April 26, 2010 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – April 26, 2010 PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 5e47b1-NzhmZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

April 26, 2010

Description:

Title: Pool Scool Taney County Health Department Author: lhunter Last modified by: lhunter Created Date: 3/26/2008 9:54:34 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:118
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 82
Provided by: lhu93
Category:
Tags: april | lifeguard

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: April 26, 2010


1
PooL School
  • April 26, 2010
  • Presenters
  • Linda Randolph EPHS
  • EH Section Manager
  • Laura Hunter EPHS
  • Bob Reynolds EPHS
  • Craig Rhoads EPHS
  • Erica Logsdon EPHS
  • Presenters
  • Thomas Bixler EPHS
  • Jeff Mefford EPHS
  • Lindel Gore EPHS
  • Stephen Njenga EPHS
  • Brent Brockmeyer, CPO Instructor

2
Agenda
  • BREAK
  • Recreational Water Diseases
  • QA with Inspectors
  • Pick up surveys
  • Certificates
  • Sign In and Introduction
  • Pool Ordinance Information
  • BREAK
  • Sessions
  • Inspection
  • Chemical Storage Safety with Brent
  • Testing Procedures

3
Inspection of Indoor and Outdoor Pools and Spas
  • City of Branson Municipal Code
  • Chapter 46 HEALTH AND SANITATION
  • Division 3. Swimming Pools Sec. 46-121 through
    46-169
  • Definition Public Swimming Pool- means any place
    open to the public for swimming or recreative
    bathing whether or not a fee is charged for use
    thereof, and shall be classified as pools,
    outdoor or indoor, which are entirely of
    artificial construction
  • Health Permit displayed in a conspicuous place

4
Frequency of Inspection
  • Indoor Facilities Inspected 4 times a year,
    approximately every 3 months (not including
    complaints or revisits)
  • Outdoor Facilities Inspected 3 times a year
  • Usually open in May and close in September
  • Approximately every 5 or 6 weeks

5
Safety Lifeguard Chairs/Stations
  • At least one lifeguard shall be provided for
    swimming pools, spas, and recreational water
    attractions equal to or greater than 3,400 square
    feet of pool surface area.
  • One additional lifeguard shall be provided for
    each additional 2,000 square feet of pool surface
    area thereafter.
  • Clarion pool is
  • RecPlex requires lifeguards

6
Safety Requirements Safety Unit
  • One unit Conspicuous location of a throwable
    device and a reaching device.
  • One unit shall be provided for each 2,000 square
    feet of water surface area

7
Safety Unit Definitions
  • Throwable Device A U.S. Coast Guard Approved
    Ring, 18 inches in diameter, or throwing buoy
    fitted with a one-fourth-inch diameter line with
    a length of 1 ½ times the maximum width of the
    pool or 50 feet, whichever is less.
  • Reaching Device A life pole, or shepherds crook
    type of pole, having blunted ends with a minimum
    length of 12 ft and able to reach the center of
    the bottom of the pool at the deep end.

8
First Aid Equipment
  • Every swimming pool shall be equipped with a
    minimum of a Red Cross standard 16-unit first aid
    kit, or its equivalent.
  • A spine board should be provided at each pool.

9
Attendant Alarm
  • Any swimming pool, spa, or recreational water
    attraction which is located such that it is not
    at all times in direct view of the attendant
    shall have, in the immediate vicinity of the
    pool, a clearly labeled alarm device that can be
    activated when a bather is in trouble and is
    easily heard throughout the area or building. Or
    the facility shall have a non-pay telephone
    permanently installed at pool side which is
    readily accessible and conspicuously located. The
    telephone shall have signage stating call 911 in
    case of emergency or contact directly with an
    attendant.

10
Attendant Alarm
  • 1. Attendant who has direct line of sight of pool
    at all times
  • 2. Alarm that rings to an attendant or front desk
    or be heard throughout facility. There must be
    someone available to respond to alarm
  • 3. Emergency Phone Ring to front desk or 911.
    Clearly mark phone with a sign and dialing
    directions!!!

11
Safety Requirements Depth Markings
  • Plainly marked at or above the water surface on
    the pool wall and on the edge of the pool deck,
    at maximum and minimum points of break between
    the deep and shallow portions, and at intervals
    of not more than 25-feet, intervals measured
    peripherally.
  • Numerals 4 inches minimum height and a
    contrasting color with the background.

12
Decks
  • Entirely surround pool
  • Not less than 5 feet
  • Easily cleaned
  • Slip resistant
  • No carpeting
  • Hose bib required

13
Fencing and Gates
  • Completely surrounded
  • Not less than 4 feet high
  • Self-closing and positive self-latching closure
    mechanism
  • The latch shall be installed as high as possible,
    but at least 4 feet high

14
Safety Requirements Rules and Signs
  • Located in a conspicuous place
  • Letters at least 4 inches in high
  • Letters contrasting color from background
  • WARNING SIGNS
  • Whenever the pool area is opened for use and no
    lifeguard service is required or provided,
    warning signs shall be placed in plain view to
    the entrances and inside the pool area which
    state WARNING--NO LIFEGUARD ON DUTY legible
    letters at least 4 inches tall.

15
Ventilation
  • Adequate ventilation required in
  • Bathhouses, mechanical equipment rooms, storage
    areas, indoor swimming enclosures
  • Minimize condensation damage
  • Prevent direct drafts on swimmers

16
Pool Rules
  • Children shall not use pool/spa without an
  • adult in attendance.
  • Persons with infections not permitted.
  • No food, drink, gum or tobacco permitted in pool
    or on deck.
  • No containers made of glass or shatterable
    plastic.
  • Shower before entering and after use of toilet
    facilities.
  • No running or rough play.
  • No pets allowed.
  • Do not leave small our young children unattended.
  • Management shall post additional rules as needed

17
Spa Signage
  • Caution signs. A legible sign visible from the
    spa shall be provided. It shall state
  • Caution. Any person having an acute or chronic
    disease such that use of the spa might adversely
    affect their health should consult a physician
    before using the spa. Do not use the spa
    immediately following exercise or while under the
    influence of alcohol. Do not use the spa longer
    than ten minutes. Children shall be accompanied
    by an adult.

18
VGB
  • The Virginia Graeme Baker Act went into
    enforcement action December 19, 2008
  • The City of Branson also adopted provisions from
    the Virginia Graeme Baker Act into the current
    municipal pool ordinance.
  • All pools in operation at this time (indoor
    pools) must be in compliance at this time or will
    be closed.
  • All pools who havent opened (outdoor pools) must
    come into compliance before opening
  • Please consult your inspector before making
    changes to your pool!

19
How do I know my pool or spa is in Compliance???
  • Step 1 Does my drain comply with the VGB Act?
  • They must be marked with
  • VGB 2008
  • ASME/ANSI A112.19.8 2007 or logo
  • Flow Rate
  • Life Span

20
Drain Covers
  • If field fabricated, must by certified by a
    Registered Design Professional (Professional
    Engineer) who provides a copy of a certificate
    saying it meets the VGB Act Standards, including
    flow rates, UV exposure, and durability
  • Is it secure and installed according to
    manufacturers instructions?
  • After installation, integrity of drain cover MUST
    be checked regularly (yearly) and replaced
    IMMEDIATLEY if broken

21
Is my pool in compliance?
  • Step 2 Do you have secondary back up options?
  • Do you have more than 1 main drain going to
    single pump? (MUST BE 3 FT DISTANCE FROM CENTERS)
  • If you have a single main drain?
  • Did you get an SVRS (Safety Vacuum Release
    System)
  • Do you have and automatic shut off?
  • Do you have a suction-limiting vent system?
  • Is your drain unblockable?
  • Is your drain gravity fed?
  • Did you disable your main drain? (if you did, did
    you provide flow rates or turnover rates to show
    you meet local code?)

22
Secondary Systems
  • SVRS A safety vacuum release system which ceases
    operation of the pump, reverses the circulation
    flow, or otherwise provides a vacuum release at
    the suction outlet when a blockage is detected,
    that has been tested standard by an independent
    third party and found to conform to ASME/ANSI
    standard A112.19.17 or ASTM F2387
  • Automatic Pump Shut Off System a device designed
    to sense a drain blockage and shut off the pump
    system

23
Secondary Systems
  • Suction-limiting Vent System A suction-limiting
    vent system with a tamper-resistant atmospheric
    opening.
  • Unblockable means a drain of any size and shape
    that a human body cannot sufficiently block to
    create a suction entrapment hazard.
  • (from CPSC interpretation)
  • ASME/ANSI A112.19.8 standard of unblockable-
  • Dimensions of 18 x 23, which represents
    shoulder to waist measurements of the 99th
    percentile of adult males.

24
Secondary Systems
  • Gravity Drainage System A gravity drainage
    system that utilizes a collector tank.
  • Drain Disablement A device or system that
    disables the drain
  • ONLY IF YOUR INSPECTOR APPROVES IT!!!!!
  • YOU MUST MEET LOCAL CODE TURNOVER AND FLOW
    RATES!!!!
  • Turnover Rates
  • Every 6 hours (4x a day) for pools
  • Every 2 hours for wading pools
  • Every 30 minutes for spas

25
Secondary Systems
  • Other Systems can be used but must be determined
    by the CPSC as equally effective or better than
    the ones outlined in the VGB Act.
  • NO DRAIN REVERSALS! (These are not permanent and
    the department is not approving them)

26
Disinfection
  • Swimming pools shall be designed to provide for
    continuous disinfection of the pool water with a
    chemical which is an effective disinfectant and
    which is easily measured, active residual.
  • An automatic feeder which is easily adjustable
    SHALL be provided for continuous application of
    disinfectant

27
Test Kits
  • Colormetric, DPD test kit
  • (Diethyl-P-Phenylene Diamine)
  • Chlorine 0.2 increments
  • Minimum of 0.2-3.0 range
  • suggest range at least to 5.0
  • pH test kit with a range from 6.8-8.2, accurate
    to the nearest 0.2
  • Appropriate reagents
  • Reagents replaced annually
  • Demonstrate working knowledge of proper use

28
Maintenance
  • Pool Cleaning System
  • A pool cleaning shall be provided to remove dirt
    from the bottom of the pool.
  • Manual For Operations
  • Instructions for each filter, pump, or other
    equipment, drawings, illustrations, chart
    operating instructions, and parts list to permit
    to permit proper installation, operation,
    winterization and maintenance.

29
Log Sheets
  • Pool water quality should be checked AT LEAST 2
    times a day and logged
  • Chlorine combined, total, and free
  • pH
  • Any chemicals added should also be written down
    in the log sheets along with the amounts added
  • Routine maintenance or repairs need to be logged
    as well

30
Safety Requirements Chemical Storage
  • Rule of Thumb Store like chemicals with like
    chemicals
  • Store acids separate and away from bases
  • Never re-use chemical containers, especially to
    store other chemicals
  • Never use the same scoop or utensil for different
    chemicals
  • Never use the same cloth to clean up spills
  • Store on a non-absorbent surface
  • STORE IN ACCORDANCE TO MANUFACTURERS LABEL

31
Water Quality Standards
32
Continuous Operation
  • Continuous operation, 24 hours a day, of all
    pumps, filters, disinfectant feeders, and al
    related components to the recirculation system
    shall be maintained.

33
Chlorine
  • Free chlorine Chlorine available to disinfect
    (kill bacteria and stuff)
  • residual of at least 1.5 ppm-5 ppm
  • Combined Chlorine already used up and taking up
    space (it has already attached to dirt or
    bacteria)
  • Total all the Chlorine in the pool (free and
    combined)
  • at least 1.5 ppm and not more than 5 ppm
  • 1 ppm 1 mg/l

34
Combined Chlorine
  • If the concentration of combined chlorine greater
    than 0.2 ppm, than the pool should be super
    chlorinated to reduce the concentration of
    combined chlorine
  • Superchlorination (46-161.f.1) free chlorine
    raised between 5 to 10 ppm.
  • Swimmers are not allowed back in until residual
    below 5 ppm

35
Finding Combined Chlorine
  • Total Chlorinefree chlorine combined chlorine
  • Test for free chlorine first
  • Ex 3 ppm
  • Then determine total chlorine
  • 3.5 ppm
  • The difference is the amount of combined
  • Example
  • Total Chlorine Free Chlorine Combined
    Chlorine
  • 3.5 ppm - 3 ppm 0.5 ppm

36
pH
  • pH maintained between 7.2-8.2
  • Proper pH levels are important because it
    prevents eye irritation.
  • pH of our eyes is 7.5

37
Bromine
  • When Bromine is used as a disinfectant, a
    residual of 1 ppm shall be maintained for a pool
    with a pH below 7.8
  • 2 ppm for pH 7.8 or higher

38
Water Clarity
  • Swimming pool water shall have sufficient clarity
    that the main drain cover is readily visible at
    the deepest point of the pool when viewed from
    the side of the pool.
  • A black drain cover or two-inch circle around the
    drain cover is sufficient
  • Must be readily visible

39
Clarity
40
Algae Control
  • An algaecide may be used as long as it is in
    accordance with the label.

41
Temperature
  • Pool water should be between 72 F and 85 F
  • Air temperature for an indoor swimming pool
    should be maintained from two to five degrees F
    above the pool temp.
  • This helps with the humidity and also comfort of
    swimmers
  • Spa temperature not over 102 F

42
Pool Cleaning
  • Recommended pool and deck be cleaned, the pool
    water surface skimmed, and the pool walls and
    bottom vacuumed or brushed, all on a daily basis
    and while the pool is closed for use.

43
Turnover
  • Pool water turnover at least every 6 hours (4
    times a day)
  • Wading pools must turnover a minimum of every 2
    hours
  • Spa turnover every 30 minutes
  • A flow meter shall be provided to determine flow
    rates and turnover rates. It should continuously
  • Located in the recirculation pump discharge piping

44
Code Compliance What Fails and Inspection
  • Any critical violation!
  • CRITICAL VIOLATIONS
  • Chemicals out of compliance
  • Chlorine (free or combined) or pH too high or low
  • Clarity Cannot clearly see black drain
  • No continuous disinfection
  • Inoperable pumps and filters
  • Entrances not closed
  • Unsanitary conditions, including saunas and
    showers
  • Any electrical deficiencies
  • Ex. Bare wires

45
Code Compliance What Fails and Inspection
  • Immediate Danger-Any threat to safety of life
  • Ex. No lifeguard, as required by code
  • Ex. No attendant, emergency phone, or alarm
  • Overhead lights not shatterproof or properly
    shielded
  • Backflow prevention device on hose bib
  • Cross connection of potable water to sewage
  • Any repairs to walls, ceilings or floors
  • Absence of anti-entrapment system and standards
    (includes lack of proof or documentation)

46
Code Compliance What Fails and Inspection
  • Positive Coliform and E. coli test (one or both)
  • A sample taken each routine inspection and
    possibly complaints, depending on type of
    complaint
  • Must shock pool and maintain higher chlorine
    levels for one turnover (approximately 4 hours)
  • Swimmers can not return until Chlorine levels
    below 5ppm
  • Another water sample will be taken. Pool can
    remain closed until sample comes back negative

47
Break 10 minutes
  • 3 GROUPS AND ROTATE EVERY 15 MINUTES
  • Pool Inspection 15 minutes
  • Water Testing 15 minutes
  • Chemical Safety BRENT 15 minutes

48
(No Transcript)
49
Recreational Water Illnesses (RWIs)
  • Diseases that are transmitted through
    recreational use of water including waterslides,
    swimming pools and lakes.
  • Some infect the gastro intestinal and respiratory
    tracts while others infect skin, ears, and eyes

50
9 Steps to Prevention of RWIs Taken from CDC
recommendations
  • Leadership
  • Education
  • Communication
  • Water Quality
  • Disinfection
  • Facility Design
  • Planning
  • Prevention
  • Healthy Swimming

51
Lead Your Staff
  • Making a choice to integrate an RWI protection
    plan into an existing facility risk management
    plan is the single greatest decision you can make
    to protect swimmers from RWIS

52
Educate Pool Staff
  • Ensure that all staff know the critical role of
    water testing, proper testing methods, and how to
    respond if disinfectant levels are not adequate.

53
Develop Partnerships
  • Building a communication bridge to your health
    department and other aquatic facilities is a
    great way to get information about other
    outbreaks occurring in your community.

54
Educate Swimmers and Parents
  • Remember that people care about their health, so
    a lead-in might be To ensure the health and
    safety of all our visitors, we ask that you
    remember to follow these easy
  • P-L-E-As for Healthy Swimming.
  • Please dont swim when you have diarrhea.
  • Please dont swallow the pool water
  • Please practice good hygiene
  • Please take your kids on bathroom breaks often
  • Please change diapers in a bathroom, not at
    poolside
  • Please wash your child thoroughly (especially the
    rear end) with soap and water before swimming

55
Maintain Water Quality Equipment
  • Keep the chemical feed equipment and chemicals at
    optimal levels.
  • Poor pH control can compromise chlorines
    effectiveness as a disinfectant.
  • Ensure regular and thorough maintenance of the
    recirculation and filtration equipment to provide
    maximum filtration.

56
Institute Disinfection Guidelines
  • Have a written fecal accident response policy and
    keep records of all fecal accidents, chlorine and
    pH level measurements, and any major equipment
    repairs or changes.
  • http//www.cdc.gov/healthyswimming/fecalresponse.h
    tm

57
Evaluate Hygiene Facilities
  • In CDCs parent interviews, parents uniformly
    said they changed diapers at poolside because
    changing rooms were unclean, poorly maintained,
    and/or had inadequate diaper-changing facilities.

58
Create a Special Policy for Large Groups of Young
Children
  • If you allow large groups of diaper/toddler-aged
    children in the pool consider
  • Requiring RWI orientation training for the care
    providers and make sure they understand that your
    pool, like most daycare centers, also excludes
    children ill with diarrhea.
  • Keeping diaper/toddler-aged children in the pools
    specifically designated for them.

59
Post and Distribute Health Information
  • Encourage swimmers to shower with soap and water
    before entering the pool.
  • Post the six P-L-E-As that promote Healthy
    Swimming.

60
Develop an Outbreak/Emergency Response Plan
  • The best advise is to be prepared.
  • If an outbreak does occur, are you ready?
  • Do you have a plan?
  • Collaborate with your local health department.
  • Support the investigation, it can lead to better
    illness prevention strategies that can help
    everyone.

61
Cryptosporidiosis Crypto
  • During the past two decades, Crypto has become
    recognized as the most common cause of RWIs in
    the United States.
  • Causes diarrhea and respiratory infections
  • Protozoa found in infected peoples stool
  • Cannot be seen by the naked eye
  • Survives for a long period of time
  • Resistant to chlorine disinfection
  • Takes approximately 6.7 days to kill in
    chlorinated swimming pool

62
Cryptosporidium Parvum
63
Escherichia Coli 0157H7
  • Bacteria
  • Causes severe diarrhea and abdominal cramps
  • Can lead to hemolytic uremic syndrome the
    principal cause of acute kidney failure in
    children
  • Chlorine is very effective in killing E. coli
    0157H7 , lt 1 minute

64
E.Coli 0157H7
E.Coli 0157H7
65
Giardia (gee-ARE-dee-uh)
  • A protozoan infection principally of the upper
    small intestine
  • Found in infected peoples stool
  • Cannot be seen by the naked eye
  • Takes approximately 45 minutes for properly
    chlorinated water to kill

66
Giardia
67
Norovirus
  • Noroviruses are a group of viruses that cause the
    stomach flu, or gastroenteritis
    (GAS-tro-en-ter-I-tes), in people.
  • Found in the stool or vomit of infected people
  • Very contagious and can spread easily from person
    to person

68
Norovirus
69
Shigellosis
  • Disease caused by a group of bacteria called
    Shigella
  • Infects the GI tract
  • Characterized by diarrhea accompanied by fever
    and nausea, vomiting and cramps
  • Present in infected individuals stools while they
    are sick and for a week or two afterwards

70
Shigella
71
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Dermatitis/Folliculitis
  • Pathogenic Bacteria
  • Hot Tub Rash
  • Be aware that hot tubs and spas have warmer water
    than pools, so chlorine or other disinfectants
    break down faster

72
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
73
Legionellosis
  • Legionnaires disease and Pontiac fever are
    caused by Legionellae bacterium.
  • Symptoms include anorexia, malaise, myalgia,
    headaches, rapidly rising fever and chills.
    Temperatures commonly reach
  • 102 F - 105 F.

74
Legionella bacterium
75
Other Infections
  • Swimmers ear (ear ache) is an infection caused
    by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
  • Swimmers itch, also called cercarial dermatitis,
    appears as a skin rash caused by an allergic
    reaction to certain parasites

76
Swimmers itch
77
Thanks
  • Center for Disease Control
  • www.cdc.gov
  • Many images found through www.google.com
  • Brent Brockmeyer Vaughn Pools
  • Clarion for use of Facilities!

78
Resources
  • US!!!! Contact your inspector for questions or
    set up a consult of your pool and/or spa.
  • Your pool supply company
  • www.cpsp.gov
  • www.apsp.org
  • www.nspf.org

79
Thank You
  • For taking time out to be dedicated to Public
    Health
  • Taney County Health Department
  • Environmental Section

80
Questions???
  • Questions for Inspectors
  • Questions For Brent
  • Troubleshooting for pool problems
  • Pumps, filters, etc.
  • Surveys are important because it helps us have a
    better Pool School for you next year!!!
  • www.taneycohealth.org

81
Questions?
  • Please fill out surveys. You will receive your
    certificate when your survey is turned in.
  • ADD TO SURVEY AT BOTTOM
  • Is this your first Pool School?
  • How many years experience?
  • How did you hear about Pool School?
  • Radio, Newspaper, Flyer, Other
  • Make a consult with your inspector if you have
    specific or detailed questions about your
    specific pool.
  • Have a Great Day!!!!
About PowerShow.com