From Lenin to Stalin: Part II - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – From Lenin to Stalin: Part II PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 5dd65c-NWM3M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

From Lenin to Stalin: Part II

Description:

Title: From Lenin to Stalin Author: jurgemeyerja Last modified by: MVHS Created Date: 3/3/2003 11:08:17 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:19
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 24
Provided by: jur80
Category:
Tags: food | lenin | part | plots | stalin

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: From Lenin to Stalin: Part II


1
From Lenin to Stalin Part II
  • Building a Communist State in Russia

2
Goals of Lenin
  • The goal was to build a CLASSLESS society in
    which the means of PRODUCTION were in the hands
    of the Russian people
  • Once the Civil War was over, Lenin could now
    focus on rebuilding the nation

3
Civil War 3 year war 1918-1921
  • It was between the Reds Communists versus the
    Whites tsarist imperial officers.
  • Allies intervened to help the Whites. Why?
  • Reds appealed to nationalism and urged Russians
    to drive out foreigners.

Counter Revolutionaries shot the Tsar And the
Tsarina. (Whites July 1918)
4
Results of World War I Communism
  • Economy nearly collapsed
  • Factory and mine output fallen
  • Peasants stopped producing because they knew it
    would all go to the government
  • 5 million die in the Revolution/ 3 million from
    Civil war / 2 million from disease / 5 million
    from lack of seeds to plant for the next season
    10 million

5
Communist Constitution, 1922
  • Set up an elected legislature called the Supreme
    Soviet
  • Any person over 18 could vote
  • All political power, resources, and means of
    production belonged to the PEOPLE.
  • Communists had the FINAL SAY

6
NEP- New Economic Policy 1921
  • Lenin answers the economy by coming up with the
    NEP
  • State controlled banks, foreign trade, large
    industries
  • Small businesses allowed to operate for private
    profit
  • Peasants held onto small plots of land and could
    SELL surplus!

7
Results of NEP
  • Compromise with Capitalism
  • Allowed for
  • Russias economy to recover
  • Ended armed resistance to new government
  • By 1928, food and industrial production was back
    to pre-WWI levels

What happens to Lenin? May 13th, 1924
8
White army will kill him for autocracy
9
Lenin Gets SHOT! April 30, 1918
  • A lady will approach Lenin and shoot him 3 times.
  • Once in the arm, second in the jaw and neck,
    third bullet missed him.
  • The took him to his apartment and left the
    bullets in him for a slow recovery.
  • April 24, 1922 they removed the bullet in his
    neck.
  • He will have headaches and 3 strokes.

10
Power Struggles for Communist Leaders
  • Leon Trotsky
  • Brilliant Marxist Thinker
  • Skillful Public Speaker
  • Architect of Revolution
  • Joseph Stalin
  • Not a Scholar
  • Not a Skilled Orator
  • Shrewd Political Operator
  • Behind-the-Scenes Organizer

Led the Red army during Revolution
11
Leon Trotsky
  • Firm Marxist who wanted support for world-wide
    revolutions against Capitalism
  • Isolated by Stalin
  • Exiled in 1929
  • Murdered in Mexico by a Stalinist agent in 1940
    with an ice pick to the head.

12
Joseph Stalin, Man of Steel
  • History of prison and Siberian exile
  • Not an important role in the Revolution and Civil
    War
  • 1920s, Elected General Secretary of the Communist
    Party
  • Lenin warned the party about Stalin.

comrade Stalin has concentrated enormous power
in his hands and I am not sure that he always
knows how to use that power with sufficient
caution.
13
The Soviet Union under Stalin
  • Part II

14
Five Year Plan
  • Plan to turn Russia into a modern industrial
    power
  • 1928 Industrial Revolution of sorts
  • Build Heavy Industry
  • Improve Transportation
  • Increase Farm Output
  • All Economic Activity under Govt Control

15
Results of 5 Year Plans
  • High goals
  • Gave bonuses to those who met goals, punished
    those who did not (Siberia).
  • 1928-1939
  • Large factories, hydroelectric power stations,
    huge industrial complexes
  • Oil, coal, steel production increased
  • New Railroads

16
Effects on People
  • Overall, Russians had little to show
  • Standards of living remained poor, wages low
  • Scarce availability for consumer goods
  • Large quantities but low quality
  • Focus on Heavy Industry

17
Agricultural Revolution
  • Stalin forced peasants to give up their land to
    live on state-owned farms
  • Collectives Large farms owned and operated by
    group of peasants
  • State set prices and controlled access to farm
    supplies

18
Goals of Collectives
  • Provide tractors, fertilizers, better seeds
  • Teach peasants modern farm methods
  • Surplus grain was also sold abroad to earn to
    invest

19
Resistance
  • Peasant resisted by
  • Killing farm animals
  • Destroying tools
  • Burning crops
  • Government responds
  • with brutal force

20
Kulaks and Labor Camps
  • Wealthy peasants, Kulaks, were rounded up.
  • Sent to labor camps
  • Govt confiscated their lands and cattle of
    peasants
  • Thousands died from labor or were killed

21
Labor Camp
22
Effects of Collectivization
  • Peasants grew just enough so govt seized all
    grainleaving people to starve
  • Poor harvests and govt action led to famine
  • 5-8 million people died as a result
  • Did not improve farm output
  • Increased Stalins control

23
The END!
  • Soviet Union Symbol
About PowerShow.com