 65 in 2011 to 21
    in 2012 in patents granted, with 1,151 patents.
  • In 2012, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
    issued a total of 253,155 patents, a record.
  • IBM patent strategy the proliferation of
    mixed-skill teams of researchers in fields like
    medicine, public health, and oil and gas
    exploration.

Source http//www.businessweek.com/news/2013-01-1
0/ and http//bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/01/10/

11
IP WARS 1.17 Billion Award in Patent
Infringement Case
http//chronicle.com/blogs/ticker/jury-awards-carn
egie-mellon-u-1-17-billion-in-patent-infringement-
case/53485
12
Cloud Computing 1-Million New Jobs in the US
5 March 2012
13
An Indicator of Knowledge Economy Average price
of exported goods, /kg
14
High-Value Added Technology Products
Car 20/kg
Tablet 500/kg
Erythropoietin (A hormone that controls red cell
production in blood a biotechnology product used
in the treatment of leukemia) 27 billion/kg
Source Prof. Cezmi Akdis, Director of Swiss
Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research (SIAF)
15
Satellite Matter copper, iron, plastic, ...
Non-matter imagination, innovation, knowledge,
skills, ...
A Technological Marvel
TURKSAT 4A and 4B Mitsubishi Electric,
Japan 2013 and 2014
Total mass and price 7700 kg 571 million
Unit cost 74,000/kg
Raw materials 10/kg?
http//www.ntvmsnbc.com/id/25229518/
16
CHANGE An Intrinsic trait of humanity
  • Humans are CHANGING beings.
  • Objection to change is objection to being human
    and denial of humanity.
  • Intelligent
  • Talking
  • Social
  • Economic
  • CHANGING

HUMANS are
BEINGS.
(HUMANS vs. ANIMALS)
Engineering A joyful profession. Exhibiting
creativity is a human-like and joyful act.
17
ISLAMIC WORLD ON KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY
18
VISION OF OIC
  • The challenge facing the Islamic world is to
    re-establish itself at the forefront in science,
    technology and innovation (STI), and transition
    to a knowledge economy.
  • In its Vision 1441H of 2003 Declaration On
    Science and Technology for Economic Well-being of
    the Ummah in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Organisation of Islamic Cooperation OIC
    acknowledged that the Muslim world is facing a
    knowledge gap because of its deficiency in
    science, technology and innovation, and set as a
    goal to achieve 14 of the worlds scientific
    output and 1.4 of GDP spent on RD by 2020.
  • In its Ten Year Programme of Action of 2005 to
    Meet the Challenges Facing the Muslim Ummah in
    the 21st Century in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • OIC pledged to make science and technology a high
    priority and called upon member states to spend
    1 of GDP on RD by 2015.

19
The 57 State Islamic World (OIC) State of STI
  • The Islamic world which is comprised of the 57
    member states of the Organisation of Islamic
    Cooperation (OIC) has a population of nearly 1.5
    billion - about 21 of the world population of
    7.2 billion.
  • Yet, it constitutes only
  • 6.8 of the worlds total GDP (PPP),
  • 2.4 of the worlds total RD expenditure,
  • 10 of the worlds total researchers,
  • 5.9 of global publications,
  • 1.7 of global patents filed and 1.5 of patents
    granted
  • all key indicators well below the world
    average.
  • The OIC countries spend 0.5 of their GDP on RD
    much less than the world average of 2.0.
  • The annual high-technology exports of the 57 OIC
    countries total 75 billion, which is less than
    the annual sales of Apple established in 1980s by
    a college dropout.

20
Total Patent Applications in the World
OIC 21 of world population 1.7 of patent
applications
Source World Intellectual Property Organization,
Statistics Database (SESRIC of OIC)
21
Total Patent Grants (World)
OIC 21 of world population 1.5 of patents
granted
Source World Intellectual Property Organization,
Statistics Database (SESRIC of OIC)
22
A Measure of Technological AdvancementPATENTS
No. of patents granted by countries (2011)
No. of domestic patents granted by Turkish Patent
Institute in 2011 847. No. given to foreign
applicants in 2011 5720 (87)
Source http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_count
ries_by_patents and Turkish Patent Institute
23
High-Technology Exports (OIC Member states)
Source World Bank, WDI Online (via SESRIC of OIC)
24
Apple Still Tops List of Most Innovative Companies
  • Ross Rubin There are different kinds of
    innovation. Apples innovation focuses on
    bringing together different parts of an ecosystem
    and tightly integrating them together with
    meticulous attention to detail.
  • Samsung Incorporate the latest technologies into
    its products.
  • Dell Focus on relatively unglamorous innovation
    in process and manufacturing.
  • Google Innovation in prototypes and concepts.
  • Charles Golvin A big distinction for Apple is
    the breadth of areas in which it innovates
    hardware, industrial design, software, usability,
    retail. Apple has come under criticism for its
    products being largely evolutionary, rather
    than revolutionary.

Source http//www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2012/11/app
le-most-innovative/
25
One Country vs. One Person in GDP Generation
Syria (185,200 km2 23 million people) GDP in
2010 60 billion (2800 per capita) http//en.wik
ipedia.org/wiki/Syria
Steve Jobs (1955-2011) (Son of a Syrian father
US mother) Apple 109 billion revenue in
2011) Apple is the most valuable publicly traded
firm in the world (550 billion)
Question What if Steve Jobs were raised in Syria
instead of the US?
26
Stanford Univ Grads Worlds 10th Largest
Economy (40,000 companies, 2.7 trillion annual
sales)
Source http//www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-11-09/s
tanford-rooted-companies-would-form-world-sized-ec
onomy.html
27
UNIVERSITY-DEVELOPED TECHNOLOGIES (2010)
  • Income for licensing (US Universities)
  • 2.4 billion (Total)
  • 180 million, Northwestern University
  • 178 million, New York University
  • 147 million, Colombia University
  • 12,281 New patent applications filed
  • 4469 New patents are issued
  • 613 new start-up companies formed on
    university-owned intellectual property.
  • 657 New commercial products created

Source http//www.autm.net/home.htm Association
of University Technology Managers
28
Good Universities Attract Inovative Firms
As its universities turn out quality engineering
grads, POLAND attracts US tech giants
December 12, 2012 By Tom Marshall
  • Poland has continued to grow during the global
    financial crisis, lining itself up for a strong
    run to become the continent's next economic
    powerhouse.
  • General Electric Based one of their global
    design centers here, where Polish engineers
    helped create the new GEnx engine for Boeing's
    787 Dreamliner.
  • Foreign-based employers are happy with the
    quality of Polish graduates, who leave university
    with a strong base in math and basic programming.
  • Google, Motorola and IBM also opened development
    labs here.

http//worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/12/12/1584
5485-as-its-universities-turn-out-engineering-grad
s-poland-attracts-us-tech-giants?lite
29
A MUST for STI Ecosystem PROPER CLIMATE
GROWING PLANTS
GROWING TECHNOLOGY
27C 70 RH Sun
Freedom of expression, Safe environment,
Respecting differences, Risk taking
ECOSYSTEM in GREENHOUSES Fertilizer, water
Proper climate (Temp, humidity, sun)
STI ECOSYSTEM RD spending, human capital
Proper climate (personal/societal rights and
freedoms, democratic environment, free
expression, being different, creativity,
innovation, entrepreneurship, risk taking,
venture capital, team work, safe environment,
center of attraction for brains, )
30
CREATIVITY The Secret for Success
  • This innate ability can be activated and mined,
    but it is not something that can be taught.
  • America is the greatest engine of innovation
    that has ever existed, and it cant be duplicated
    anytime soon, because it is a product of multiple
    factors
  • - Extreme freedom of thought,
  • - an emphasis on independent thinking,
  • - a steady immigration of new minds,
  • - a risk taking culture with no stigma attached
    to trying and failing,
  • - a noncorrupt bureaucracy,
  • - and financial markets and a venture capital
    system that are unrivalled at taking new ideas
    and turning them into global products.
  • - Thomas Friedman, NY Times, March 07, 2004.

31
Foreign-born US scientists 76 of Patents
32
BRAINPOWER FIRST SILICON VALLEY
  • Silicon Valley is just the ground of brain power
    and creative thinking, not the source.
  • Silicon valley is merely the field where the
    orchards of creativity that blossomed in the
    garages of houses are planted.
  • Knowledge and skills now stand alone as only the
    source of comparative advantage. Silicon Valley
    and Route 128 are where they are, simply because
    that is where the brain power is.
  • - Lester Thurow, MIT Economist

In the U.S. immigrants have founded 52 of
Silicon Valleys companies and created millions
of jobs. (Vivek Wadhwa, Washington Post, Oct. 4,
2011).
33
FUNDING RD
34
RD Funding for Knowledge Economy
  • RD funding is of crucial importance to
    facilitate innovation, but these funds should be
    used intelligently to realize clearly set
    objectives and specific outputs.
  • For example, Google has concentrated its funding
    efforts to the development of driver-less cars.
  • The DOE is funding projects with specific goals
    in the US, like artificial leaves for solar
    energy, new generation of car batteries, and the
    development of commercial electric vehicles like
    Tesla.
  • The successful funding mechanisms of NSF, DOE,
    NIH, and even GOOGLE should be studied carefully
    together with TUBITAK of Turkey.
  • The Framework Programs like FP7 with a budget of
    50 billion euros and EUREKA in Europe are good
    examples for multinational collaborative
    research.
  • There is innovation even in funding mechanisms,
    and a good starting point is a careful study of
    best international funding practices.
  • But successful innovation from conception to
    market place requires the establishment of a
    dynamic ecosystem among many intertwined
    components from entrepreneurship to access to
    venture capital in a climate conducive of
    innovation.

35
GERD, of World Total (2011)
OIC 21 of world population 2.4 of RD
Expenditures
Source UNESCO Institute for Statistics (SESRIC
of OIC, Gross expenditures on RD)
36
Global RD Spending 2.0 of GDP
OIC ( GDP) Tunisia, 1.10, Malaysia,
1.07 Turkey, 0.84, Iran 0.79, Saudi Arabia,
0.08, Kuwait, 0.09, Qatar, 0.33, UAE,
0.47 WORLD 2 of GDP
http//www.rdmag.com/articles/2011/12/2012-global-
r-d-funding-forecast-r-d-spending-growth-continues
-while-globalization-accelerates
37
GERD as a of GDP (OIC Member States)
Source UNESCO Institute for Statistics (SESRIC
of OIC, Gross expenditures on RD)
38
RD Spending of Countries (2012)
http//www.rdmag.com/articles/2011/12/2012-global-
r-d-funding-forecast-r-d-spending-growth-continues
-while-globalization-accelerates
39
Top RD Spending Firms (2011)
http//www.booz.com/media/uploads/BoozCo_The-2012-
Global-Innovation-1000-Study.pdf
40
Johns Hopkins University 2.15 Billion/yr RD
(Total Univ RD in the US 65 milyar 57 in
Life Sciences)
Source http//www.nsf.gov/statistics/infbrief/nsf
13305/
41
TARGETED RD FUNDING
42
RD Team to Improve Batteries for Electric/Hybrid
Cars
The US Department of Energy chose Argonne to lead
the effort after a national competition. The lab
will receive up to 120 million over 5 years.
http//www. car-battery-research-20121130,0,779999
3.storychicagotribune.com/news/local/sns-ap-il--
  • Other members for the new Joint Center for
    Energy Storage include
  • 5 universities (Northwestern, U. Chicago, U.
    Illinois-Chicago, U. Illinois-Urbana Champaign,
    U. Michigan)
  • 4 national labs (Lawrence Berkeley, Pacific
    Northwest, Sandia, SLAC National Accelerator Lab)
  • 4 industrial partners (Dow Chemical, Applied
    Materials, Johnson Controls, Clean Energy Trust).
  • 120 individuals working on battery technology
    around the country will visit the Argonne hub on
    a regular basis.
  • Goal To license the inventions fostered there
    for commercialization.
  • A breakthrough in battery technology would have
    major implications for the auto, wind and solar
    industries.

43
TESLA Driving Innovation in Electric Cars
  • TESLA MOTORS was founded in 2003 in Silicon
    Valley, CA, and producing cars since 2008.
  • It has 2000 employees and it sold cars in 37
    countries.
  • Produces 500 electric vehicles a week (26,000
    cars in 2013.
  • Predicted sales for 2014 40,000 cars).
  • Supercharger stations provide half a charge in 20
    minutes. Battery pack can be swapped in 90
    seconds.
  • Received a 465 million loan from US Department
    of Energys Advanced Technology Vehicle
    Manufacturing Program.
  • Repaid the entire loan back to DOE in May 2013.

Range 400 km per change. Motor A 360 hp. Fuel
cost 2.8 per 100 km (at 0.11/kWh).
Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h 5.8 s. Price
70,000 (in US).
http//business.time.com/2013/08/08/tesla-shares-z
oom-14-on-strong-sales-as-chinese-market-beckons/
44
DOE Puts 122 Million Into Sunlight-To-Fuel Effort
The San Jose Mercury News (7/24, Bohan) reports
"The Department of Energy is putting up 122
million to help humans capture the energy of the
sun and create renewable liquid fuels through
'artificial photosynthesis. The energy
department also announced that "Lawrence Berkeley
Laboratory and the California Institute of
Technology" has been selected to lead the
project. Instead of yielding a simple
carbohydrate, artificial photosynthesis would be
designed to create oxygen and liquid fuels such
as hydrocarbons or alcohols that could be
directly pumped into vehicles, without
additional, costly refinement.
http//www.mercurynews.com/breaking-news/ci_155879
62?nclick_check1 (San Jose Mercury News, 23 July
2010)
45
HIGH-RISK ENERGY PROJECTS (400 million)
  • Energy Department To Launch Innovation Agency,
    Announce Grants.

46
Acquisitions Quick Access to Technology (China)
  • Microsoft will acquire Nokia's devices and
    services unit and license the company's mapping
    services in a deal worth 7.2 billion in a bid to
    bolster the company's position in the smartphone
    market.
  • The software giant will pay 5 billion for
    "substantially all" of Nokia's phone unit and
    another 2.2 billion to license its patents.

47
Chinese Education System Shifting Away from
Testing
  • Preparation for Chinas national university
    entrance exam continues to dominate the lives of
    secondary students.
  • The epidemic obsession with testing severely
    hampers student development as a whole person,
    stunts their healthy growth, and limits
    opportunities to cultivate social
    responsibilities, creative spirit, and practical
    abilities in students.
  • It also produces poorly socialized adolescents
    who are ill-prepared to face the challenges of
    the real world.
  • Chinas education system transforms children into
    hardworking students with an impressive capacity
    for processing factual information, like
    computers or robots.
  • Give them a problem and they will find the
    answer. However, they cant ask a good question.
  • In 2013, the Ministry of Education launched a
    campaign aimed at shifting the focus away from
    standardized testing into hands-on learning. (New
    York Times, Sep. 3, 2013)

http//www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/chinese-
educators-look-to-american-classrooms.html?_r0
48
Reversing the Brain Drain Exploting Diaspora
49
Going Where the Action is/Brains are Samsung
launches Silicon Valley incubator
http//venturebeat.com/2013/07/12/samsung-launches
-silicon-valley-incubator/
July 11, 2013
  • Samsung opened the doors of a startup and
    entrepreneurship incubator/accelerator nestled in
    the heart of Silicon Valley.
  • Samsung will also open a new Samsung Strategy and
    Innovation Center in Palo Alto, and incubators in
    other tech hubs such as New York, Austin, Boston,
    Russia, and Israel. Samsung Ventures America is a
    1 billion fund.

50
IEEE 75 Of Cars Will Be Autonomous By 2040
  • General Motors' Cadillac division expects to
    produce partially autonomous cars at a large
    scale by 2015, and the automaker also predicts it
    will have fully autonomous cars available by the
    end of the decade.
  • The Institute of Electrical and Electronics
    Engineers recently released predictions that
    autonomous cars will account for up to 75 percent
    of vehicles on the road by 2040.
  • IEEE went even further, forecasting how
    infrastructure, society and attitudes could
    change when self-driving cars become the norm
    around the middle of the century."

Source http//www.wired.com/autopia/2012/09/ieee-
autonomous-2040/
(18 Sep 2012)
51
USA Today Cars that Talk to Each Other V2V
  • A pilot project at the U. of Michigan wraps up in
    August.
  • The National Highway Traffic Safety
    Administration plans to decide whether to take
    the first steps toward requiring cars to connect
    this way to improve safety and reduce
    congestion.
  • Vehicle-to-vehicle communication, or V2V, is
    heading down a road many see leading to
    autonomous vehicles.
  • Its natural next step Automakers are
    increasingly adding features that slow and even
    stop cars when sensors detect crashes are
    imminent.

(1 July 2013)
http//www.usatoday.com/story/money/cars/2013/07/0
1/connected-car-technology-dsrc-nhtsa-mandate/2439
659/
52
New Lighting Technology Low-cost and Efficient
Researchers at Wake Forest University have
developed a field-induced polymer
elecroluminescent (FIPEL) lighting technology
that silently gives off a soft, white glow, sans
the annoying hum and yellow tint of fluorescent
bulbs or the sharp, bluish hue of LED light
fixtures. The lighting uses layers of plastic
packed with nanomaterials that glow when an
electric current is introduced. Not only does it
quietly project soft, white light, it's also
shatterproof, low-temperature, and can be molded
into almost any shape.
http//www.csmonitor.com/Environment/Energy-Voices
/2012/1203/New-plastic-lighting-saves-energy.-Good
bye-fluorescent-lights
"The light offers all of these features while
being as energy efficient as today's most
efficient lighting technologies, according to the
developers. David Carroll, professor of physics
at Wake Forest University,"says his new bulb is
cheap to make and he has a 'corporate partner'
interested in manufacturing the device." Dr.
Carroll "believes the first production runs will
take place in 2013
53
"Facebook Class" Helped Pioneer Lean Start-Up
Model.
May 7, 2011
54
"Facebook Class" Helped Pioneer Lean Start-Up
Model.
  • On the front page of its Sunday Business section,
    the New York Times reported on the "Facebook
    Class," a class of Stanford students in 2007 who
    were asked to design and market a Facebook app.
  • Some of the projects were wildly successful and
    "almost overnight, the Facebook Class fired up
    the careers and fortunes of more than two dozen
    students and teachers."
  • The class "also helped to pioneer a new model of
    entrepreneurship that has upturned the tech
    establishment the lean start-up."
  • Students learned, among other things, to keep
    their ideas simple and expedient, while venture
    capitalists began designing funds designed for
    this low-cost approach.
  • Working in teams of three, the 75 students
    created apps that collectively had 16 million
    users in just 10 weeks. Many of those apps were
    sort of silly Mr. De Lombaerts, for example,
    allowed users to send hotness points to
    Facebook friends. Yet during the term, the apps,
    free for users, generated roughly 1 million in
    advertising revenue.

55
Innovation in products, process, and
servicesCost of Traffic Congestion in US 115
billion/year
http//njtoday.net/2011/01/24/u-s-traffic-congesti
on-wasted-3-9-billion-gallons-of-fuel-in-2009/
56
INNOVATION IN FOOD ENGINEERING KFC
  • World's largest chain of fried chicken
    restaurants. 2nd largest restaurant chain after
    McDonaldss.
  • Founder Colonel Harland Sanders first gave the
    world a taste of his most famous creation,
    Original Recipe Kentucky Fried Chicken, featuring
    a secret blend of 11 herbs and spices.
  • After a lot of experimenting in 1939 with a
    pressure cooker by varying cooking time,
    pressure, shortening temperature and level, he
    developed a process to fry chicken quickly under
    pressure with great taste.
  • Founded 1930 in Kentucky by Harland Sanders
  • Franchise 1952, Utah
  • Number of locations 17,000 in 105 countries
  • Employees 455,000 (2010)
  • Revenue US 9.2 billion (2011)

http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KFC
57
Worlds Largest Shopping Center Amazon.com
58
Turkeys Largest Flowershop Çiçek Sepeti
59
An example of social innovation Islamic Finance
  • The rapidly expanding field of Islamic finance is
    estimated to be worth at least 300 billion
    annually.
  • From relatively modest beginnings, Islamic based
    financial products are today being used to lease
    aircraft, and pay for house-purchases.
  • Islamic finance is a genuine example of Islamic
    innovation, and is a partnership between
    theologians, international banks, and often
    second-generation Muslims living in Western
    countries who are capable of bridging tradition
    and modernity.
  • How such financial innovation can support other
    forms of science and technology-based innovation
    can be explored.
  • For example, through creative models of financing
    RD and early-stage companies for users,
    generated roughly 1 million in advertising
    revenue.

60
COOPERATION in RD
61
WHY TEAM-WORK?
  • An Individual is weak a team is strong.
  • Power and impact lies with a team of experts.
  • Yesterdays problems were relatively simple, and
    could be solved by individuals.
  • Todays problems are of interdisciplinary nature,
    and requires scientists and engineers to work in
    teams.
  • RD is expensive. It requires combining resources
    to make RD affordable.

62
BMW, Toyota Partner On Next-Generation Batteries
Toyota Motor Corp. and BMW Group are working
together on next-generation batteries for green
vehicles called 'lithium-air' as their
collaboration, first announced in late 2011,
moves ahead in fuel cells, sports vehicles and
other fields."
http//www.foxnews.com/leisure/2013/01/24/bmw-and-
toyota-team-up-on-sports-cars-battery-development/
Toyota and BMW "aim to complete a fuel-cell
vehicle system by 2020, and a concept for a
mid-size sports vehicle by the end of this year.
They will also work together on developing
lightweight technologies such as composites,
which will help make cars greener.
63
Joint RD in Hydrogen Cars by Ford, Daimler,
Nissan
Ford is joining with Daimler and Renault-Nissan
to speed development of cars that run on
hydrogen, with hopes of bringing a vehicle to
market in 4 years by 2017.
http//www.sfgate.com/business/energy/article/Ford
-Daimler-Nissan-to-research-hydrogen-cars-4228722.
php
January 27, 2013
  • Each company will invest equally in the
    technology. The companies will use the common
    fuel cell system developed to power their own
    vehicles.
  • Ford "Working together will significantly help
    speed this technology to market at a more
    affordable cost to our customers."
  • "We will all benefit from this relationship, as
    the resulting solution will be better than any
    one company working alone."

64
FP7 (2007-2013)Budget 50 billion
RD Cooperation in European Union
Horizon 2020 (2014-2020) Budget 70 billion
65
Participation of Turkey in FP7 (as of June12)
66
Football Teams No National Boundaries
UBTYS 2011-2016 Stratejik Çerçeve
67
FINAL REMARKS
68
CLOSING with WORDS of WISDOM
  • In the future mankind will turn to sciences and
    learning. It will obtain all its power from
    sciences. Power and rule will then pass to the
    hands of sciences and knowledge.
  • Said Nursi, The Words (1930)
  • In the future, in place of weapons, the
    immaterial, moral swords of true civilization,
    material progress, and truth and justice will
    defeat and scatter the enemies.
  • All believers are charged with upholding the Word
    of God, and at this time the most effective means
    of doing this is material progress for the
    Europeans are crushing us under their tyranny
    with the weapons of science and industry. We
    shall therefore wage jihad with the weapons of
    science and industry on ignorance, poverty, and
    conflict, the worst enemies of upholding the Word
    of God.
  • Said Nursi, The Damascus Sermon (1910)
  • It has become appallingly obvious that our
    technology has exceeded our humanity. Albert
    Einstein

69
DONE ONCE CAN BE DONE AGAIN
  • As a student of history, I also know
    civilization's debt to Islam. It was Islam at
    places like Al-Azhar that carried the light of
    learning through so many centuries, paving the
    way for Europe's Renaissance and Enlightenment.
    It was innovation in Muslim communities that
    developed the order of algebra our magnetic
    compass and tools of navigation our mastery of
    pens and printing our understanding of how
    disease spreads and how it can be healed.
  • - US President Barack Obama, Cairo, Egypt, 2009

70
  • Thank you!
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