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Renaissance Art

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Title: Renaissance Art


1
Renaissance Art
2
Map of Italy Center of the Renaissance
3
  • Donatello David in bronze
  • 1428-1432
  • Early Renaissance work
  • Notice Sword and Goliaths head at his feet not
    the story!
  • Standing contrapposto
  • A female model?
  • Designed for the Medici family
  • First free standing nude since the Classical Age
  • Reinventing the classical nude

4
Masaccio- Holy Trinity
  • Early Renaissance artist
  • Mary and St. John on either side of Christ
  • Dove of the holy spirit rests on Christs halo
  • Arms supported by God
  • Vanishing point is at the masonry alter
  • Chapel recedes
  • Mathematically EXACT measurements of perspective
  • Realism using perspective yet teaching faith

5
Botticelli Birth of Venus
  • Tempura on linen from Lorenzo de Medicis villa
  • Botticellis classical mythology themes
  • Venus on a seashell with the wind from two
    zephyrs nymph offers her a cloak
  • Lightness, gentleness, grace characterize this
    painting
  • Considered revolutionary, erotic, suggestive, and
    scandalous

6
Da Vinci The Last Supper
7
Da Vinci The Last Supper, remastered
8
Last Supper
9
Last Supper da Vinci
  • 1495-1498 in Maria Santa delle Grazie in Milan
  • 15 X 30 thats huge!!! But disintegrating..
    (egg paint)
  • Commissioned by Ludovico Sforza, duke of Milan
  • Jesus at the last supper before crucifixion,
    explains Eucharist
  • Real people acting real
  • One point perspective drawn to the center
  • Jesus tells them one will betray him (Judas, in
    the shadow, 4th from the left, with money bags!)
  • FORGET THE DA VINCI CODE the figure to the left
    of Jesus IS John (Mary was not considered a
    significant part of the Last Supper, according to
    the Christian Gospels.)

10
Santa Maria della Grazie
Home of the Last Supper
11
These drawings showcase Leonardos love of
drawing and curiosity for information and
innovation.
12
Leonardo was known to have many varied interests,
such as nature, anatomy (human and animal),
architecture, etc. He is often referred to as
the TRUE Renaissance Man.
13
Vitruvian Man
14
Leonardo would make friends with the undertakers
at the church morgues in order to get access to
cadavers (dead bodies) to dissect.
15
helicopter
Inventions of Leonardo
crossbow
16
  • At Louvre in Paris
  • Unknown subject
  • Mountainous background is a mystery
  • Used new painting techniques sfumato, pyramid
    configuration.
  • Feminine ideal with mysterious smile seen in
    various religious pictures by him
  • Power of personality is portrayed
  • Eyes follow across a room
  • Some believe it may be a self portrait of himself
    as a woman
  • He LOVED this painting he reportedly carried it
    with him everywhere he went.

Leonardo da Vinci La Giocconda or Mona
Lisa
17
  • Is the Mona Lisa
  • a self-portrait of
  • the artist?

18
  • Catholic Church was a consistent patron of
    Raphael
  • Center of the fresco is Plato and Aristotle (da
    Vinci and Michelangelo) his inspirations and
    each others rival
  • Also seen are other figures from classical times
    (Euclid, Pythagoras)
  • Consider where he is in the painting and how he
    views himself.

The School of Athens Raphael
19
M
  • Michelangelo and Leonardo in the center

20
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21
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22
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23
Michelangelo 1475-1564 What kind
of a man was he?
24
  • Michelangelo David
  • Over 14 feet tall
  • 1501-1504
  • Colossal figure carved of marble
  • David watching the approaching foe
  • A classical nude
  • Idealist yet realist in human anatomical details
  • Notice the delicate, realistic features
  • Standing contrapposto

25
Detail from David
26
David The OtherSide
27
  • Michelangelo Pieta
  • (pity or piety)1498-1500
  • His first masterpiece
  • Almost six feet tall
  • Note texture, tender sadness
  • Ageless youthful beauty of Mary
  • Christ is more asleep than dead
  • Wounds are barely visible
  • Sculpture was damaged in the 1970s, now displayed
    in a bullet proof case.

28
Detail of Pieta
29
After Michelangelo completed Pieta, there were
rumors that another artist had created it. So, he
signed the work in Latin across Marys chest. He
later regretted this, and never signed another
work again.
30
Unfinished works of Michelangelo
31
La Cappella Sistina The Sistine Chapel Ceiling
- 1508-1512
A pictorial representation of the first nine
books of Genesis including the Creation of the
World, the creation And fall of man and the story
of Noah.
32
  • Creation of Adam
  • On the ceiling of Sistine Chapel
  • Features God giving life to Adam (first man)
  • Notice idealized figures (common to M)
  • Very emotional painting the instant before God
    makes life on Earth.

33
The Fall and the Expulsion from Paradise
34
The Last Judgement 1535-41
35
The Last Judgement
  • Done at the end of Ms life as a favor to the
    Pope
  • Depicts a time of great turmoil and chaos in
    Italy
  • Figures are twisted in agony and despair
  • The end of the Earth when all men die and are
    judged by Jesus.
  • Desperation will I be saved or will I be
    damned?

36
  • Christ and Virgin Mary
  • Scandalous because Jesus
  • is depicted young
  • and handsome!
  • Also, he lacks a beard and
  • is not seated as
  • described in the
  • Bible.

37
Another scene from The Last Judgement
38
The skinned body of the martyred St.
Bartholomew Seen as a self portrait of
Michelangelo
39
The damned note the figure at bottom
right Minos, judge of the underworld, was made
in the image of Biagio de Cesena, a critic of the
artist.
Information processing Model encode, store,
retrieve.
40
The Restoration
  • The Restoration of the Sistine Chapel

41
? Before
After ?
42
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43
  • El Greco The Crucifixion
  • Mannerist elements
  • Elongated figures
  • Emotional and dark, violent colors

44
  • Titian Charles V
  • A portrait artist
  • Developed styles and techniques of painting that
    emphasized texture and color by layer the paint.

45
Northern Renaissance
  • Developed later because of.
  • Hundred Years War
  • Religious Upheaval (the Reformation)
  • Perfected oil painting on canvas, woodcuts, and
    engraving
  • Focused on nature and common people
  • Realism over idealism

46
Arnolfini Wedding Jan van Eyck Intricate,
photo-like REALISM Oil on Canvas Image of a
newly wed couple Symbolism throughout shoes dog
mirror dress and bed candle signature

47
Detail from Arnolfini Marriage 10 Stations of
Christ on the frame Painter in the reflection
(witness) in blue Mirrors used to create proper
perspective and realistic accuracy.
48
  • Pieter Bruegal (the elder) - Peasant Wedding
  • Oil on canvas
  • Art demonstrates the artists interest in the
    common people and their activities

49
Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp
50
  • Albrecht Durer
  • Self-portrait
  • German illustrator provided first
    illustrations for books of Renaissance
  • Did mostly woodcuts and engravings, but also
    painted

51
Study of The Hare Photo-like realism Each
individual hair is painted Depicts natural
landscape of everyday life Signed in classic
Durer style
52
The Rhino (woodcut)
53
The Portraits of Hans Holbien Known for
gorgeously rich and textured portraits Photo-like
realism
Erasmus
54
  • Great Writers of the Renaissance

55
  • Sir Thomas
  • More
  • Utopia
  • Wrote of the perfect society
  • No laws, no currency, everyone does what they is
    necessary
  • Utopia means no place

56
  • Niccolo
  • Machiavelli
  • The Prince
  • Involved in politics of Florence
  • Wrote this book for the Medici family while in
    prison
  • Explains and defines leadership for the Western
    World to the present.

57
  • Petrarch
  • First love poet
  • -Wrote work for Laura (real? Imagined?)
  • -Italian
  • For time to time, less reproachful seem to me,
  • her heavenly figure, her charming face
  • And sweet smiles airy grace
  • While her dancing eyes grow far less dark I see

58
Castiglione The Courtier
59
William Shakespeare
Hamlet Romeo and Juliet King Lear Othello
MacBeth Julius Caesar
60
The Globe Theatre
61
The Gutenberg Bible 1455
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