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Aboriginal Spirituality

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Aboriginal Spirituality HRT3M World Religions Unit 1 Aboriginal Populations - World Approximately 300 000 million Aboriginal Peoples inhabit the earth 1, 172,790 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Aboriginal Spirituality


1
Aboriginal Spirituality
  • HRT3M
  • World Religions Unit 1

2
Aboriginal Populations - World
  • Approximately 300 000 million Aboriginal Peoples
    inhabit the earth
  • 1, 172,790 people identify themselves as
    Aboriginal in Canada (2006 census)

3
Aboriginal Populations - World
  • Aboriginal spirituality is most common in Asia.
    The lowest population of aboriginal people is in
    Europe.
  • The Inuit, located in Canadas north (Nunavut)
    share their culture and traditions with Alaska
    and Greenland.
  • There are 100 000 Inuit, but a lot of that
    population practices Christianity.
  • There is a resurgence of Aboriginal culture
    throughout the world.

4
Aboriginal People WorldCommon Beliefs
  • Animism my adherents of Aboriginal spirituality
    believe that everything in the world is alive.
    All things, human and non-human, have spirits or
    souls, and that the person or animal lives on
    after death through the presence of that spirit.
  • Some observers claim aboriginal spirituality is
    polytheistic many believe in a supreme Creator
    however, power in the universe is also given to
    other personified spirits who are less powerful.
    Examples Inuit Sea Woman Iroquois Sky
    Woman and the Algonquin Grandfather (sky)

5
Aboriginal People WorldCommon Beliefs and
Practices
  • Aboriginal people exercise their beliefs through
    storytelling, prayer, art and ritual. These may
    consist of drumming, chanting, carving, painting
    and dancing.
  • Aboriginal Spirituality has no founder, or
    creator of the religion. During a crisis, an
    elder or significant person will rise and renew
    the faith.
  • Canada declared June 21st to be National
    Aboriginal Day, in 1996

6
Aboriginal Peoples Americas Origins
  • Indigenous People believe they are the original
    inhabitants of an area they came from that
    ground
  • Archeological evidence suggests the aboriginal
    inhabitants of the Americas migrated from Asia to
    the Americas by crossing a land bridge over the
    Bering Strait between 35 000 and 10 000
    years ago.

7
Canadas Aboriginal People
  • Aboriginal Spirituality is logical a cultural
    extension of survival interaction with their
    physical environment.
  • The geographical environment in which they lived
    defined them
  • Canada has 6 distinct cultural groups

8
Canadas Aboriginal Cultural Groups
  • 6 cultural groups in Canada defined by how they
    developed in response to their distinct geography
  • Arctic
  • Subarctic
  • The Plateau
  • The Northwest Pacific Coast
  • Great Plains
  • Northeast Woodlands

9
Creation
  • Most tribes have their own unique creation story
  • Oral stories
  • Turtle Island
  • Raven and the Clamshell
  • Animals came from humans- strong link
  • Creator controls humans, but not other animals

10
Ceremonies
  • The Potlatch Ceremony
  • - Give away things to gain status
  • The Sweat Lodge
  • - like a sauna--gt made of saplings
  • - led by an elder
  • - heals them spiritually and physically
  • The Shaking Tent
  • -used by many tribes
  • -goal is to communicate to spirits

11
Totems
  • Represent their animal/spirit guide
  • For a clan or individual
  • Same totem close relatives
  • Sometimes used to tell stories about supernatural
  • Carved for Potlatch Ceremony

12
Rituals
  • The Sun Dance
  • - circle sun--gt centre of life
  • - cottonwood pole is called Tree of the
    Universe
  • - Piercing Dance
  • Morning Dance
  • - dance to give thanks
  • - feast of fish and meat

13
Symbols/ Images
  • Traditional symbols and images are an essential
    part of the Aboriginal culture.
  • Dream Catcher If you hang a dream catcher over
    your bed, your bad dreams will go through the web
    and into the Universe and your good dreams will
    be caught in the web.
  • Eagle Alerts the Aboriginals of what is to come.
  • Fire Symbolizes the heart of The People and is
    used to cleanse the spirit.

14
Symbols/ Images Continued
  • Inuksuk Used for navigation, gives warnings for
    any danger in open water, and it marks sacred
    space.
  • Medicine Shield Made by warriors as a symbol of
    protection and strength when hunting and
    battling.
  • Tree of Peace In some Aboriginal religions, the
    tree is believed to connect Earth to Heaven.

15
Number of Adherents in the World/ Influences in
the 21st Century
  • Just under 1.2 million Canadians reported having
    at least some Aboriginal ancestry in 2006,
    representing 4.4 of the total population in
    Canada.
  • Between 1996 and 2006, the Aboriginal population
    grew by 45.
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