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2012 Knowledge Sharing Program with Turkey


Title: Knowledge Sharing Program Interim Reporting and Policy Practitioners Workshop October 8, 2009 Seoul, KDI Author: Last modified by – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 2012 Knowledge Sharing Program with Turkey

Consultation on Establishment of National Cleaner
Production Center in Turkey
  • 2012 Knowledge Sharing Program with Turkey
  • Jinho Kim,
  • Korea National Cleaner Production Center
  • Korea Institute of Industrial Technology
  • 2013. 3. 27.

Table of Contents
  • Introduction
  • - Role of CP Policy, Concept of CP
  • Cleaner Production in Turkey
  • Korean Experience on NCPC Establishment
  • - Legislation, Functions, Networks, Performance
    Evaluation, Major Activities
  • Recommendations
  • - Consideration before establishment of CPC
  • - Major activities for Turkish NCPC

Research Coverage
  • Introduction
  • The Concept and Scope of Cleaner Production
  • The Role of Cleaner Production Policy
  • The Related Infrastructures for NCPC
  • Turkish Review
  • Cleaner Production Policies in Turkey
  • Major Activities and Organizations on Cleaner
  • Assessment of Cleaner Production Policies and
    Activities in Turkey
  • Experiences on KNCPC Establishment
  • Procedures of KNCPC Establishment
  • Functions of KNCPC and their Development
  • Performance Evaluation of KNCPC
  • Case Studies Success Failure on Activities
  • Recommendations for Turkish NCPC
  • Analysis of Current Policies and Industrial
    Condition in Turkey
  • Technical Advices on Establishing Managing NCPC
  • Prioritization and Allocation of Major Activities
  • Conclusion

  1. Introduction

?. Introduction
  • The Concept of Cleaner Production
  • Focused on the production process but to be
    expanded to the whole steps in product life-cycle
  • UNEP Definition(1989) Continuous application of
    an integrated, preventive environmental strategy
    applied to processes, products, and services to
    increase eco-efficiency reduce the risk to
    humans the environment

lt CP Issue transition in Korea gt
?. Introduction
  • Product Life Cycle CP areas in Korea

?. Introduction
  • The Role of Cleaner Production Policy
  • Promoting industrial activities saving resources
    and minimizing environmental pollution to
    conserve environment and develop national economy
    sustainably (Legislation for Eco-friendly
  • Cleaner production policy implementation
  • Creating added value by saving cost
  • Strengthening international competitiveness
  • Fulfilling social responsibility of industry
  • Complies with international environmental

?. Introduction
  • Groundwork for CPC Establishment
  • Legislation preparation
  • Suggests the direction of CP policy
  • Assures sustainability of policy implementation
  • Provides a legal basis of CPC establishment
  • Budget for operation
  • Determines the size of CPC and its activity
  • Recommended to be included in law
  • Short- and Long-term plans
  • Plans functions of CPC and its activities in
  • Recommended to be harmonized with policies of
    related ministries and updated on a regular

includes governmental as well as its own
profit-making activities
  1. Cleaner Production in Turkey

?. Cleaner Production in Turkey(Focusing on the
facts applied in Recommendations)
  • Key Organization for Cleaner Production in
  • Cleaner Production has been treated as a
    subordinate concept of Productivity.
  • MPM was incorporated into MOSIT
  • Decree Law No.649 DGP, responsible for CP
  • DGP has worked on CP from 2006
  • DGP plans to establish National Cleaner
    Production Center by 2014.

?. Cleaner Production in Turkey
  • Cleaner Production in Higher-level Policies
  • A higher level policy of MOSIT Decree Law No 649
    dated 17 August 2011 assigned MoSIT the role of
    supporting CP projects
  • Eco-efficiency/cleaner Production/Sustainable
    consumption production
  • Turkish Industrial Strategy Document and Action
  • DGP, coordinating implementation and
    dissemination of CP awareness and applications in

?. Cleaner Production in Turkey
  • 9th Development Plan(2007-2013)
  • Fulfilling international obligations
  • Implementing environment friendly techniques
  • Complying with social responsibility standards
  • National Program for the Adoption of the EU
    Acquis (2008)
  • Harmonizing Turkeys national legislation with EU

integrated Pollution Prevention and Control,
EMAS, Eco-label
?. Cleaner Production in Turkey
  • MOSITs Plan for CP in 2013 in Strategic
  • Preparation of National CP/Eco-efficiency
  • Research for legal arrangement and financial
  • Preparation for CPC establishment
  • Role, coordinating nationwide CP activities and
  • Research for other NCPCs
  • Carrying out scientific activities for academic
  • In the form of conferences, workshops and seminars

?. Cleaner Production in Turkey
  • ltOther plansgt
  • Studies on calculation of cleaner
    production/eco-efficiency indicators and
    statistics at macro level will be carried out.
  • Certification and awarding mechanisms in CP will
    be established.
  • Technical capacity with regard to training
    consultancy services for productivity cleaner
    production activities will be developed.

Official Statistics Program
?. Cleaner Production in Turkey
  • Cleaner Production Activities (2013-2017)
  • Eco-efficiency/Cleaner Production Program
  • For the sustainable development the international
    competitiveness of the industry by implementing
    of cleaner production techniques in the
  • Preliminary General Objectives
  • Raise awareness in enterprises
  • Capacity building
  • Providing technical assistance to enterprises
  • Providing financial assistance to enterprises
  • Specific objectives, priorities and detailed
    action plan to determined based on needs

?. Cleaner Production in Turkey
  • Remarkable Activities and Researches
  • CP firstly proposed by TUBITAK and TTGV (1999)
  • UNIDO Eco-efficiency(CP) Program by TTGV METU
  • Focusing on water saving through recycling/reuse
  • Applied to food, beverage, metalworking, surface
    finishing, chemical, textile industries
  • Various CP implementations by IZKA
  • Water/wastewater/waste management, energy
    efficiency/clean-renewable energy, cleaner
  • Dissemination of Eco-efficiency(CP) Application
    in Izmir (2011)

The Scientific and Technological Research
Council of Turkey Technology Development
Foundation of Turkey
?. Cleaner Production in Turkey
  • Remarkable Activities and Researches
  • Policy research by TTGV METU on behalf of MOEF
  • Political advices were suggested. (policy
    reforms, financial mechanisms, information
    network, building partnerships, capacity
    building, awareness building incl. a list of
    related institutions)
  • Criteria for sectoral prioritization are based on
    both environmental and economic indicators.
    (Water energy consumption, solid waste and
    hazardous waste generated, employment, export
    share, etc)
  • The manufacturing sub-sectors are subjected to
    prioritization for CP practices (Basic metal
    industry, food beverages, chemicals/chemical
    products, non-metallic mineral products and
    textile products)

Determination of The Framework Conditions
and Research-Development Needs for the
Dissemination of Cleaner (Sustainable) Production
Applications in Turkey
?. Cleaner Production in Turkey
  • Parallel Development of Productivity and
    Environmental Performance by DGP
  • CP implementation in 5 SMEs and Eco-Efficiency
    Guide for SMEs as an outcome
  • Eco-Industrial Park Environmental Support System
  • EUs Entrepreneurship and Innovation Program(EIP)

CIP Competitiveness and Innovation Framework
?. Cleaner Production in Turkey
  • Needs in Turkey Current Capacity
  • Awareness between cleaner production approach and
    end-of-pipe approach is not clear to most
  • Capacity of the universities and public
    institutions is insufficient for nation-scaled
    programs which have not been carried out in a
    systematic and national plan framework.
  • There is no legislation and/or action plan which
    directly addresses cleaner production though
    cited frequently.
  • The adaptation process for EU regulation related
    to eco-labeling, eco-design IPPC will be of
    importance and to be handled systematically.
  • Available incentive programs are quite limited
    and not even comparable to those in other EU

IPPC(Integrated Pollution Prevention and
Control) regulation is one exception. But still
there is no legislation for addressing NCPC and
its operation.
?. Cleaner Production in Turkey
  • General Statistics
  • The shares of manufacturing industry in total
    employment, GDP and export are considerable and
    has been increasing.
  • over 25(employment), 20.8(GDP), 93.7(Export)
    in 2005
  • Automotive, textile, food and beverages,
    chemicals, electronics, home appliance and
    tobacco are the leading sectors.
  • Majority (89) of companies are SMEs with up to
    10 employees. Employment share is 76.7 and
    produces 37.7 of the total added value of the
    overall economy.
  • Specific sectors are highly-ranked in water
    energy consumption, solid waste, hazardous waste,
    GHG emission
  • Basic metal, non-metallic mineral products and
    food beverage

  1. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment

?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Legal Preparation for NCPC Establishment
  • Act on the promotion of the conversion into
    environment-friendly industrial structure
    enacted in 1999(APCIES)
  • Purpose of enactment (1995)

1. Active reaction to international regulation of enhanced criteria
2. Voluntary invigoration of eco-friendly industrial activities incl. CP tech development for implementation of Rio Agreement in 1992
3. Constructing infrastructure for ISOs Certification for environmental management system (ISO14001)
?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Legal Preparation for NCPC Establishment
  • Main contents

1. Preparation of integrated policy plans every 5 years
2. Disseminating environmental management (ISO14001)
3. Developing disseminating cleaner production technologies
4. Appointing KITECH as NCPC
5. Promoting new environmental industries (recycling, consulting)
6. Establishing infra (EIP, system product certification, stats)
7. Making plan to cope with international environmental regulations
8. Listening to opinions of industry private organizations (Cooperation with industry)
?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Changes in CP Policy 1999
  • CP Technology Development Program was launched in
  • Started with 15 projects focusing on tech
    dissemination from universities/research
    institutes to SMEs
  • No systematic foundation to disseminate techs
  • Survey for CP implementation with SMEs (1999)
  • Active environmental management measures such as
    cleaner production did not exist.
  • Lack of financing, insufficient human resources
    and information as factors hinder cleaner
  • But, many policy recommendations and
    methodologies for process improvement were

Plating, Metal Processing, Paper, Dyeing, Leather
No domestic CP techs available
Overseas CP policies, Regional CP technology
center establishment, ISO14001 certification
system, Cooperation with OECD countries, Green
labeling, Standard procedure for tech
Ref. Evolution of Industrial Policy
and Technology Programs
  • Level of CP technology stood very low related to
    other technologies.

Division 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s
Policy Objectives Focusing on export and import- replacement Focusing on heavy chemicals / Strengthening export support Promoting strategic industries / Preparing high-tech Industry Preparing Information Industry / Support for high-tech industry Promoting technology intensive industry / Focusing on high-tech, information and environment
Industry Policy The 1st and 2nd 5-year Technology Development plan Support for Technology development in Hong-leung research complex Liberalization of technology import / Projects to establish development bases in public sector Promoting high- tech industries / establishing development bases in private sector Industries with high growth potential, high- informative and environmental industry
Technology Support Quality improvement Quality management Automated process Quality system Domestic developed tech
Technology Type Process Operating Assembling Production Part Developing Core Part Developing System Optimization
?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Changes in CP Policy 19992003
  • KNCPC was established in 1999.
  • Main role was management of CP Tech Program
    focusing on tech development
  • Arranged projects responding to environmental
  • Voluntary CP adoption was advised by changing
    perception of the industry.
  • Strategies for CP dissemination through supply
  • Environmental management software for SMEs
  • International collaboration for CP with other
    countries, UN
  • New EU regulation was the hot issue in the early
  • LCI database started to be established.

Basis for current research capacity of CPC
EU regulations, ISO14000 related methodologies
such as LCA, DfE, EPE
UNIDO/UNEP international joint-pilot project
to develop cleaner production competency" (2001)
/ "APEC international environmental
standardization (EL, LCA, DfE) training project".
Product design became one of the main CP areas.
Ref. Comprehensive Policy Plans by APCIES
in 2003
  • Background
  • Life-cycle regulation in electronics and
    automobiles sector
  • International discussion on social responsibility
    of industries
  • Key Implementation Strategy
  • Development and diffusion of cleaner production
  • Establishment of infrastructure to proliferate CP
  • Expansion of partnership with companies
    (campaigns to improve eco-efficiency,
    distribution of sustainability evaluation
  • Building bases for promoting environmental

financial support and tax benefits for
environmental facility installation, quality
certification of outstanding facility, and
establishment of an export agency for
environmental industry
Ref. Comprehensive Policy Plans by APCIES
in 2003
  • Approach by Sector
  • Electric, electronic and automobile industry
    technology development to respond to product
    regulation of the EU
  • Paper, plating, petrochemical and steel industry
    development of cleaner production technology
  • Fine chemical and textile industry technology
    development to replace hazardous raw materials
    and supplies

?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Changes in CP Policy 2004Present
  • Policy changed its focus to nationwide
    infrastructure and new industry
    promotion.(Industry started complying
    appropriately with EU-typed regulations.)
  • Promoted resource recovery of urban mining
    (Material flow statistics for 63 types of
  • Promoted material exchange between companies in
    the concept of industrial ecology (Eco-industrial
    Parks in 5 regions)
  • Promoted remanufacturing industry (Quality
    certification system for re-manufactured
    automobile parts)
  • Low Carbon, Green Growth, the national agenda
    from 2008
  • Promoting new green techs industry with
    strengthening environmental competitiveness of
    existing sectors

Urban mining was highly motivated due to high
dependency on imported resources
Ref. Comprehensive Policy Plans by APCIES
in 2008
  • Background
  • Energy and environmental issues, main factor for
    the future of domestic economy as well as new
  • Conversion into knowledge-based economy due to
    development of information technology and
    convergence of technologies
  • Key Implementation Strategy
  • Green innovation of key strategic industries
    focusing on new technologies

Leading sectors Steel, Automotive,
Semiconductor, Petrochemical, Shipbuilding,
Display, Textile, Machinery, Electronics
Ref. Comprehensive Policy Plans by APCIES
in 2008
  • Redesigning industrial structure for low-carbon
  • Promoting knowledge service industry
  • Strengthening pollution carbon reduction
    competency of enterprises
  • Supporting respond to climate change such as
    operation of carbon market
  • Stimulating green management and creating new
    green businesses
  • Green transformation of value chain
  • Green IT, trade hub for green product services,
    green logistics, resource efficiency by resource
    re-circulation, green standard for improving
    energy efficiency

?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Changes in functions of KNCPC
  • Korea Institute of Industrial Technology
    appointed as KNCPC in 1999 by legislation
  • Started as RD evaluating division to manage
    national CP Tech Program (less than 10
  • Functions expanded beyond RD, to policy
    development, tech environmental management
  • By strengthening policy planning function, KNCPC
    has dealt with most governments role designated
    by the legislation (20 employees, 2002)
  • Reorganized into Industrial Environment Division
    in KITECH
  • Strengthening research and industry support
    functions (30 employees, 2011)

Developing new business model methodology,
managing statistics, providing regulation
information, providing enterprises with CP tools
?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Main Functions of KNCPC
  • Organization consisted of 3 divisions until 2008
    (Policy Development / Tech. Dissemination /
    International Cooperation)

ltCurrent functions of KNCPCgt
?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
Limited, and MKE-oriented institutes only
  • Network to cover the weakness of KNCPC
  • BISD in KCCI
  • Represents the industries with 130,000 members
  • Designated as the green management promoting
    headquarter prescribed in the APCEIS
  • Design action plans and make recommendation about
    the bottleneck problems of industry
  • An official institution in charge of industrial
    location and development
  • Responsible for supervising the Eco-Industrial
    Park program (developing performance index,
    operating resource exchange information network)

BISD Business Institute for Sustainable
Development / KCCI Korea Chamber of Commerce
and Industry
KICOX Korea Industrial Complex Corporation
?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Network to cover the weakness of KNCPC
  • Academic associations
  • Registered at MKE to receive more funding
  • Usually host seminars and conduct research for
    policy planning

Academic Association Est. Research Area
The Korea Institute of Resource Recycling 1992 Resource recycling in general
The Korean Society of Clean Technology 1995 Cleaner production process, material, component technology, etc.
The Korean Society for Life Cycle Assessment 1997 Life cycle assessment, green product development, green management, etc.
The Korean Environmental Management Association 2002 Eco-friendly management in general
The Industrial Ecology Society of Korea 2009 Sustainable development, industrial ecology, etc.
The Green Logistic Research Association 2009 Green logistic system in general
?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Performance Evaluation (from 1995)
  • No official process that independently evaluate
    the quantitative performance of KNCPC
  • Economic and environmental effects of projects
    implemented by KNCPC are calculated and
  • It is difficult to apply these standards
    infrastructure establishment projects, incl.
    system operation statistics.
  • However, a more quantitative and official
    performance evaluation for Program has been
    conducted by the NSTC.
  • Scope all projects from 1995 to 2012
  • Classified the characteristics of projects (tech
    development or infra establishment) and analyzed

National Science Technology Commission
Ref. CP Technology Program
  • General Statistics (from 1995)
  • Total of 887 projects have been carried out and
    the total budget by the government is 331
  • The size of government grants shows an upward
    trend.(average grants by project is about
    396,000 in recent 3 years)
  • It is difficult to apply these standards
    infrastructure establishment projects, incl.
    system operation statistics.
  • 1,058 theses and 878 patents were produced.
  • Earnings made through royalty on technology
    transfer are amounted to 32 million.

?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Performance Evaluation Indicators
  • 3-area indicators, incl. investment, result, and
  • Investment implementation system and budget
  • Result tech development capacity,
    commercialization of developed technology,
    preparation for international environmental
    regulations, and intellectual property rights
  • Performance level of corporate value added,
    improvement of productivity, company
    participation, and improvement of eco-efficiency
  • There is room for improving the credibility of
    the statistics
  • Based on materials submitted materials by
    institutions that conduct projects

Detailed structure of the indicators is
provided in the report.
?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Core Instances of Performance Evaluation
  • SMEs carried out the most projects with 47.4,
    while government-funded research institutes
    (24.7) and conglomerates (12.2) in terms of
    project number.
  • Types of technology

?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Core Instances of Performance Evaluation
  • Economic effect

(Unit number of person, 1 million)
Year Division 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Increase/ Reduction
(1) Sales amount 436 516 1,352 1,609 1,780 1,943 69.1
(2) Job creation 128 115 106 102 99 59 -10.7
(3) Import alternation amount 72 97 123 118 119 125 14.8
(4) Cost reduction 21 21 20 21 22 28 7.2
(5) Reduction of waste treatment expenses 75 96 100 95 97 106 8.2
?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Core Instances of Performance Evaluation
  • 437 cases of commercialization made from 2003 to
  • 2.4 cases of commercialization per 1 million
  • Environmental effect

Year Division 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Reduction ()
(1) Waste water (ton) 166,816 250,167 216,741 270,078 290,095 316,807 18.0
(2) CO2 (ton) 26,002 42,004 43,544 63,632 76,132 85,624 45.9
(3) Air pollutant (ton) 1,068 1,207 1,332 1,419 1,613 1,681 11.5
(4) Waste (ton) 43,077 52,445 80,411 97,351 101,549 119,428 35.4
?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Case Studies a successful aspect
  • Green Partnership Project (2003)
  • Concept transferring conglomerates know-how on
    EM and CP to affiliated companies in the supply
  • Contents establishing green purchasing
    guideline ? transferring know-how on green
    management system, the process diagnosis, and CP
    tech adoption
  • Transition compliance with EU
    regulation(Hazardous substances in automotive,
    electronics) ? CO2 reduction(GHG inventory,
    carbon footprint)? Developing green product
  • Performance over 1,000 SMEs in 11 sectors
  • promoting environmental consulting firms
  • retaining channel to SMEs / awareness raising

Detailed information on method and results are
provided in the report.
EM Environmental Management (incl. ISO14001,
LCA, EPE and DfE)
?. Korean Experiences on NCPC Establishment
  • Case Studies a struggling aspect
  • Overlapping investment between ministries and
  • Difficult to clearly divide the cleaner
    production technology and the environmental
  • Attempted to adjust overlapping investments by
    national-level committees ? Responding is
  • Failed since ministries implement projects based
    on their own relevant acts

Ministry of Knowledge Economy Act on the
Promotion of the Conversion into
Environment-Friendly Industrial Structure /
Ministry of Environment Development of and
Support for Environmental Technology Act
ltGovernmental budget of both ministries invested
in CP tech developmentgt
(Unit 1 million) (Unit 1 million) (Unit 1 million) (Unit 1 million)
Program 2005 2006 2007
Cleaner production technology (Ministry of Knowledge Economy) 17 13 13
Next-generation core environmental technology (Ministry of Environment) 11 14 12
  1. Recommendations

?. Recommendations
  • During preparation of establishment of CPC,
  • Define Necessity of CPC Establishment.
  • Competitiveness of manufacturing industry,
    meeting international standards (similar to
    Korean case)
  • Define Clear Goal and Vision of CPC.
  • Improving eco-efficiency of industry?
  • Policy planner, program manager, researcher or
  • Define Scope of CPCs functions.
  • Functions in 2014 (managing national CP program)
  • Functions in 2020?

?. Recommendations
  • Consideration before CPC establishment
  • Legal preparation for establishment operation
  • Basis of CP policy implementation of government
  • CP as national agenda over 10 years, Share of
    manufacturing industry in Turkish economy
    (employment, GDP, export)

Productivity, SME promotion, Science
Technology promotion
?. Recommendations
  • ltPoint to considergt
  • New enactment vs. Revision of related law
  • - Individual law can include the detailed
    information inc. the definitions, the roles of
    government and CPC, basis of budget
  • - Revision of related law may limit policy scope
    expansion since it contains only declaratory
    articles (e.g. current Decree Law No.2 649)
  • Examine related laws closely to prevent
  • - Concept of CP has both economic and
    environmental aspects
  • - Consider joint legislation of ministries with
    friction in cleaner production area for better
    coordination in implementation

Productivity, SME promotion, Science
Technology promotion
?. Recommendations
  • Periodic development announcement of CP plan
  • Comprehensive CP plan on a governmental basis
  • MOSIT, completing plan for Eco-efficiency/CP
    program in 2012(awareness raising, capacity
    building, tech financial support)
  • Effective combination of various outcomes from
    past researches
  • Opportunity to listen to various stakeholders
  • Efficient respond to issue (e.g. scope of CP
    process ? product)
  • ltPoint to considergt
  • Also consider leading sectors such as automotive,
    electronics, home appliance for their different
    interest (e.g. green product)
  • Organize specialized groups considering their
  • - Diverse types of institutions were suggested as
    stakeholders incl. research, education,
    consulting, standardization

?. Recommendations
  • Efficiency of govt investment on CP
  • CPC, national single channel system for CP by
    pre-coordination between concerned ministries
  • CP policy, sharing similar goal with other
    policies such as environmental, SME promotion,
    tech development policies.
  • Macroscopic coordination on a national basis ?
  • Seems difficult to start an affiliated agency
    only for MOSIT considering other ministries in
  • ltPoint to considergt
  • Examine internal similar programs in MOSIT (e.g.

Besides MOSIT, MOEU, MOTC and MOEN implement
policies in environmental regulation, climate
change, waste reuse, etc.
?. Recommendations
  • Organizing a stakeholder net
  • Cooperation with institutions for supplementing
    weakness of newly established CPC
  • Research, training, channel to industry can be
    the potential weak points.
  • Win-win approach for academics, industry
    associations, consulting firms to grow together
  • ltPoint to considergt
  • Define the function of CPC considering capacity
    building in future for identifying the weakness
  • CPC, designation of existing institution vs.
  • - Existing institution saving budget, securing
    specialty, speedy implementation of
  • CP program
  • - New institution may take time to secure
    professionals and capacity

Current plan for the functions are Govt
channel to CP, planning-implementing-coordinating
of CP policy
?. Recommendations
  • Composing National CP program
  • Supporting areas by purpose
  • Tech development tech classification roadmap
    for long-term systematic applications (CPCs
    major capacity) CPC to develop tech roadmap
    reflecting industrys needs ? Turkish National
    RD program
  • Tech dissemination consulting, events, info
    network, CPCs purpose business, etc. with CPCs
    cooperated institutions
  • Training and education can be classified for
    young applicants for employment, working-level
    and expert
  • ltPoint to considergt
  • CPC, as player and referee separate agency for
  • Consider cooperation with other institutions
    (regional or industrial complex)

CP tech in Korea are classified as eco-friendly
product(design, production) and CP
process(process design, improvement, maintenance,
material substitution).
?. Recommendations
  • Major Activities by TNCPC
  • Awareness raising Integrated CP project
  • Project to disseminate a package of various tools
    to mass group of companies using supply chain or
    in complex
  • Former studies suggested information network,
    improving awareness capacity, promoting the
    relationship between government companies ? all
    at once? sufficient budget?
  • KNCPC obtained remarkable outcomes from the
    packaged project called Green Partnership.
  • (public relations awareness raising effect by
    leading companys participation, promotion of
    consulting firms by providing field experience)

Also for capacity building
Samsung, LG, Hyundai, POSCO Some consulting
firms recently started their own business in
SouthEast Asia
?. Recommendations
  • ltPoint to considergt
  • Share successful cases obtained in Turkey with
    other regions
  • - UNIDO eco-efficiency program and Izmir case
  • Examine a symbolic packaged project for a number
    of effects

?. Recommendations
  • Awareness raising Integrated CP project
  • Spreading the outcomes of successful former
  • Phased establishment for Eco-SCM is recommended.

?. Recommendations
  • Capacity building Designation of Specialized CP
  • University participation program to improve CP
    expert capacity
  • Limited universities having CP curriculum in
  • As demand for CP increased, shortage in supply
    happened in energy efficiency in process
    area(Still, engineering graduates are
    introduced to field and re-trained as CP
  • ltTo dogt
  • Prepare the exchange-education program
    internally or with other countries by EU or
    international organization fund.
  • Designate CP universities with qualified capacity
    and curriculum

Focusing on working-level training for awareness
Energy target management system (regulation)
introduced in 2010.
There are a few universities with strong CP
education capacity in Turkey
?. Recommendations
  • Capacity building Designation of Specialized CP

METU, Bogazici, Hacettepe, Istanbul
universities Korean Specialized Universities
system by Ministry of Environment is provided in
the report.
?. Recommendations
  • Policy planning Eco-efficiency statistics
  • System for quantitative qualitative measuring
    on formulation, implementation evaluation of
    CP policy
  • Difficult to analyze the level of policy and
    industry with the existing economy and
    environmental statistics
  • DGP, planned to establish Productivity statistics
  • Can increase the effectiveness efficiency of
    the policy
  • ltTo dogt
  • Develop the indicator to measure eco-efficiency
    and relevant methodology first
  • - Also prepare system for gathering input,
    outcomes and impact
  • Monitor utilization of Korean statistics for
    industrial environmental performance

Various research divide policy into 35 stages.
(R.B.Ripley, G.A.Franklin)
?. Recommendations
  • Policy planning Eco-efficiency statistics
  • Phased establishment for improving reliability is

Eco-efficiency is calculated by processing IO
table rather than complete enumeration survey due
to high cost Cleaner production, resource
re-circulation, EIP, green management, etc
?. Recommendations
  • Sustainable consumption Eco-friendly product
    tech certification
  • Active consumption policy for leading voluntary
    sustainable activities by industry
  • In the early stage, policy focuses on CP
    application on manufacturing process
  • But in the setting period, both production and
    consumption should be considered.
  • Also, since the adoption of the EU Acquis is the
    national program in Turkey, consumer market will
    be the next issue.
  • ltTo dogt
  • Establish related infrastructure for industry
    adapting properly to the new issue.
  • - Preparation of standards for analyze and
    evaluate product in environmental
  • aspect
  • Introduce eco-labeling in the area related to CP

MOSITs high level policy(National Reporting
to the 18th Session of the Commission on
Sustainable Development) already mentioned
sustainable production and consumption.
?. Recommendations
  • Sustainable consumption Eco-friendly product
    tech certification

?. Recommendations
  • Technology development Technology
  • Program to improve dissemination of technologies
    and RD competitiveness
  • Techs developed are not well distributed since
    the originality novelty are usually the most
    required factors in govt program
  • In the early stage when CP policy is introduced,
    CP implementation is limited to simple process
  • ltTo dogt
  • Seek for appropriate methods for efficient tech
  • - Tech information database, SME-oriented tech
    development, integrated tech development project,
    incentive for certified technologies
  • Giving CPC the role of tech development planning
    through analysis of industrial needs for CP techs

?. Recommendations
  • Technology development Technology
  • Company-driven technology project
  • Packaged technology development project

  • Thank you

Additional Information
  • Cleaner Production Activities (2007-2011)
  • Parallel Development of Industrial Productivity
    and Environmental Performance in SMEs Level
  • Applied to 5 SMEs Supported by Scientific and
    Technological Research Council of Turkey
  • To develop the productivity and environmental
    performance in SMEs level using Eco-efficiency
  • Eco-Industrial Park Environmental Support System
  • EUs Entrepreneurship and Innovation Program(EIP)
    Competitiveness and Innovation Framework
  • Industrial parks to meet the environmental
    legislation by applying CP tech through
    input-output analysis.

Additional Information
  • Local Stakeholders in Turkey
  • Ministry of Environment and Urbanization
  • Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
  • Small and Medium Industry Development
    Organization (KOSGEB)
  • Scientific and Technological Research Council of
  • Technology Development Foundation of Turkey
  • Universities
  • Regional Development Agencies
  • Organized Industrial Zones
  • Chambers of Industry and Trade

Additional Information
  • International Cooperation for Cleaner Production
  • United Nations Industrial Development
    Organization (UNIDO)
  • Asian Productivity Organization (APO)
  • HIDA - The Overseas Human Resources and Industry
    Development Association (Japan)
  • IVAM Research and Consultancy on Sustainability
    Agency (Netherlands)
  • UNEP/Wuppertal Institute (Germany)

Additional Information
  • Major revisions of APCIES

No Date Contents Contents
1 1999.2 Abolition of code approval program for certification institutions Abolition of industry-environment coordination commission
2 2002.1 Privatization of ISO14001 certification Training consulting environmental management Operating information network for CP Developing disseminating CP tech
3 2005.12 Establishing Eco-industrial park National quality certification system for remanufactured products EM consulting program Monitoring reliability of ISO14001 certification Plan for international regulation compliance
4 2008.3 Promoting product-service business Assigning eco-industrial park agency Establishing stats for Environmental Performance Index(EPI)
5 2010.1 Changing terminology according to Low carbon, green growth enactment Green management system(GMS) certification Changing terminology according to Low carbon, green growth enactment Green management system(GMS) certification
6 2011.5 Monitoring GMS certification reliability Plan for resource-circulation society Program and budget for GMS dissemination
Additional Information
  • Expansion of Functions
  • CP tech development diffusion to Promoting new
    tech industry for sustainable development
  • Stats system for policy implementation analysis,
    institutional improvement for recycling industry,
    green business using manufacturing-service
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