Anti-Transcendentalism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

About This Presentation
Title:

Anti-Transcendentalism

Description:

Anti-Transcendentalism 19th century (approx. 1840-1860) literary movement that focused on the dark side of humanity and the evilness and guilt of sin – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:160
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 12
Provided by: Harma
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Anti-Transcendentalism


1
Anti-Transcendentalism
  • 19th century (approx. 1840-1860) literary
    movement that focused on the dark side of
    humanity and the evilness and guilt of sin

2
Reasons / Causes
  • Opposed the optimism and naïve idealism of the
    transcendentalists
  • Dwelt on guilt and remorse over past sins
  • Discontented with current circumstances in
    America (poverty/unjust and cruel treatment of
    factory workers, poor educational system, lack of
    womens rights, slavery) so they focused on
    moral dilemmas and societys ills

3
Literary Works
  • Prose (short stories and novels)
  • allegory

4
Key ideas / Philosophies
  • Belief in the potential destructiveness of the
    human spirit
  • Belief in individual truths, but no universal
    truths, and the truths of existence are deceitful
    and disturbing
  • Human nature is inherently sinful (original sin)
    and evil is an active force in the universe
  • Focus on the mans uncertainty and limitations in
    the universe

5
View of Nature
  • Nature is vast and incomprehensible, a reflection
    of the struggle between good and evil
  • Nature is the creation and possession of God and
    it cannot be understood by human beings

6
Writing Style
  • Man vs. Nature conflicts bring out the evil in
    humanity
  • Raw and morbid diction
  • Focus on the protagonists inner struggles
  • Typical protagonists are haunted outsiders who
    are alienated from society
  • Prevalent use of symbolism

7
Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • As the moral gloom of the world overpowers all
    systematic gaiety, even so was their home of wild
    mirth made desolate amid the sad forest.
  • The Maypole of Merrymount (1836)

8
Herman Melville
  • All men live enveloped in whale-lines. All are
    born with halters round their necks but it is
    only when caught in the swift, sudden turn of
    death, that mortals realize the silent, subtle,
    ever-present perils of life. --Moby Dick

9
Melville harshly criticizes capitalism, slavery,
war and imperialism,
  • but he shows passionate empathy for classes of
    men who bear the same relation to society at
    large that the wheels do to a coach.

10
A final quote from Melville
  • If, at my death, my executors, or more properly
    my creditors, find any precious manuscripts in my
    desk, then here I prospectively ascribe all the
    honor and glory to whaling for the whale ship
    was my Yale College and my Harvard.

11
One Last Dark Soul
  • We cant forget Edgar Allan Poe!
  • Movie Great books Take NOTES
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com